THE JOY OF CHRISTMAS – THE UPLIFTING POWER OF CHRIST: HUMAN EXISTENCE AND THE GAME OF CHESS:
Human existence could be viewed as a game of chess. Depending upon the nature of the opponent, human existence faces challenges from several directions which may not be anticipated, and man may or may not be able to escape from the danger posed to his existence.
CHRIST – THE DIVINE CHESS PLAYER
The popular game of Chess is played on a Chessboard by two players each with 16 pieces. The game pieces have varying abilities of movement over the Chessboard. The piece identified as ‘King’ can move in all directions but can only move by one space during a given move.
Human Existence could be viewed as a Game of Chess. If I am the player, who would be my opponent?
In the Game of Chess, the King moves one space in any direction.
The object of the Game of Chess is to ‘Checkmate’ the opponent player’s King. The move that is known as ‘Checkmate’ wins the Chess game by checking the opponent’s King so that it cannot be protected. The condition of the King after such a move indicates complete defeat or that the King is dead.
The move known as ‘Checkmate’ – Its relevance to Human Existence
Human Existence could be compared to the Game of Chess. A variety of physical, chemical, and biological factors constantly challenge human existence. The man learns to survive by making the necessary moves and by deploying all his defensive mechanisms and resources. During his life’s journey, man eventually finds himself in a position without any escape route. Just like the ‘Checkmated’ King, man may get cornered in a situation which is beyond his control. The Chess game pieces have no ability other than the movement that is allowed by the rules of the Game. Unlike the Chess Game, the man whose existence is ‘Checkmated’, the man whose existence is undefended; the man who is not capable of making any more moves to protect his own existence, may get rescued by a ‘Uplifting Power’; and such an ‘Upward’ move is not described in the Game of Chess.
MAN, vs GOD – THE JOY OF GETTING ‘CHECKMATED’:
MAN, vs GOD – THE JOY OF GETTING ‘CHECKMATED’.
IN HIS AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH ‘SURPRISED BY JOY, C.S. LEWIS DESCRIBED A GAME OF CHESS.
Clive Staples Lewis (1898 – 1963), Oxford and Cambridge Scholar, novelist, writer of stories for children, and Literary Critic, in his Autobiographical Sketch titled ‘Surprised by Joy’ has visualized his existence as that of a ‘Divine Pursuit’. It is not man who searches and eventually finds God. It is rather God who pursues the man throughout his life’s moves. God is the one who searches for man and not vice versa. God goes about seeking the souls that are His. If man wanders off, God goes to man in order to reconcile him. God’s searching for man is serious and is not ostensible. If life could be described as Man vs God Chess Game; God skillfully places the man in a position which gives no option of escape and finally God captures man. C.S. Lewis has entitled the penultimate chapter of his Autobiography as “Checkmate”. Lewis describes God as the Divine Chess player who gradually maneuvers him into an impossible position. “All over the board my pieces were in the most disadvantageous positions. Soon I could no longer cherish even the illusion that the initiative lay with me. My Adversary began to make His final moves.” When God is the Divine Chess player, getting ‘Checkmated’ is only a moment of great Joy. The man who is defeated, the man who is pursued, and the man who is out maneuvered, is saved by the ‘Uplifting Power’ of Mercy, Grace, and Compassion of the Divine Chess player.
THE UPLIFTING POWER OF CHRIST:
THE UPLIFTING POWER OF CHRIST
In the New Testament Book of the Gospel according to John, in Chapter 10, Jesus has described Himself. In verse 11, He states: “I am the Good Shepherd, the Good Shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” And He further clarifies in verses 14 and 15 by stating: “I am the Good Shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me – just as the Father knows me and I know the Father – and I lay down my life for the sheep.”
THE BOOK OF LUKE, CHAPTER 19, VERSE 10: “FOR THE SON OF MAN CAME TO SEEK AND TO SAVE WHAT WAS LOST.”
