U.S. Congress re-introduces “Reciprocal Access to Tibet Act” amidst rise in tensions over the Dalai Lama’s travels

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“RECIPROCAL ACCESS TO TIBET ACT” ENGAGES, CONTAINS, CONFRONTS, AND OPPOSES THE DOCTRINE OF COMMUNISM

Reciprocal Access to Tibet Act seeks unrestricted access to Tibet for its purpose is to engage, contain, confront, and oppose the Doctrine of Communism.

 

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

DOOM DOOMA DOOMSAYER

 

 

U.S. CONGRESS RE-INTRODUCES “RECIPROCAL ACCESS TO TIBET ACT” AMIDST RISE IN TENSIONS OVER THE DALAI LAMA’S TRAVELS

 

Clipped from: http://www.patheos.com/blogs/americanbuddhist/2017/05/u-s-congress-re-introduces-reciprocal-access-tibet-act-amidst-tensions-dalai-lamas-travels-rise.html

In the long shadow of the recent Trump-Xi meeting lingers a bill in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate that seeks to guarantee open access to Tibet for American citizens. Introduced just before the meeting early last month, the bill seeks greater access to the region for U.S. officials, journalists, and other citizens. The bill finds that, despite claims of openness by the Chinese government, heavy restrictions and frequent denial of travel documents has been observed, especially in attempts to visit the Tibetan region.

Senators Marco Rubio and Tammy Baldwin, described by Tenzin Monlam as “longtime supporters of Tibet,” introduced the bill in the Senate while Congressmen Jim McGovern and Randy Hultgren introduced it in the House of Representatives. (Phayul)

However, this is not the first attempt to pass this bill, with previous attempts in 2014 and 2015. And like previous attempts, this one seems unlikely to move forward as the nation’s collective attention jumps from North Korea to Health Care to the upcoming French elections.

Nevertheless, speaking to India’s The Sunday Guardian, the Tibetan government-in-exile spokesperson and Secretary, Department of Information and International Relations, Sonam Dagpo said. “[The] Central Tibetan Administration welcomes the US Congress bill to have reciprocal access to Tibetan areas. We are also grateful to the government and people of India for its support in the preservation and promotion of Tibetan language, culture and religion. India’s assistance in the education of Tibetan children will go a long way in the struggle of the Tibetan people.” (The Sunday Guardian)

The bill comes at a time of continued disagreement between China and other world powers over Tibet and the activities of the most renowned Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama has caused alarm by Beijing officials with his recent visit to the India-China border region of Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh is officially a state in India, though Chinese officials believe that much of it belongs to China.

 

Tawang, India, Dalai Lama via Wikimedia Commons, modified.

Meanwhile, the Dalai Lama himself has sought to dispel tensions in his teachings. The day before his visit to Tawang, the Dalai Lama, at a public address, spoke of his discomfort with rising intolerance and stressed the need for mutual respect and concern and for social well-being. (The Diplomat)

Back in the United States, the Dalai Lama’s planned June commencement speech at U.C. San Diego sparked anger in many Chinese students attending the university. The Chinese Students and Scholars Association, after consulting with the Chinese consulate issued the following statement, borrowing from themes of inclusivity and respect common among campus activist groups:

UCSD is a place for students to cultivate their minds and enrich their knowledge. Currently, the various actions undertaken by the university have contravened the spirit of respect, tolerance, equality, and earnestness—the ethos upon which the university is built. These actions have also dampened the academic enthusiasm of Chinese students and scholars. If the university insists on acting unilaterally and inviting the Dalai Lama to give a speech at the graduation ceremony, our association vows to take further measures to firmly resist the university’s unreasonable behavior. (Quartz)

Countering this, the International Campaign for Tibet issued a statement supporting the university, saying that, “By objecting to the invitation to the Dalai Lama, the CSSA of UC San Diego is doing the work of the Chinese government. The University of [California], San Diego’s invitation to the Dalai Lama is a reflection of the tremendous American public interest in and support for his thoughts and vision for the broader world…” In an interview with Inside Higher Ed, Robert Barnett, a Columbia University scholar of Tibet, echoed these sentiments, asking, “Does the university accept to be bullied by the foreign government in terms of who it selects as a speaker, especially when that subject of that foreign government’s bullying is almost certainly, without any serious question of all, not deserving of that bullying and is certainly being misrepresented and indeed demonized by the Chinese government? Do we allow the Chinese government’s propaganda to dictate major cultural decisions in other countries?” (Inside Higher Ed)

In their announcement to host the Dalai Lama, university Chancellor Pradeep K. Khosla said: “We are honored to host His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama at UC San Diego and thankful that he will share messages of global compassion with our graduates and their families, as well as with a broad public audience. A man of peace, the Dalai Lama promotes global responsibility and service to humanity. These are the ideals we aim to convey and instill in our students and graduates at UC San Diego.” (UCSD News)

Currently there are no plans to cancel the invitation, which will constitute the Dalai Lama’s first stop on his 2017 U.S. tour.

https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/115/hr1872/text/ih

http://www.phayul.com/mobile/?page=view&c=1&id=38888

http://thediplomat.com/2017/04/the-dalai-lamas-tawang-visit-the-aftermath/

https://qz.com/908922/chinese-students-at-ucsd-are-evoking-diversity-to-justify-their-opposition-to-the-dalai-lamas-graduation-speech/

https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2017/02/16/some-chinese-students-uc-san-diego-condemn-choice-dalai-lama-commencement-speaker

http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/feature/tenzin_gyatso_his_holiness_the_14th_dalai_lama_to_speak_at_uc_san_diego

MISSION IMPOSSIBLE – THE DANGERS OF COVERT OPERATIONS

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MISSION IMPOSSIBLE – THE DANGERS OF COVERT OPERATIONS

A fundamental feature of Democratic Governance is that of Transparency and Public Accountability. Democratic nations need to conduct foreign relations in transparent manner with due public support for such relations of either friendship or adversity.

Peoples’ Republic of China adheres to the doctrine of Communism and may conduct her national affairs without Transparency and Public Accountability.

While I appreciate the need for gathering “Intelligence,” the United States must abide by the Principle of Transparency and Public Accountability. There should be no doubts in the minds of US citizens about the resolve of United States to oppose, contain, engage, and confront the doctrine of Communism.

