The Building Blocks of Matter and Life. The Concept of Whole Space

The Building Blocks of Matter and Life. WHAT IS SPACE? CAN MAN MASTER THE DIMENSION CALLED SPACE? CAN MAN CREATE A MINI MODEL OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM REPLICATING PLANETARY MOTIONS?

Space is defined as three-dimensional, continuous expanse extending in all directions and containing all matter; variously thought of as boundless or indeterminately finite. The term matter is defined as a thing that has mass and occupies space. The building blocks of physical matter are described as atoms and the building blocks of life are described as cells. The structures called atoms and cells always require the dimension called space. As far as living things are concerned, they define their existence by separating from space that surrounds them as they need to constantly define and defend the boundaries of their identity called ‘SELF’ and prevent intrusion or invasion by ‘Non-Self’. Living things need ‘Living Space’. To some extent, the same rule may govern identity of celestial bodies for they need to maintain their originality taking advantage of ‘Space’ that surrounds them. They always exist in relationship with dimension called space. It is a dimension which the man finds difficult to manipulate. For example, I have no ability to create a miniature Solar System; I can easily manipulate the size of celestial bodies to make a miniature Solar System, but the problem comes with creating enough Space to hold the System together. As we explore ‘Outer Space’, man has to come to a better understanding of Living Space he needs to keep his existence.

Simon Cyrene

The Building Blocks of Matter and Life. What is Space?



The Living Tibetan Spirits of Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiments pay tribute to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on his 132nd Birth Anniversary

The Living Tibetan Spirits of Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment pay tribute to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on his 132nd Birth Anniversary.

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Uttar Pradesh, Prayagraj, earlier known as Allahabad. He died on May 27, 1964.

He became the Prime Minister on August 15, 1947, following an active role in the freedom struggle.

The Living Tibetan Spirits of Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment pay tribute to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on his 132nd Birth Anniversary.

Nehru’s political awakening happened when he learned about Annie Besant’s arrest in 1917. He subsequently joined the All India Home Rule League. In 1919, shortly after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre — in which 379 Indians were killed and more than 1000 injured — Nehru overheard the unrepentant orchestrator British Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer gloat about it while on a train. This outraged him further and he vowed to resolutely fight for India’s independence.

The Living Tibetan Spirits of Special Frontier Force-Establishment No. 22-Vikas Regiment pay tribute to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on his 132nd Birth Anniversary.

During India’s freedom movement, Pandit Nehru was imprisoned 9 times. He was jailed by the British for a total of 3,259 days which is close to 9 years of his life spent behind the bars. Pandit Nehru penned an autobiography ‘Toward Freedom’ when he was in jail.

The Living Tibetan Spirits of Special Frontier Force, Establishment No. 22, Vikas Regiment pay tribute to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on his 132nd birth anniversary.

Whole Dude asks, What Makes You Whole?

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. I formulated the concept of Whole Food while shopping at the Whole Foods Market, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We must establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We must make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. What are the non-optical functions of the light?

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the spiritual dimension of the relationship between the man and the substances he consumes as food. The prevention of Obesity demands the formulation of a correct and valid theory of Food.

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE SCIENCE

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The Chemical Energy Molecule called Adenosine triphosphate. The creative mechanism called Photosynthesis transforms one form of energy into another form of energy used by the living organisms.

Life comes into existence when energy-yielding molecules and energy-demanding molecules come together in a spiritual relationship. In my analysis, the Science of Nutrition reveals the purpose of food as that of a spiritual medium that fosters unity between man’s body, mind, and soul.

The definition of food as any substance consumed to provide the nutritional support to an organism is incomplete as it fails to describe the totality of the relationship between food and its consumer. I describe the Seven Dimensions of the man. These are, 1. The Physical, 2. The Mental, 3. The Social, 4. The Moral, 5. The Spiritual, 6. The Creative, and 7. The Rational. I define Whole Food as substances consumed by the man to provide support to the Seven Dimensions of the man. Hence, Whole Food is defined as the Spectrum of Seven Colors.

WHOLE FOOD AND THE WHOLE THEORY

I define the term ‘WHOLE FOOD’ as follows taking into consideration the five aspects of the role of Food in supporting the biological existence of the man in his community, and environment. Indeed, no man is truly capable of an existence that excludes the social community and the physical environment in which he exists:

1. Whole Food provides the nutritional substances for the Physical well-being of man and supports his living functions.

2. Whole Food provides the psychological satisfaction, the mental contentment that a man needs to support his Mental well-being.

3. Whole Food provides the stimulus for social relationships and social bonding that a man needs to support his Social well-being.

4. Whole Food provides the ability to a man to express his moral and ethical principles to support his Moral well-being.

5. Whole Food provides the spiritual basis for the man’s relationship with Divine Providence to support the Spiritual well-being of man.

6. The creative dimension of the man is reflected by the imagination and the skills deployed by the man in the preparation of his food and the artistic presentation of the food.

7. In the final analysis, the man as a Rational Being will choose to eat to live with a purpose rather than to live to eat without any purpose in life.

Whole Food comprises of the nutritional substances that support a man’s Physical, Mental, Social, Moral, and Spiritual well-being. These five components of well-being are important to generate the experience of peace, harmony, and tranquility in human Life. 

OBESITY-THE PROBLEM OF EXCESSIVE EATING:

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of obesity. It requires the formulation of Eating Behavior that is consistent with inner cues of Hunger and Satiety. A Balanced Diet may or may not provide the experience called Satiation.

The word ‘obese’ is derived from Latin word “obedere” which means to devour (ob + edere means about + eat). Obesity is the result of excessive eating. Obesity is the commonest effect of continued over consumption of calories. This blog post intends to explore the preventive principles that could be applied to curb  the behavior that leads to excessive eating. Preventive principles could be different from principles used in the treatment of obesity. Prevention of excessive eating would be of value in the clinical management of obese patients but should not be viewed as a curative regime. Obese patients may need other interventions apart from restriction of dietary intake. In my opinion, the prevention of obesity involves the ability to formulate eating behavior that is consistent with inner cues of hunger and satiety.

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The measurement of body weight is the simplest and the least direct method of measuring the fat content in the body.

Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder of modern times. Obesity can occur at any stage of life. Obesity in childhood and adolescence has become common and is viewed with a sense of alarm. Obesity is defined as a condition in which there is an excess deposit of fat in (and on) the body with an increase in body weight more than 10 percent above the normal for the age, sex, height, and stock or clan. Body weight is a valuable screening measure for obesity. The measurement of body weight is the simplest and the least direct method of measuring the fat content in the body. It must be very carefully noted that we have tools to measure body weight and that we have no tools to measure or estimate the sensations called Hunger and Satiety. Hence, the preventive principles are not evidence-based, and are only reason-based. It will not be practical to provide consistent results while we depend upon criteria such as Hunger and Satiety which are not measurable quantities that could be stated using a precise, scientifically accurate method. To deal with the problem of obesity, we have to deal with the issues of Hunger and Satiety to regulate feeding behavior and to control caloric intake. Patterns of eating behavior and physical activity are influenced by social, cultural, and economic factors. Hence, obesity is a complex issue but the complexity should not stop us from preventing the problem of excessive eating. Genetic factors may influence total body fat and its distribution. However, the epidemic of obesity is not caused by the prevalence of a defective gene or genes.

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The brain mechanisms involved in Feeding Motivation include a complex network that involves the Limbic System that controls the Emotional States and the Hypothalamus at the base of the brain.
The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. Hypothalamus has nerve centers that are sensitive to changes in blood chemistry, water, products of digestion, and temperature. Hunger, Thirst, and Satiety are regulated by Hypothalamus.

Readers may like to view the Map of Hypothalamus using the hyperlink provided by Healthline.com:                                                                   HUMAN BODY MAPS – HYPOTHALAMUS                                             The brain mechanisms involved in feeding motivation include a complex network that involves the Limbic System that controls the emotional states and the Hypothalamus at the base of the brain. Hypothalamus has nerve centers sensitive to changes in blood chemistry, water, products of digestion and temperature. A nerve center called Ventromedial Nucleus is described as the ‘Satiety Center’. It is the clearing house for satiety signals. Lesions in this area cause gross overeating or hyperphagia. The nerve center in the lateral hypothalamic area is described as the ‘Eating Center’ or ‘Hunger Center’. It facilitates feeding responses. Electrical stimulation of this area elicits voracious feeding and lesions in this area cause prolonged noneating or aphagia. Glucose receptors are present in the cells of the above nuclei which monitor the level of the circulating blood glucose in order to produce the appropriate response. Excessive eating can be controlled by direct electrical stimulation of Satiety Center.

Internal changes that initiate behavioral changes are commonly termed ‘Drive’ or ‘Motivation’. Hunger is a sensation associated with various physiological changes that stimulate the drive to search for food. Most people are familiar with the sensation described as hunger pangs. The responsiveness of the brain mechanisms for feeding is governed by messages reporting the nutritional state of the body. Responsiveness is higher with increasing lack of food in the body. The contents of these messages are primary determinants of the level of feeding motivation. Hunger and Satiety represent high and low levels of feeding motivation.

FOOD AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION-THE WHOLE REGULATION

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The regulation of the feeding behavior.

Life depends upon a virtually uninterrupted supply of materials for its metabolism. For purposes of survival, metabolic expenditure cannot exceed food intake for very long period. In principle, feeding must proceed throughout life at a pace equal to that of metabolism. In many cases, food intake does not closely follow caloric expenditure. It is permissible for food intake to lag when there are reserves in the body. Discrepancies between intake and expenditure leads to distortion of the basic pattern of caloric regulation. The capacity of the digestive system may set a limit on nutrient supply to the body. Such limitations play a role in human feeding behavior. In man, the capacity of food-gathering and of the digestive system exceed the demands of metabolism. The man has the inherent physiological capabilities and anatomical capacity to consume food and calories in excess of his normal metabolic requirements. It should not be a surprise to observe a similar predisposition to obesity among human pet animals like dogs and cats. 

The lack of fuel in the body can be corrected by intake of food that provides energy. Ingested food (calories) passes from 1. the mouth to 2. the digestive tract to 3. the blood stream, and then to 4. storage sites such as liver and fat tissues. These four regions are continuously monitored using a variety of receptors:

1. Organs for taste, smell, and touch in the mouth region. 2. Distension receptors or mechanoreceptors in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract that monitor the volume. 3. Chemoreceptors that monitor the nature of contents of the blood stream. 4. Receptors in Hypothalamus and Liver for monitoring of fat tissues.

The signals converge on the brain mechanism for the feeding motivation using nervous and humoral or chemical pathways. The signals have two kinds of effects; 1. if signals from the four regions report increased fuel contents, the feeding motivation is lowered and satiety is raised, and 2. if taste, visual, and smell receptors are stimulated by palatable food the feeding motivation is increased. The signals for satiation override the signals for hunger and feeding stimulation. Food intake stops when feeding motivation drops below a critical level. When food is catabolized, it causes fuel depletion. Gastric emptying and emptying of Colon and Rectum also stimulate hunger sensation causing resumption of feeding. Once feeding is resumed, intake is enhanced by the positive effects of food stimulus. The interplay of positive and negative feedbacks from food intake tends to maintain a balance between caloric intake and energy output so that body fuel content or body weight in fully grown individuals remains constant. Few people adjust their food intake to meet their needs on a daily basis. The excess Glucose that is not utilized by the body is stored in the Liver as Glycogen which is further converted into fat. The excess amount of fat remains stored in the body fat tissues. The control of the amount of energy reserve in the fat tissue and the nature of control system is not fully understood. The physiological stimuli and changes associated with hunger could be stimuli for coordinating the long-term regulation of the reserve energy. However, it must be noted that a man can accumulate energy reserves and yet experience hunger sensation that is normally generated by a lack of fuel in the body.

FOOD AND ENERGY-THE WHOLE BALANCE

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The regulation of energy balance. Energy homeostasis relies on controls exerted on both energy intake and energy expenditure. The control of energy expenditure can be exerted on the muscle activity as well as on BAT thermogenesis. Those controls are insured by different brain structures that compose the cortical executive circuits, reward circuits, and autonomic circuits. The activity of the brain networks is influenced by peripheral homeostatic signals that inform the central nervous system about energy stores. Palatable food also influences cognitive aspects including motivation and pleasure. 2AG, 2-arachidonoylglycerol; ACC, anterior cingulate cortex; CB1R, cannabinoid receptor 1; D2R, dopamine receptor 2; DVC, dorsal-vagal complex; MBH, mediobasal hypothalamus; NAc, nucleus accumbens; PFC, prefrontal cortex; SN, substancia nigra; VTA, ventral tegmental area.

Exercise consumes carbohydrates and most of the fat. Obesity or excess fat accumulation is the consequence of imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Obesity develops if physical activity or energy expenditure becomes very low and the person is not able to reduce food intake or energy intake. In modern times, people are able to obtain their food with little or no physical effort. New sources of power do the work formerly carried out by human muscles. Large number of people spend time without physical activity. People have appetites and are seldom really hungry. A very small excess of calories if habitual, can lead eventually to a large accumulation of fat. It has been reported that if a person eats a slice (20 g) of bread that is not needed each day or goes by car instead of walking for 20 minutes, the daily extra 48 KCal or 200 KJ will build up over 10 years to 20 Kg of fat deposited. In simplest terms, obesity is the outcome of consistent consumption of more calories than are required to meet the energy expenditure of that particular person.

FOOD AND OBESITY-THE WHOLE PROBLEM

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity.

The causation of obesity is still difficult to explain. There are differences between obese and non-obese individuals in respect of hormone secretion and metabolism. Endocrine changes at puberty, during pregnancy, and at menopause may contribute to obesity at these stages of life. The effects of obesity are better understood than the causes of obesity. In Medicine, obesity is described as a clinical condition with several probable causes. Some of the organic pathological causes of obesity include endocrine disorders such as hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism and hypogonadism. Hormonal changes associated with menopause, Anterior Pituitary tumor causing Cushing’s Syndrome, Dercum’s disease (Adiposis dolorosa), and Frohlich’s Syndrome (Posterior Pituitary Deficiency) are causes of obesity. In a few obese individuals, psychiatric mood disorders such as depression and anxiety could be present. Depressed or anxious patients or the emotionally deprived may seek solace in food and such emotional factors play a role in the predisposition towards excessive eating. Overeating could be a symptom of boredom or emotional frustration. In mental diseases, bizarre disturbances of appetite, taste , and food preference may be seen. Some well-known examples are Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia. Self-imposed starvation may develop after bereavement or after disappointment in love. It must be understood that the functions of food include that of obtaining a sense of emotional satisfaction apart from satiation of hunger. The most important and the most universal cause of obesity among otherwise normal people is overeating and lack of exercise.

The prevalence of obesity has increased worldwide in the past ~50 years, reaching pandemic levels. Obesity represents a major health challenge because it substantially increases the risk of diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, fatty liver disease, hypertension, myocardial infarction, stroke, dementia, osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnea and several cancers, thereby contributing to a decline in both quality of life and life expectancy. Obesity is also associated with unemployment, social disadvantages and reduced socio-economic productivity, thus increasingly creating an economic burden. Thus far, obesity prevention and treatment strategies — both at the individual and population level — have not been successful in the long term. Lifestyle and behavioral interventions aimed at reducing calorie intake and increasing energy expenditure have limited effectiveness because complex and persistent hormonal, metabolic and neurochemical adaptations defend against weight loss and promote weight regain. Reducing the obesity burden requires approaches that combine individual interventions with changes in the environment and society. Therefore, a better understanding of the remarkable regional differences in obesity prevalence and trends might help to identify societal causes of obesity and provide guidance on which are the most promising intervention strategies. (Blüher, M. Obesity: global epidemiology and pathogenesis. Nat Rev Endocrinol 15, 288–298 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-019-0176-8

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE SATISFACTION

The Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. What is the original source of the experience called Satiety?

