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The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The study of beauty defines the nature of the artist

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of biological coloration.

WHAT IS COLOR AND WHAT IS COLORATION?

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. What is Color? White Light is composed of every color in the Spectrum. But, color is more than an optical function.

The term ‘color’ refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. The term ‘coloration’ is a dynamic and complex characteristic that has captured human interest and attention for a long time. The human interest to coloration ranges from purely aesthetic to the rigidly pragmatic.

BIOLOGICAL COLORATION:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Who is the Artist? The study, the theory of beauty, or Aesthetics helps in knowing the nature of the artist.

Biological Coloration refers to the general appearance of an organism as determined by the quality and quantity of light that is reflected or emitted from its surface. This Coloration depends upon several factors:

1. The integrity and deployment of the structural units and features involved in the generation of color,

2. The color and distribution of the organism’s pigments, and the relative location of differently colored areas,

3. The shape, posture, position, and movement of the organism,

4. The quality and quantity of light striking the organism, including the seasonal light and temperature variations,

5. The psychological, behavioral, hormonal, and other physiological conditions associated with the use of color,

6. The visual capacity of the viewer.

The Concept of Whole Artist:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Who is the Artist? An artist uses colors with imagination to create forms and to generate a desired visual effect. A “Whole Artist” is a person who creates his own canvas, his own tools, his own pigments, and creates the desired visual effects while the forms that are created have no such creative and cognitive abilities.

The term artist is used to describe a person who works in, or is skilled in the technique of any of the fine arts, especially in painting, drawing, and sculpture. The term artistry describes the artistic ability which includes the use of imagination, a feeling for form, and a feeling for effect. I am using the term ‘Whole Artist’ to discover the person who may have used imagination to create forms to produce desired effects while the form itself lacks the cognitive abilities to generate its own form. Plants may produce flowers of different colors while they essentially lack cognitive abilities to recognize the visual effect of the color they produce. The study, the theory of beauty, or Aesthetics helps us to know the nature of the artist.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. These Bumble Bee Orchid flowers look like the work of an artist and the artistic process involves combining illusion with reality.

Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art and the criteria of artistic judgment. Aesthetics involves the study or theory of beauty and of the psychological responses to it. Aesthetics has developed into a broad field of knowledge and inquiry. The term was coined by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten to denote a realm of concrete knowledge in which content is communicated in sensory form. Now the term is applied to the study of all the works of the fine arts, the useful arts (crafts) and natural phenomena (eg., landscapes, the human face and body) that have aesthetic value and generate an experience called aesthetic experience. Plato and Aristotle formulated the conception of art as an imitation of nature. Beauty inheres in the object itself and may be judged objectively. Hume identified beauty with that which pleases the observer. Baumgarten emphasized on the importance of feeling. If art imitates nature, the artist must deliberately alter nature by adding elements of feeling to perceive reality. The artistic process involves the use of illusion to mirror the creative process of the world.

Aesthetics involves the study of objects that have an inherent aesthetic quality to generate an aesthetic experience in the mind of an observer who has the capacity to interpret sensory information. An artist uses the artistic process to capture the creative process of the world by integrating illusion with reality.

I use the term ‘Whole Aesthetics’ to describe the integration of the human body with the principles of soul and spirit to bring ‘Whole Unity’ and ‘Whole Harmony’ between the conflicting elements of Dependence and Freedom by using an artistic process of combining Reality with Illusion. I use the term ‘Whole Aesthetics’ to describe the ‘Wholeness’ of Human Existence that requires the ‘Whole Harmony’ between Dependence and Freedom, the Whole Harmony between Illusion and Reality, the ‘Whole Unity’ between the human body, spirit and soul. I find the application of this artistic process in the works of Whole Artist or Whole Designer who makes the man to live on the surface of a fast spinning object called planet Earth where the Power of Time churns every future instant into a past instant without ever giving man the chance to recognize the experience of a present instant. Whole Aesthetics captures the beauty of the reality of human existence derived from the experience of illusion.

WHOLE DESIGNER-WHOLE ARTIST-WHOLE AESTHETICS :

Plants have the ability of Photoreception but do not have organs of sense perception like eyes. They produce flowers as if an artist is at work. The flowers below all have two things in common: They’re beautiful, and they remind the human eye of something else entirely. These are flowers are just stunning works of art by nature. I am pleased to share the photo images of ‘ORCHIDS’ to explain the concept of ‘Whole Designer’ and ‘Whole Artist’.

MASTERS OF PLANT PAREIDOLIA

Pareidolia is the tendency to see familiar or significant images in places where none is intended. Classic examples are sightings of Jesus or the Virgin Mary in wood grain or the pastime of looking for shapes in clouds. Pareidolia is encouraged in the Rorschach inkblot test. There are plenty of examples in the natural world, and orchids are particularly notable for looking like something else.

Monkey Face Orchid ( Dracula simia )

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Dracula simia is another species in the Dracula genus. As the name implies, the blooms of this orchid look exactly like a monkey’s face.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

The monkey orchid (Orchis simia) is said to be shaped like a monkey’s body. A male monkey, to be sure.

Moth Orchid ( Phalaenopsis )

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

There are about 60 species of Moth Orchids (Phalaenopsis), which are native to Asia and popular among orchid growers. Many of them, if you look really close, appear to have a small bird emerging from their center. Get a closer look at this pink specimen.

Naked Man Orchid (Orchis italica)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Orchis italica is native to the Mediterranean area, and is sometimes called the Naked Man Orchid. You can see why. The blossoms even have little eyes and smiles!

Hooker’s Lips (Psychotria elata)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Orchids may be the masters of plant pareidolia, but they aren’t the only plants that look like something else. Psychotria elata is a tropical plant that produces the psychedelic chemical DMT. The plant is also called Hooker’s Lips. I can’t imagine why.

Dancing Girls (Impatiens bequaertii)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Laughing Bumble Bee Orchid (Ophrys bomybliflora)

While we can’t say that nature intended for an orchid to look like a male body or a flying duck, the orchid genus Ophrys has a simple reason for looking the way it does. The Bee Orchid (Ophrys apifera) bloom resembles a bee in order to attract bees. When a male bee tries to mate with the flower (because it’s so pretty), he ends up pollinating it. Using an insect to achieve plant sex is common, but using insect sex to achieve plant sex is brilliantly weird. It apparently works well, because Ophrys ranges over several continents.