THE SHEPHERD AND HIS FLOCK:
As the shepherd marches ahead, the sheep of his flock follow him from behind and recognize him by the commands of his voice. In the Book of Matthew, Chapter 18, verses 12 to 14, Jesus describes the Parable of the Lost Sheep: “What do you think? If a man owns a hundred sheep, and one of them wanders away, will he not leave the ninety-nine on the hills and go to look for the one that wandered off? And if he finds it, I tell you the truth, he is happier about that one sheep than about the ninety-nine that did not wander off.” God is not willing that any of us should be lost. In case we choose to wander off, He is willing to search for us, find us and take us back to His Home. And after saving the lost sheep, Jesus tells about the shepherd: “Rejoice with me; I have found my lost sheep.” (Book of Luke, Chapter 15, verses 3 – 7). God delights Himself by finding the lost among us.
THE PROBLEM OF BLACK SHEEP:
BLACK SHEEP – WHAT IS THE PROBLEM???
The problem of “Black Sheep” is not about its color. The word ‘black’ reflects the discredited status of the sheep. Black Sheep means a member of a family or group regarded as not so respectable or successful as the rest. The flock rejects one of its own, and the discredited member is described as the “Black Sheep”. The Shepherd tends to His flock of sheep who recognize Him and follow Him. In the Book of John, Chapter 10, verse 9, Jesus describes Himself as the Gate of His sheep pen, and said: “If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.” What happens to the “Black Sheep” who is not a member of His flock? The non-member could be described as a disbeliever. Who would rescue the “Black Sheep” that has wandered off? As a discredited member of my community and my country, the concept of “Black Sheep” and its “Uplift” is of a great interest and concern to me.
THE PROBLEM OF “BLACK SHEEP” – WOULD THE GOOD SHEPHERD LOOK FOR LOST “BLACK SHEEP”?
Jesus assures us that He is aware of the existence of sheep that may not belong to His sheep pen. In the Book of John, Chapter 10, verse 16, He gives a sense of great hope to others who may not know Him and may not live under His protection: “I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. I must bring them also. They too will listen to My voice, and there shall be One flock and One Shepherd.
JESUS WOULD ALSO FIND THE OTHER SHEEP THAT ARE NOT OF HIS SHEEP PEN. THERE SHALL BE ONE FLOCK AND ONE SHEPHERD.
THE JOY OF CHRISTMAS:
KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS – THE BOOK OF REVELATIONS, CHAPTER 19, VERSE 16
The Joy of Christmas comes from the fact that God knows you, and He takes pleasure in finding you and He gets you back into His Protection even if you have wandered away from Him and got lost. He is aware of the sheep that are not in His sheep pen. Even the “Black Sheep” belong to His sheep pen and He would rejoice when He rescues one lost sheep.
THE WHOLE JOY OF CHRISTMAS 2018.
WHOLE CHRIST – WHOLE LOVE:
WHOLE CHRIST – WHOLE LOVE: The term “Whole Christ” refers to Jesus before His human birth, during His earthly existence, after His Resurrection, and to the Hope of His Second Coming to establish the ‘Kingdom of Heaven on Earth’.
The term “Whole Love” describes God’s Unconditioned Love that is not determined by human knowledge and rationality. The Birth of Jesus cannot be fully accounted by human knowledge and rationality for man lacks the ability to account for his own existence.
The word Christ (Greek. Christos) refers to the Messiah whose appearance is prophesied in the Old Testament and is used as a title to describe Jesus of Nazareth. I am using the phrase “WholeChrist” to describe Jesus before His human birth, Jesus during the years spent on this Earth, Jesus after His Resurrection, and Jesus who gives the Hope of the Second Coming to establish ‘The Kingdom of Heaven on Earth’. The word Christ may not communicate the entirety of Jesus and in the four Gospels, we do not obtain the full picture as the event called ‘The Second Coming’ has not yet taken place. The word “Love” (Hebrew. ‘Ahavah’, Greek. ‘agape’) is presented in Scripture as the very nature or essence of God, the supreme attribute in which all other attributes are harmonized. Love is a bond that unites all virtues. I consider the Power/Force/Energy of Mercy, Grace, and Compassion as the operating mechanism of God’s Love and could be simply called Divine Providence. I am using the phrase “whole love” to describe God’s Unconditioned Love that is not determined or fully accounted by human knowledge and human rationality. In other words, I have no ability to empower myself to receive Unconditioned Love. I cannot manipulate God’s Whole Love through my actions, behavior, or even prayers. I can experience Whole Love but, I cannot explain or fully account for the existence of that Love.