The word desire or craving involves the feelings to wish, covet, or long for something. Similarly, the word appetite describes a desire to satisfy some craving of the body. The term greed describes excessive desire especially for wealth or food. The term lust describes a passionate sexual desire without idealized or spiritualized feelings. The word glutton describes someone who indulges excessively in eating and drinking. All of these kinds of passionate desires or appetites have a common feature. The behavior that is attributable to greed, lust, and gluttony could be influenced by man’s sense of contentment. The role of contentment could be explained by understanding the following quote from the Books of The Old Testament, The Ecclesiastes, Chapter 5, verse 18:

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. Eat and Drink to find Satisfaction in Life.

“Then I realized that is good and proper for a man to eat and drink, and to find satisfaction in his toilsome labor under the sun during the few days of his life God has given him – for this is his lot.”

While it is good and proper for a man to eat and drink, the acts of gratification; eating, and drinking may not provide a sense of satisfaction that is complete and that overcomes the craving for food and drink. Contentment is the factor which determines as to the degree of gratification that is needed for producing the effect called satisfaction. The man can choose to set the bar called contentment at a high or a low-level and experience the effect called satisfaction while seeking gratification of his desires. To conquer the insatiable enemy called desire, to achieve the result called satisfaction, one must overcome the senses, the mind, and intelligence which are the sitting places of desire. To accomplish the purpose of restraining the senses, the mind, and intelligence, we must know the man as the Whole Organism. I divide man into two categories; 1. The Self (the Lower-Self)that represents the man as a physical, mental, and social being, and 2. The Knowing-Self ( the Higher-Self)that represents the man as the moral, and spiritual being. The Knowing-Self is the Higher-Self and hence it can exercise control and restraint over the Lower-Self which includes the physical body, the sense organs, the mind and intellect, which are the seats of all passionate desires.

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The problem of food cravings and food addiction.

In obese people, eating is less often determined by internal cues like hunger and satiety. For many obese people, the craving to eat is very strong and is similar to the craving for alcohol in the alcoholic and for a cigarette in a person addicted to tobacco smoke. The problem of food cravings is a significant factor in the management of obesity. The failure to respond to a dietary plan that restricts food and caloric intake is often caused by the inability to overcome food cravings which leads to non-compliance. The eating or feeding behavior is influenced by the man’s sense of contentment. A person who lives in a state of self-contentment experiences a little less hunger and experiences a sense of satiation or satisfaction more easily after a routine meal. Such a person who is self-contented is not prone to food cravings. He may not need a dietary plan and may not need to count the calories he consumes. He is more likely to maintain a steady body weight without the requirement of changing the level of physical activities. The man has the ability to set his expectations at a level and experience contentment with what he has. If there is contentment, the desire for food and drink is easily satisfied. A contented man is more likely to meet the daily requirements of calories for optimal physiological functioning without gaining body weight. The prevention of obesity could be helped by a proper understanding of food, its nature, and its functions.

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. Food is a substance eaten for nourishment, for psychological satisfaction, and to support Social Bonding. There is Spiritual Relationship between Food and its Consumer. The Concept of Balanced Diet is silent about the relationship between Food and its Consumer.

Food is a substance eaten for nourishment. Food serves functions other than nutrition. Food plays a vital role in the development, and the maintenance of social interactions, social relationships, and is the fundamental basis for the man’s spiritual relationship with a source of energy and its provider which sustains life and existence.

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE LIFE

Food describes any substance which a living organism can convert into energy and new tissue using the process of metabolism. The body fluids surrounding each cell are the immediate source of nutrients. The nutrients supplied by food are either used as building blocks in synthesizing large molecules or they are oxidized producing a form of energy that is further used for powering the activities of the cell. To maintain life, an organism not only repairs or replaces( or both ) its structures by a constant supply of the materials of which it is composed but also keeps its life processes in operation by a steady supply of energy. The Living Systems must be supplied energy for continual synthesis of new organic molecules and to replace or to repair broken organic molecules. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Professor of Anatomy and Physiology, Dean of the Harvard Medical School (1847 to 1882) defines life, “To live is to function; and that is all there is in living.” At the cellular level, the living functions include uptake and conversion of nutrients, synthesis of new molecules, production of energy, and regulation and coordination of metabolic sequences.

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The Living Cell is a thermodynamically unstable system. This means that without a continuous input of Energy, a Living Cell will degrade spontaneously into a collection of nonliving molecules.

The processes of synthesis and breakdown of the organic molecules of the cell are termed metabolism. Metabolism is divided into two categories; 1. Anabolism- it describes the processes of maintenance and growth, and 2. Catabolism- it describes the processes that breaks down molecules to release energy. The Living Cell depends on a virtually uninterrupted supply of materials for its metabolism. The Living Cell is a thermodynamically unstable system. This means that without a continuous input of energy, a Cell will degrade spontaneously into a nonliving collection of molecules. Food supplies organic molecules and other substances as nourishment to sustain life. Life is characterized by the presence of complex transformation of organic molecules and by the organization of such molecules into successively larger units of protoplasm, cells, organs, and tissues.

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE POWER

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. Protoplasm or Cytoplasm is the clear, soft, gelatinous living substance found inside all living cells. A most striking characteristic of Protoplasm is its vital property of Nutrition. Nutrition is the power which Protoplasm has of attracting to itself the materials that provide energy and are necessary for its growth and maintenance.

All the tissues and organs of which the human body is composed, consists of building blocks called Cells. Each Living Cell contains soft, gelatinous, semi-fluid, viscous, clear or translucent, colloidal living substance or matter called Protoplasm or Cytoplasm or Cytosol. A most striking characteristic of protoplasm is its vital property of ‘Nutrition’. Nutrition is described as the ‘power’ which protoplasm has of attracting to itself the materials that provide the energy, and the substances for its growth and maintenance from surrounding matter/environment. Nutrition, as a biological function and activity, is the evidence for the operation of Consciousness at cellular level. The Living Cell is conscious or aware of its own existence in its given environment, it is conscious or aware of its energy dependent state of internal condition, and consciously uses its power of nutrition to attract substances from its immediate environment. The Living Cell displays its living functions while it exists as a conscious entity. The Cell Death is characterized by the absence of the power of nutrition, and in the absence of energy input or food intake, the Cell dies. Consciousness and Food are related to each other. Consciousness gives the power of attracting Food and Food provides the ability to live with Consciousness which is the most important characteristic of life. The human organism exists because of the functions of the trillions of cells. The purpose of consciousness is to foster functional unity of the multicellular organism and establish it as an individual. This conscious individual experiences hunger, and thirst which provide the drive or motivation to initiate his feeding behavior. Each individual cell uses its own power of Nutrition to attract the nutrients from the body fluids that are present in its immediate environment. Certain metabolic disorders and conditions like Diabetes are associated with problems of food intake at cellular level. The man may feed himself, and nutrients like glucose accumulate in the blood stream and fail to provide the nourishment needed by the cells. Similarly, there are several mental diseases that are associated with a variety of eating disorders, and bizarre disturbances of appetite, taste, and food preference.

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE NUTRITION

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The Protoplasm has the power of Nutrition. The Cell Membrane or the Biological Membrane is not a simple physical barrier separating the Cell from its surrounding environment. The Cell Membrane plays an active role in food intake.

The Biological Membrane or the Plasma Membrane separates the living cell from its environment and from other cells. It helps to maintain a constant ‘milieu’ in which intracellular reactions occur. The Plasma Membrane allows a highly controlled exchange of matter across the barrier it poses; some compounds are able to pass through the Membrane easily, others are completely blocked. Food must provide adequate amounts of all chemical elements needed by the Cells. Of the approximately 35 elements known to occur in cells, four (Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen) make up about 95 percent of the cell weight. Nine elements (Calcium, Phosphorus, Chlorine, Sulfur, Potassium, Sodium, Magnesium, Iodine, and Iron) contribute about 4 percent of the cell weight. The remaining 20+ elements together constitute less than 1 percent of cell weight and are called trace elements because they occur in minute quantities. However, many such as Copper, and Zinc fulfil vital functions. Animal cells do not have the ability to synthesize certain complex organic molecules from simple inorganic compounds. Certain large organic molecules that serve as building blocks that must be supplied by food are known as essential dietary components. They include Vitamins, Essential Amino Acids, and Essential Fatty Acids. The man has restricted synthetic powers as compared to the bacteria and hence needs greater number of essential foodstuffs. The man derives energy solely from the breakdown of complex organic molecules, mainly Carbohydrates and Fats. Fuel for the maintenance of life comes from other living organisms or their products. Human life ultimately depends on the existence of green plants that can use inorganic source of energy such as Solar radiation. Terrestrial life depends upon an extraterrestrial source of Energy. All terrestrial organisms live as energy dependent entities and live by establishing a relationship with a source of energy.

WHOLE FOOD AND THE WHOLE CONNECTION

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The human life begins as a single cell, the fertilized Ovum. How does it obtain food and energy? The man exists because of a “Connection” with an Energy Provider.
Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The man’s life journey begins as an Embryo which gets implanted into the maternal tissues by about 6 days after its conception. Thus, mother is the source of Food and Energy to establish human life.

The man exists because of a “Connection.” In nature, a man exists as an energy seeker or heterotroph. The human existence becomes possible only when a man is connected to an energy provider. This biological connection to a source of energy is made possible when biological information is implanted in the single, fertilized Egg Cell which begins its journey to grow and develop into a new organism. If Sun is viewed as a source of energy for all life on this planet, the man is not directly connected to that source of energy. The man exists as a multicellular organism and each cell derives its energy from powerhouses called mitochondria; the intracellular membrane bound organelles found in all living cells.

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The man exists as energy seeker. Mitochondria are the powerhouses found inside all living cells. They establish the ‘Connection’ between the energy seeker and the energy provider.

The mitochondria have the necessary biological information to transform oxidative energy into a form of chemical energy that the cell could further use for its living functions. In nature, the man obtains food from other organisms. Only the green-celled plants known as autotrophs can directly convert light energy into chemical energy that they can further use.

Theory of Food and the Prevention of Obesity. Green-celled plants are known as autotrophs. They can directly convert light energy into chemical energy that they further use to manufacture plant substances and products. The Chloroplasts act like Solar Panels to capture inorganic light energy. The Chloroplasts act like a relay station in the flow of energy from the Sun to Man who uses the Mitochondria to establish this Connection.

The man is connected to these Chloroplasts of green plant cells that have the ability to trap Sun’s light energy. Sun’s energy is an extraterrestrial source of energy and it is provided to man by the intervention of Chloroplasts and the Mitochondria which man directly acquires from his mother’s Egg Cell. These biological mechanisms are put in place and they operate outside the intellectual or physical abilities of the man. In my blog post titled, ‘The Divine Mother of Life, Energy, and Knowledge, I describe the mother as the source of life, energy, and knowledge, which is often described as the cytoplasmic inheritance.

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE BONDING

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity.The act of consuming or eating Food establishes Social Bonding between the Food Provider and the Food Consumer. Feeding has a social purpose and it initiates social interactions. There is always a spiritual relationship between Mother and the Baby, a relationship based upon sympathy, understanding, affection, feelings, and Love.

Apart from nutrition, a man consumes food for psychological satisfaction or to derive a sense of emotional contentment, and for the benefit of other individuals. A pregnant woman consumes food to provide a direct benefit to the baby growing in her womb. This placental connection between mother and her fetus establishes an anatomical relationship and a social relationship and social bonding between the two both during the duration of pregnancy and after the delivery of the baby. The man’s feeding behavior and feeding activities are influenced by social, and external environmental factors. Both, the timing of feeding, and the choice of food are affected by social facilitation. Food-directed activities in social situations demonstrate the ability of food to establish connection between food provider and the food consumer. Hunger and Satiety operate the physiological mechanisms related to food intake. The psychological, and emotional contentment derived from food is related to Social Bonding and Social Relationships that are fostered by Food. I describe spirituality as a relationship based upon sympathy, understanding, affection, feelings of care and love. Food has the intrinsic ability to nurture a spiritual relationship between the provider of the food and its consumer. There is also a direct emotional relationship between man and the food he consumes. The causes for excessive or overeating are not yet fully understood. The physiological mechanisms of hunger and thirst cannot fully account for the feeding behavior of man. Just like lust, and greed, the man has psychological desire or craving for food and develops an intimate relationship with the food and drink he consumes. However, a man can always express his craving for food in a spiritual context and seek the satisfaction provided by knowing the nature of God-Connection.

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE COVENANT

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. Discover the purpose of food. Salt enjoys a special status among all food substances that man consumes. The intimate connection of salt with the idea of a “COVENANT” or binding contract or binding relationship, as a mark of Loyalty and Faithfulness, between man and God and between man and man is recognized in all human cultures.

Salt is universally used as a seasoning and as a preservative of food. Salt enjoys a special status among all food substances that man consumes. The status of salt as a life-giving and life-sustaining substance is well-founded. The intimate connection of salt with the idea of a “COVENANT” or binding relationship between man and God, and between man and man is recognized in all human cultures. The idea of “a covenant of salt forever” is found in The Fourth Book of Moses, The Old Testament Book of Numbers, Chapter 18, verse 19: “It is an everlasting covenant of salt before the Lord for both you and your offspring.” Similarly, The Third Book of Moses, The Old Testament Book of Leviticus, Chapter 2, verse 13 reads: “Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings, add salt to all your offerings.” The special status enjoyed by salt is reflected in the phrases popularly used in the languages of different people; “Untrue to Salt”(Persian), “Trespass not against the Salt”(Greek), “There is Salt between Us”(Arabic), “Injury or Harm to Salt”(“Namaq or Namak Haram” – Indian). Jesus very effectively communicates the relationship between the status of salt and the nature of man. The nature of man is understood in terms of his behavior, character, and conduct. It is expected of man to display respect, faithfulness, and loyalty in his relationship with other persons where the relationship is established by the covenant of salt. Jesus directly instructs people to reject any person who has lost the fundamental characteristics of character and integrity and states His view by comparing the man to salt. “You are the salt of the earth, but if salt has lost its taste, how shall its saltiness be restored? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled under people’s feet.” (Matthew 5:13)

By accepting food, by consuming food, and by deriving nourishment and sustenance from food, the man establishes a binding relationship forever with his food provider.

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. Food that is seasoned with salt and is given as offering to God, and food that is seasoned with salt and is given to another person establishes a binding contract, a covenant, a binding relationship which has validity of its own. The nature of this social bonding and binding social relationship is reflected in the words used by Jesus while He delivered His Sermon on the Mount: “You are the Salt of the earth. But, if the Salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled by men.”

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE RELATIONSHIP:

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. The purpose in Life and the purpose in eating. The Last Supper- The Gospel according to Saint Mark, Chapter 14, verse 22, and the Gospel according to Saint Matthew, Chapter 26, verse 26 and the Gospel according to Saint Luke, Chapter 22, verse 19, depict the scene called the Last Supper. The ritual instituted by Jesus establishes the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper or Holy Communion. Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve apostles was the betrayer and is depicted by the person who is leaving the dinner table with bread in his hand.