Swaddled Babies (Anguloa uniflora)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Parrot Flower (Impatiens psittacina)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Snap Dragon Seed Pod (Antirrhinum)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Flying Duck Orchid (Caleana major)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

The Australian orchid genus Caleana is still not fully classified, but it is commonly called the Flying Duck Orchid. The shape attracts the sawfly, which pollinates the plant. Each component of the flower is design to use the sawfly, like a bright color for it to see, a place to land, and a petal that traps the fly into taking a pollen-rich route out. That’s one smart duck!

An orchid that looks remarkably like a tiger

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Happy Alien (Calceolaria uniflora)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

And his fellow aliens

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Angel Orchid (Habenaria grandifloriformis)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Dove Orchid Or Holy Ghost Orchid (Peristeria elata)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

White Egret Orchid ( Habenaria radiata )

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

The Darth Vader ( Aristolochia salvadorensis )

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

An Orchid That Looks Like A Ballerina

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Flying Duck Orchid

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.(Photo credit: Lorraine Phelan)

Lady Orchid

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality. Photo credit: Jeantosti

Orchis purpurea, or Lady Orchid, range through Europe and Northern Africa. The lovely blossoms show a wide purple skirt and a fabulous hat, under which you can almost see a pair of demure eyes. We don’t know why a plant would grow flowers that look like a lady, but we can sure see it.

Dracula Orchid

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Dracula radiosa is an orchid native to Colombia. It might not look the way you picture Dracula from the movies, but it certainly has a creepy face staring at you. Dracula is the genus name, and there are over 100 species, so the face in this flower has nothing to do with Dracula. Still creepy.

Fly Orchid

Another species of Orphys is the Fly Orchid (Ophrys insectifera). The flowers not only look like flies, but also smell of insect pheromones. Found all over Europe, the Fly Orchid does not even have to produce nectar to draw flies for pollination purposes.

A well-dressed Orchid

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The concept of Whole Aesthetics. The artistic process involves the combination of illusion with reality.

Javier Diaz Barrera took this picture of an unidentified orchid in Spain. Can you see the little smiling man wearing a suit and tie? You have to wonder what kind of insects this is supposed to attract! It may belong to the Ophrys genus.

WHO IS THE ARTIST?

No single function can explain the coloration of living things. We need a comprehensive theory that predicts the lines and patterns of coloration of plants and animals. An artist’s palette containing only three properly chosen colors is entirely adequate under most circumstances to produce the various visual effects of color that is observed. The optical mechanisms involved in the production of color are complex. Coloration is a dynamic and complex characteristic and the term must be clearly distinguished from the term ‘color’ which only refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. It is apparent that plants, and animals have no cognitive abilities to produce the coloration by which they are recognized. However, the coloration displayed gives us a clue about the nature of the “Whole Artist” who could be using imagination, has feelings for the forms created and seeks satisfaction from the visual effects that he produced. If man has the ability called visual perception, he must use the ability to visualize the “Whole Artist” who is at work.

Simon Cyrene

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

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The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Study of Spiritual Light

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of biological coloration.

THE SCIENCE OF OPTICS-SPIRITUAL LIGHT-SPIRITUAL OPTICS-GOD IS LIGHT:

WHOLE DUDE - WHOLE OPTICS: SPIRITUALISM INVOLVES A SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF LIGHT OR OPTICS. GOD IS LIGHT, LIGHT IS LIFE, AND COLOR IS THE EVIDENCE FOR THE USE OF IMAGINATION TO FORMULATE SPIRITUAL RELATIONSHIPS.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. SPIRITUAL LIGHT AND SPIRITUAL OPTICS INVOLVES A SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF LIGHT OR OPTICS. GOD IS LIGHT OR GOD CREATED LIGHT, LIGHT IS ENERGY, LIGHT IS ENERGY OF LIFE, AND COLOR IS THE EVIDENCE FOR THE USE OF IMAGINATION TO FORMULATE SPIRITUAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ENERGY DEPENDENT LIFE AND ENERGY PROVIDING SUPREME BEING.

Optics is the scientific study of Light and the study of Light should be concerned with the genesis, nature, properties of Light and its purpose and role in the establishment of life and interactions among living things. 

The first recorded utterance of God in the Bible is, “Let there be light.” (The Old Testament, The First Book of Moses, The Book of Genesis, Chapter 1, verse 3.) Light is the sign of divine operation in the world of chaos and darkness. Light brings order to the world. Without a source of light, a primary source of external energy, life would be impossible on planet Earth. Further, it can be stated that light is essential for life for the synchronization of life’s living functions, and to generate the experience of peace, harmony, and tranquility in the living condition, or state.

Thus light is associated with the experience called happiness. “Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights.” (The New Testament, The Epistle of Apostle James, Chapter 1, verse 17)

WHOLE DUDE - WHOLE COLORS: The most important function of Light is not that of providing visual sensation. Light performs several non optical functions. Plants do not have the ability to see Light. But, plants have the ability to use light energy to perform biochemical reactions such as Photosynthesis which is a creative mechanism to trap light energy as chemical energy that living things can further use to perform a variety of their living functions.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics: The most important function of light is not that of providing visual sensation. Light performs several non optical functions. Plants do not have the ability to see Light. But, plants have the ability to use light energy to perform biochemical reactions such as Photosynthesis which is a creative mechanism to trap light energy and convert it into chemical energy that living things can further use to perform a variety of their living functions. Hence light is Divine Providence to transform nonliving matter into Living Organisms which can be identified by their color, and appearance.

WHAT IS COLOR AND WHAT IS COLORATION?

The term ‘color’ refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. The term ‘coloration’ is a dynamic and complex characteristic that has captured human interest and attention for a long time. The human interest to coloration ranges from purely aesthetic to the rigidly pragmatic. The human interest in coloration gave the impetus to the experiments conducted by the Moravian abbot Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-1884 ), the botanist who studied inherited characteristics establishing the science of Genetics, using visual clues from the coloration of plant flowers.

WHOLE DUDE - WHOLE COLORS: Human interest in Coloration lead Gregor Mendel to conduct his famous studies that established the science called Genetics. He conducted experiments studying the white or pinkish flowers of Pea(Pisum sativum) plants.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics: The human interest in Coloration lead Gregor Mendel to conduct his famous studies that established the science called Genetics. He conducted experiments studying the white or pinkish flowers of Pea (Pisum sativum) plants.