 

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

DOOM DOOMA DOOMSAYER

 

 

 

MISSION IMPLAUSIBLE! CHINA MEDIA CLAIMS ‘VICTORY’ OVER US SPY KILLINGS, BUT RIDICULES REPORT

Clipped from: http://www.msn.com/en-gb/news/world/mission-implausible-china-media-claims-victory-over-us-spy-killings-but-ridicules-report/ar-BBBnInB#image=BBofhHi|17

 

© Jason Reed/Reuters. The logo of the US Central Intelligence Agency is shown in the lobby of the CIA headquarters in Langley An influential Chinese newspaper claimed a “sweeping victory” after a report that Beijing’s intelligence agencies had killed or jailed more than a dozen covert sources who supplied information for the CIA.

But the state-run Global Times also dismissed the dramatic account of China’s dismantling of US spying activities as a Mission Impossible-style fantasy.

The New York Times reported on Saturday that US intelligence agencies suffered their biggest setback in decades between late 2010 and the end of 2012 when China uncovered their spying network in the country.

Intelligence officials never discovered whether the US was betrayed by a mole within the CIA or whether the Chinese hacked a covert system used by the CIA to communicate with foreign sources, the report said.

“We would like to applaud China’s anti-espionage activities,” said the Global Times, which often publishes nationalist editorials.

“Not only was the CIA’s spy network dismantled, but Washington had no idea what happened and which part of the spy network had gone wrong.

“It can be taken as a sweeping victory. Perhaps it means even if the CIA makes efforts to rebuild its spy network in China, it could face the same result.”

The most chilling detail in the NYT report – which cited 10 anonymous current and former security officers – was that Chinese agents shot a CIA source in front of colleagues, in an apparent deterrent to others.

However, that detail was rejected by the Global Times, a newspaper which is published by the People’s Daily, the Communist Party’s official mouthpiece newspaper.

“That is a purely fabricated story,” the newspaper said. “Most likely a piece of American-style imagination based on ideology.”

The editorial, which appeared in both the Chinese and English-language editions, then goes on to ridicule the report, accusing the New York Times journalists of watching too many Hollywood spy-thrillers.

“The NYT report seems to be a white-knuckle beginning for a new version of Mission: Impossible: American spies who worked in China disappeared, and some of them died miserably,” it said.

“However, no one knew the reason for their deaths. The journalists who wrote the report must have been deeply addicted to the franchise.”

Hu Xijin, the Global Times’ editor, repeated the claim that the world of espionage was being over-dramatized by the New York Times in a video that was posted by the newspaper on Sina Weibo, China’s version of Twitter.

The video also included publicity pictures from Mission Impossible: Ghost Protocol, a 2011 blockbuster starring Tom Cruise and Simon Pegg.

Mr. Hu said: “The New York Times report depicted government buildings as places of executions, which is divorced from China’s reality.”

The New York Times’s website is blocked in China, but many people have posted comments about the report on Chinese social media.

“I will put my hands up and support the shooting of these spies,” said one Weibo comment.  “Anyone who has sold their souls should not only be executed, but their bodies should not be buried and instead fed to wild dogs.”

Other comments reminded the netizen that Chinese spies were also operating abroad.

Related: People you didn’t know were spies (Provided by Microsoft GES)

1/17 SLIDES © Rex Shutterstock; Getty Images; AP Photo/Joel Ryan

It is the 70th anniversary of the National Intelligence Authority on Jan. 22, 2016. The authority was a committee set up to monitor the Central Intelligence Group (CIG) which was later absorbed into the Central Intelligence Authority (CIA) in 1947. On this occasion, we take a look at some famous people you might not have known were spies at some point of their lives. 

2/17 SLIDES © AP Photo

Josephine Baker

The celebrated American-born French dancer-actress worked as a spy for the French Resistance during World War II. She leveraged her celebrity status to get close to high-ranking Japanese and Italian officials and extract information from them. She would sneak secret messages in invisible ink on her music sheets and help smuggle people to safety. She was awarded the Medal of the Resistance with Rosette and named a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor by the French government. At her death, Baker became the first American woman buried in France with military honors.

3/17 SLIDES © Everett/Rex Shutterstock

Cary Grant

During the Second World War, the United States government was suspicious of the presence of Axis sympathizers in the homeland, especially within the entertainment industry. This led the intelligence agencies reaching out to producers and actors to keep an ear to the ground and matinee idol Cary Grant was one of them. His most sensational reveal was that fellow actor Errol Flynn was allegedly a Nazi sympathizer and even wrote letters of support to Hitler. 

4/17 SLIDES © Nancy Palmieri/AP Images

Julia Child

Before she became a celebrated chef and cookbook author of French cuisine, Julia Child was employed at the Office of Strategic Services. Initially hired as a clerk, she later went on to work as a researcher assisting in the development of a shark repellent to keep undersea predators away from explosives. She was also posted to Sri Lanka and China, where her responsibilities included transcribing classified information from listening posts.

5/17 SLIDES © General Photographic Agency/Getty Images

Greta Garbo

The Swedish-born Hollywood actress was one of the greatest screen stars during the ’20s and ’30s. However, she suddenly quit films in 1941 and became famously reclusive. It was believed that she started working with MI6 during this time and was tasked with gathering information on one of the world’s richest men, Swedish millionaire industrialist Axel Wenner-Gren. She allegedly played a pivotal role in smuggling physicist Niels Bohr from Copenhagen to Britain; Bohr went onto develop the atomic bomb later.

6/17 SLIDES © Tony Evans/Getty Images

Roald Dahl

The author of “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory” was a Royal Air Force pilot during World War II before a near-fatal accident rendered him unfit for flying operations. He was next posted at the British embassy in Washington, D.C. at a desk job, using his flair for language to pen British propaganda for American newspapers. Dahl quickly established himself as a ladies’ man in the elite society and was tasked with developing friendships with influential women, or the wives of powerful men, to find out American secrets and information.

7/17 SLIDES © Express/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Ian Fleming

The creator of secret service agent James Bond was a spy himself. Fleming worked as a British Naval intelligence officer during World War II, maintaining communications between the admiralty and the branch of intelligence tasked with sabotage behind enemy lines. Given his skills, he was involved in drawing up a detailed organizational chart for setting up the Office of Strategic Services — an early version of the CIA created during World War II by President Franklin Roosevelt. In 1942, he was put in charge of a commando group called the 30 Assault Unit that would accompany infantry advances to seize documents from enemy headquarters.