Jesus Christ describes Himself as the Spiritual Food of man. In the Gospel according to Saint John, Chapter 6, verse 35, Jesus declares, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will never go hungry, and he who believes in me will never be thirsty.” Further, the Book of John, Chapter 6, verse 48 also reveals the purpose of Jesus, “I am the bread of life. I am the living bread that came down from heaven.” Virtually all Christian Churches celebrate the practice of Communion such as Mass, Eucharist, or Lord’s Supper in some form or the other.  

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. A purpose for living and a purpose for eating.

The First Epistle of Apostle Paul to the Corinthians, Chapter 10, verse 31 instructs, “so whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God.” Apart from the satisfaction of hunger and thirst, man uses food and drink to derive a psychological satisfaction by establishing a spiritual connection with God who is the ultimate Food Provider.

In all religious traditions and cultures of this world, food is associated with God. Food is used in the ritualistic worship of God, food is offered to God, and food is consumed in the name of God. Most religious festivals involve the use of food in celebration of God’s Mercy, Grace and Compassion. Food is traditionally used as the medium for fomenting a spiritual relationship with God.

WHOLE FOOD AND WHOLE UNITY

Theory of Whole Food and the Prevention of Obesity. “Annam Brahma, RasO Vishnu, Bhokta DevO MaheswaraH” – The Divine Trinity-Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva define the Indian tradition about Food and Spirituality. Lord Brahma, the Creator symbolizes solid food called Annam, Lord Vishnu the Protector symbolizes liquid food called Rasa, and Lord Shiva the Destroyer symbolizes the Food Consumer called Bhokta. Food and Drink are described as Bhojan, the person who consumes Food and Drink is described as Bhokta. Both Food and the Food Consumer symbolize the Divine Entity. Both man and food are created by God using the powers of Creativity. The nature of man, and the synthesis of food by plants using the process called Photosynthesis involve the use of creative mechanisms and the implantation of supernatural knowledge.

The Indian tradition  describes Food and Drink as God and man the consumer of Food and Drink is also described as God. The man must view food as a spiritual substance; spiritual nourishment provided by the LORD God Creator and that devotional attitude towards food would provide nutrition, psychological satisfaction, and social bonding which is complete and wholesome. The creation of Earth, and the Status of Man in nature are the fundamental attributes of the Divine Being and His Divine Powers. The physical, mental, and social well-being of a man is nourished by food that formulates the man’s spiritual relationship with food and the food provider.

WHOLE FOOD AND THE WHOLE PRINCIPLES OF OBESITY PREVENTION:

Theory of Whole Food and the Whole Principles of Obesity Prevention. The Higher-Self can regulate the feeding behavior of the Lower-Self.

1. The man has to eat and drink all his life. 2. The man has a predisposition to obesity as his anatomical structure and physiological functions may not prevent excessive consumption of calories even when the body has satisfactory energy reserve. 3. The man derives nutrients, psychological satisfaction, and develops social bonding by using food. 4. Food when used as a spiritual medium, provides a complete sense of satisfaction and leads to contentment in life. 5. The man has the ability to control his senses, his feelings, and his intellect by acquiring knowledge about food. 6. The man can choose and set limits to his experience of contentment in life. He can set the level of expectation in a manner that the gratification of his desires produces the effect called satiation or satisfaction to defend his physical, mental, social, moral, and spiritual well-being.

Simon Cyrene

Whole Dude asks, “What Makes You Whole?” The Whole Attitude of Eating Whatever.

Spiritual Optics. The Theory of Food. A Spectrum of Seven Colors

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. Whole Dude Loves Whole Food he purchases at the Whole Foods Market, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of the relationship between the man and the substances he consumes as food.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE SCIENCE OF NUTRITION:

The USDA's original food pyramid from 1992.
Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Pyramid of 1992.

Life comes into existence when energy-yielding molecules and energy-demanding molecules come together in a spiritual relationship.

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. A 3-Dimensional View of the Adenosine triphosphate Molecule, the Chemical Energy used in the performance of the cellular functions. There is a creative process involved in the transformation of the radiant Solar Energy into Chemical Energy that living organisms use.

In my analysis, the Science of Nutrition reveals the purpose of food as that of a spiritual medium that fosters unity between man’s body, mind, and soul.

WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE FOOD:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as Spectrum of Seven Colors. Human Foods are divided into Classes and the basic nutritional goal is to have a Balanced Diet with items from all of the major Food Groups. The Balanced Diet may or may not provide the experience called ‘SATIATION’.

To define food as any substance consumed to provide the nutritional support to an organism is incomplete as it fails to describe the totality of the relationship between food and its consumer. I describe the Seven Dimensions of the man. These are, 1. The Physical, 2. The Mental, 3. The Social, 4. The Moral, 5. The Spiritual, 6. The Creative, and 7. The Rational. I define Whole Food as substances consumed by the man to provide support to the Seven Dimensions of the man. Hence, Whole Food is defined as the Spectrum of Seven Colors.

WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE SELF:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The phrase Whole Dude, Whole Self, Whole Man, or Whole Person is constituted by the Seven Dimensions of the man. These are, 1. The Physical, 2. The Mental, 3. The Social, 4. The Moral, 5. The Spiritual, 6. The Creative, and 7. The Rational. All these dimensions always work together to reflect the unity of Body, Mind, and Soul.

The man is constituted as a Physical being that is made up of  about 100 trillion individual, independent building blocks or living cells that are structurally and functionally differentiated as the tissues, organs, and organ systems of the human body. Each living, individual cell is thermodynamically unstable. It means that the living system that is represented by the cell will dissolve into its non-living molecules and elements if not supplied energy from an external source.

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The Living Cell is a thermodynamically unstable system. This means that without a continuous input of Energy, a Living Cell will degrade spontaneously into a collection of nonliving molecules.

Food provides those energy-yielding molecules to energy-demanding molecules that constitute the Physical being. Food is used as a general term to describe substances consumed by man for nourishment. Food is defined as any substance which a living organism can convert into its own living substance from which it grows and develops new tissue, manipulates energy, etc., using a process called ‘metabolism’. The term ‘nutrient’ is explained as a substance that serves as food, or provides nourishment. The term ‘nutrition’ refers to the process of feeding or being nourished. As mentioned earlier, all the tissues and organs of which the human body is composed, consists of building blocks called cells. Every cell contains a spherical body called nucleus and a ground material, living substance, or living matter called ‘protoplasm’. The most striking characteristic of protoplasm is its vital property called ‘Nutrition’. In Human Physiology, the term ‘Nutrition’ is used to describe the ‘power’ which protoplasm has of attracting to itself the materials that provide energy, and the substances for its growth and maintenance from surrounding matter or extracellular environment. Man must feed himself and yet he depends upon the ability of cells to recognize the specific nutrient substances and take action to absorb them and process them for further use. Nutritional Science describes three major functions of food; 1. food generates energy for growth, maintenance and activity, 2. food supplies agents like vitamins and others that are needed to make or to help enzymes which carry out a variety of cellular processes, and 3. food provides the building materials like proteins and amino acids that are used for building cells and tissues of the body. The essential human nutrients are proteins, carbohydrates, fats, minerals, and vitamins. Human body cannot synthesize some of these nutrients and they must be supplied. To make this easy for understanding, human foods are divided into classes and the basic nutritional goal is to have a ‘Balanced Diet’ with items from all of the major Food Groups to perform all the living functions such as the uptake and conversion of nutrients, making, breaking, and repairing of organic molecules, production of energy, and regulation and coordination of various metabolic sequences.

WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE NUTRITION:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. This image called ‘MYPLATE’ depicts important Food Groups such as Vegetables,Fruits, Grains, Proteins and Dairy. Could we be able to say that these substances together be called as “WHOLE FOOD”?
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - THE SCIENCE OF NUTRITION: Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine laid emphasis on the role of Food in promoting Health and Well-Being of Man apart from its role in the treatment of Diseases.
Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine laid emphasis on the role of food in promoting health and well-being of the man apart from its role in the treatment of diseases.

The term ‘WHOLE’ is often used to describe something that is entire or complete to signify that it has all the elements or parts constituting the entire amount and it is not broken, damaged, or defective. The term ‘WHOLE’ also means auspicious, healthy, or uninjured and not diseased. We need to define the human being as a Whole Person, Whole Self, or Whole Dude to understand the complete entity that exists as man. There are Seven Dimensions of Whole Person:1. Man-the Physical Being, 2. Man-the Mental being, 3. Man-the Social being, 4. Man-the Moral being, 5. Man-the Spiritual being, 6. Man-the Creative Being, and 7. Man-the Rational Being. These seven components have to come together to establish the reality of man’s biological existence in the physical world. In the context of ‘Whole Food’, we need to find qualities that fit into this description of being ‘Whole’ and its ability to perform all the functions that are attributed to Food.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE HUMAN

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. I invite the Whole Foods Market to Speak about the Whole Human Being.

There is a huge growing concern about the substances that are added to food by food industry. The concern involves the use of synthetic or artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives. Food that may contain artificial colors, artificial flavors and chemical preservatives may not promote good health and are even suspected to cause injury or disease. Hence, the concept of ‘Whole Food’ demands the exclusion of such artificial colors and flavors and all synthetic preservatives from the food products used by the man for his physical well-being. Even when chemicals are not added to food, there is a concern about chemicals like synthetic pesticides, fertilizers and hormones that are used by the food and agriculture industry. It calls for understanding the term called ‘Natural Food’. To be called ‘natural’, food must not be exposed or tainted by chemicals that are not ‘naturally’ present in the substances that are consumed as Food. This concern is often reflected in the demand for ‘Organic Food’ that calls for the exclusion of synthetic pesticides, chemical fertilizers, and growth hormones in the production of food. Apart from these considerations, the use of additives to change the taste, texture, and appearance of food have caused several health-related concerns. Some of them relate to the use of artificial sweeteners, and the use of partially hydrogenated oils. To qualify as ‘Whole Food’, it may require the exclusion of artificial sweeteners and the so-called ‘transfats’ from food. This concern is also extended to genetically modified organisms or GMOs that have become common. The genetically modified trait may impart some benefit to the substance and yet it may not qualify to be described as Natural Food or ‘Whole Food’.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE SATISFACTION:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The Concept of Food and Nutrition must include the human desire to find the living experience or condition called Satiation, Satisfaction, and Contentment. Food must satisfy the cravings of the Soul for Everlasting Life.

The man is constituted to exist as a Mental being. The man relates to himself, his physical body with the help of his thoughts and moods. The man often tries to discover his ‘essence’ or true identity not in his physical, living substance, but by knowing his ideas, thoughts, and imagination which describes his physical identity. These mental concepts that relate to identity are always associated with emotional feelings and moods that give meaning to the living condition or living experience. Food provides substances to constitute the physical components of the body and it also affects man’s thoughts and moods. The problems related to a man’s feeding behavior will not be eliminated by supplying him what is defined as ‘Balanced Diet’. The health problems associated with food consumption and caloric intake seem to persist even when the man consumes ‘Balanced Diet’. It calls for further understanding of the functions of Food and we have to define the term ‘Whole Food’ by sharing the ‘Whole Story’ about Food and its role in human life. There are two important aspects of Food that are not taken into consideration by Nutritional Science. The Law may require that food products that are sold by retail food stores or grocery stores must provide adequate ‘Nutritional Information’. The products are labeled to provide information about the ingredients, allergens, and nutritional facts to help the consumer of food to make an informed choice about the food that is consumed. Such nutritional choices are helpful and yet there is a problem about the Food. The concept of ‘Whole Food’ gives recognition to the role of Food apart from its function as the supply of nutrients. Food has to provide satiation or the experience of mental contentment or psychological satisfaction from its consumption.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE COMMUNITY:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The human body is the natural host to trillions of microbes. The Concept of Whole Community and Whole Biome

The man is constituted to exist as a Social being. The man’s growth and development demands social support. The man as a biological living entity can only be described as an association of trillions of individual cells or as a multicellular organism. At the same time, there are about 10 times 100 trillion microbes that inhabit the human gastrointestinal tract. The man is a natural host and there is a mutually beneficial relationship between man the host, and the microbes that reside in his body. During the entire course of his life, the man shares his food and drink with the guests who have taken residence in his body. These guests perform the function of an internal organ system and are important for the man’s health and well-being. Man will always exist as a member of a Biotic or Biological community without any chance of true independence. This understanding is promoting the consumption of foods that are popularly termed as ‘PROBIOTIC’.

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The Concept of Whole Community or Whole Biome.

The man to support his health and well-being has to consume some living organisms on a regular basis to replenish the microbes that are lost due to excretion. Food plays a vital role in the development, and the maintenance of social interactions, and social relationships.Food-directed activities of man often need social situations and social bonding. Food has the intrinsic ability to nurture a relationship between the provider of the food and the food consumer. At the same time, there is a direct emotional relationship between man and the Food he consumes. The man derives emotional satisfaction called ‘Satiation’ when he consumes Food. It contributes to satisfaction or a sense of mental contentment to shape his living experience. The man lives to experience satisfaction or mental contentment by gratifying his desires or cravings. Food craving is very important part of a man’s life and biological existence. Balanced Diet may or may not provide the psychological contentment that man wants to derive by consuming Food. Such satisfaction demands social bonding between man and the food and between man and his provider of food. Hence, we have to develop our understanding of Food as a medium or as a substance that has the potency to develop and form relationships, association, connection, and bonding between man and his social community and environment in which man exists, and by the consumption of ‘Whole Food’ man may find ‘Whole Satisfaction’ in his living experience.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE RELATIONS

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors.The act of consuming or eating Food establishes Social Bonding between the Food Provider and the Food Consumer. Feeding has a social purpose and it initiates social interactions. There is always a spiritual relationship between Mother and the Baby, a relationship based upon sympathy, understanding, affection, feelings, and Love.

Apart from nutrition, a man consumes food for psychological satisfaction or to derive a sense of emotional contentment, and for the benefit of other individuals. A pregnant woman consumes food to provide a direct benefit to the baby growing in her womb. This placental connection between a mother and her fetus establishes an anatomical relationship and a social relationship and social bonding between the two, both during the duration of pregnancy and after the delivery of the baby. The man’s feeding behavior and feeding activities are influenced by social, and external environmental factors. Both, the timing of feeding, and the choice of food are affected by social facilitation. Food-directed activities in social situations demonstrate the ability of food to establish a connection between a food provider and the food consumer. Hunger and Satiety operate the physiological mechanisms related to food intake. The psychological, and emotional contentment derived from food is related to Social Bonding and Social Relationships that are fostered by Food. I describe spirituality as a relationship based upon sympathy, understanding, affection, feelings of care and Love. Food has the intrinsic ability to nurture a spiritual relationship between the provider of the food and its consumer. There is also a direct emotional relationship between a man and the food he consumes. The causes for excessive or overeating are not yet fully understood. Overeating could be a symptom of boredom or mental frustration. For many persons who indulge in overeating, the craving to eat is very strong and is similar to the craving for alcohol in the alcoholic and for a cigarette in a person addicted to tobacco smoke. The physiological mechanisms of hunger and thirst cannot fully account for the feeding behavior of a man. Just like lust, and greed, the man has psychological desire or craving for food and develops an intimate relationship with the food and drink he consumes. However, the man can always express his craving for food in a spiritual context and seek the satisfaction provided by knowing the nature of God-Connection.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE ECOLOGY:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. ECOLOGY-WHOLE FOOD-WHOLE LIFE-WHOLE SPIRITUALITY: Food is the medium through which interrelatedness, interdependence, and the interconnectedness of living organisms is expressed.