BIOLOGICAL COLORATION:

Biological Coloration refers to the general appearance of an organism as determined by the quality and quantity of light that is reflected or emitted from its surface. This Coloration depends upon several factors:

1. The integrity and deployment of the structural units and features involved in the generation of color,

2. The color and distribution of the organism’s pigments, and the relative location of differently colored areas,

3. The shape, posture, position, and movement of the organism,

4. The quality and quantity of light striking the organism, including the seasonal light and temperature variations,

5. The psychological, behavioral, hormonal, and other physiological conditions associated with the use of color,

6. The visual capacity of the viewer.

THE OPTICAL AND NON OPTICAL FUNCTIONS OF COLORATION:

In plants and animals, coloration serves the function of communication. Plants do not have the ability called visual perception and yet they can transmit optical signals to attract the attention of pollinators to achieve reproductive success. Coloration such as ‘advertising coloration’ may emphasize optical signals and thereby enhance communication. Organisms use such communication to modify biotic interactions with other members of their biological community. The coloration may repel, or attract another organism. However, coloration could also be used to suppress optical signals or to specifically create incorrect signals and thereby reduce communication. Thus coloration contributes to adaptive interactions; and the deceptive coloration serves to lessen detrimental or maladaptive interaction with other organisms.

Whole Dude - Whole Colors: Display Coloration of Cock of the Rock(Rupicola rupicola of Peru).
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Display Coloration of Cock of the Rock (Rupicola rupicola of Peru).
Whole Dude - Whole Colors: Display Coloration, Flash Colors of male frigate bird(Fregata minor) with red throat patch inflated to attract a female.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics: The Display Coloration, Flash Colors of male frigate bird (Fregata minor) with red throat patch inflated to attract a female.
Whole Dude - Whole Colors: Display Coloration. Keel-billed Toucan(Ramphastos sulfuratus) uses color for species recognition.
Whole Dude – Whole Colors: Display Coloration. Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus) uses color for species recognition.
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Alluring Coloration. The blue-tailed skink(Eumeces skiltonianus) can shed its tail at will and uses it to distract potential predators.
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Alluring Coloration. The blue-tailed skink (Eumeces skiltonianus) can shed its tail at will and uses it to distract potential predators.
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Display Coloration. Courtship Coloration of male Mandrill(Mandrillus sphynx).
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Display Coloration. The Courtship Coloration of male Mandrill (Mandrillus sphynx).
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Display Coloration. Peacock, the male peafowl(Pavo cristatus) displays a stunningly beautiful array of colors to attract the attention of female.
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: The Display Coloration. Peacock, the male peafowl (Pavo cristatus) displays a stunningly beautiful array of colors to attract the attention of female.
Whole Dude - Whole Colors: The green pigment called Chlorophyll is the only substance in nature able to trap and store the energy of Sunlight. The light absorbed by Chlorophyll molecules is mainly in the red and  blue-violet parts of the visible spectrum; the green portion is not absorbed but reflected, and thus Chlorophyll appears Green. The function of Light and Color is that of Creation of Life.
Whole Dude – Whole Colors: Structures called Chloroplasts found inside the cells of green plants contain the green pigment known as Chlorophyll is the only substance in nature able to trap and store the energy of Sunlight. The light absorbed by Chlorophyll molecules is mainly in the red and blue-violet parts of the visible spectrum; the green portion is not absorbed but reflected, and thus Chlorophyll appears Green. The function of Light and Color is that of Creation of Life.

Coloration may affect an organism in ways other than its interaction with other organisms. Such non optical functions of coloration include physiological roles that depend on the molecular properties (e.g., strength and type of chemical bonds) of the chemicals that create color. Chlorophyll is a green pigment which has the exclusive ability of trapping solar energy. Other examples include, dark hair is mechanically stronger than light hair, and dark feathers resist abrasion better than light feathers. Coloration may play a role in organism’s energy budget because biochromes create color by the differential reflection and absorption of solar energy and can contribute to maintain thermal equilibrium. Color pigments like melanin work as a barrier against the harmful effects of the ultraviolet rays of Sunlight. It is the mechanism for the absorption of heat in cold environments by small cold-blooded animals. Pigments found in the eye limit the incidence of beams of light entering the eye by absorbing scattered light within the eyeball that allows greater visual acuity. Coloration or its pattern affects an animal’s own vision. Surfaces near the  eye may be darkly colored to reduce reflectance that interferes with vision. Emitted light or Bioluminescence forms a portion of the coloration of some organisms. It serves as a light source in nocturnal species or in deep water marine animals such as Pinecones Fishes which have bright photophores or bioluminescent organs.

Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Bioluminescence is a non optical function of Coloration as seen in this deep water fish Monocentris japonicus.
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Bioluminescence is a non optical function of Coloration as seen in this deep water fish Monocentris japonicus.

Coloration can result from accumulation of by-products of metabolic processes. The abnormal coloration called ‘jaundice’ or ‘icterus’ describes the greenish-yellow condition of the skin, urine, and eyeballs from increased amounts of bile pigments in the blood and it often indicates a diseased condition like hepatitis, a liver disorder. Similarly, Cyanosis describes a bluish or purple coloration of skin, lips, fingers, eyes, and other mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygen, the presence of desaturated hemoglobin, or abnormal hemoglobin in the blood.

Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Coloration may reveal an underlying diseased condition. This yellow discoloration of eyes and face is called 'Jaundice' or Icterus often caused by Liver inflammation.
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: Coloration may reveal an underlying diseased condition. This yellow discoloration of eyes and face is called ‘Jaundice’ or Icterus often caused by Liver inflammation.
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: The bluish skin coloration of this baby is called Cyanosis and the presence of this coloration helps to diagnose the condition of the baby.
Whole Dude-Whole Colors: The bluish skin coloration of this baby is called Cyanosis and the presence of this coloration helps to diagnose the condition of the baby.

SPIRITUAL LIGHT – SPIRITUAL OPTICS:

SPIRITUAL LIGHT - SPIRITUAL OPTICS: This Vedic Hymn called Gayatri Maha Mantra describes the Spiritual Nature of Light and Spiritual Optics involves the illumination of human mind with true or real Knowledge.
SPIRITUAL LIGHT – SPIRITUAL OPTICS: This Vedic Hymn called Gayatri Maha Mantra describes the Spiritual Nature of Light and Spiritual Optics involves the illumination of human mind with true or real Knowledge.

Light is the source of Life. The establishment of light on planet Earth is a creative process that uses light energy to recreate the spectral colors in the lives of individual organisms. The Biological Coloration is the most compelling evidence of the fact of creation. Animals, and plants do not have the ability to generate colors by simply depending upon spontaneous, random, and unguided mutations. Biological Coloration requires complex synchronization of morphological appearance, biotic interactions and behavior of living organisms that share a given environment. Light is the primary source of external energy to support the existence of all living things. The principles of Physical Optics, Geometrical Optics, Physiological Optics have to operate in conjunction with Spiritual Optics to generate the experience of peace, harmony, and tranquility that is fundamental to existence. Life is a manifestation of order to replace disorder, or confusion that could be caused if light does not provide the stimulus called illumination that drives away darkness. It is no surprise to note that the major Biological Rhythm is called the Diurnal, or Day, or Solar Rhythm.