8/17 SLIDES © Rex Shutterstock

Noel Coward

The flamboyant playwright, composer, director, actor and singer of the ’40s was trained along with Ian Fleming in covert action at Bletchley Park. He was later appointed the head of the British Secret Service bureau in Paris to liaise with the French Ministry of Information. Talking about his wartime espionage work, Coward once said, “Celebrity was wonderful cover. My disguise would be my own reputation as a bit of an idiot…a merry playboy.”

9/17 SLIDES © Donaldson Collection/Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Marlene Dietrich

One of the most glamorous leading ladies of the ’30s and ’40s, the German singer-actress was considered a spy in her adopted homeland of the United States, despite entertaining U.S. troops during the war and abandoning Nazi Germany. According to declassified FBI files, there was a formal espionage investigation against her from 1942 to 1944 at the order of then FBI boss J. Edgar Hoover. Dietrich attempted to win the trust of FBI officials by volunteering to spy for America instead. Her role involved “collecting observations about subversive activities in Europe” while on trips to the front to entertain the troops. 

10/17 SLIDES © AP Photo/Joel Ryan

Christopher Lee

The iconic Hollywood actor was recruited to the Special Operations Executive, a top-secret group organized to conduct sabotage and espionage actions in occupied Europe during World War II. The details of Lee’s missions during this time are still classified. “I was attached to the Special Air Service from time to time but we are forbidden — former, present, or future — to discuss any specific operations. Let’s just say I was in Special Forces and leave it at that. People can read in to that what they like,” he said in an interview in 2011.
 

11/17 SLIDES © Collection/Rex Shutterstock

Frank Sinatra

While many believe that the legendary singer had strong Mafia connections, his association with the CIA is a fact not many are aware of. According to his daughter, the secret service agency agreed to overlook Sinatra’s mafia ties in lieu of his working as a CIA courier — smuggling documents and even people in his private jet on cross-country or cross-Atlantic flights. 

12/17 SLIDES © FPG/Getty Images

Harry Houdini

The master escape artist assisted British and American intelligence agencies with information gathered during his traveling magic acts throughout Europe. He had a significant fan following in the German and Russian elite society who would unknowingly spill war details to the magician during after-parties which Houdini would pass on to the secret agencies. 

13/17 SLIDES © AP Photo, File

Arthur J. Goldberg

The former associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States worked for the Office of Strategic Services during the Second World War. He took a break from practicing law during the war and started developing an information-gathering network behind enemy lines across Europe.

14/17 SLIDES © Everett/Rex Shutterstock

John Ford

The multiple Oscar-winning director was a naval reserve officer before making films. While working as a secret agent during WWII, he alerted the agency about a suspected Japanese presence near the coastal areas of Baja in northwestern Mexico. Later, Ford directed many U.S. wartime propaganda films. 

15/17 SLIDES © AP Photo/Remo

Charles Luciano

As the head of the powerful Genovese family, Charles “Lucky” Luciano was the undisputed boss of organized crime on the U.S. East Coast during the ’40s. However, he was sentenced for 50 years for promoting prostitution. Luciano offered to work as a conduit in the search for information about saboteurs who sank a French liner at the New York City dock in exchange for a commuted sentence. The association proved to be a success, and the mobster’s services were sought again ahead of the Allied invasion of Sicily. Luciano was subsequently released after serving just 10 years of his sentence and deported to Italy. 

16/17 SLIDES © AP Photo, File

Moe Berg

Graduating from Princeton University with a degree in modern languages and a law degree from Columbia University, the U.S.-born Major League Baseball catcher was often dubbed “the brainiest man in baseball.” During WWII, he became an officer at the Office of Strategic Services where one of his assignments was to assassinate Werner Heisenberg, the head of Nazi Germany’s atom-bomb project. The plan was eventually called off. 

17/17 SLIDES © Archive Photos/Getty Images

Sterling Hayden

The tall, handsome actor was dubbed “The Most Beautiful Man in the Movies” by Paramount Pictures. However, after appearing in two films, Hayden went on to join the U.S. Marine Corps under the name John Hamilton. He was subsequently commissioned as an undercover agent during WWII. His role during the period involved shipping supplies to Nazi-resistant groups in Yugoslavia and parachuting into Croatia. 

17/17 SLIDES

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE DEMANDS UPHOLDING OF DIGNITY OF INDIAN ARMED FORCES AND ALLIED SERVICES

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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE DEMANDS UPHOLDING OF DIGNITY OF INDIAN ARMED FORCES AND ALLIED SERVICES

TRISHUL: Indian Army Day Parade Snapshots
On trishul-trident.blogspot.in

On behalf of Special Frontier Force, I demand upholding of dignity of Indian Armed Forces and Allied Services operating in Jammu and Kashmir to restore rule of law to defend Republic of India from attacks by Enemy. Service in Uniform is a matter of Valor, Pride, Honor, and Dignity for serving the purpose of Nation is Noble Duty.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

GIVE US FULL AFSPA COVER TO TACKLE J&K ISSUE: ARMY TELLS CENTRE

Thursday, May 18, 2017

By: One India

3_img118517205101.jpg

The Army has also called for strict action against those who have been damaging government property in the Valley.

Authority over the central armed police forces, a positive social media outreach program and full protective cover under the Armed Forces Special Powers Act or AFSPA is what the Indian Army has sought in a bid to restore normalcy in Jammu and Kashmir.

The Army which has put in place the counter-insurgency strategy said that a social media outreach program is the need of the hour. It could have a positive effect on the youth of the Valley. It would be an outreach programme, the Army has suggested. Further the Army has also said that the problem is not across the Valley. The focus would be on five districts in the state which are most trouble-hit.

While seeking authority over the CAPF, the Army has said that there is an urgent need to protect the force. Pictures of the personnel of the CAPF being targeted by the stone pelters and some youth of the Valley have been in circulation and this had a demoralizing effect on the force. This needs to stop at once the Army has also said.

The Army has also called for strict action against those who have been damaging government property in the Valley. Housing them in prisons alone would not be enough. They need to be booked under the appropriate laws, the Army has further suggested.