The man is constituted to exist as a Spiritual being. The term ‘spiritual’ refers to relationships that are based upon feelings of sympathy and understanding. The man has to define the spiritual basis of his relationship with the rest of the biological community and the physical environment that is common to all of them. Ecology is the Science that is concerned with the relation between organisms and their environment. ‘Food Chain’ in Ecology describes the sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of food. Food is the medium through which interrelatedness, interdependence, and the interconnectedness of organisms that are members of an Ecological System is expressed. A balanced growth of organisms that are connected in an Ecosystem demands the concept of ‘Sustainable Development’. Natural resources have to be used wisely to sustain the qualities of environment that support living systems. The man needs food for his nourishment and to find this nourishment, the man should also stop the environmental pollution and degradation that may upset the delicate Ecological Balance that operates in Nature. The manner in which a man acquires energy-yielding molecules from his environment will ultimately define the man’s definition of Food.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE MORALITY:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The human beings acting individually and collectively have developed ‘Food Culture’ and Food Traditions to express their moral and ethical principles in all of their food-directed activities and behavior.

The man is constituted to exist as a Moral Being. He is intrinsically endowed with a nature that displays the ability called discernment. He has the ability to choose right conduct and right behavior as he has the ability to discern right from wrong, and distinguish good from bad. This human nature called discernment is related to the nature of the living substance or living matter called protoplasm. I have described its vital property called the Power of Nutrition. It uses this power with a sense of discernment. Protoplasm while attracting substances found in its external environment, it uses a very selective uptake process. Some substances are accepted and tolerated and some are rejected. It expresses intolerance to the presence of certain substances and its response may even cause a severe and sometimes life-threatening allergic reaction. The man has no ability to consume all substances as Food. He has to know about good and bad food choices, and he has to know as to which food is right and as to which food is wrong. The human beings acting individually and collectively have developed ‘Food Culture’ and Food Traditions to express their moral and ethical principles in all of their food-directed activities and behavior.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE SPIRITUALITY:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. Whole Spirituality describes the Spiritual Dimension of Food. It formulates a binding relationship between man and God.

Food is defined as any substance which a living organism can convert into its own living substance or living matter called protoplasm, the physical basis of Life. This substance could be viewed as a spiritual substance as it has the potency to formulate functional harmony and mutually beneficial relationship among the cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems that grow and develop using the energy and organic molecules synthesized by protoplasm. The concept of ‘Whole Food’ will naturally include the concept of Food as a Whole Spiritual Substance that must be treated with respect and devotion. Such an attitude of respect and devotion would help the man to use Food as a Spiritual Medium to establish a Connection, a Relationship, an Association, a Partnership, and Bonding between the Food Consumer and the Divine Providence.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE COVENANT

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors.The Concept of Whole Covenant.Salt enjoys a special status among all food substances that man consumes. The intimate connection of Salt with the idea of a “COVENANT” or binding contract or binding relationship, as a mark of Loyalty and Faithfulness, between man and God and between man and man is recognized in all human cultures.

Salt is universally used as a seasoning and as a preservative of food. Salt enjoys a special status among all food substances that a man consumes. The status of Salt as a life-giving and life-sustaining substance is well-founded. The intimate connection of Salt with the idea of a “COVENANT” or a binding relationship between man and God, and between man and man is recognized in all human cultures.

The idea of “a covenant of salt forever” is found in The Fourth Book of Moses, The Numbers, Chapter 18, verse 19: “It is an everlasting covenant of salt before the Lord for both you and your offspring.” Similarly, The Third Book of Moses, The Leviticus, Chapter 2, verse 13 reads: “Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings, add salt to all your offerings.” The special status enjoyed by salt is reflected in the phrases popularly used in the languages of different people; “Untrue to Salt”(Persian), “Trespass not against the Salt”(Greek), “There is Salt between Us”(Arabic), “Injury or Harm to Salt”(“Namaq or Namak Haram” – Indian). Jesus very effectively communicates the relationship between the status of salt and the nature of man. The nature of man is understood in terms of his behavior, character, and conduct. It is expected of a man to display respect, faithfulness, and loyalty in his relationship with other persons where the relationship is established by the covenant of salt. Jesus directly instructs people to reject any person who has lost the fundamental characteristics of character and integrity and states His view by comparing the man to salt. By accepting food, by consuming food, and by deriving nourishment and sustenance from food, the man has established a binding relationship forever with his food provider.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE TRADE

Whole Dude defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. Eating the Right Food also includes the concern about making the Right Choices for the buying, marketing, and selling food to its consumers. The Concept of Whole Trade.

In recent times, the concerns about the buying, the marketing and selling of food items by the food retail industry has developed into ideas such as ‘FAIR-TRADE’, ‘ECO-TRADE’, and WHOLE TRADE guarantee. There is a growing genuine moral and ethical concern to support the living conditions of people and communities involved in growing Food. There is a growing interest to consume Food that is called ‘LOCAL’; food that is grown or manufactured in the local communities. The man must consume Food for his living and he may have to do it in a morally and ethically responsible manner. These concerns have generated the demand for ethical and compassionate treatment of all animals used as Food for human consumption. Food and Agriculture Industry are developing standards for Compassionate Treatment of Animals. The concept of ‘Whole Food’ includes the moral and ethical principles that man would apply to define his food-related behavior.

WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE LIFE:

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. In the final analysis, the man’s attitude about living his life to the fullest extent is reflected through his relationship with Food.

I define the term ‘WHOLE FOOD’ as follows taking into consideration the five aspects of the role of Food in supporting the biological existence of the man in his community, and environment. Indeed, no man is truly capable of an existence that excludes the social community and the physical environment in which he exists:

1. Whole Food provides the nutritional substances for the Physical well-being of man and supports his living functions.

2. Whole Food provides the psychological satisfaction, the mental contentment that a man needs to support his Mental well-being.

3. Whole Food provides the stimulus for social relationships and social bonding that a man needs to support his Social well-being.

4. Whole Food provides the ability to a man to express his moral and ethical principles to support his Moral well-being.

5. Whole Food provides the Spiritual basis for the man’s relationship with Divine Providence to support the Spiritual well-being of man.

Whole Food comprises of the nutritional substances that support a man’s Physical, Mental, Social, Moral, and Spiritual well-being. These five components of well-being are important to generate the experience of Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in human Life. There is no Joy in Life and there is no Happiness in Mind, and there will be no Love in Heart until man finds Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in the Living Experience. I say that, Whole Food gives man the experience of Whole Life; a Life of Satisfaction, Contentment, and Happiness.

English: 1943 USDA nutrition chart showing the...
Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The 1943 USDA Nutrition Chart showing the “Basic 7” Food Groups. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

WHOLE DUDE -WHOLE FOOD – WHOLE SPECTRUM

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE COLORS: The most important function of Light is not that of providing visual sensation. Light performs several non optical functions. Plants do not have the ability to see Light. But, plants have the ability to use light energy to perform biochemical reactions such as Photosynthesis which is a creative mechanism to trap light energy as chemical energy that living things can further use to perform a variety of their living functions.

The man is constituted as a Created Being. Creation is not a mere past event. The creative mechanisms, and the creative processes continue to operate and support the man’s existence in today’s world. The man is constituted as a Rational Being and he discovered the rational basis for choosing to literally eat the Rainbow Colors of Food. I say, I Love Whole Food and what do you want to say? Kindly share your thoughts and views about the concept of ‘Whole Food’.

Simon Cyrene

Whole Dude Defines Whole Food as the Spectrum of Seven Colors. The man is constituted as a Rational Being and he literally chooses to eat the Rainbow Colors. Whole Food-Whole Spectrum.

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Food and Spirituality. Can I define food as substances that I purchase from a grocery retail store such as the Whole Foods Market?

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of the relationship between the man and the substances he consumes as food.

Structure of the coenzyme adenosine triphospha...
Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Food and Spirituality. What is Food? How do the energy-yielding and the energy-seeking molecules get connected? The Chemical Energy Molecule called Adenosine triphosphate.

WHAT IS FOOD?

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Food is a substance eaten for nourishment, for psychological satisfaction, and to support Social Bonding. There is Spiritual Relationship between Food and its Consumer.

Food is a substance eaten for nourishment. Food serves functions other than nutrition. Food plays a vital role in the development, and the maintenance of social interactions, social relationships, and is the fundamental basis for man’s spiritual relationship with a source of energy and its provider which sustains life and existence.

FOOD=ENERGY=LIFE:

Food describes any substance which a living organism can convert into energy and new tissue using the process of metabolism. The body fluids surrounding each cell are the immediate source of nutrients. The nutrients supplied by food are either used as building blocks in synthesizing large molecules or they are oxidized producing a form of energy that is further used for powering the activities of the cell. To maintain life, an organism not only repairs or replaces( or both ) its structures by a constant supply of the materials of which it is composed but also keeps its life processes in operation by a steady supply of energy. Living systems must be supplied energy for continual synthesis of new organic molecules and to replace or to repair broken organic molecules. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Professor of Anatomy and Physiology, Dean of the Harvard Medical School (1847 to 1882) defines life; “To live is to function; and that is all there is in living.” At cellular level, the living functions include uptake and conversion of nutrients, synthesis of new molecules, production of energy, and regulation and coordination of metabolic sequences.

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. The Living Cell is a thermodynamically unstable system. This means that without a continuous input of Energy, a Living Cell will degrade spontaneously into a collection of nonliving molecules.

The processes of synthesis and breakdown of the organic molecules of the cell are termed metabolism. Metabolism is divided into two categories; 1. Anabolism- it describes the processes of maintenance and growth, and 2. Catabolism- it describes the processes of energy production. The Living Cell depends on a virtually uninterrupted supply of materials for its metabolism. The Living Cell is a thermodynamically unstable system. This means that without a continuous input of energy, a Cell will degrade spontaneously into a nonliving collection of molecules. Food supplies organic molecules and other substances as nourishment to sustain life. Life is characterized by the presence of complex transformation of organic molecules and by the organization of such molecules into successively larger units of protoplasm, cells, organs, and tissues.

WHAT IS NUTRITION?

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Protoplasm or Cytoplasm is the clear, soft, gelatinous living substance found inside all living cells. A most striking characteristic of Protoplasm is its vital property of Nutrition. Nutrition is the power which Protoplasm has of attracting to itself the materials that provide energy and are necessary for its growth and maintenance.

 All the tissues and organs of which the human body is composed, consists of building blocks called Cells. Each Living Cell contains soft, gelatinous, semi-fluid, viscous, clear or translucent, colloidal living substance or matter called Protoplasm or Cytoplasm or Cytosol. A most striking characteristic of protoplasm is its vital property of ‘Nutrition’. Nutrition is described as the ‘power’ which protoplasm has of attracting to itself the materials that provide the energy, and the substances for its growth and maintenance from surrounding matter/environment. Nutrition, as a biological function and activity, is the evidence for the operation of Consciousness at cellular level. The Living Cell is conscious or aware of its own existence in its given environment, it is conscious or aware of its energy dependent state of internal condition, and consciously uses its power of nutrition to attract substances from its immediate environment. The Living Cell displays its living functions while it exists as a conscious entity. The Cell Death is characterized by the absence of the power of nutrition, and in the absence of energy input or food intake, the Cell dies. Consciousness and Food are related to each other. Consciousness gives the power of attracting Food and Food provides the ability to live with Consciousness which is the most important characteristic of life. The human organism exists because of the functions of the trillions of cells. The purpose of consciousness is to foster functional unity of the multicellular organism and establish it as an individual. This conscious individual experiences hunger, and thirst which provide the drive or motivation to initiate his feeding behavior. Each individual cell uses its own power of Nutrition to attract the nutrients from the body fluids that are present in its immediate environment. Certain metabolic disorders and conditions like Diabetes are associated with problems of food intake at cellular level. The man may feed himself, and nutrients like glucose accumulate in the blood stream and fail to provide the nourishment needed by the cells. Similarly, there are several mental diseases that are associated with a variety of eating disorders, and bizarre disturbances of appetite, taste, and food preference.

 HUMAN NUTRITION:

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. The Protoplasm has the power of Nutrition. The Cell Membrane or the Biological Membrane is not a simple physical barrier separating the Cell from its surrounding environment. The Cell Membrane plays an active role in food intake.

The Biological Membrane or the Plasma Membrane separates the living cell from its environment and from other cells. It helps to maintain a constant ‘milieu’ in which intracellular reactions occur. The Plasma Membrane allows a highly controlled exchange of matter across the barrier it poses; some compounds are able to pass through the Membrane easily, others are completely blocked. Food must provide adequate amounts of all chemical elements needed by the Cells. Of the approximately 35 elements known to occur in cells, four (Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen) make up about 95 percent of the cell weight. Nine elements (Calcium, Phosphorus, Chlorine, Sulfur, Potassium, Sodium, Magnesium, Iodine, and Iron) contribute about 4 percent of the cell weight. The remaining 20+ elements together constitute less than 1 percent of cell weight and are called trace elements because they occur in minute quantities. However, many such as Copper, and Zinc fulfil vital functions. Animal cells do not have the ability to synthesize certain complex organic molecules from simple inorganic compounds. Certain large organic molecules that serve as building blocks that must be supplied by food are known as essential dietary components. They include Vitamins, Essential Amino Acids, and Essential Fatty Acids. Man has restricted synthetic powers as compared to the bacteria and hence needs greater number of essential foodstuffs. Man derives energy solely from the breakdown of complex organic molecules, mainly Carbohydrates and Fats. Fuel for the maintenance of life comes from other living organisms or their products. Human life ultimately depends on the existence of green plants that can use inorganic source of energy such as Solar radiation. Terrestrial life depends upon an extraterrestrial source of Energy. All terrestrial organisms live as energy dependent entities and live by establishing a relationship with a source of energy.

FOOD AND ENERGY – THE ‘GOD-CONNECTION’:

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. The human life begins as a single cell, the fertilized Ovum. How does it obtain food and energy? Man exists because of a “Connection” with an Energy Provider.
Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. The man’s life journey begins as an Embryo which gets implanted into the maternal tissues by about 6 days after its conception. Thus, mother is the source of Food and Energy to establish human life.

The man exists because of a “Connection”that operates his conditioned existence. In nature, man exists as an energy seeker or heterotroph. The human existence becomes possible only when a man is connected to an energy provider. This biological connection to a source of energy is made possible when biological information is implanted in the single cell which begins its journey to grow and develop into a new organism. If Sun is viewed as a source of energy for all life on this planet, the man is not directly connected to that source of energy. The man exists as a multicellular organism and each cell derives its energy from powerhouses called mitochondria; the intracellular membrane bound organelles found in all living cells.

The man exists as energy seeker. Mitochondria are the powerhouses found inside all living cells. They establish the ‘Connection’ between the energy seeker and the energy provider.

The mitochondria have the necessary biological information to transform oxidative energy into a form of chemical energy that the cell could further use for its living functions. In nature, man obtains food from other organisms. Only the green-celled plants known as autotrophs can directly convert light energy into chemical energy that they can further use.

Green-celled plants are known as autotrophs. They can directly convert light energy into chemical energy that they further use to manufacture plant substances and products. The Chloroplasts act like Solar Panels to capture inorganic light energy. The Chloroplasts act like a relay station in the flow of energy from the Sun to Man who uses the Mitochondria to establish this Connection.