Simon Cyrene

THE COLORFUL IMAGES OF SPIRITUAL OPTICS:

The Colors of Spiritualism: TARANTULA SPIDER - Poecilotheria metallica. Spider of Southeast India, and Sri Lanka. What is Color? What generates the Color?
The Colors of Spiritualism: TARANTULA SPIDER – Poecilotheria metallica. Spider of Southeast India, and Sri Lanka. What is Color? What generates the Color?
The Images of Spiritualism: Naja naja. The Indian snake Cobra with warning coloration on its hood.
The Images of Spiritualism: Naja naja. The Indian snake Cobra with warning coloration on its hood.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing and Disruptive Coloration of Tiger.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing and Disruptive Coloration of Tiger.
Spiritualism in Images: Disruptive Coloration of Zebras - Equus burchelli
Spiritualism in Images: Disruptive Coloration of Zebras – Equus burchelli.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing and Protective Coloration - Shadow pattern - Odocoileus virginianus - Mottling of the fawn's coat.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing and Protective Coloration – Shadow pattern – Odocoileus virginianus – Mottling of the fawn’s coat.
Spiritualism in Images: Protective Coloration - Countershading - Kob kobus - kob - thomasi of Uganda.
Spiritualism in Images: Protective Coloration – Counter-shading – Kobus – Kobus – kob – thomasi of Uganda.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Ceylon leaf insect - Philium.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Ceylon leaf insect – Philium.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Walking stick insect - Phasmatidae - Phraortes illepidus.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Walking stick insect – Phasmatidae – Phraortes illepidus.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration - Leaf Butterfly - Anaea
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration – Leaf Butterfly – Anaea
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Thorn treehopper - Umbonia spinosa.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Thorn treehopper – Umbonia spinosa.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Black Swallowtail Butterfly - Papilio.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Black Swallowtail Butterfly – Papilio.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Pleuronectiformes - Flatfish.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Pleuronectiformes – Flatfish.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Right-eyed Flounder.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Right-eyed Flounder.
Spiritualism in Colors: Concealing Coloration. Scolopax rusticola. European Woodcock.
Spiritualism in Colors: Concealing Coloration. Scolopax rusticola. European Woodcock.
Spiritualism in Images: Disruptive and Concealing Coloration. Blacksmith Plover. Vanellus armatus.
Spiritualism in Images: Disruptive and Concealing Coloration. Blacksmith Plover. Vanellus armatus.
Spiritualism in Images: Willow Ptarmigan. Lagopus lagopus.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing and Disruptive Coloration. Willow Ptarmigan. Lagopus lagopus.
Spiritualism in Images: Disruptive and Concealing Coloration. Moorish Idol. Zanclus canescens.
Spiritualism in Images: Disruptive and Concealing Coloration. Moorish Idol. Zanclus canescens.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Orchid Mantis of Malay peninsula. Hymenopus coronatus.
Spiritualism in Images: Concealing Coloration. Orchid Mantis of Malay peninsula. Hymenopus coronatus.
Spiritualism in Images: Disruptive and Protective Coloration. Emperor moth. Saturnia pavonia.
Spiritualism in Images: Disruptive and Protective Coloration. Emperor moth. Saturnia pavonia.
Spiritualism in Images - Protective Coloration. Startle Markings. False eye. Butterfly fish. Chaetodon capistratus.
Spiritualism in Images – Protective Coloration. Startle Markings. False eye. Butterfly fish. Chaetodon capistratus.
Spiritualism in Images: Warning Coloration. Puss moth caterpillar Cerura when threatened, raised head and tail thorns displayed.
Spiritualism in Images: Warning Coloration. Puss moth caterpillar Cerura when threatened, raised head and tail thorns displayed.
Spiritualism in Images: Protective Coloration. Startle markings. False eyes on Noctuid moth. Noctuidae. Donuca orbigera.
Spiritualism in Images: Protective Coloration. Startle markings. False eyes on Noctuid moth. Noctuidae. Donuca orbigera.
Spiritualism in Images- Adaptive Coloration. Octopus vulgaris can blanch and change its coloration.
Spiritualism in Images – Adaptive Coloration. Octopus vulgaris can blanch and change its coloration.
Spiritualism in Images: Adaptive Coloration. Anolis carolinensis can gradually change its coloration from green to brown to match its background.
Spiritualism in Images: Adaptive Coloration. Anolis carolinensis can gradually change its coloration from green to brown to match its background.
Spiritualism in Images. Batesian Mimicry. Non-venomous Scarlet King snake mimicking of the venomous Coral snake. Both have colored rings encircling their bodies. Coral snake has black-yellow-red-yellow ring order, and Scarlet snake has black-yellow-black-red ring order. Its predator has no perfect discrimination ability and gets easily confused about its identity.
Spiritualism in Images. Batesian Mimicry. Non-venomous Scarlet King snake mimicking of the venomous Coral snake. Both have colored rings encircling their bodies. Coral snake has black-yellow-red-yellow ring order, and Scarlet snake has black-yellow-black-red ring order. Its predator has no perfect discrimination ability and gets easily confused about its identity.
Spiritualism in Images: Mullerian Mimicry. The black-and-yellow coloration of bees and wasps is an advertising, warning coloration to warn the third party of dangerous or inedible qualities of the organism. This is not deceptive coloration. Potential predators easily learn and generalize this optic signal.
Spiritualism in Images: Mullerian Mimicry. The black-and-yellow coloration of bees and wasps is an advertising, warning coloration to warn the third-party of dangerous or inedible qualities of the organism. This is not deceptive coloration. Potential predators easily learn and generalize this optic signal.
Spiritualism in Images: Warning Coloration. Yellow and black markings on  Poison frogs. Mimic of Ranitomeya summersi.
Spiritualism in Images: Warning Coloration. Yellow and black markings on Poison frogs. Mimic of Ranitomeya summersi.
Spiritualism in Colors: What is Color? What generates the Color? The Colors of Eugenes fulgens. It is the radiating Spiritual Light that is reflected and is recognized by the viewer.
Spiritualism in Colors: What is Color? What generates the Color? The Colors of Eugenes fulgens. It is the radiating Spiritual Light that is reflected and is recognized by the viewer.
Spiritualism in Images: The Superb Tanager. Tangara fastuosa. What is Color? What generates the Color? This Superb creature is known for its Tyndall Blue Color.
Spiritualism in Images: The Superb Tanager. Tangara fastuosa. What is Color? What generates the Color? This Superb creature is known for its Tyndall Blue Color. It needs structural elements and pigments to generate these alluring colors it displays.
Whole Dude-Whole Optics
What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.
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The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The dynamic events of life and death.