The Army says that it needs to work under the full cover of AFSPA. The debate on this law is unnecessary at this point of time. The Army at times would need to act strongly and for this the cover of a law is necessary, the Army has further said. In such situations, the Army cannot work under the fear of being summoned by the police for investigation which drags on for years. AFSPA is a necessity which would be used sparingly and in situations that mandate it, the Indian Army has further told the Centre.

Army Jawan Killed in Encounter With Terrorists in Handwara - News18
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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE DEMANDS ACCOUNT OF THE MISSING 54, INDIAN ARMED FORCES PERSONNEL HELD CAPTIVE IN PAKISTAN

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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE DEMANDS ACCOUNT OF THE MISSING 54, INDIAN ARMED FORCES PERSONNEL HELD CAPTIVE IN PAKISTAN

On behalf of Special Frontier Force, I demand Government of India to give account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel (Prisoners of War) held captive in Pakistan.

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan.

India cannot accept Pakistan’s unwillingness to provide information. I ask India to sever diplomatic and trade relations with Pakistan as the first step to obtain Pakistan’s cooperation.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Missing Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. The 1965 India-Pakistan Prisoners of War. Indian PoWs in Pakistan.

KULBUSHAN JADHAV IS ONE. HERE IS THE STORY ‘MISSING 54’ THE INDIAN SOLDIERS TAKEN AS PoWs BY PAK WHO NEVER RETURNED 

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. Commander Kulbushan Jadhav held captive on espionage charges.

Clipped from: http://www.indiatimes.com/news/kulbushan-jadhav-is-one-here-is-the-story-missing-54-the-indians-soldiers-taken-as-pows-by-pak-who-never-returned-275390.html

The 1971 war, when India gave a crushing defeat to Pakistan and split it into two and took 90,000 plus of its soldiers as Prisoners of War (PoWs), was indeed the greatest achievement of Indian armed forces. 

ARCHIVE.THEDAILYSTAR.NET

While India’s feat remains undisputed with Indians celebrating December 16 as ‘Vijay Divas’ every year, 54 families in India probably don’t get that ecstatic as one more year passes since they last spoke to their loved ones.

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. India defeated Pakistan in 1971 War.

We all know that India took 90,000 soldiers of Pakistan as POWs, but not many know that after the two wars of 1965 and 1971, Pakistan held 54 of our valiant soldiers whose whereabouts are still unknown.

The Government of India in 2015 had given an affidavit in the Supreme Court that it has no details regarding 54 missing Defence personnel believed to be held captive as prisoners of wars (POWs) in Pakistan jails after 1965 and 1971 wars.

Submitting an affidavit on the status of 54 Defence personnel reportedly in Pakistan jails after the two Indo-Pak wars, the Ministry of Defense (MoD) expressed its inability to state anything affirmatively about their whereabouts and said it would continue making efforts for their release and repatriation.

“As such, the exact status of these 54 ‘missing defense personnel’, believed to be in Pakistan jails, is not known. Amongst 54 such personnel, no service details are available with respect to three personnel of the Indian Army,” stated the affidavit filed by the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

These 54 belong to all three wings of armed forces

Of 54 missing personnel, 27 were from the Army, 24 from the Air Force, two from the Navy and one personnel from the Border Security Force. While 48 out of the 54 were missing since the 1971 war, three went missing in the 1965 war.

Pakistan always denied their existence

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. India defeated Pakistan in 1971 War.

1971 Victory

Though India was kind to Pakistani POWs which accounted for roughly 30 per cent of its army, but when it came India’s PoWs, Pakistan never acknowledged that they exist.

But here Is Maj Suri’s story that says otherwise

“If the cause is just and mind is strong, no force is great, No distance long, If selfless souls with such a strength, Face hazards all, they win at length.”

This is a diary noting in Dr R.S. Suri’s diary, father of Major Ashok Suri, captured in the 1971 war. Though the army had declared Major Suri as “Killed in action”, the Suri senior never believed it despite the army sent him a helmet with a bullet hole in it (but with someone else’s name written on it).

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. India defeated Pakistan in 1971 War.

Dr Suri never bought any of the stories cooked or presented before him by the army or the government and his belief got cemented on 26 December 1974 when he received a handwritten note believed to be written by Major Suri himself. The note dated December 7, 1974, contained a slip.  “I am okay here.” 

These words filled Dr Suri with an energy one can only dream of. Though the letter had one only line, but the covering note helped further as it read, “Sahib, Valaikum Salam, I cannot meet you in person. Your son is alive and he is in Pakistan. I could only bring his slip, which I am sending you. Now going back to Pak.” Signed M. Abdul Hamid.

In 1975, Dr Suri received another letter, this time with more about his son

Another letter confirmed Dr Suri that his son, whom the army designated as ‘killed in action’ is alive. Dated June 14/15/16, 1975, Karachi.’

The letter said: “Dear Daddy, Ashok touches thy feet to get your benediction. I am quite ok here. Please try to contact the Indian Army or Government of India about us. We are 20 officers here. Don’t worry about me. Pay my regards to everybody at home, especially to mummy, grandfather – Indian government can contact Pakistan government for our freedom.”

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. India defeated Pakistan in 1971 War.

Great India

Dr Suri rushed to the Defence Ministry in South Block and the then Defence Secretary had the handwriting confirmed as Maj Ashok’s and changed the official statement from “killed in action” to “missing in action”! Ecstatic about the development Dr Suri and other members of families of other soldiers formed a the Missing Defence Personnel Relative’s organization and Dr Suri kept visiting South Block weekly till he breathed last in 1999.

General Zia ul Haq’s visit gave some hope

In 1982, Pakistan’s military dictator visited India and Dr Suri and several other families got hopeful that government of India will work out something to get their loved one back. And surprisingly, in 1983 what it looked like a breakthrough, Pakistan government invited Indian family members to Pakistan.

The then MEA, Narasimha Rao said that he would take up at the highest level the visit of the parents of missing Defence personnel to Pakistan, since India had allowed the visit of some Pakistani family members to India in 1972.

Dr Suri, on behalf of the missing Defence families, was assured that Rao would try to facilitate this visit.

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. Pakistan’s President, General Zia ul Haq visited India in 1982 after India defeated Pakistan in 1971 War.

Photo Credit.Tribune

A delegation of six next-of-kin was allowed to go. It was made very clear that this was a classified visit that the press should not get wind off. There was a feeling of some deal having been done. The families were told to “Get the men back. They may not be in good health but you can nurse them back to health.”