The man is connected to these Chloroplasts of green plant cells that have the ability to trap Sun’s light energy. Sun’s energy is an extraterrestrial source of energy and it is provided to the man by the intervention of Chloroplasts and the Mitochondria which the man directly acquires from his mother’s Egg Cell. These biological mechanisms are put in place and they operate outside the intellectual or physical abilities of the man. In my blog post titled, ‘The Divine Mother of Life, Energy, and Knowledge, I describe the mother as the source of life and energy. Kindly read that post using the hyperlink :

http://bhavanajagat.wordpress.com/2010/09/13/the-divine-mother-of-life-energy-and-knowledge/

FOOD AND SOCIAL BONDING:

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. The act of consuming or eating Food establishes Social Bonding between the Food Provider and the Food Consumer. Feeding has a social purpose and it initiates social interactions. There is always a spiritual relationship between Mother and the Baby, a relationship based upon sympathy, understanding, affection, feelings, and Love.

 Apart from nutrition, man consumes food for psychological satisfaction or to derive a sense of emotional contentment, and for the benefit of other individuals. A pregnant woman consumes food to provide a direct benefit to the baby growing in her womb. This placental connection between mother and her fetus establishes an anatomical relationship and a social relationship and social bonding between the two both during the duration of pregnancy and after the delivery of the baby. Man’s feeding behavior and feeding activities are influenced by social, and external environmental factors. Both, the timing of feeding, and the choice of food are affected by social facilitation. Food-directed activities in social situations demonstrate the ability of food to establish connection between food provider and the food consumer. Hunger and Satiety operate the physiological mechanisms related to food intake. The psychological, and emotional contentment derived from food is related to Social Bonding and Social Relationships that are fostered by Food. I describe spirituality as a relationship based upon sympathy, understanding, affection, feelings of care and Love. Food has the intrinsic ability to nurture a spiritual relationship between the provider of the food and its consumer. There is also a direct emotional relationship between man and the food he consumes. The causes for excessive or overeating are not yet fully understood. Overeating could be a symptom of boredom or emotional frustration. For many persons who indulge in overeating, the craving to eat is very strong and is similar to the craving for alcohol in the alcoholic and for a cigarette in a person addicted to tobacco smoke. The physiological mechanisms of hunger and thirst cannot fully account for the feeding behavior of man. Just like lust, and greed, man has psychological desire or craving for food and develops an intimate relationship with the food and drink he consumes. However, man can always express his craving for food in a spiritual context and seek the satisfaction provided by knowing the nature of God-Connection.

FOOD AND THE COVENANT OF SALT FOREVER:

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Salt enjoys a special status among all food substances that man consumes. The intimate connection of salt with the idea of a “COVENANT” or binding contract or binding relationship, as a mark of Loyalty and Faithfulness, between man and God and between man and man is recognized in all human cultures.

 Salt is universally used as a seasoning and as a preservative of food. Salt enjoys a special status among all food substances that man consumes. The status of salt as a life-giving and life-sustaining substance is well-founded. The intimate connection of salt with the idea of a “COVENANT” or a binding relationship between man and God, and between man and man is recognized in all human cultures.

Covenant of Salt

it is mentioned TWO OTHER times in scripture.
• Lev 2:13“And every offering of your grain
   offering yo...
Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Food and Spirituality.
Covenant of Salt

• Numbers 18:19“All the heave offerings of the
  holy things, which the children of Israel offer
  to th...
Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Food and Spirituality.

The idea of “a covenant of salt forever” is found in The Fourth Book of Moses, The Old Testament, Numbers, Chapter 18, verse 19: “It is an everlasting covenant of salt before the Lord for both you and your offspring.” Similarly, The Third Book of Moses, The Old Testament, Leviticus, Chapter 2, verse 13 reads: “Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings, add salt to all your offerings.” The special status enjoyed by salt is reflected in the phrases popularly used in the languages of different people; “Untrue to Salt”(Persian), “Trespass not against the Salt”(Greek), “There is Salt between Us”(Arabic), “Injury or Harm to Salt”(“Namaq or Namak Haram” – Indian). Jesus very effectively communicates the relationship between the status of salt and the nature of man. The nature of man is understood in terms of his behavior, character, and conduct. It is expected of a man to display respect, faithfulness, and loyalty in his relationship with other persons where the relationship is established by the covenant of salt. Jesus directly instructs people to reject any person who has lost the fundamental characteristics of character and integrity and states His view by comparing the man to salt. By accepting food, by consuming food, and by deriving nourishment and sustenance from food, the man has established a binding relationship forever with his food provider.

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Food that is seasoned with salt and is given as offering to God, and food that is seasoned with salt and is given to another person establishes a binding contract, a covenant, a binding relationship which has validity of its own. The nature of this social bonding and binding social relationship is reflected in the words used by Jesus while He delivered His Sermon on the Mount: “You are the Salt of the earth. But, if the Salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled by men.”

FOOD AND GOD:

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. The Last Supper- The Gospel according to Saint Mark, Chapter 14, verse 22, and the Gospel according to Saint Matthew, Chapter 26, verse 26 and the Gospel according to Saint Luke, Chapter 22, verse 19, depict the scene called the Last Supper. The ritual instituted by Jesus has established the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper or Holy Communion. Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve apostles was the betrayer and is depicted by the person who is leaving the dinner table with bread in his hand.

Jesus Christ has described Himself as the Spiritual Food of man. In the Gospel according to Saint John, Chapter 6, verse 35, Jesus declared, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will never go hungry, and he who believes in me will never be thirsty.” Further, the Book of John, Chapter 6, verse 48 also reveals the purpose of Jesus, “I am the bread of life. I am the living bread that came down from heaven.” Virtually all Christian Churches celebrate the practice of Communion such as Mass, Eucharist, or Lord’s Supper in some form or the other.  The First Epistle of Apostle Paul to the Corinthians, Chapter 10, verse 31 instructs, “so whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God.” Apart from the satisfaction of hunger and thirst, man uses food and drink to derive a psychological satisfaction by establishing a spiritual connection with God who is the ultimate Food Provider.

In all religious traditions and cultures of this world, food is associated with God. Food is used in the ritualistic worship of God, food is offered to God, and food is consumed in the name of God. Most religious festivals involve the use of food in celebration of God’s Mercy, Grace and Compassion. Food is traditionally used as the medium for fomenting a spiritual relationship with God.

FOOD AND GOD IN THE INDIAN TRADITION:

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. “Annam Brahma, RasO Vishnu, Bhokta DevO MaheswaraH” – The Divine Trinity-Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva define the Indian tradition about Food and Spirituality. Lord Brahma, the Creator symbolizes solid food called Annam, Lord Vishnu the Protector symbolizes liquid food called Rasa, and Lord Shiva the Destroyer symbolizes the Food Consumer called Bhokta. Food and Drink are described as Bhojan, the person who consumes Food and Drink is described as Bhokta. Both Food and the Food Consumer symbolize the Divine Entity. Both man and food are created by God using the powers of Creativity. The nature of man, and the synthesis of food by plants using the process called Photosynthesis involve the use of creative mechanisms and the implantation of supernatural knowledge.

The Indian tradition  describes Food and Drink as God and man the consumer of Food and Drink is also God. Man must view food as a spiritual substance; spiritual nourishment provided by the LORD God, the Creator and that attitude towards food would provide nutrition, psychological satisfaction, and social bonding which is complete and wholesome. The creation of Earth, and the Status of Man in nature are fundamental attributes of the Divine Being and His Divine Powers. The physical, mental, and social well-being of man is nourished by food that establishes man’s spiritual relationship with food and the food provider.

Simon Cyrene

Whole Dude-Whole Food. The Covenant of Salt Forever. Food and Spirituality.

Human Genes cannot be patented. The Concept of Whole Patent

The Law of Individuality. The Concept of Whole Patent. The Human Genes cannot be patented.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of the designing of the Living Systems.

WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE PATENT:

WHOLE DUDE - WHOLE PATENT : Angelina Jolie has become the face of a lawsuit that involved the legality of giving patents to human genes.
THE LAW OF INDIVIDUALITY. THE CONCEPT OF WHOLE PATENT: Angelina Jolie has become the face of a lawsuit that involved the legality of giving patents to human genes. On Thursday, June 13, 2013, the US Supreme Court ruled that companies cannot patent parts of naturally occurring human genes. She underwent a genetic screening test and because of the naturally occurring breast cancer gene called BRCA1 she had double mastectomy.

The term ‘patent’ refers to the governmental grant of the exclusive privilege of making, using, and selling and authorizing others to make, use, and sell an invention, or discovery. The term derives from the medieval letters patent, public letters granting monopolistic control of useful goods to an individual. Patents are granted to encourage inventions and their disclosure to the public. The US Constitution (Article 1, Section 8)grants Congress the power to establish a patent system. The first US patent law was passed in 1790, and a basic system was enacted in 1836 (revised in 1870 and 1952). The US Patent Office was first established in 1836 and it is now operated as part of the Department of Commerce and is known as the US Patent and Trademark Office. The Office has granted about 4 million patents since 1836. With rapid advances in biotechnology, and bio engineering, patents are now issued to genetically modified organisms. In 1980 the US Supreme Court ruled that genetically engineered organisms could be patented, and methods of genetic engineering have since received patents as well. Patenting in the field of biotechnology poses some moral, and ethical problems. However, patents are granted to cover some 40 percent of the human genome. The Human Genome may contain about 20, 000 genes, and the US Patent and Trademark Office has granted patents on at least 4,000 genes to parties that have discovered and decoded them.

WHOLE DUDE-WHOLE INDIVIDUALITY:

Whole Dude-Whole Patent : The artistic depiction of the Double-Helix structure of the DNA molecule. The DNA molecule always exhibits individualistic variation in its behavior. In other words, with a natural, or synthetic genome, two living entities will always exist as Individuals with Individuality. Life as such is a created phenomenon, with or without patent, no individual, or corporation has the ability to transgress this fundamental Law of Nature.
The Law of Individuality. The Concept of Whole Patent : The artistic depiction of the Double-Helix structure of the DNA molecule. The DNA molecule always exhibits individualistic variation in its behavior. In other words, with a natural, or synthetic genome, two living entities will always exist as Individuals with Individuality. Life as such is a created phenomenon, with or without patent, no individual, or corporation has the ability to transgress this fundamental Law of Nature.

The biotechnology corporation known as Myriad Genetics Inc had obtained seven patents on two human genes that are identified as BRCA1, and BRCA2. These genes are associated with the risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. Genetic screening tests could be of practical use to identify people at a high risk of developing these kinds of cancer. Myriad Genetics Inc also obtained 24 different patents that relate to the BRCA Gene Analysis test. Myriad Genetics established its exclusive rights to these naturally occurring human genes by obtaining patents. These patents violate the rights of individual patients and of other medical researchers involved in the study of genetics. The US Supreme Court in its unanimous verdict delivered on Thursday, June 13, 2013 has ruled that companies cannot patent parts of naturally occurring human genes, Laws of Nature, Natural Phenomena, and abstract ideas. The Law of Nature that I call the Law of Creation and Individuality is above the ability of man to issue patents. With or without a patent, the DNA molecule always exhibits individualistic variation like all other polymers. In other words, synthetic, or naturally occurring DNA will always behave with individualistic variation to establish a living Individual with Individuality of its own. Two living entities will always be known and can be identified as separate Individuals. The Law of Nature proclaims that Life is about Individuality and the man has no ability to transgress this Law of Creation and Individuality that always brings forth, or creates all new living things as original, one of its own kind, unique, and distinctive objects. It is my impression that the LORD God Creator has granted His own patent which I describe as “WHOLE PATENT” for the creative process that He uses to create the living things. The man may invent or discover many things and yet he will not be able to manufacture life in violation of the Whole Patent that is granted for the creative process that always brings forth new Individuals with Individuality without any exceptions..

Simon Cyrene

The Law of Individuality. The Concept of Whole Patent. Human Genes cannot be patented.

Devotion is the Method of Inquiry to know the Reality of the man and the World

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? : Professor Jonardon Ganeri, The School of Oriental and African Studies(SOAS), University of London studies philosophy of self, consciousness, and self-knowledge and brings Indian Sanskrit philosophical traditions into focus.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? Professor Jonardon Ganeri, The School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London in 2014. Now, he teaches in the Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto, Canada. He studies philosophy of self, consciousness, and self-knowledge and brings Indian Sanskrit philosophical traditions into focus. 

What Would Krishna Do? Or Shiva? Or Vishnu?

Jonardon Ganeri is a philosopher whose work draws on a variety of philosophical traditions to construct new positions in the philosophy of mind, metaphysics and epistemology. He advocates an expanded role for cross-cultural methodologies in philosophical research, together with enhanced cultural diversity in the philosophical curriculum. His research interests are in consciousness, self, attention, the epistemology of inquiry, the idea of philosophy as a practice and its relationship with literature. He works too on the history of ideas in early modern South Asia, intellectual affinities between India and Greece, and Buddhist philosophy of mind.

Bharat Darshan. Devotion is the Method of Inquiry used by Krishna, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and all other Hindu Gods. Goddess Sarasvati, the Goddess of Knowledge, the Source of Consciousness and Intelligence that is required to establish the living functions of a man’s mortal existence.

Jonardon Ganeri, Professor of Philosophy, Department of the Study of Religions, The School of Oriental and African Studies(SOAS), University of London displays a commendable understanding of Indian Schools of Thought in an interview that is titled, ‘What Would Krishna Do? Or Shiva? Or Vishnu?’ published by The New York Times in the Opinion posted by Gary Gutting on August 03, 2014. He shares an opinion of Hinduism as a profusion of gods and sacred texts that lack a single theological structure, but they sustain a long tradition of tolerance, and many paths to the divine.

In my analysis, Professor Jonardon Ganeri fails to acknowledge the Method of Inquiry used by Hinduism to discover the Ultimate Truth and Reality. In the Indian tradition, the Divine Mother Goddess Sarasvati symbolizes the Original Source of Pure Knowledge and Perfect Wisdom. All the Gods of Hinduism and all Hindus recognize the limitations of their own cognitive abilities. Without any exceptions all Gods including Krishna, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and others worship Goddess Sarasvati with a great sense of devotion to receive the Gift of Knowledge.

Devotion is the Method of Inquiry to know the Reality of the man and the World:

Bharat Darshan. Devotion is the Method of Inquiry used by Krishna, Brahma, Vishnu,Shiva, and all other Hindu Gods. Goddess Sarasvati represents Pure Knowledge and Perfect Wisdom. God implants this supernatural Knowledge in matter which then becomes conscious and gains the ability to perform all of its living functions.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of designing the Solar System and the designing of the Living Systems. The principal Method of Inquiry I use is called Devotion or Bhakti in the Indian Sanskrit language.

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO?: MAN'S LIFE JOURNEY ON THE SURFACE OF EARTH IS GOVERNED BY THE ILLUSION THAT GENERATES THE APPARENT MOTION OF SUN ACROSS THE SKY. MAN'S LIFETIME OR LIFE-SPAN IS MEASURED BY USING ENVIRONMENTAL STIMULI CAUSED BY SUNRISE AND SUNSET WHILE IN REALITY THE SUN SHINES ALL THE TIME.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? MAN’S LIFE JOURNEY ON THE SURFACE OF EARTH IS GOVERNED BY THE ILLUSION THAT GENERATES THE APPARENT MOTION OF SUN ACROSS THE SKY. THE MAN’S LIFETIME OR LIFE-SPAN IS MEASURED BY USING ENVIRONMENTAL STIMULI CAUSED BY SUNRISE AND SUNSET WHILE IN REALITY THE SUN SHINES ALL THE TIME.