WHOLE CHRIST – WHOLE LOVE – WHOLE CREATION: THE BIRTH OF JESUS:
Whole Christ – Whole Love – Whole Creation: The Birth of Jesus as a Spiritual Being cannot be fully accounted for by using human knowledge and human rationality.
Man must try to know and understand as to where he exists and as to how he exists. God uses the dimension called WholeLove to bring Unity and Harmony between the dimensions of Matter, Energy, Time, and Space to create man and the World in which man exists.
Man cannot explain the Birth of Jesus using his scientific knowledge. The Birth of Jesus can only be understood as a fact of Creation, a creative event. It should not come as a surprise as each human being who took birth on Earth has always arrived as an original, unique, distinctive, and one of its own kind of object with a genome that never existed in the past and would also never exist again in the future. Each man is born as a created being and the birth of Jesus as a singular event reveals a creative mechanism not known to man and not subject to the limitations of man’s rational power. God uses the dimension called WholeLove to bring Unity and Harmony between the dimensions of Matter, Energy, Time, and Space to create man and the World in which man exists.
WHOLE CHRIST – WHOLE LOVE – WHOLE EXISTENCE:
Whole Christ – Whole Love – Whole Existence: The Birth of Jesus and His earthly existence describes the operation of a Supreme, Spiritual Whole Law that harmonizes all Laws of Nature that operate in the physical world to establish Whole Existence which may be stated as a Law of Conservation:” Matter is neither created nor destroyed.” Similarly, it can be stated: “Life is neither created nor destroyed.”
Whole Christ – Whole Love – Whole Existence: God Exists. Very often people raise the question about God’s place of existence in this vast universe of unknown dimensions. Where does man exist? How could the man be certain about the location of his own existence in this universe which is constantly moving every instant?
Whole Christ – Whole Love – Whole Existence: Where does man exist? It is easy to describe man’s place of existence in the Solar System, and Milky Way Galaxy. In reality, man exists in Space without any awareness of his position that is changing every instant. No object that is known in this universe continues to exist in the same position at two different instants. Man exists in a restless universe under the Blissful influence called Whole Love which shields man from the harsh realities of the physical universe.
To experience the Joy of Christmas, to seek the uplifting power of Jesus Christ, man must know the truth and reality about human existence. Human knowledge and rationality in themselves do nothing to justify human existence or the existence of this universe. To establish the fact of this human existence on one known planet called Earth is beyond the abilities of human cognitive powers. The biological basis of human existence demands the support of Love whose operating principles are Mercy, Grace, and Compassion. This Love is not conditioned by human behavior and human actions and not even prayers. Man cannot empower himself to acquire God’s Love using his free will. The good and evil actions of man, the right and bad conduct of man will be possible if and only if man’s existence precedes his actions and behavior. It is often argued that the evil and suffering in the world seems to count against the existence of God. I have to account for my physical existence before I can share the experience of pain, misery, disappointment, frustration, and suffering of my life’s condition. The fact or the reality of human pain and suffering cannot exclude the fact of God’s existence. The man at any given age and any given stage of his existence, from conception, physical birth, infancy, youth, adult, old age and death, in ill-health or good health depends upon an Unchanging Spiritual Principle to bring Unity and Harmony to maintain that condition or state called existence. This concept of God’s Unconditioned Love or WholeLove for man is shared by the Birth of Jesus. When I think of this Whole Love, I feel better, my mood gets uplifted, the burden of my painful existence is eased, and I can sense the Joy of the Season.
WHOLE CHRIST – WHOLE LOVE – WHOLE LAW:
Whole Christ – Whole Love – Whole Law: Love is defined by stating its attributes. Love is Patient. Love is Kind. Love does not envy. Love does not boast, it is not proud. Love is not rude. Love is not self-seeking. Love is not easily angered. Love protects, trusts, hopes, always persevere and Love never fails. Divine Mother Mary is seen expressing such Love for her baby Jesus.