The families left on September 12, 1983, Monday for Lahore. This was the first time the Indians had got consular access after 1971.

Families went to Pakistan

The families left on September 12, 1983, Monday for Lahore. This was the first time the Indians had got consular access after 1971. The families later got to know that MEA officials will go with them to Multan jail where the majority of the prisoner were believed to be kept. On Sept 14th, they flew to Multan.

But politics again did what it does best

In those days, PM Indira Gandhi was quite critical about Zia-ul-Haq and was aggressive in her statements in favor of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan & the MQM movement which made Pakistan quite skeptical. It might be seen as a larger cause, but what could be called the immediate cause that on the 14th day India was supposed to grant Pak officials reciprocal access to 25 Pakistani prisoners at Patiala jail which did not happen.

The news came in Pakistani papers that “India goes back on its words”.

Thus, despite reaching Multan, they couldn’t meet anybody

On September 15, 1983, the families visited Multan jail. Dr Suri was unable to control himself and was laughing and crying in the same go. The jail official who was present commented when Mrs.Tambay was signing her name remarked: “Sorry Mrs.Tambay, Tambay is not here.”

They did not find any of the people they were looking for there. 200 odd prisoners were being offered repatriation by Pakistan, subject to verification during the consular access. The families including Dr Suri wondered when Pakistan had already offered to repatriate these people where was the need for the visit?

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. Photo images of Indian Prisoners of War not accounted by Pakistan.

India Together

The family members sat through the consular access process for about 6 people, after which they were asked to go out as their part was done. The jail officials told them that only Zia ul Haq could help us with this category of prisoners.

Dr Suri believed the government was doing all it could to get the men back. He never gave up hope. Finally, though his body gave up and he died in 1999 saying,” Perhaps I will finally find peace in the grave.”

There has been no clue of those brave 54 soldiers and government of India as their affidavit in the SC suggests too seems to have given up on those who fought for the nation.

Here are the names of those ‘Missing 54’.

1. Major SPS Waraich IC-12712 15 Punjab

2. Major Kanwaljit Singh Sandhu IC-14590 15 Punjab

3. 2/Lt Sudhir Mohan Sabharwal SS-23957 87 Lt Regiment

4. Captain Ravinder Kaura SS-20095 39 Med Regiment

5. Captain Giri Raj Singh IC-23283 5 Assam

6. Captain Om Prakash Dalal SS-22536 Grenadiers

7. Maj Suraj Singh IC-18790 15 Rajput

8. Maj AK Suri SS-19807 5 Assam

9. Captain Kalyan Singh Rathod IC-28148 5 Assam

10. Major Jaskiran Singh Malik IC-14457 8 Raj. Rifles

11. Major SC Guleri IC-20230 9 Jat

12. Lt Vijay Kumar Azad IC-58589 1/9 G R

13. Captain Kamal Bakshi IC-19294 5 Sikh

14. 2/ Lt Paras Ram Sharma SS-22490 5/8 G R

15. Captain Vashisht Nath

16. L/Havildar. Krishna Lal Sharma 13719585 1 JAK RIF

17. Subedar Assa Singh JC-41339 5 Sikh

18. Subedar Kalidas JC-59 8 JAKLI

19. Lance Naik Jagdish Raj 9208735 Mahar Regiment

20. Lance Naik Hazoora Singh 682211303

21. Gunner Sujan Singh 1146819 14 Field Regiment

22. Sepoy Daler Singh 2461830 15 Punjab

23. Gunner Pal Singh 1239603 181 Lt Regiment

24. Sepoy Jagir Singh 2459087 16 Punjab

25. Gunner Madan Mohan 1157419 94 Mountain Regiment

26. Gunner Gyan Chand; Gunner Shyam Singh

27. Lance Naik Balbir Singh S B S Chauhan

28. Captain DS Jamwal 81 Field Regiment

29. Captain Vashisht Nath Attock

30. Squadron Leader Mohinder Kumar Jain 5327-F(P) 27 Sqn

31. Flt Lt Sudhir Kumar Goswami 8956-F(P) 5 Sqn

32. Flying Officer Sudhir Tyagi 10871-F(P) 27 Sqn

33. Flt Lt Vijay Vasant Tambay 7662 –F(P) 32 Sqn

34. Flt Lt Nagaswami Shanker 9773-F(P) 32 Sqn

35. Flt Lt Ram Metharam Advani 7812-F(P) JBCU

36. Flt Lt Manohar Purohit 10249(N) 5 Sqn

Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. Flight Lieutenant Purohit of Indian Air Force.

37. Flt Lt Tanmaya Singh Dandoss 8160-F(P) 26 Sqn

38. Wing Commander Harcharan Singh Gill 4657-F(P) 47 Sqn

39. Flt Lt Babul Guha 5105-F(P)

40. Flt Lt Suresh Chander Sandal 8659-F(P) 35 Sqn

41. Squadron. Leader. Jal Manikshaw Mistry 5006-F(P)

42. Flt Lt Harvinder Singh 9441-F(P) 222 Sqn

43. Squadron Leader Jatinder Das Kumar 4896-F(P) 3 Sqn

44. Flt Lt LM Sassoon 7419-F(P) JBCU

45. Flt Lt Kushalpal Singh Nanda 7819-F(N) 35 Sqn

46. Flying Officer. Krishan L Malkani 10576-F(P) 27 Sqn

47. Flight Lieutenant Ashok Balwant Dhavale 9030-F(P) 1 Sqn

48. Flight Lieutenant Shrikant C Mahajan 10239-F(P) 5 Sqn

49. Flight Lieutenant Gurdev Singh Rai 9015-F(P) 27 Sqn

50. Flight Lieutenant Ramesh G Kadam 8404-F(P) TACDE

51. Flag Officer. KP Murlidharan 10575-F(P) 20 Sqn

52. Naval Pilot Lt. Commander Ashok Roy

53. Squadron Leader Deva Prasad Chatterjee

54. Pilot Officer Tejinder Singh Sethi

Special Frontier Force Demands Account for the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. Subedar Jaswant Singh held captive in Pakistan since 1965 War.
Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan. Sepoy Balwinder Singh of 10 Sikh Regiment Missing since 1971 War.
Special Frontier Force Demands Account of the Missing 54, Indian Armed Forces Personnel Held Captive in Pakistan.