In the context of knowing the man and the world, I discuss about the motions of Earth. The Milky Way Galaxy is moving at about 1.2 million miles/hour (not all the stars of the Milky Way Galaxy System move at this speed). Sun is moving at about 140 miles per second to revolve around the Galactic Center.. Earth is revolving around Sun at about 66,660 miles/hour and is spinning around its axis at about 1,000 miles/hour. In my life journey on the surface of planet Earth, I partake in all these motions as I have no other individual choice, no freedom of action or ability to rule or govern myself according to my individualistic choice.

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO?: NICOLAUS COPERNICUS(1473-1543), POLISH ASTRONOMER DESCRIBED THE HELIOCENTRIC SOLAR SYSTEM, THE SUN IS THE CENTER OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? NICOLAUS COPERNICUS (1473-1543), POLISH ASTRONOMER DESCRIBED THE HELIOCENTRIC SOLAR SYSTEM, THE SUN IS THE CENTER OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM. BUT, THE MAN’S EXPERIENCE OF THE WORLD STILL DEMANDS SUNRISE AND SUNSET, THE APPARENT MOTIONS OF SUN IN THE SKY.

Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) Polish astronomer discovered that planets revolve around the Sun and that the turning of the Earth on its axis from West to East accounts for the apparent rising and setting of the stars (includes Sunrise and Sunset), and it forms the basis for modern astronomy.

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? : JOHANNES KEPLER(1571-1630), GERMAN ASTRONOMER AND MATHEMATICIAN IS KNOWN FOR THE LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTIONS. MAN CAN DESCRIBE MOTIONS OF PLANETS BUT CANNOT ACCOUNT FOR THE FORCE THAT INITIATED EARTH'S ROTATION AROUND ITS AXIS.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? JOHANNES KEPLER (1571-1630), GERMAN ASTRONOMER AND MATHEMATICIAN IS KNOWN FOR THE LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTIONS. THE MAN CAN DESCRIBE MOTIONS OF PLANETS BUT CANNOT ACCOUNT FOR THE FORCE THAT INITIATED EARTH’S ROTATION AROUND ITS AXIS.

Johannes Kepler (1571-1603) German astronomer and mathematician discovered the Kepler’s Laws of Motion.

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? : SIR ISSAC NEWTON(1642-1727), ENGLISH PHYSICIST, MATHEMATICIAN, AND NATURAL PHILOSOPHER FORMULATED THE LAWS OF GRAVITY AND MOTION. THOSE LAWS OF PHYSICS MAY NOT ACCOUNT FOR EARTH'S ROTATIONAL SPIN.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? SIR ISSAC NEWTON (1642-1727), ENGLISH PHYSICIST, MATHEMATICIAN, AND NATURAL PHILOSOPHER FORMULATED THE LAWS OF GRAVITY AND MOTION. THOSE LAWS OF PHYSICS MAY NOT ACCOUNT FOR EARTH’S ROTATIONAL SPIN.

Sir Issac Newton (1642-1727) English mathematician, physicist, and natural philosopher formulated the Laws of Gravity and Motion.

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? : ALBERT EINSTEIN(1879-1955), US PHYSICIST, BORN IN GERMANY FORMULATED THE THEORY OF RELATIVITY. MY ACADEMIC EXPERIENCE WILL NOT PREVENT THE SENSORY EXPERIENCE OF SUN'S APPARENT MOTION ACROSS THE SKY. IT IS THIS ILLUSION THAT SUPPORTS HUMAN EXISTENCE.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? ALBERT EINSTEIN (1879-1955), US PHYSICIST, BORN IN GERMANY FORMULATED THE THEORY OF RELATIVITY. MY LEARNING EXPERIENCE OR ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE WILL NOT PREVENT THE SENSORY EXPERIENCE OF SUN’S APPARENT MOTION ACROSS THE SKY. IT IS THIS ILLUSION THAT SUPPORTS THE HUMAN EXISTENCE.

Albert Einstein (1879-1955), US physicist, born in Germany formulated the Theory of Relativity. The most important matter and energy equation is that of the ability of the living things to exploit matter and energy to their advantage in support of their own individualistic existence.

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? : MAN CAN DESCRIBE THE REALITY OF EARTH'S MOTIONS FOR HE HAS NO DIRECT SENSORY AWARENESS OF THE SPEED OF EARTH. FROM THE APPARENT MOTIONS OF STARS MAN RECOGNIZES THE REALITY BUT STILL NEEDS THE ILLUSION TO SYNCHRONIZE HIS BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES CALLED DAY AND NIGHT.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? THE MAN CAN DESCRIBE THE REALITY OF EARTH’S MOTIONS FOR HE HAS NO DIRECT SENSORY AWARENESS OF THE SPEED OF EARTH. FROM THE APPARENT MOTIONS OF STARS THE MAN RECOGNIZES THE REALITY BUT STILL NEEDS THE ILLUSION TO SYNCHRONIZE HIS BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES CALLED DAY AND NIGHT.

I respectfully acknowledge their contributions and there are several others who had verified the information provided by them. However, it may be noted that none of those contributors are physicians and their primary concern is not about the problems of human existence. For man is a mortal being, there is no escape from the problems of aging, and longevity. Man exists with a life-span, and has a lifetime which is measured by the time interval between two events that cause a significant environmental change that the human body recognizes as if it is operated by a precise clock. Of all the motions that I described, to account for the problems of human existence, I have to examine the spinning motion of Earth around its own axis. All other celestial motions are relevant but my life’s journey on planet Earth is impacted by Earth’s spinning motion. In Medical Science, we recognize Vital Functions, Vital Operations, and Vital Principles. A physicist has not accounted for any of the Vital Functions that govern or rule or regulate the human existence. So, at a fundamental level, to understand the issues that involve human existence, we need a method of inquiry that a physicist may not use.

I am asking my readers to learn to make the distinction between mechanical actions and intelligent actions. We need to separate mechanical operations from vital operations. There is the difference between mechanical performance and intelligent performance. People make the distinction between Transitive Action and Immanent Action. The action performed by an inert body on another inert body is called Transitive Action. In contrast, Immanent Action perfects the agent that performs the action. To establish life, in the performance of the vital, living functions, the agent is perfected by its own actions such as growing, sensing, understanding, and developing. For example, heating is a Transitive Action for the hot thing loses its own heat. In the performance of Vital Functions and Intelligent Actions, the results of action remain in the agent to provide some benefit, advantage, or purpose. The term purposiveness describes actions that are guided to achieve a future end and it includes the selection or the choice of means to accomplish or obtain the desired goal.

The word ‘animal’ is derived from Latin name for “SOUL” the Vital Principle of animation. It helps to divide Matter into two kinds; animate, and inanimate, living, and nonliving, sensible, and insensible, or Physical Matter, and Living Matter. The biological property called consciousness describes the difference between Vital Powers and the Capacities of inert or Physical Matter. Consciousness describes the difference between animate and inanimate things. Consciousness accounts for the power of Self-Nutrition ( In Physiology, called ‘NUTRITION’), which is the original Power the possession of which leads us to speak of things as living or nonliving. Apart from Physics, Biology demands explanation for knowing Matter, Energy, and Motions of Objects. The Laws of Physics cannot account for the correct understanding of Vital Powers, Vital Functions, Vital Operations that are based on Intelligent Actions.

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? : THE DIVINE SONG, THE BHAGAVAD GITA, CHAPTER VII, VERSE #25 EXPLAINS: "I AM NOT MANIFEST TO EVERYONE, BEING VEILED BY MY ILLUSORY POTENCY IN THE EXTERNAL ENERGY. THE IGNORANT IN THE WORLD CANNOT UNDERSTAND ME, THE UNBORN AND IMPERISHABLE."
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? THE DIVINE SONG, THE BHAGAVAD GITA, CHAPTER VII, VERSE #25 EXPLAINS: “I AM NOT MANIFEST TO EVERYONE, BEING VEILED BY MY ILLUSORY POTENCY IN THE EXTERNAL ENERGY. THE IGNORANT IN THE WORLD CANNOT UNDERSTAND ME, THE UNBORN AND IMPERISHABLE.”

In the Divine Song popularly known as The Bhagavad Gita, Chapter VII, verse #25, Lord Krishna speaks to Prince Arjuna: “Naham prakasah sarvasya Yoga-Maya-samavrtah; Mudho’ yam nabhijanati loko mam ajam avyayam.”  “I am never manifest to the foolish and unintelligent. For them I am covered by My eternal creative potency (“MAYA”) and so the deluded world knows Me not, who am unborn and infallible.”

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? OR LORD MAHA VISHNU DO? : MAN'S PHYSICAL EXISTENCE ON THE SURFACE OF A FAST, SPINNING CELESTIAL OBJECT DEMANDS THE OPERATION OF FORCE/POWER/ENERGY THAT CAN IMPOSE ITS VEIL AND DEFEND MAN FROM EXPERIENCING THE REALITY OF MOTIONS THAT ARE INHERENTLY POWERFUL AND MAKE EARTH AN INHOSPITABLE PLACE. IF MAN NEEDS LIGHT AND ITS ENERGY, MAN EQUALLY NEEDS DARKNESS OR NIGHT FOR SLEEP AND REST.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? OR LORD MAHA VISHNU DO? THE MAN’S PHYSICAL EXISTENCE ON THE SURFACE OF A FAST, SPINNING CELESTIAL OBJECT DEMANDS THE OPERATION OF FORCE/POWER/ENERGY THAT CAN IMPOSE ITS VEIL AND DEFEND THE MAN FROM EXPERIENCING THE REALITY OF MOTIONS THAT ARE INHERENTLY POWERFUL AND MAKE EARTH AN INHOSPITABLE PLACE. IF MAN NEEDS LIGHT AND ITS ENERGY, MAN EQUALLY NEEDS DARKNESS OR NIGHT FOR SLEEP AND REST.

The scientific method of inquiry is relevant to understand certain aspects of Matter, Energy, and Motion. There is an aspect of human existence that is operated by the Force of Grand Illusion(“MAYA”) and this existence is not accounted by the realities of the world and the universe in which man finds his existence without any choice of his own. To account for this human existence which needs the operation of illusion, I make my inquiry using “DEVOTION” as my tool or method to investigate the problem.

MADHU, MADHAVI, AND MADHURYA:

WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO?: IN INDIAN TRADITION LORD GOD IS THE CONTROLLER OF THE FORCE AND HAS A MASCULINE IDENTITY AND THE FORCE IS DESCRIBED AS HIS CONSORT WITH A FEMININE IDENTITY. GODDESS MADHAVI IS THE CONSORT OF LORD MADHAVA(THE LORD OF SPRING SEASON WHICH BRINGS A SENSE OF JOY AND SWEETNESS). THE WORD MADHAVI IS DERIVED FROM MADHU WHICH DESCRIBES SUGAR, WINE(FERMENTED SUGAR) AND NECTAR. WHEN MADHAVI IS KNOWN AS FORCE/POWER/ENERGY, ITS APPLICATION IS KNOWN BY THE SENSATION IT IMPARTS, THE SENSATION OF SWEETNESS CALLED MADHURYA, JOY, OR BLISS.
WHAT WOULD KRISHNA DO? IN THE INDIAN TRADITION LORD GOD IS THE CONTROLLER OF THE FORCE AND HAS A MASCULINE IDENTITY AND THE FORCE IS DESCRIBED AS HIS CONSORT WITH A FEMININE IDENTITY. GODDESS MADHAVI IS THE CONSORT OF LORD MADHAVA (THE LORD OF SPRING SEASON WHICH BRINGS A SENSE OF JOY AND SWEETNESS). THE WORD MADHAVI IS DERIVED FROM MADHU WHICH DESCRIBES SUGAR, WINE (FERMENTED SUGAR) AND NECTAR. WHEN MADHAVI IS KNOWN AS FORCE/POWER/ENERGY, ITS APPLICATION IS KNOWN BY THE SENSATION IT IMPARTS, THE SENSATION OF SWEETNESS CALLED MADHURYA, JOY, OR BLISS.

Sugar, alcohol and sweetness are related terms. Photoreception is the basis for Photosynthesis and it always performs a creative action to produce sugars and other plant products. We often miss the point about the creative generation of sugars. Madhavi symbolizes a person associated with this creative power that is involved in the generation or production of sugar (the fermented liquid, wine or alcohol is called Madhu) and it is easily identified by the taste sensation it imparts. In other words, the creative power, potency can be physically experienced using the taste sensation. Creation is not an abstract idea. The man experiences the fact of creation using the five organs of sense perception.

Simon Cyrene

Devotion is the Method of Inquiry to know the Reality of the man and the World:

 

The Whole Inventor. The Father of Modern Internet

WholeDude - Whole Inventor : A special tribute to Dr. Douglas Carl Engelbart who introduced the use of a device called 'Mouse' to control the operations of a computer.
The man and the Computer Interactions. A tribute to the Father of the Mouse: A special tribute to Dr. Douglas Carl Engelbart who introduced the use of a device called ‘Mouse’ to control the operations of a computer. This photo is from 1968 showing the device. He died at the age of 88-years in California, on Tuesday night, July 02, 2013.
WholeDude - Whole Inventor: The patent for the first computer mouse.
The man and the Computer Interactions. A tribute to the Father of the Mouse.: The patent for the first computer mouse.
WholeDude - Whole Inventor: A special tribute to Dr. Douglas Carl Engelbart the inventor of computer mouse. The prototype of the first computer mouse.
The man and the Computer Interactions. A tribute to the Father of the Mouse.: A special tribute to Dr. Douglas Carl Engelbart the inventor of computer mouse. The prototype of the first computer mouse.

The term ‘inventor’ is used to describe a person who devises a new contrivance. This is a post to pay tribute to Dr. Douglas Carl Engelbart who during 1968 invented the first computer ‘mouse’ and has revolutionized the manner in which people can use the electronic medium to communicate with each other, and to perform a myriad of functions with absolute ease. I am happy to acknowledge the thirty-year track record of Engelbart in predicting, designing, and implementing the future of organizational computing. The invention of ‘mouse’, a device to control the desktop computer has helped the development of interactive computer technologies. Engelbart had authored over 25 publications, generated 20 patents, including the patent for the first computer mouse. In the late 1980s the mouse became the standard way to control a desktop computer. 

In Doug’s Words:

The mouse we built for the [1968] show was an early prototype that had three buttons. We turned it around so the tail came out the top. We started with it going the other direction, but the cord got tangled when you moved your arm.

I first started making notes for the mouse in ’61. At the time, the popular device for pointing on the screen was a light pen, which had come out of the radar program during the war. It was the standard way to navigate, but I didn’t think it was quite right.

Two or three years later, we tested all the pointing gadgets available to see which was the best. Aside from the light pen there was the tracking ball and a slider on a pivot. I also wanted to try this mouse idea, so Bill English went off and built it.

We set up our experiments and the mouse won in every category, even though it had never been used before. It was faster, and with it people made fewer mistakes. Five or six of us were involved in these tests, but no one can remember who started calling it a mouse. I’m surprised the name stuck.

We also did a lot of experiments to see how many buttons the mouse should have. We tried as many as five. We settled on three. That’s all we could fit. Now the three-button mouse has become standard, except for the Mac.”

Doug Engelbart in The Click Heard Round The World, by Ken Jordan, WIRED 2004

Simon Cyrene

The man and the Computer Interactions. A tribute to the Father of the Mouse.

Mouse inventor who foresaw the modern internet

Published: in the HINDU, July 5, 2013.

The man and the Computer Interactions. A tribute to the Father of the Mouse.

AP VISIONARY: Douglas Engelbart poses with the computer mouse he designed, in this 1997 picture.