Apostle Paul in his First Epistle to Corinthians, in the New Testament Book of 1 Corinthians, Chapter 13, verses #4 to 8 describes the attributes of Love: “Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy. It does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. Love always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres. Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away.” Jesus Christ while teaching the operating principle called Love, names Love as a Law, a Law above all other laws of nature, and above all other Commandments. In the Gospel According to Saint Matthew, Chapter 22, verses #37 to 40 “Whole Love” is explained as “Whole Law”: Jesus replied:” ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.” Love is the supreme attribute, nature, and essence of God and at the same time, it operates as a Law above all other Laws of Nature and the commandments shared by Prophets. Whole Love can be stated as the Whole Law that governs the existence of man and gives the man the chance to experience Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in his living condition.
WHOLE CHRIST – WHOLE LOVE – WHOLE REALITY:
Whole Christ – Whole Love – Whole Reality: The Birth of Jesus Christ. Life is neither created nor destroyed. The term Whole Christ describes Jesus as an eternal, immortal, unborn Spiritual Principle that existed before His birth, that existed in the Middle or during His earthly Life and continues to exist in Future without being influenced by Time.
Apostle Paul in his First Epistle to Corinthians, in the New Testament Book of 1 Corinthians, Chapter 13, verse#13 states the Principle of Conservation: “And now these three remain: faith, hope, and love. But the greatest of these is love.” Man exists in a world that is restless and is constantly changing. The Individual, the created human being, is born, grows and develops, exists with a physical identity that constantly changes under the powerful influence of Time. The event called Death records the loss of that Physical Identity that is never constant at any time of its earthly existence. In the natural world, such changes in appearance are governed by the Laws of Conservation such as the Laws of Conservation of Mass, Energy, and Momentum. During man’s physical existence, the physical form and appearance change and yet the Spiritual Principles of Faith, Hope, and Love are conserved. Man cannot depend upon his knowledge and rationality as they are always subject to change. To know the Subjective and Objective Reality or the “whole Reality” of his ‘WholeExistence’, man needs to know the Law of Conservation of Faith, Hope, and Love.
WHOLE CHRIST – WHOLE LOVE – WHOLE PRAYER:
Whole Christ – Whole Love – Whole Prayer: The Gospel According to Saint Matthew, Chapter 6 gives the account of “Whole Prayer” that is popularly known as ‘Lord’s Prayer’. Father knows what you need before you ask Him. We pray, for His “WILL” be done on earth as it is in Heaven. The ‘Whole Prayer’ gives virtues such as Patience, Perseverance, Tolerance, and Kindness the attributes of ‘Whole Love’.
The word Prayer refers to man’s communication with God. It is a spiritual or devotional communication to make a humble, sincere request. Prayer is the act of supplication and it includes words of praise, words of thanksgiving, words of confession, and words of a plea seeking the sanction of favor to transform a mental desire into a physical reality in the external world. If God is omniscient, He must know of the evil; and if God is omnipotent, He must be able to remove the evil; and if God is perfectly benevolent and is loving, there should be no pain and suffering. To experience pain and misery, to experience suffering, disappointment, and frustration, I have to maintain the condition called existence. At a fundamental level, I have to understand my ability to know things, my power to rule or govern things, and I must know my ability to make choices to change things in my external environment. Jesus in the New Testament Book of Matthew, Chapter 6, verse# 8 instructs: “Do not be like them(pagans), for your Father knows what you need before you ask Him.” In Lord’s Prayer, Jesus makes it abundantly clear that the purpose of the ‘Whole Prayer’ is that of asking, “Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven.” Using my human knowledge and rationality, I can neither account for my existence nor account for my experience of pain and suffering which describes the nature of my existence. I describe ‘WholePrayer’ as an act of Faith, and Hope in recognition of the fact or reality called WholeLove that imparts its qualities and virtues such as Patience, Perseverance, Tolerance, and Kindness. Even if I cannot change the circumstances of my life that cause or give the experience of pain, suffering, and misery, the acceptance of Whole Love makes me pain-tolerant and pain-resistant. It gives me the strength called ‘Endurance’ to overcome the challenge called the ‘Stress of Life’.