BEIJING DOOMED – MORAL VICTORY FOR TIBET

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BEIJING DOOMED – MORAL VICTORY FOR TIBET

BEIJING DOOMED – MORAL VICTORY FOR TIBET. PELOSI DELEGATION IN DHARAMSHALA.

Tibetans believe in moral principles that govern lives of individuals and of their chosen leaders. I believe in Moral Principles that govern or rule both man and national entities created by man. I predict Red China’s Doom or Downfall for her “EVIL” actions for Evil means Calamity, Catastrophe, Cataclysm, Disaster, and Apocalypse.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

Doom Dooma Doomsayer

U.S. OFFICIALS VISIT DHARAMSHALA, EXPRESS SUPPORT FOR TIBET, DALAI LAMA

Tibetan Spiritual leader the Dalai Lama (left) and Democratic leader of the U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi stand onstage as they prepare to address exiled Tibetans gathered at the Tsuglakang Temple in McLeod Ganj, May 10, 2017. Democratic leader of the U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi is visiting the northern Indian town of Dharamshala, home to thousands of Tibetans living in exile. (Lobsang Wangyal/AFP/Getty Images)

U.S. Officials Visit Dharamshala, Express Support for Tibet, Dalai Lama

  • KATY DAIGLE and ASHWINI BHATIA, Associated Press
  • May 10, 2017
  • Tibetan Spiritual leader the Dalai Lama (left) and Democratic leader of the U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi stand onstage as they prepare to address exiled Tibetans gathered at the Tsuglakang Temple in McLeod Ganj, May 10, 2017. Democratic leader of the U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi is visiting the northern Indian town of Dharamshala, home to thousands of Tibetans living in exile. (Lobsang Wangyal/AFP/Getty Images)

    DHARAMSHALA — As President Donald Trump appears to be warming to China, a bipartisan group from the U.S. House of Representatives took aim May 10 at one of Beijing’s sore spots: Tibet.

    Representative Nancy Pelosi accused China of using economic leverage to crush Tibetan calls for autonomy. During a meeting with Tibetans and the Dalai Lama at his main temple in the Indian hill town of Dharamshala, she urged the community not to give up.

    “You will not be silenced,” said Pelosi, a California Democrat. “The brutal tactics of the Chinese government to erase race, culture and language of Tibetan people challenges the conscience of the world. We will meet that challenge.”

    The visit by Pelosi and seven other U.S. representatives irritated Beijing, where a spokesman for the Foreign Ministry reiterated China’s stance that the Dalai Lama is a dangerous separatist.

    “The visit by U.S. congressmen to Dharamshala and their meeting with the Dalai Lama has sent a very wrong signal to the outside world about supporting Tibetan independence, which violates the U.S. government’s commitment not to support independence for Tibet,” the spokesman, Geng Shuang, told reporters.

    He said Beijing had complained to the U.S. government over the matter, and urged the American representatives “to stop any kind of contact with the Dalai Lama, and take immediate measures to eliminate the negative impact.”

    But Representative Jim Sensenbrenner assured that the U.S. Congress stood in “solidarity with the cause of the Tibetan people to be free from the repression that has been put upon them for a very, very long time from Beijing.”

    “Without justice there is no freedom,” said the Wisconsin Republican, noting that the U.S. Constitution has prohibited government restrictions on the free exercise of religion for more than 220 years. “Today there is no justice in Tibet for Tibetans, for their religion, for their culture, for their language, and for His Holiness The Dalai Lama. … This is a civil rights issue.”

    China says the Himalayan region has been part of the country for more than seven centuries. Many Tibetans insist they were essentially independent for most of that time. At least 148 Tibetans have set themselves on fire since 2009 to protest China’s rule.

    In many cases, China has offered aid packages to foreign governments on the condition that they support China’s position on issues such as Tibet and Taiwan, the self-governing island that Beijing has pledged to take control of, by force if necessary. Mongolia said in December that it would no longer allow visits by the Dalai Lama after a recent trip by the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader led China to suspend talks on a major loan.

    “China uses its economic leverage to silence the voices of friends of Tibet,” Pelosi said May 10. “But if we don’t speak out against repression in Tibet and the rest of China because of China’s economic power, we lose all moral authority to talk about human rights anywhere else in the world.”

    Pelosi told the gathering that she would limit her comments on China’s “brutal tactics” because the Dalai Lama had “prayed for me that I would rid myself of my negative attitude about dwelling on the negative too much.”

    The Dalai Lama, meanwhile, said Tibetans do not need weapons in their struggle for autonomy, and again prescribed a path of nonviolence and compassion. While he has devolved political power to an elected government, the Dalai Lama is still widely revered by Tibetans as their most influential leader.

    Tibetans who remain in the closely guarded region “are living in fear and anxiety. Their life is at risk, but they are still preserving our traditions,” said the Dalai Lama, who fled Tibet to India in 1959 during an abortive uprising.

    “We all are dedicated to the Tibetan cause, but should not think of harming the Chinese people as such. We need to befriend them,” he said, adding that compassion was needed to resolve the Tibetan issue.

    The timing of the U.S. congressional visit may irk Trump, who just weeks ago boasted of enjoying cozy conversations and chocolate cake with Chinese President Xi Jinping at Trump’s Florida resort. During Xi’s official visit last month, Beijing also provisionally approved several trademark applications for Ivanka Trump, the president’s daughter.

    President Trump’s rhetoric on China has warmed considerably since the U.S. presidential campaign, when he repeatedly called the Asian giant a currency manipulator and an economic adversary of the United States.

    Many in the crowd at the May 10 gathering in Dharamshala said they were delighted, and relieved, to see a bipartisan U.S. delegation address the Tibetan issue.

    “It perhaps shows that there is huge support for Tibet in the U.S. Congress. With Trump at the helm, things are uncertain,” said internet security analyst Lobsang Gyatso, 34.

    Rinchen, a 27-year-old antiques dealer who fled Tibet as a teenager in 2006, said the visit had burnished the Tibetan cause and sent a strong message to China.

    “The mere fact that this delegation is visiting Dharamshala gives importance to Tibet and the Dalai Lama,” said Rinchen, who uses only one name, as is common in the region. When people inside Tibet hear of the visit, “they will know that the support is real,” he said.

    – Daigle reported from New Delhi. Associated Press writers Louise Watt in Beijing and Ashok Sharma contributed to this report.