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the philosophical doctrine of Gautama Buddha and his teaching about life and death.

THE MATERIAL BASIS OF SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE: LORD GAUTAMA BUDDHA CLAIMS THAT WHATEVER IS BORN, PRODUCED, OR CONDITIONED CONTAINS WITHIN ITSELF THE NATURE OF ITS OWN DISSOLUTION. LIFE IS CONDITIONED TO EXPERIENCE CHANGE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF TIME AND LIVING THINGS ARE BORN TO EXPERIENCE DISSOLUTION AT THE END OF THEIR LIFETIME.

Gautama Buddha claims that whatever is born, produced, conditioned, contains within itself the nature of its own dissolution. The greatest miracle is that of explaining the truth and to make man realize it. What is the Truth? To know the truth about Life, we have to understand the influence of Time. Individual living entities exist during their own Lifetime while the vital principle that animates all Life remains imperishable, immortal, eternal, and unchanging. Time is defined as the duration in which things are considered as happening in the past, present, or future. Time is the measurement of duration, the period between two events during which something exists, happens, or acts. This concept of Time demands that we must make a fundamental distinction between static and dynamic events. Static is the term used to describe a body, mass, or force that is at rest or in equilibrium and hence it is inactive, stationary, not moving, or progressing. Life is a dynamic event in which the object called the living thing exists by a tendency towards change or productive activity. Life requires presence of a vital, energetic, animating principle that maintains the equilibrium called existence while responding to a flow of events that measure the duration of existence of that living thing. In my view, Death is also a dynamic event and it is not a static event as the change called Death inevitably flows to cause Rebirth. The flow of Life  must be synchronized with the flow of Time for both of them to proceed until Eternity. I describe Spirituality as the potency that generates the living experience of Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in the Time and Life Interactions. To know this, we may have to know about  the Cyclical Changes of Matter, and the Cyclical Flow of Time. Chemistry is the Science that would give us understanding of Living Matter and of Cyclical Changes that are caused by Chemical Reactions. In the study of Life, Chemistry is the Science that describes the nature of ‘Spiritual Interactions’. The ‘Spiritual Interactions’ between Time and Matter  establish, support, and preserve the existence of Life on this planet Earth.

MATTER – CHEMICAL ELEMENTS AND CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS:

THE MATERIAL BASIS OF SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE: HENNIG BRAND (c. 1630-c. 1710), GERMAN ALCHEMIST WHO DISCOVERED PHOSPHORUS DURING c.1669 or 1674. I WOULD DESCRIBE CHEMISTRY AS THE SCIENCE OF SPIRITUAL INTERACTIONS.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: ROBERT BOYLE (1627-1691)THE FATHER OF MODERN CHEMISTRY. Anglo-Irish Physicist and Chemist who separated the Science of Chemistry from Alchemy. He gave the first precise definitions of a Chemical Element, a Chemical Reaction, and Chemical Analysis. He discovered Boyle’s Law (Gas Laws).

All ‘Matter’ is composed of fundamental materials called Chemical Elements. A substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by ordinary chemical processes is by definition an Element. There are about 88 ‘naturally’ occurring Elements, and about 20 Elements are used in measurable amounts by most living organisms. Phosphorus is an essential Element to all Life as it is component of DNA and RNA that make up the genetic material of all cells and control reproduction of both the cell and the organism. Phosphorus  is part of the energy storage and utilization system at the cellular level. In addition, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Iron, Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium, Cobalt, Cadmium, Copper, Manganese, Zinc, Molybdenum, Boron, Sodium, Chlorine, Fluorine, Iodine, Sulfur, and Chromium are all essential to one form of life or another. Elements can combine with one another to form a wide variety of more complex substances called Chemical Compounds. A Chemical Compound is a substance in which two or more Elements are joined by Chemical Bonds. A Chemical Compound can be created or broken down by means of a Chemical Reaction but not by mechanical or physical separation techniques. It helps to make a distinction between Mixture and Compound. Most naturally occurring Matter represents Physical Mixtures of Chemical Compounds that could be separated using simple physical techniques. While the number of known Elements is small, the number of possible Compounds is almost ‘infinite’; perhaps a million or more Chemical Compounds are known to exist. When two or more Elements combine to form a Compound, they lose their separate identities, and the product called Chemical Compound has characteristics quite different from those of the constituent Elements. For example, the Common Salt or Sodium Chloride is combination of the highly reactive metallic element Sodium (Na) and the poisonous gas Chlorine (Cl). The unique taste and flavor imparted by Salt cannot be discovered by studying the physical and chemical properties of Sodium or Chlorine. Elements in Compounds always are combined in definite proportion. For instance, a molecule of Water is always made up of two Hydrogen (H) atoms and one Oxygen (O) atom. Again, I would like to pay attention to the fact of two gaseous elements, Hydrogen, and Oxygen with quite different physical and chemical properties can combine to form the Compound Water which has altogether different properties from either Hydrogen or Oxygen. The simple, pure, original, and sweet taste imparted by Fresh Water cannot be discovered in its constituent Elements. I have mentioned that the Element Phosphorus is basic to all Life. Phosphorus is discovered in c.1674 by Hennig Brand. It is an extremely poisonous, yellow to white, waxy, solid substance. When exposed to air, Phosphorus ignites spontaneously. Some of the commercial uses of Phosphorus include the making of detergents, toxic nerve gases and explosives. We have to learn to make the distinction between Chemical Elements and Chemical Compounds and apply this understanding to know the nature of relationship between things. Calcium Phosphate is the principal material found in bones and teeth. Adenosine triphosphate or ATP is the fundamental energy source in living things. It is very understandable that all Matter is composed of units called Atoms and the physical structure of Atom is well-known. We have to be very careful and avoid deriving understanding about Life and Living Matter from the descriptive knowledge derived from Quantum Physics. To understand the nature of living experience, we need Chemical Molecules and Chemical Compounds whose qualities and characteristics may not be discovered from the study of Nuclear Physics. The phenomenon of creating and breaking down Chemical Compounds in living organisms is known as Metabolism. A Chemical Compound’s smallest units are, Molecules, and Ions. A Molecule can exist in the free state and still retain the characteristics of the Element or Compound; a Molecule can be formed by an Element when it consists of one Atom, or two, or more similar Atoms; a Molecule can be formed by a Compound when it consists of two or more different Atoms. The term ‘Ion’ is used to describe an Atom or Molecule bearing an electric charge as a result of having a number of negative electrons unequal to the number of positive protons in its nuclei. ‘Ionization’ is the process that describes the formation of ‘Ions’ from neutral Atoms or Molecules. ‘Ions’ that are positively charged are known as ‘Cations’, and that are negatively charged are known as ‘Anions’. Simple ‘Ions’ consist of a single charged Atom; double, triple, or even higher positive or negative charges are possible. Oxidation of Hydrogen removes its single electron and gives H+ or cationic Hydrogen which contains no electrons and it has a nucleus which is composed of one proton. This cationic Hydrogen plays a particularly important role in the Acid-Base Chemistry of the human organism with many reactions exchanging protons between soluble molecules. The internal environment of a living cell includes Hydrogen, Potassium, Sodium, Magnesium, Calcium, Chloride, Sulfate, Phosphate and several organic acid ‘Ions’. The chemical events collectively called ‘Metabolism’ require the concentration of Hydrogen Ions and electrolytes to remain within narrow limits in the tissue cells and in the fluid which bathes them. The term ‘pH’ or ‘Acidity’ is a measure of the Hydrogen Ion concentration and a reading level of 7 indicates ‘Neutral’. Human life is possible only if the Hydrogen Ion concentration of body fluid is kept within a narrow range. In health, a blood Hydrogen Ion concentration of 36 – 44 nmol/Liter or pH level of 7.37 – 7.45 is maintained by several closely integrated but widely differing mechanisms.