The first computer mouse was a wooden shell with metal wheels. The man behind it, tech visionary Doug Engelbart, has died at 88 after transforming the way people work, play and communicate.

The mild-mannered Engelbart had audacious ideas. Long before Apple founder Steve Jobs became famous for his dramatic presentations, Engelbart dazzled the industry at a San Francisco computer conference in 1968.

Working from his house with a homemade modem, he used his lab’s elaborate new online system to illustrate his ideas to the audience, while his staff linked in from the lab. It was the first public demonstration of the mouse and video teleconferencing, and it prompted a standing ovation.

“We will miss his genius, warmth and charm,” said Curtis R. Carlson, the CEO of Stanford Research Institute International, where Engelbart used to work. “Doug’s legacy is immense. Anyone in the world who uses a mouse or enjoys the productive benefits of a personal computer is indebted to him.”

Back in the 1950s and 1960s, when mainframe computers took up entire rooms and were fed data on punch cards, Engelbart already was envisioning a day when computers were far more intuitive to use.

One of the biggest advances was the mouse, which he developed in the 1960s and patented in 1970. The idea was way ahead of its time. The mouse didn’t become commercially available until 1984, with the release of Apple’s then—revolutionary Macintosh computer. Engelbart conceived the mouse so early in the evolution of computers that he and his colleagues didn’t profit much from it. The technology passed into the public domain in 1987, preventing him from collecting royalties on the mouse when it was in its
widest use. At least 1 billion have been sold since the mid-1980s.

Now, their usage is waning as people merely swipe their finger across a
display screen.

“There are only a handful of people who were as influential,” said Marc Weber, founder and curator of the Internet history program at the Computer History Museum, where Engelbart had been a fellow since 2005. “He had a complete vision of what computers could become at a very early stage.”

Among Engelbart’s other key developments in computing, along with his colleagues at SRI International and his own lab, the Augmentation Research Center, was the use of multiple windows. His lab also helped develop ARPANet computer network, the government research network that led to the Internet.

Engelbart played down the importance of his inventions, stressing instead his vision of using collaboration over computers to solve the world’s problems. “Many of those firsts came right out of the staff’s innovations even had to be explained to me before I could understand them,” he said in a biography written by his daughter.

In 1997, Engelbart won the most lucrative award for American inventors, the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize. Three years later, President Bill Clinton bestowed Engelbart with the National Medal of Technology “for creating the foundations of personal computing.”

Douglas Carl Engelbart was born January 30, 1925, and studied electrical engineering, taking two years off during World War II to serve as a Navy electronics and radar technician in the Philippines. It was there that he read Vannevar Bush’s “As We May Think” and was inspired by the idea of a machine that would aid human cognition. Engelbart later(1955) earned his PhD. at University of California, Berkeley, but after joining the faculty, he was warned by a colleague that if he kept talking about his “wild ideas” he’d be an acting assistant professor forever. So he left for the Stanford Research Institute, now SRI International.

Engelbart is survived by his wife, Karen O’Leary Engelbart; his four children, Diana, Christina, Norman and Greda, and nine grandchildren.

The man and the Computer Interactions. A tribute to the Father of the Mouse.

The Designing of Artificial Intelligence. The Concept of a Machine with a Soul

The Designing of Artificial Intelligence. The Concept of Whole Machine, a Machine with an implanted Soul.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual Connection between Energy and Life. The Laws of Thermodynamics are important unifying principles of Biology. The First Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy, states that Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Spiritual Optics accounts for the capacity of photoreception and the term Spiritual Light refers to the creation of Light by God to begin the designing of Matter described by Physics and Chemistry. I may not be able to discover the Purpose in my Life if I exist in Spiritual Darkness. Can any man implant a purpose in the life of a Machine that the man designs performing intelligent actions? What is the distinction between Mechanical Actions and Spiritual Actions? What is intelligence?

WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE MACHINE:

WHOLEDUDE - WHOLE MACHINE: What gives man the ability to perform physical, and mental actions? Can man implant Soul/Spirit in the Computer Machine???
WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE MACHINE: The Concept of Whole Machine, a Machine with an implanted Soul. What gives a man the ability to perform mechanical, and intelligent actions? Can any man implant Soul/Spirit in the Computer Machine?

The Machine of a New Soul is an article published by The Economist and it discusses the idea of producing better Computer Networks by understanding Brain Processes. This article is based upon the assumption that human brain, or mind is the seat of all human knowledge and it ignores the existence of knowledge that is innate to all living things. I describe Innate Knowledge as the intuitive ability with which each individual, independent, living cell performs very complex, sequential, purposeful functions to maintain its own existence. When knowledge is implanted in the substance, it becomes conscious, sensible, and intelligible and it becomes separated, or distinct from non-living, and other living matter. The term intellect should not be limited to the discerning ability of mind, or brain. If the term intellect refers to the ability to perform intelligent actions, we have to consider that all living functions have the characteristics of intelligent actions as compared to mechanical or transitive actions that could be performed by non-living things.

At a fundamental level, the Computer, the machine can only perform mechanical actions, and not intelligent actions. The reason is that of the Computer lacking the intellect to perform intelligent actions. For all living things, the primary intelligent action is that of acquiring energy from its external environment, and further manipulating, and transforming that energy to perform actions to repair, maintain, and to build its own structures to further its growth and development. The Computer takes no initiative of its own to acquire energy from its external environment. The Computer cannot manipulate, or transform the energy supplied to it; it cannot use energy to further improve its growth, and development by adding its own material, or structures. A Computer basically lacks the intellect, and knowledge of a virus particle which knows, and has the ability to enter its host, gain energy from the host, and use the machinery of the host to manufacture millions of its own copies. Man can use the Computer Machine to perform complex functions with a great degree of accuracy, and speed, but man lacks the intellect to create an intelligent Computer Machine. The man has the ability to perform a variety of physical, and mental tasks, but the question is; Can any man implant the vital, animating principle called Soul/Spirit in the Computer Machine? Without a Soul/Spirit, the Computer can only exist as a simple Machine that performs mechanical actions as directed.

WHOLE DUDE - WHOLE MACHINE: Man performs both mechanical, and intelligent functions. Can transplant intellect in a Computer Machine to perform Intelligent, or Immanent Actions???
WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE MACHINE: The Concept of Whole Machine, a Machine with an implanted Soul. The man performs both mechanical, and intelligent functions. Can he transplant intellect in a Computer Machine to perform Intelligent, or Immanent Actions?
WHOLEDUDE - WHOLE MACHINE: What is that Connection, or Process that Brain, or Mind(the Nerve Cell Neuron) uses to acquire energy from its environment to perform its functions??? Computer can only exist as a Machine that performs mechanical functions as it is not Connected.
WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE MACHINE: The Concept of Whole Machine, a Machine with an implanted Soul. What is that Connection, or Process that Brain, or Mind (the Nerve Cell Neuron) uses to acquire energy from its environment to perform its functions? Computer can only exist as a Machine that performs mechanical functions as it is not Connected to the source of Energy called Divine Providence.

Volume 408, Number 8847, Pages 67-69

Neuromorphic computing

The machine of a new soul

Computers will help people to understand brains better.

And understanding brains will help people to build better computers.

Aug 3rd 2013 |From the print edition of THE ECONOMIST, August 3rd-9th, 2013

ANALOGIES change. Once, it was fashionable to describe the brain as being like the hydraulic systems employed to create pleasing fountains for 17th-century aristocrats’ gardens. As technology moved on, first the telegraph network and then the telephone exchange became the metaphor of choice. Now it is the turn of the computer. But though the brain-as-computer is, indeed, only a metaphor, one group of scientists would like to stand that metaphor on its head. Instead of thinking of brains as being like computers, they wish to make computers more like brains. This way, they believe, humanity will end up not only with a better understanding of how the brain works, but also with better, smarter computers.
These visionaries describe themselves as neuromorphic engineers. Their goal, according to Karlheinz Meier, a physicist at the University of Heidelberg who is one of their leaders, is to design a computer that has some—and preferably all—of three characteristics that brains have and computers do not. These are: low power consumption (human brains use about 20 watts, whereas the supercomputers currently used to try to simulate them need megawatts); fault tolerance (losing just one transistor can wreck a microprocessor, but brains lose neurons all the time); and a lack of need to be programmed (brains learn and change spontaneously as they interact with the world, instead of following the fixed paths and branches of a predetermined algorithm).
To achieve these goals, however, neuromorphic engineers will have to make the computer-brain analogy real. And since no one knows how brains actually work, they may have to solve that problem for themselves, as well. This means filling in the gaps in neuroscientists’ understanding of the organ. In particular, it means building artificial brain cells and connecting them up in various ways, to try to mimic what happens naturally in the brain.
Analogous analogues
The yawning gap in neuroscientists’ understanding of their topic is in the intermediate scale of the brain’s anatomy. Science has a passable knowledge of how individual nerve cells, known as neurons, work. It also knows which visible lobes and ganglia of the brain do what. But how the neurons are organised in these lobes and ganglia remains obscure. Yet this is the level of organisation that does the actual thinking—and is, presumably, the seat of consciousness. That is why mapping and understanding it is to be one of the main objectives of America’s BRAIN initiative, announced with great fanfare by Barack Obama in April. It may be, though, that the only way to understand what the map shows is to model it on computers. It may even be that the models will come first, and thus guide the mappers. Neuromorphic engineering might, in other words, discover the fundamental principles of thinking before neuroscience does.
Two of the most advanced neuromorphic programmes are being conducted under the auspices of the Human Brain Project (HBP), an ambitious attempt by a confederation of European scientific institutions to build a simulacrum of the brain by 2023. The computers under development in these programmes use fundamentally different approaches. One, called SpiNNaker, is being built by Steven Furber of the University of Manchester. SpiNNaker is a digital computer—ie, the sort familiar in the everyday world, which process information as a series of ones and zeros represented by the presence or absence of a voltage. It thus has at its core a network of bespoke microprocessors.
The other machine, Spikey, is being built by Dr Meier’s group. Spikey harks back to an earlier age of computing. Several of the first computers were analogue machines. These represent numbers as points on a continuously varying voltage range—so 0.5 volts would have a different meaning to 1 volt and 1.5 volts would have a different meaning again. In part, Spikey works like that. Analogue computers lost out to digital ones because the lack of ambiguity a digital system brings makes errors less likely. But Dr Meier thinks that because they operate in a way closer to some features of a real nervous system, analogue computers are a better way of modelling such features.
Dr Furber and his team have been working on SpiNNaker since 2006. To test the idea they built, two years ago, a version that had a mere 18 processors. They are now working on a bigger one. Much bigger. Their 1m-processor machine is due for completion in 2014. With that number of chips, Dr Furber reckons, he will be able to model about 1% of the human brain—and, crucially, he will be able to do so in real-time. At the moment, even those supercomputers that can imitate much smaller fractions of what a brain gets up to have to do this imitation more slowly than the real thing can manage. Nor does Dr Furber plan to stop there. By 2020 he hopes to have developed a version of SpiNNaker that will have ten times the performance of the 1m-processor machine.

SpiNNaker achieves its speed by chasing Dr Meier’s third desideratum—lack of a need to be programmed. Instead of shuttling relatively few large blocks of data around under the control of a central clock in the way that most modern computers work, its processors spit out lots of tiny spikes of information as and when it suits them. This is similar (deliberately so) to the way neurons work. Signals pass through neurons in the form of electrical spikes called action potentials that carry little information in themselves, other than that they have happened.
Such asynchronous signalling (so-called because of the lack of a synchronizing central clock) can process data more quickly than the synchronous sort, since no time is wasted waiting for the clock to tick. It also uses less energy, thus fulfilling Dr Meier’s first desideratum. And if a processor fails, the system will re-route around it, thus fulfilling his second. Precisely because it cannot easily be programmed, most computer engineers ignore asynchronous signalling. As a way of mimicking brains, however, it is perfect.
But not, perhaps, as perfect as an analogue approach. Dr Meier has not abandoned the digital route completely. But he has been discriminating in its use. He uses digital components to mimic messages transmitted across synapses—the junctions between neurons. Such messages, carried by chemicals called neurotransmitters, are all-or-nothing. In other words, they are digital.
The release of neurotransmitters is, in turn, a response to the arrival of an action potential. Neurons do not, however, fire further action potentials as soon as they receive one of these neurotransmitter signals. Rather, they build up to a threshold. When they have received a certain number of signals and the threshold is crossed—basically an analogue process—they then fire an action potential and reset themselves. Which is what Spikey’s ersatz neurons do, by building up charge in capacitors every time they are stimulated, until that threshold is reached and the capacitor discharges.
Does practice make perfect?
In Zürich, Giacomo Indiveri, a neuromorphic engineer at the Institute of Neuroinformatics (run jointly by the University of Zürich and ETH, an engineering university in the city) has also been going down the analogue path. Dr Indiveri is working independently of the HBP and with a different, more practical aim in mind. He is trying to build, using neuromorphic principles, what he calls “autonomous cognitive systems”—for example, cochlear implants that can tell whether the person they are fitted into is in a concert hall, in a car or at the beach, and adjust their output accordingly. His self-imposed constraints are that such things should have the same weight, volume and power consumption as their natural neurological equivalents, as well as behaving in as naturalistic a way as possible.
Part of this naturalistic approach is that the transistors in his systems often operate in what is known technically as the “sub-threshold domain”. This is a state in which a transistor is off (ie, is not supposed to be passing current, and thus represents a zero in the binary world), but is actually leaking a very tiny current (a few thousand-billionths of an amp) because electrons are diffusing through it.
Back in the 1980s Carver Mead, an engineer at the California Institute of Technology who is widely regarded as the father of neuromorphic computing (and certainly invented the word “neuromorphic” itself), demonstrated that sub-threshold domains behave in a similar way to the ion-channel proteins in cell membranes. Ion channels, which shuttle electrically charged sodium and potassium atoms into and out of cells, are responsible for, among other things, creating action potentials. Using sub-threshold domains is thus a good way of mimicking action potentials, and doing so with little consumption of power—again like a real biological system.
Dr Indiveri’s devices also run at the same speed as biological circuits (a few tens or hundreds of hertz, rather than the hyperactive gigahertz speeds of computer processors). That allows them to interact with real biological circuits, such as those of the ear in the case of a cochlear implant, and to process natural signals, such as human speech or gestures, efficiently.
Dr Indiveri is currently developing, using the sub-threshold-domain principle, neuromorphic chips that have hundreds of artificial neurons and thousands of synapses between those neurons. Though that might sound small beer compared with, say, Dr Furber’s putative million-processor system, it does not require an entire room to fit in, which is important if your goal is a workable prosthetic body part.
Unusually, for a field of information technology, neuromorphic computing is dominated by European researchers rather than American ones. But how long that will remain the case is open to question, for those on the other side of the Atlantic are trying hard to catch up. In particular, America’s equivalent of the neuromorphic part of the Human Brain Project, the Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics, SyNAPSE, paid for by the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency, is also sponsoring two neuromorphic computers.
The Yanks are coming
One of these machines is being designed at HRL Laboratories in Malibu, California—a facility owned jointly by Boeing and General Motors. Narayan Srinivasa, the project’s leader, says his neuromorphic chip requires not a single line of programming code to function. Instead, it learns by doing, in the way that real brains do.
An important property of a real brain is that it is what is referred to as a small-world network. Each neuron within it has tens of thousands of synaptic connections with other neurons. This means that, even though a human brain contains about 86 billion neurons, each is within two or three connections of all the others via myriad potential routes.
In both natural brains and many attempts to make artificial ones (Dr Srinivasa’s included) memory-formation involves strengthening some of these synaptic connections and pruning others. And it is this that allows the network to process information without having to rely on a conventional computer program. One problem with building an artificial small-world network of this sort, though, is connecting all the neurons in a system that has a lot of them.
Many neuromorphic chips do this using what is called cross-bar architecture. A cross-bar is a dense grid of wires, each of which is connected to a neuron at the periphery of the grid. The synapses are at the junctions where wires cross. That works well for small circuits, but becomes progressively less wieldy as the number of neurons increases.
To get around this Dr Srinivasa employs “synaptic time multiplexing”, in which each physical synapse takes on the role of up to 10,000 virtual synapses, pretending to be each, in turn, for 100 billionths of a second. Such a system requires a central clock, to co-ordinate everything. And that clock runs fast. A brain typically operates at between 10Hz and 100Hz. Dr Srinivasa’s chip runs at a megahertz. But this allows every one of its 576 artificial neurons to talk to every other in the same amount of time that this would happen in a natural network of this size.
And natural networks of this size do exist. C. elegans, a tiny nematode worm, is one of the best-studied animals on the planet because its developmental pathway is completely prescriptive. Bar the sex cells, every individual has either 959 cells (if a hermaphrodite) or 1,031 (if male; C. elegans has no pure females). In hermaphrodites 302 of the cells are neurons. In males the number is 381. And the animal has about 5,000 synapses.
Despite this simplicity, no neuromorphic computer has been able to ape the nervous system of C. elegans. To build a machine that could do so would be to advance from journeyman to master in the neuromorphic engineers’ guild. Dr Srinivasa hopes one of his chips will prove to be the necessary masterpiece.
In the meantime, and more practically, he and his team are working with AeroVironment, a firm that builds miniature drones that might, for example, fly around inside a building looking for trouble. One of the team’s chips could provide such drones with a brain that would, say, learn to recognise which rooms the drone had already visited, and maybe whether anything had changed in them. More advanced versions might even take the controls, and fly the drone by themselves.
The other SyNAPSE project is run by Dharmendra Modha at IBM’s Almaden laboratory in San Jose. In collaboration with four American universities (Columbia, Cornell, the University of California, Merced and the University of Wisconsin-Madison), he and his team have built a prototype neuromorphic computer that has 256 “integrate-and-fire” neurons—so called because they add up (ie, integrate) their inputs until they reach a threshold, then spit out a signal and reset themselves. In this they are like the neurons in Spikey, though the electronic details are different because a digital memory is used instead of capacitors to record the incoming signals.
Dr Modha’s chip has 262,000 synapses, which, crucially, the neurons can rewire in response to the inputs they receive, just like a real brain. And, also like those in a real brain, the neurons remember their recent activities (which synapses they triggered) and use that knowledge to prune some connections and enhance others during the process of rewiring.
So far, Dr Modha and his team have taught their computer to play Pong, one of the first (and simplest) arcade video games, and also to recognise the numbers zero to nine. In the number-recognition program, when someone writes a number freehand on a touchscreen the neuromorphic chip extracts essential features of the scribble and uses them to guess (usually correctly) what that number is.