    Tags

  • Dalai Lama
  • Tibet
  • Nancy Pelosi

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DOOMED AMERICAN CHINA FANTASY – ONE BELT, ONE ROAD TO OPPRESSION

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DOOMED AMERICAN CHINA FANTASY – ONE BELT, ONE ROAD TO OPPRESSION

DOOMED AMERICAN CHINA FANTASY – ONE BELT, ONE ROAD TO OPPRESSION.

America’s participation in Red China’s One Belt, One Road Initiative accomplishes continued Occupation, Oppression, and Suppression in Tibet undermining American core values of Freedom, Peace, Democracy, and Natural Justice.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

 

Doomed American China Fantasy – One Belt, One Road to Oppression.

 

http://m.dailyhunt.in/news/india/english/oneindia-epaper-oneindia/us+u+turn+on+china+puts+india+in+a+fix-newsid-67592793?ss=twt&s=wi

US U-turn on China puts India in a fix

Doomed American China Fantasy – One Belt, One Road to Oppression.

In a step which could see India put under tremendous pressure, the United States of America has decided to take a U-Turn from its initial position and is set to participate in China’s One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative, being organised in Beijing.

The event, is to showcase and build momentum for its new 21st-century silk route, both land and maritime, and other similar initiatives which would lead to increasing connectivity with Asian and European countries and solidify its place in the world as a major trading partner.
In India, along with concerns over its sovereignty, it is also seen as a continuation of Chinese strategy of ‘strings of pearls’ which China uses to flex its muscle in India’s neighbourhood.

The step of the US has put India in a dilemma as the change in its stance is early signal that the Trump administration is reframing the US-China relationship, according to Jagannath Panda, from the Institute for Defense Studies and Analysis, New Delhi.

India, which is still undecided on whether to send its representatives to the event to be held this Sunday and Monday, maintains that China has not built an environment of trust to carry out the belt and road projects.

The country’s concerns on the Chinese project stem from what it perceives to be a lack of regard shown to issues raised by it that projects which are part of OBOR impinge its sovereignty.

For example, the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, which is a part of the larger project, by which China is set to link the Xinjiang province with the Gwadar port in Pakistan and is to be built-in Balochistan, passes through Gilgit-Baltistan region which India claims as its own.

Concerns such as these have led to the serious thoughts whether to send representatives to the event or not and if yes, officials of what level are to attend. Reports have claimed that the country may be represented by junior embassy level officials.
The thinking is that even if it does not attend, it may not lead to any immediate material loss to it as OBOR is not a membership-based organisation, and may even get India praise in certain quarters for taking a principled stand.

Other than officials, academics from India may be present at the meet which is to see representation from over 50 countries including organisations such the World Bank.

The US has now decided to send senior representation to the event, with an inter-agency delegation led by Matthew Pottinger, a top adviser to the Trump administration and National Security Council senior director for East Asia to take part.

But many see it to be a trade-off between the country and China after the latter’s commitment to buy American beef as part of the Donald Trump’s 100-day plan’ agreement, and in return, the US will not only attend the event but also allow Chinese banks to expand their operation in the US.

The decision seems to be a direct result of the meeting between Trump and the Chinese President Xi Jinping when the Chinese leader visited the US last month. Chinese vice-finance minister Zhu Guangyao is reported to have said, ‘We welcome all countries to attend. And we welcome the United States’ attendance as the world’s largest economy.’

Out of the representatives of different countries, head of state’s of more than 29 countries are to be present for the programme. And now with the entry of the US into the fray, along with countries like Britain and Germany, China’s dominant position in the programme may be somewhat diluted.

Other countries that are taking part include Japan and South Korea, which have military differences with China, as well as other countries engaged in territorial disputes with China over the South China Sea issue, including Vietnam and Indonesia. Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka will also take part.

China may be put under pressure on the issue of transparency as other developed countries may ask for more details related to its plans, and whether it would follow internationally accepted standards on environment and labour in the projects which include six economic corridors but have not seen any reliable map made available.

According to reports, Tom Miller, author of a recent book, China’s Asian Dream, said, ‘What actually gets built will depend on what deals Chinese companies or the government make with other countries, abroad or on the deals that the Chinese government makes with other governments abroad, and no one knows exactly what those are going to be.’

OneIndia News

Doomed American China Fantasy – One Belt, One Road to Oppression. On tibettruth.com
Doomed American China Fantasy – One Belt, One Road to Oppression. On forcechange.com

 

THE EVIL RED EMPIRE – THE ROAD TO CONQUEST AND SUBJUGATION

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THE EVIL RED EMPIRE – THE ROAD TO CONQUEST AND SUBJUGATION

THE EVIL RED EMPIRE – THE ROAD TO CONQUEST AND SUBJUGATION, AND DOMINATION OF GLOBAL MARKETPLACE.

Red China, often recognized as ‘The Evil Red Empire’ is reshaping the world as per its doctrine of Neocolonialism. In the historical past, Colonial Powers of Europe conquered countries using military power to establish Colonies with intent to dominate Land, People and their economic resources. Red China’s Neocolonialism involves use of Economic Power to gain acceptance of other countries to its plan of Expansionism. Red China achieved this military and economic power after her successful military conquest of Tibet in 1950s. Red China’s ‘One Belt-One Road’ (OBOR) simply reflects the reality of Military Conquest and Political Subjugation of Tibet.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

DOOM DOOMA DOOMSAYER

THE EVIL RED EMPIRE – THE ROAD TO CONQUEST AND SUBJUGATION. RED CHINA’S NEOCOLONIALISM.

XI’S $500 BILLION PUSH TO RESHAPE THE WORLD IN CHINA’S IMAGE

Clipped from: http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/markets/xis-dollar500-billion-push-to-reshape-the-world-in-chinas-image/ar-BBB26Nn?li=BBmkt5R&ocid=spartandhp

China is one of the few countries in the world today with money to spend, and Xi Jinping is ready to write some checks.

China’s president will host some 28 world leaders in Beijing on Sunday at the first Belt and Road Forum, the centerpiece of a soft-power push backed by hundreds of billions of dollars for infrastructure projects. More than 100 countries on five continents have signed up, showing the demand for global economic cooperation despite rising protectionism in the U.S. and Europe.