THE CHEMICAL ELEMENTS AND CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS OF LIFE:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: HENRY CAVENDISH (1731-1810), British Chemist and Physicist noted for his discovery of Hydrogen, a gaseous Element during 1766. French Chemist Lavoisier named the gas Hydrogen in 1783. Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and it is the major fuel in fusion reactions of the Sun. However, this gas in its free state is very rare in our planet Earth.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Hydrogen, the most abundant Element in the universe is present in its diatomic, molecular form. Hydrogen is important for the formation of Stars. In this photo image, NGC 604, a giant region of ionized Hydrogen in the Triangulum Galaxy is seen.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Hydrogen makes up most of the mass (over 90%)of the universe and about 75 % of natural Matter by number of Atoms.Naturally occurring atomic Hydrogen is rare on Earth because Hydrogen readily forms covalent Compounds with most Elements. Hydrogen is present in the Water Molecule and in most Organic Compounds found in living organisms. Hydrogen forms a vast variety of Compounds with Carbon that are called Hydrocarbons.

To understand Life, we have to know about Hydrogen as it is the fuel that Sun expends in its role as the Cosmic source of Energy that supports the biological existence of all terrestrial organisms. The man exists on the surface of planet Earth not on account of the merit of his physical, or mental work and effort. Firstly, the man has no direct access to this source of energy produced from Hydrogen fuel. If Hydrogen is important to support the existence of Life, we have to understand the nature of ‘Spiritual Interactions’. Secondly, Hydrogen is important as it is required to form the Water Molecule. However, Oxygen, a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas, is the most abundant Element at the surface of the Earth. In the terrestrial environment, Oxygen accounts for about half of the mass of the Earth’s crust, 89% of the mass of the oceans, and 23% of the mass of the atmosphere or 21% of its volume. Oxygen makes up about two-thirds of the human body. It is a vital substance which supports vital functions. Among Chemical Elements used by human body, Oxygen has the highest electronegativity and electron affinity. Oxygen can form ‘Anion’ with a double negative charge by accepting electrons from a donor like Hydrogen. Most of the Earth’s rocks and soils are principally compounds of Oxygen with Silicon and other metals. It is well understood that most organisms depend on Oxygen to sustain their biological processes. Biological Oxidation-Reduction Reactions are ultimately the sources of energy for the higher plants and animals. While speaking about importance of Oxygen in the biosphere, we must recognize that Oxygen is responsible for natural decomposition of all organic material. Waste products from activity of the living organisms, dead plants and animals decompose or oxidized through the agency of microorganisms. Thus,  Oxygen plays a key role both in its support of important processes of Life and Death. Organic decay and decomposition is of fundamental importance for Life to renew itself and to be reborn and to cause rebirth. The study of ‘Spiritual Interactions’ must include the study of Life and Death.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Joseph Priestley and Karl Scheele were the first to isolate the gaseous Element during 1773-74 which was named by Antoine Laurent Lavoisier as Oxygen. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas, and is the most abundant Element found on planet Earth.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Oxygen makes up about 90% of Water, two-thirds of the human body, and 20% by volume of Air. Normal atmospheric Oxygen is a diatomic Molecule.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: The common Chemical Reaction in which Oxygen unites with another substance is called Oxidation.Combustion or rapid oxidation, the burning of s substance may generate light and heat. The process called Oxidation need not involve generation of light and heat. Oxygen itself does not burn. The Respiration of plants and animals is a form of Oxidation that is essential to liberation of the energy stored in such food materials as Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins. Oxygen is necessary to sustain Metabolism which primarily involves the Oxidation-Reduction Chemical Reactions. If the Oxygen concentration were to drop to about half its value in the atmosphere, humans could no longer survive. The loss of Oxygen is critical as the human body has no means of storing Oxygen. Because the human body stores no Oxygen, any interference with breathing and ventilation that lasts more than a few minutes can cause Death.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Dr. Daniel Rutherford (1749-1819), Professor of Medicine & Botany, Edinburgh University, Scotland, discovered Nitrogen in 1772. Joseph Priestley and Henry Cavendish in England, and Carl W. Scheele in Sweden also get credit for the discovery of Nitrogen. The French Chemist Antoine Lavoisier proved that it is an Element.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Adenosine triphosphate or ATP is a Nucleotide; the monomer unit of Nucleic Acid,contains a Purine or Nitrogenous base called Adenosine, a Sugar called Ribose and three Phosphate groups.In most Chemical Reactions of all cells in which transfer of energy occurs, the nucleotide ATP is involved. It functions as a Coenzyme in many enzyme-catalyzed reactions and helps in performance of chemical, electrical, and osmotic work in animals, plants, and microorganisms.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Cyclic Adenosine Mono Phosphate or cAMP is formed from ATP by the catalytic action of the enzyme Adenyl Cyclase. It controls many important functions in the cell including the ability of the cell to generate electrical impulses and is called “Second Messenger.”It is responsible for the intracellular mediation of hormonal effects on various cellular processes; e.g., Lipid Metabolism, Membrane Transport by opening Ion Channels, and Cell Reproduction.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: All living organisms need organic nitrogen compounds such as Proteins, Vitamins like Thiamine and Riboflavin. In nature, Nitrogen from the air is ‘fixed’ by some bacteria and plants. It is then made available to all organisms through ‘Nitrogen Cycle’.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Plants incorporate Carbon into Carbohydrates and other complex organic molecules by means of Photosynthesis. During Respiration or Cellular Oxidation, living organisms combine Oxygen with portions of Carbohydrate molecule, releasing Carbon in the form of Carbon dioxide and water.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science : ANTOINE LAURENT LAVOISIER (1743-1794), French Chemist and Physicist. He discovered the Composition of Water Molecule and of various other Organic Compounds.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Water Molecule looks very simple and yet it plays a mysterious role inside all living cells. It is essential to Life and its propagation. Its Spiritual nature is revealed by its pure, original, and sweet taste it imparts apart from its role as a Chemical Compound. It is the main mode of transport of many Elements that are needed by living organisms. Water is the Agent that leaches Nutrient Elements and Compounds from rocks and soils and makes them available for use by plants ,and animals.
THE MATERIAL BASIS OF SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE: SUN THE COSMIC SOURCE OF ENERGY SHINES ALL THE TIME. IT IS APPARENTLY AN UNCHANGING EVENT. HOW DOES MAN MEASURE HIS TIME?
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science:The Flow of Time is measured as the duration or the interval between two events; Time exists for man and other living organisms as the measure of the period of duration from Sunrise to Sunset that causes an environmental change; the alternating periods of Light (DAY) and Darkness (NIGHT). Earth’s Rotational Spin transforms the instant called ‘FUTURE’ into an instant called ‘PAST’ without giving man any choice to know the instant called ‘PRESENT’. Earth’s Revolution brings Seasons that man experiences at regular and constant intervals of Time while man simply exists on the surface of planet Earth with no physical experience of Earth’s Motions through Space.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: The Biological Clock: Every Living System behaves as if it contains a highly dependable ‘CLOCK’. It is a self-sustained internal timing mechanism that controls the ability of an organism to synchronize its existence with events in its internal and external environment.Such Time-Dependent variability in Function is called a Biological Rhythm.