This may seem pretty basic, but it is intended merely as a proof of principle. The next bit of the plan is to scale it up.
One thing that is already known about the intermediate structure of the brain is that it is modular. The neocortex, where most neurons reside and which accounts for three-quarters of the brain’s volume, is made up of lots of columns, each of which contains about 70,000 neurons. Dr Modha plans something similar. He intends to use his chips as the equivalents of cortical columns, connecting them up to produce a computer that is, in this particular at least, truly brainlike. And he is getting there. Indeed, he has simulated a system that has a hundred trillion synapses—about the number in a real brain.
After such knowledge
There remains, of course, the question of where neuromorphic computing might lead. At the moment, it is primitive. But if it succeeds, it may allow the construction of machines as intelligent as—or even more intelligent than—human beings. Science fiction may thus become science fact.
Moreover, matters may proceed faster than an outside observer, used to the idea that the brain is a black box impenetrable to science, might expect. Money is starting to be thrown at the question. The Human Brain Project has a €1 billion ($1.3 billion) budget over a decade. The BRAIN initiative’s first-year budget is $100m, and neuromorphic computing should do well out of both. And if scale is all that matters, because it really is just a question of linking up enough silicon equivalents of cortical columns and seeing how they prune and strengthen their own internal connections, then an answer could come soon.
Human beings like to think of their brains as more complex than those of lesser beings—and they are. But the main difference known for sure between a human brain and that of an ape or monkey is that it is bigger. It really might, therefore, simply be a question of linking enough appropriate components up and letting them work it out for themselves. And if that works perhaps, as Marvin Minsky, a founder of the field of artificial intelligence put it, they will keep humanity as pets.

From the print edition: Science and technology

Simon Cyrene

The Designing of Artificial Intelligence. Whole Dude-Whole Machine. The Concept of Whole Machine, a Machine with an implanted Soul.

Entropy or Disorder cannot lead to Order in the Living System

The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System. What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist?

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual Connection between Energy and Life. The Laws of Thermodynamics are important unifying principles of Biology. The First Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy, states that Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Spiritual Optics accounts for the capacity of photoreception and the term Spiritual Light refers to the creation of Light by God to begin the designing of Matter described by Physics and Chemistry. I may not be able to discover the Purpose in my Life if I exist in Spiritual Darkness.

The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System. Spiritualism and Entropy: Rudolf Julius Emanuel Clausius (1822-1888), German physicist and mathematician, the Founder of the Science of Thermodynamics. His work in 1850, ‘On the mechanical theory of heat’ established the Second Law of Thermodynamics and during 1865, he introduced the concept of Entropy.
The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System. Spiritualism and Entropy: Entropy is the thermodynamic property toward equilibrium/average/homogenization/dissipation. Ice melting in a warm room is a common example of increasing entropy; an increase in the motions/positions of the water molecules in solid ice: Order leading to Disorder.

THERMODYNAMICS AND ENTROPY:

Thermodynamics is the branch of science concerned with the nature of Heat and its conversion into other forms of energy. Heat is internal energy of a substance and it is a form of energy associated with the positions and motions of its component molecules, atoms, and ions. The total energy that a body contains as a result of the positions and the motions of its component parts is called its internal energy. The First Law of Thermodynamics states: “In any process, energy can be changed from one form to another ( including heat and work ), but it is never created or destroyed.” In any process, the change in a System’s internal energy is equal to the heat absorbed from the environment minus the work done on the environment. This Law of Conservation of Heat is similar to the Law of Conservation of Energy. According to the Second Law of Thermodynamics, during any spontaneous process, the change in entropy of a System is either zero or positive. The term ‘entropy’ in Thermodynamics indicates the degree to which a given quantity of thermal energy is available for doing useful work- the greater the entropy, the less available the energy. A consequence of the Second Law is that an engine can deliver work only when heat is transferred from a hot reservoir to a cold reservoir or heat sink. In 1877, Ludwig Boltzmann, an Austrian physicist demonstrated the significance of entropy on the molecular level relating entropy to disorder at the level of the molecules of the System. This concept of entropy as a measure of disorder is also used in Information Theory. Entropy represents quantity specifying the amount of disorder or randomness in a System bearing energy or information. However, in Information Theory, entropy represents the “noise”, or random errors occurring in the transmission of signals or messages. It is important to know that heat and work are related and represent forms of energy that can be inter-converted. The study of Thermodynamics is central to both Chemistry and Physics and is useful in understanding biological processes such as Temperature Regulation in human body. While Thermodynamics studies changes in Physical State or Condition such as solid ice becoming liquid water, it is important to remember that the chemical properties of water molecules remain the same while the physical condition of water may change from solid,liquid, and gas.

TEMPERATURE REGULATION AND SPIRITUALISM:

The ability of an organism to keep body temperature within certain boundaries is critical for the survival of the organism. Human body maintains its internal body temperature close to 37 degrees centigrade by balancing heat production and heat loss.

The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System. Spiritualism and Entropy: Human body uses various homeostatic, physiological mechanisms to regulate body temperature and it is aided by the physical laws of environment heat exchange to maintain the internal temperature close to 37 degrees centigrade.
The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System. Spiritualism and Entropy: Internal thermal normality is maintained by the Thermosensitive cells of the Heat center in Hypothalamus of the brain. It receives the stimuli from the thermosensitive receptors in the deep layers of the skin. Hypothalamus can initiate the temperature regulatory response via the nerve, and the hormone pathways. It sends impulses to the Temperature Regulating center in the medulla of the brain stem. The hormonal response involves the Pituitary- Adrenal Cortex pathway.

The external physical laws of thermal exchange which influence the body heat balance are Conduction, Radiation, Convection, and Evaporation from the body surface. In all medical conditions and health conditions that are related to climatic variation in temperature such as Hypothermia, or Heat Stroke ( Heat Hyperpyrexia ), the medical interventions use the principles of Thermodynamics.

The Living System is an Open System that is thermodynamically unstable and hence it constantly requires input of energy from an external source. Life comes into existence when energy-yielding molecules and energy-demanding molecules come together in a spiritual relationship. The term ‘Spiritual’ describes the nature of a relationship, a partnership, a connection, bonding, or an association between chemical molecules based upon characteristics such as that of providing some benefit to keep the System to continue its functions. In a Living System, the conversion of energy into work involves the operation of Consciousness and the application of Knowledge. Consciousness or awareness is the mechanism that operates the structural and functional relationship between molecules. Consciousness is the principle by which a Living System that is thermodynamically unstable knows the fact of its own existence, it knows as to where it exists and knows as to how it is existing. Hence, Consciousness is a Spiritual mechanism as it establishes a relationship between the energy-dependent Living System and its energy-yielding provider. This is a relationship that requires use of Knowledge which is defined as the fact of knowing a range of information which is used to perform highly selective, sequential tasks under proper guidance. In the operation of a Living System, there is no random, unguided and unpredictable movement of molecules.

I speak about Life as structural and functional organization of matter with implanted knowledge. Spiritualism is the potency that generates the experience of Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in the interactions within the Living System and between Living Systems. The statement, “When Entropy leads to Order” is not applicable to the Living Systems that are Open. Soul or Spirit is the Life Principle; the vital or animating principle found in all the Living Things. Spiritualism is the guiding mechanism to establish Order in Biotic Actions and Interactions and the term ‘Disorder’ is often associated with either dysfunction or disease.

Simon Cyrene

WHEN ENTROPY LEADS TO ORDER:

The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System. Computer simulations by University of Michigan researchers Pablo Damasceno, Sharon Glotzer, and Michael Engel have shown how entropy can nudge nanoparticles into organized structures. They can even predict what kinds of structures will form. Image credit: Laura Rudich

The second law of thermodynamics says that in a closed system, entropy — colloquially thought of as a measure of disorder or uncertainty — cannot decrease. Sharon Glotzer studies the counterintuitive instances when entropy doesn’t work that way.

Researchers trying to herd tiny particles into useful ordered formations have found an unlikely ally: entropy, a tendency generally described as “disorder.” Computer simulations by University of Michigan scientists and engineers show that the property can nudge particles to form organized structures. By analyzing the shapes of the particles beforehand, they can even predict what kinds of structures will form.The findings, published in Science, help lay the ground rules for making designer materials with wild capabilities such as shape-shifting skins to camouflage a vehicle or optimize its aerodynamics.Physicist and chemical engineering professor Sharon Glotzer proposes that such materials could be designed by working backward from the desired properties to generate a blueprint. That design can then be realized with nanoparticles—particles a thousand times smaller than the width of a human hair that can combine in ways that would be impossible through ordinary chemistry alone.One of the major challenges is persuading the nanoparticles to create the intended structures, but recent studies by Glotzer’s group and others showed that some simple particle shapes do so spontaneously as the particles are crowded together. The team wondered if other particle shapes could do the same.”We studied 145 different shapes, and that gave us more data than anyone has ever had on these types of potential crystal-formers,” Glotzer SAID. “With so much information, we could begin to see just how many structures are possible from particle shape alone, and look for trends.”Using computer code written by chemical engineering research investigator Michael Engel, applied physics graduate student Pablo Damasceno ran thousands of virtual experiments, exploring how each shape behaved under different levels of crowding. The program could handle any polyhedral shape, such as dice with any number of sides.Left to their own devices, drifting particles find the arrangements with the highest entropy. That arrangement matches the idea that entropy is a disorder if the particles have enough space: they disperse, pointed in random directions. But crowded tightly, the particles began forming crystal structures like atoms do—even though they couldn’t make bonds. These ordered crystals had to be the high-entropy arrangements, too.

The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System. Shapes can arrange themselves into crystal structures through entropy alone, new research from the University of Michigan shows. Image credit: P. Damasceno, M. Engel, S. Glotzer

Glotzer explains that this isn’t really disorder creating order—entropy needs its image updated. Instead, she describes it as a measure of possibilities. If you could turn off gravity and empty a bag full of dice into a jar, the floating dice would point every which way. However, if you keep adding dice, eventually space becomes so limited that the dice have more options to align face-to-face. The same thing happens to the nanoparticles, which are so small that they feel entropy’s influence more strongly than gravity’s. “It’s all about options. In this case, ordered arrangements produce the most possibilities, the most options. It’s counterintuitive, to be sure,” Glotzer said.The simulation results showed that nearly 70% of the shapes tested produced crystal-like structures under entropy alone. But the shocker was how complicated some of these structures were, with up to 52 particles involved in the pattern that repeated throughout the crystal.”That’s an extraordinarily complex crystal structure even for atoms to form, let alone particles that can’t chemically bond,” Glotzer said.The particle shapes produced three crystal types: regular crystals like salt, liquid crystals as found in some flat-screen televisions and plastic crystals in which particles can spin in place. By analyzing the shape of the particle and how groups of them behave before they crystallize, Damasceno said that it is possible to predict which type of crystal the particles would make.”The geometry of the particles themselves holds the secret for their assembly behavior,” he said.Why the other 30% never formed crystal structures, remaining as disordered glasses, is a mystery.”These may still want to form crystals but got stuck. What’s neat is that for any particle that gets stuck, we had other, awfully similar shapes forming crystals,” Glotzer said.In addition to finding out more about how to coax nanoparticles into structures, her team will also try to discover why some shapes resist order.

This research was supported by the U.S. Department of Defense, and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (M.E.). The paper is titled “Predictive Self-Assembly of Polyhedra into Complex Structures.

The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System. Shape has a pervasive but often overlooked impact on how natural systems are ordered. At the same time, entropy (the probabilistic measure of the degree of energy delocalization in a system) – while often misunderstood as the state of a system’s disorder – and emergence (the sometimes controversial observance of macroscopic behaviors not seen in isolated systems of a few constituents) are two areas of research that have long received, and are likely to continue receiving, significant scientific attention. Now, materials science and chemical engineering researchers working with computer simulations of colloidal suspensions of hard nanoparticles at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor have linked entropy and emergence through a little-understood property they refer to as shape entropy – an emergent, entropic effect – unrelated to geometric entropy or topological entropy – that differs from and competes with intrinsic shape properties that arise from both the shape geometry and the material itself and affect surface, chemical and other intrinsic properties.

Glotzer is the Stuart W. Churchill Collegiate Professor of Chemical Engineering and a professor of chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, macromolecular science and engineering, and physics in College of Literature, Science, and the Arts.

Source: https://news.umich.edu/entropy-can-lead-to-order-paving-the-route-to-nanostructures/

University of Michigan

The concept of Entropy as a measure of disorder in a System is not applicable to the Living System.