For Xi, the initiative is designed to solidify his image as one of the world’s leading advocates of globalization while U.S. President Donald Trump cuts overseas funds in the name of “America First.” The summit aims to ease concerns about China’s rise and boost Xi’s profile at home, where he’s become the most powerful leader since Deng Xiaoping died in 1997.

The Belt and Road Initiative “will likely be Xi’s most lasting legacy,” said Trey McArver, the London-based director of China research for TS Lombard, an investment research company. “It has the potential to remake global — particularly Asian — trade and economic patterns.”

The strategy also carries risks. The initiative is so far little more than a marketing slogan that encompasses all sorts of projects that China had initiated overseas for years, and major world leaders like Trump, Angela Merkel and Shinzo Abe are staying away. How Xi answers a range of outstanding questions will go a long way in determining its success.

Key to reducing uncertainty will be addressing the concerns of strategic rivals like India, Russia and the U.S., particularly as China’s growing military prowess lets it be more assertive over disputed territory. Chinese moves to spend more than $50 billion on an economic corridor in Pakistan, build a port in Djibouti and construct oil pipelines in central Asia are all creating infrastructure that could be used to challenge traditional powers.

“China needs to recognize that the way it perceives the Belt and Road Initiative is not necessarily the same way others will,” said Paul Haenle, a former China director on the U.S. National Security Council who now heads the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center in Beijing. For countries like the U.S., he said, “it’s impossible not to view the BRI through a geopolitical lens — a Chinese effort to build a sphere of influence.”

THE EVIL RED EMPIRE – THE ROAD TO CONQUEST AND SUBJUGATION. RED CHINA’S DOCTRINE OF NEOCOLONIALISM.

© Bloomberg News Chinese president Xi Jinping

Excess Capacity

In September 2013, when Xi first pitched the plan at an obscure Kazakhstan university, he focused on the Eurasia landmass. Since then, it has repeatedly changed names and expanded to include the entire world, with the main goal of rebuilding the ancient trading routes from China to Europe overland and by sea.

One key driver was economic: China wants to spur growth in underdeveloped hinterlands and find more markets for excess industrial capacity. With more than $3 trillion in international reserves — more than a quarter of the world’s total — China has more resources than developed economies struggling to hit budget targets.

The plan gained steam last year when populist movements spurred a backlash against trade and immigration in the U.S. and Europe. Brexit raised questions about the European Union’s viability, while Trump’s withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership gutted the biggest U.S. push to shape global economic rules.

Trade Champion

“It was very disappointing, and it makes us feel that there is a big vacuum that Belt and Road can help to fill,” Cheah Cheng Hye, chairman and co-chief investment officer at the Hong Kong-based Value Partners Group. “So all of sudden, we begin to appreciate this Chinese initiative.”

Xi wasted no time filling the void. With exporting nations looking for a free-trade champion, he told the global elite in Davos, Switzerland, to resist protectionism and join China in boosting global commerce.

The U.S. and Europe “almost unwittingly” created space for Xi to push China’s interests, according to Peter Cai, research fellow at the Lowy Institute for International Policy.

“China is offering an alternative to the U.S. version of globalization,” Cai said. “In the Chinese case, it’s globalization paved by concrete: railways, highways, pipelines, ports.”

Related gallery: 33 giant Chinese infrastructure projects that are reshaping the world (provided by Business Insider)

THE EVIL RED EMPIRE – THE ROAD TO CONQUEST AND SUBJUGATION. RED CHINA RESHAPING WORLD THROUGH NEOCOLONIALISM.

33 giant Chinese infrastructure projects that are reshaping the world

Draft Communique

This year, five European countries — Denmark, Finland, Switzerland, France and Italy — openly voiced support for the initiative. On trips to China in February, Italian President Sergio Mattarella proposed plans for the ports of Genoa and Trieste, while French Prime Minister Bernard Cazeneuve attended the arrival ceremony of a freight train from Lyon.

The summit will feature the likes of Russia’s Vladimir Putin, Greece’s Alexis Tsipras and the Philippines’ Rodrigo Duterte. The U.S. and most Western countries are expected to send lower-level representatives.

A draft communique circulated before the event combined a commitment to open markets with endorsements of China’s diplomatic goals, Bloomberg reported Wednesday, citing people familiar with the document. It also generated some controversy among Beijing-based diplomats who said they didn’t have enough time to vet the document, underscoring the initiative’s potential to cause conflict.

$500 Billion

China has invested more than $50 billion in Belt and Road countries since 2013, according to the official Xinhua News Agency. Credit Suisse Group AG said this month that China could pour more than $500 billion into 62 countries over five years.

China’s state-run companies like China National Petroleum Corp. and China Mobile Ltd. — the world’s largest wireless carrier — are positioned to reap the rewards. Executives from six of China’s largest state-run firms sought to reassure the public this week that the risks were manageable.

China’s three development banks, its Silk Road Fund and China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank were involved in $143 billion of lending outside of the country last year, up more than 140 percent from 2014, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Read More: Chinese Largesse Lures Countries to Its Belt and Road Initiative

Still, financial hurdles are starting to appear. China’s slowing economic growth has left fewer resources to spend overseas. Its international reserves have fallen about 6 percent over the past year, and China needs a healthy amount to defend the yuan.

Some previous Chinese ventures abroad have turned sour. While China’s no-strings-attached approach to investment is generally welcomed by developing countries, they often have poor credit ratings and questionable governance. China has struggled to recoup loans in Venezuela and Africa, and several projects in Central Asia have spurred protests. Announcements with big dollar signs often fail to materialize.

Nonetheless, Chinese scholars see the sum of Xi’s plan as bigger than any individual project. It represents a “profound change” in how China interacts with the world, according to Wang Yiwei, director of at Renmin University’s Institute of International Affairs in Beijing, who has written three books on the initiative.

“China has moved from a participant of globalization to a main leader,” he said. “It’s Globalization 2.0.”

To contact Bloomberg News staff for this story: Ting Shi in Hong Kong at tshi31@bloomberg.net, Miao Han in Beijing at mhan22@bloomberg.net.  To contact the editors responsible for this story: Daniel Ten Kate at dtenkate@bloomberg.net, Brendan Scott 

THE EVIL RED EMPIRE – THE ROAD TO CONQUEST AND SUBJUGATION. RED CHINA’S PROJECT, ONE BELT, ONE ROAD REFLECTS THE DOCTRINE OF NEOCOLONIALISM.