THE CYCLICAL FLOW OF LIFE, MATTER, AND ENERGY:

THE WATER OR HYDROLOGIC CYCLE:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: The Water Cycle or Hydrologic Cycle is necessary for the operation of all Nutrient Cycles. The energy for transportation of Water Molecules is provided by Sun and it is the Fundamental Basis for all other Time-Life Spiritual Interactions.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: The Carbon Cycle clearly illustrates complexity of relationships involved in the processes of Recycling Nutrient Elements in Nature. Life depends on the interwoven and interdependent relationships of green plants and animals, supplemented by the activities of bacteria, and the constant transport of nutrients within the Ecosystem and within organisms.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Photosynthesis and Respiration are complementary functions and drive the Oxygen Cycle.Oxygen is necessary to sustain Metabolism. Oxygen is also important and is responsible for natural decomposition of organic material, waste products of Metabolism, oxidative decomposition of dead plants and animals through the agency of microorganisms.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: All living organisms participate in the Nitrogen Cycle. It includes the processes and Chemical Reactions involved in producing organic Nitrogen from inorganic Nitrogen and subsequently breaking down organic Nitrogen back to the inorganic form.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Phosphorus recycles more slowly than other Nutrient Elements. Phosphates are taken up by the roots of green plants and used in organic synthesis. They are passed to animals through ‘Food Chains’. Ultimately, Phosphates are released to soil through bacterial and fungal decomposition after the death of an animal.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: We need to make distinction between the Chemical Element Phosphorus and Phosphate the Chemical Compound that supports Life. The Phosphate mineral found in the rocks may have taken millions of years before it became available to plant Life.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science: Life depends on the interwoven and interdependent relationships between living organisms and the environment. No organism leads a truly independent existence of its own. Each organism lives by either consuming other organisms or the products from other organisms. In a Biological Community, Life and Death have a relationship which has a Spiritual Basis.

Simon Cyrene

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

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The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Living Tibetan Spirits and the Science of Consciousness

The Material Basis of Spirituality. I host the Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness. What is Matter? and What is Spirit? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would give the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

Matter is an actual substance that has properties such as mass or weight, and occupies space. Matter has other attributes like motion, size, shape, and a form by which it may be recognized. Matter makes up all visible objects in the universe, and it can be neither created nor destroyed. There is no such agreement about the term ‘Spirit’.

In my view, man will not be able to define his purpose in life if there is a separation of matter and spirit. Man is a physical being with matter and form. To define the goals, or values of human life, man must understand what it is to be a substance and what it is to exist. If matter and spirit are separated, and if there is no unity between matter and spirit, human life would be simply impossible. The word or term ‘Spirit’ is associated with characteristics such as immutable, immortal, immovable, imperishable, indestructible, immaterial, eternal, and unchanging, or constant nature of a substance which withstands the influence of time.

If God is uncreated and is eternal, Spirit is a natural extension of God’s nature and shares the same attributes. To recognize the spiritual potential of a substance, we have to understand the nature of matter.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. I host the Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness.. My Body is Indian but spiritually I’ am Tibetan.

TIBETAN BUDDHISM AND THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. I host the Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness. In Tibetan Buddhism, Bodhisattva-Avalokitesvara is physically manifested as His Holiness The Dalai Lama.

In the beginning, I submit to all of my readers that this conversation is not about the principles of Tibetan Buddhism. I ask my readers to know that I am not speaking about Tibetan traditional belief in reincarnation. In Tibetan Buddhism, a “TULKU” is a particularly high-ranking Lama who can choose the manner of his (or her) rebirth or reincarnation. I have no personal knowledge of rebirth or reincarnation of any high-ranking Lama including the Tibetan spiritual leader His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama. This conversation is not about reincarnation or rebirth.

I am sharing my personal experience, my association, and my contact with non-clergy members among Tibetan exiles, the laity, the peasants, and other ordinary folks of Tibet. The Tibetan Spirits that I know are not supernatural beings and they do not claim to possess any kind of supernatural powers. I am exclusively speaking on behalf of  ‘The Living Tibetan Spirits’ that inhabit my consciousness. I would like to carefully define each term that I may use in this conversation to avoid confusion and misrepresentation of facts or information that pertain to Tibetan Identity and Tibetan Culture. It must be clearly noted that traditional Tibetan Buddhism supports the concept of “ANATMA” and proclaims the non-existence of the human soul or spirit. Having studied, Human Anatomy, and Human Physiology, I would like to share my understanding of the human soul and spirit. I would not be surprised if a majority of Tibetan Buddhists reject my views about the human soul and spirit.