Whole Christ – Whole Love: “That which is done out of Love always takes place beyond Good and Evil.” (Nietzsche). Man, with his Good or Evil actions and behavior cannot control the flow of God’s Unconditioned or ‘WholeLove’.
I wish you all a Merry Christmas.
WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE GAY :
The word ‘GAY’ when used as an adjective refers to joyous and lively, merry, happy, and light-hearted. But, when the word ‘GAY’ is used as a noun, it often refers to a ‘Homosexual’ person. The term ‘Homosexual’ is used to describe persons whose feelings, thoughts, emotions, and behavior is characterized by sexual desire for those of the same-sex as oneself. It describes a person’s sexual orientation in the person’s external relations and completely fails to give us any understanding about the relationship between the person and the person’s Whole Body, the Body, Mind, and Soul. We need to give attention and care to the problem of sexual identity and several people described as “Transgender” have genuine problems as their mental sexual identity is not consistent with that of their physical sexual identity. The problem with this definition of ‘Homosexual’ is that of its lack of understanding of the concept of “SELF-LOVE”. I define ‘Whole Man’ or ‘Whole Dude’ as a person that is entire, undivided, healthy, complete, having all the elements or parts and having unity in all aspects of one’s being including physical, mental, social, moral, and spiritual. This Whole Dude exists in a state or condition of Peace, Tranquility, and Harmony because of harmonious interrelationships between various aspects of his being including the Body, Mind, and Soul. This harmony is possible because of Self-Love which brings joy and happiness. If I state that I am in ‘Love’ with myself, it would suggest the possibility that I could be characterized as a ‘Homosexual’ person. To understand the issue of sexual interest in others, to understand sexual desire for others, we need to understand the Origin of Love.
THE ORIGIN OF LOVE :
Love is a powerful emotion felt for another person manifesting itself in deep affection, devotion, or sexual desire. The ambiguity of the word “LOVE” would not let it be used as a term of universal application. The ancient languages have three distinct words for the main types of Love; eros, philia, agape in Greek; amor, amicitia( or dilectio ), and caritas in Latin. Because English has no such distinct words, it seems necessary to use such phrases as “sexual love”, “love of friendship”, and “love of charity” in order to indicate plainly that Love is common to all three, and to distinguish the three meanings. Freud’s theory places the Origin of Love in the sexual instincts, and so for him the many varieties of Love are simply the forms which Love takes as the Libido fixes upon various objects. “The nucleus of what we mean by love”, he writes “naturally consists…… in sexual love with sexual union as its aim. We do not separate from this”; “On the one hand, self-love, and on the other, love for parents and children, friendship and love for humanity in general, and devotion to concrete objects and to abstract ideas…. All these tendencies are an expression of the same instinctive activities.” They differ from sexual love only because “they are diverted from its aim or are prevented from reaching it, though they always preserve enough of their original nature to keep their identity recognizable.” Sigmund Freud would like to view Love as the primal passion, generating all other types of Love according to the oppositions of pleasure and pain and by relations of cause and effect. By using the term ‘GAY’, or ‘Homosexual’ to describe people, we fail to recognize the existence of Self-Love, that is Love for oneself which is distinct from loving another person. If I Love myself, as stated by Freud, that passion always includes elements of sexual interest and acceptance of my own sexual identity and sexual desire and sexual nature. The concept of Self-Love demands that the person must also embrace the sexual aspects of his own Body, Mind, and Soul. My feelings of Self-Love would always include gratification of my sexual desires and fulfilment of my sexual nature even when I fail to establish specific sexual relations in my external, social life. In essence, I have no choice, and no escape from being a ‘GAY’ person who has sexual interests and desires in persons identified as of the same-sex.
SELF-LOVE AND LOVE FOR ANOTHER PERSON :
If Love is viewed as fondness or affection it may include or based in part on sexual attraction which is related to Libido( sexual urge or sexual instinct ), and Lust( a desire to gratify the senses or bodily appetite that seeks unrestricted gratification ). Love implies feelings that are attached to relationships or objects and assumes various forms such as Sexual Love, Brotherly Love and Love of God. However, it is important to note that the holy Scriptures make no distinction between the three different kinds of Love. Bible consistently recommends to Love oneself and to Love another to the same extent and in the same manner. The Third Book of Moses, called Leviticus, Chapter 19, verse 18 asks, “Love thy neighbor as thyself.” In the Gospel According to Saint Matthew, Chapter 22, verses 37 to 39, Jesus says, “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second(Commandment) is like unto it. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.” The General Epistle of James, Chapter 2, verse 8 asks: “If ye fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well.” If a man is not expected to Love himself, the issue of loving the neighbor is redundant. If I cannot truly Love myself, I cannot Love my neighbor in the same manner or to the same extent.
WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE GAY – WHOLE JOY :
The Whole Dude loves the Dude in all the aspects of his being including the physical, sexual, mental, social, moral, and spiritual. I say, that Self-Love is a must if we desire to Love another person. If I Love myself, Freud suggests it is motivated by Libido and is related to sexual Love. In other words, the fact of my Self-Love establishes me as a Gay or ‘Homosexual’ person irrespective of any other kind of sexual behavior that I may exhibit. My sexual interactions with others do not exclude my Love for myself as the basis to Love another person and to Love God. Because of my Self-Love that establishes me as a ‘Whole Gay’ person, I enjoy perfect joy in my heart, and I enjoy perfect happiness in my mind which could be called ‘Whole Joy’ as it is complete, entire, undivided, and contains all its natural elements. I say, I am Whole Dude who is Whole Gay and Whole Joy and what do you want to say??? Please join me in the ‘Whole Conversation’.
Defining Indian Identity – What is Love?
HIS HOLINESS, THE 14TH DALAI LAMA SPOKE ON “ENGAGING WISDOM AND COMPASSION” ON APRIL 19-20, 2008 AT ANN ARBOR.
THE NATURE OF EXISTENCE-THE CONCEPT OF ‘SUNYATA'(EMPTINESS OR NOTHINGNESS) :
Acharya Nagarjuna(A.D. 150- A.D. 250) born into a Brahmin family had lived in the present State of Andhra Pradesh, India. The emptying of the mind and the attainment of an undifferentiated unity is the theme of the ‘SUNYATA’ doctrine developed by Acharya Nagarjuna. ‘Sunyata’ can be stated as a state of “PURE CONSCIOUSNESS” in which the mind has been emptied of all particular objects and images. The emptied mind reflects or manifests the undifferentiated reality in which the world appears without distinctions and multiplicity. Nagarjuna was critical of both Buddhist and Hindu views on existence. According to Nagarjuna, the individual person is empty and lacks an eternal self. He extended the concept of ‘Sunyata’ to cover all concepts and all entities. Nagarjuna’s philosophy is also called ‘Madhyamika’ because it claims to tread the middle path. As per Nagarjuna, the nature of existence is relational. There is no eternal reality behind changing forms of existence. There is no soul, no thing, no concept independent of its context, all things are empty of an absolute reality and exist only in relation to conditions. The knowledge, perceiving the emptiness of all things and hence becoming detached from them, would help us to practice “nonattachment” in our engagement with people. If “EMPTINESS” is the highest Wisdom, it would help us to develop a sense of detachment and enable us to act with Compassion.
H.H. DALAI LAMA’S PRESENTATION-“ENGAGING WISDOM AND COMPASSION”:
“At the root of all our suffering lies a form of ignorance, a form of unknowing”. The origin of suffering is attachment. “Self-grasping( or self-focus) gives rise to suffering. It is the root of all afflictions”. “Self-grasping” leads to attachment to impermanent things or thoughts which gives rise to suffering. Emptiness is created by casting aside the attachment to everyday things and worries. “The ultimate awakening mind is the Wisdom that directly realizes emptiness”.
H.H. Dalai Lama advised practicing loving kindness to eliminate the afflictions caused by attachment. The ultimate goal, he said is “cultivating the Wisdom of no self”, a sense of grand emptiness that leaves behind everyday pollutants that can take both physical or emotional form.