WHAT IS SPIRIT?  WHAT IS THE LIVING SPIRIT?

The Human Organism is an association of trillions of individual living cells. Consciousness serves the purpose of Functional Unity and all the cells display adaptive functional subordination to serve the purpose of the Whole Organism or the Individual. There are two distinct aspects of human Consciousness;1. The Capacity for Consciousness, and 2. The Contents of Consciousness.

I use the term ‘soul’ to refer to the animating, vital, Life Principle found in all living things. The term ‘spirit’ is often used to refer to the intelligent, or immaterial part of a man as distinguished from the human body, and mind. The traditional Indian belief systems may describe the ‘spirit’ as the immaterial reality that is imperceptible to the organs of sense perception. I describe consciousness as the fundamental characteristic of all living things and I describe consciousness as a spiritual function; a function that requires the operation of the soul, and spirit. I claim that consciousness is the absolute nature of living things or living objects. Consciousness is the natural principle by which a living thing knows and experiences its external and internal environment. Being conscious means recognizing the existence, the fact of something. Consciousness is the biological characteristic which is the evidence of a living thing knowing the fact of its own existence; it knows as to where it exists and knows as to how it is existing. A dead, or non-living thing has no consciousness and the dead object has no awareness of the world in which it may be found. I cannot describe soul and spirit as entities that may exist independently of living matter. Hence, I would like to suggest that soul, and spirit is known because of its association with a living person. I have no personal experience of a disembodied spirit. I am intentionally using the term, ‘The Living Spirits’ as I am not aware of the existence of ‘Dead Spirits’. Spiritism or Spiritualism is a belief that natural, living objects have indwelling spirits. When used as an adjective, the term ‘spiritual’ means, relating to or concerned with the spirit or soul. This term is often used to describe human relationships. The term ‘spiritual’ in the context of human relationships describes the nature of a relationship, a partnership, an association, a connection, or bonding between two or more living people based upon thoughts, or feelings of sympathy, and understanding.

THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Personal Number: MS-8466/MR-03277 K. Rank: Captain. Name: R Rudra Narasimham (R R Narasimham), Branch: Army Medical Corps/Short Service Regular Commission (1969), Direct Permanent Commission (1973). Unit: Headquarters Establishment Number. 22, Vikas Regiment, C/O 56 APO. Designation: Medical Officer from September 22, 1971, to December 18, 1974. Organization: SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. I host the Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness. I served in Special Frontier Force from September 22, 1971, to December 18, 1974. I was not a mercenary for I was employed by the US government to accomplish the goals of the US policy in South Asia apart from serving the purpose of the US Central Intelligence Agency. I was fully involved and was prepared to operate across the legitimate border between India and Tibet as established by the McMahon Treaty and the Simla Agreement of 1914 between India and Tibet. We as an organization defended our own territory to defend our natural rights. We were fully ready to conduct offensive operations against our Enemy if the Enemy attacks us during the conduct of our military mission.

I was granted Short Service Regular Commission to serve in the Indian Army Medical Corps during 1969 and joined the Service on July 26, 1970, in the rank of Lieutenant. On completion of basic military training at Lucknow and professional training at Military Hospital, Ambala, I was posted to Headquarters Establishment Number. 22, C/O 56 APO (Vikas Regiment) which is formally known as Special Frontier Force. This organization is primarily concerned about operating across the legitimate border between India and Tibet as established by the McMahon Treaty and the Simla Agreement of 1914 and its purpose is that of ending the military occupation of Tibet by the People’s Republic of China. This organization was conceived by the 35th U.S. President, John Fitzgerald Kennedy during 1962.  President Kennedy pursued the U.S. Foreign Policy that was initiated by the 33rd U.S. President, Harry S Truman (1949-1952). President Truman founded the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or ‘NATO’ on 04 April 1949. NATO is a multinational defense plan to defend Europe in response to tensions with the Soviet Union (USSR). The Truman Doctrine of 1947 was formulated to protect Greece and Turkey from Communist domination. The 34th U.S. President, Dwight David Eisenhower (1953-1961), and his Secretary of State John Foster Dulles continued Truman administration’s policy of containing Communism.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. I host the Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness.

Eisenhower Doctrine of 1957 was designed to protect the Middle East from Communist aggression. At that time, the U.S. administration and the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) started playing an increasing role to defend the Tibetan interests and provided training and equipment to the Tibetan freedom fighters to resist the military occupation of Tibet by the People’s Liberation Army of Communist China.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. I host the Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness. Special Frontier Force – Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. Camp Hale, Colorado, USA.

During October 1962, after a massive, and brutal attack on India’s Himalayan Frontier, India recognized the military threat posed by Communist China. India needed urgent foreign assistance as it had faced critical shortages in its defense preparedness. Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru who embraced the policy of political neutralism accepted the US military assistance while India officially continued its adherence to the Non-Alignment Policy. Similarly, Tibetan Exile Leader, His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama continued Tibet’s policy of political isolationism, and agreed to participate in a military alliance or pact with the United States and India to respond to the military threat and military occupation of Tibet by Communist China without publicly disclosing the military agreement and cooperation between these three nations. The Cold War Era of secret diplomacy made it easy to give birth to a secretive military organization called Special Frontier Force where the identity of the Employer remains concealed. The Government of India and Tibetan Government-in-Exile have administered the oaths of secrecy to all of their participating members of Special Frontier Force. The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency provided the necessary military instructors to train the personnel in the use of U.S. military equipment and stores. The U.S. Congress makes the budgetary provision to provide the funds to this organization which primarily uses U.S. military equipment. However, the Officers and the men who serve in this military establishment are not mercenaries who may join the battle to provide some exclusive benefit to a foreign government or Agency. The men and the Unit are motivated to perform their duties to defend their rights and their own territory. The United States participates in the operational activities of Special Frontier Force to collect intelligence about Communist China’s military preparedness.

OPERATION EAGLE-THE MILITARY OPERATION IN THE CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS IN 1971-72. SPIRITUALISM AND THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS.

Special Frontier Force launched a difficult military operation called Operation Eagle to initiate the Liberation of Bangladesh in the Chittagong Hill Tracts during 1971.

SPIRITUALISM-THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS: The “POORVI STAR” is the evidence for my participation in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971. We fought this battle and buried or cremated our dead in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

I witnessed the loss of the lives of some young Tibetan soldiers during this battle. Since I have a spiritual relationship with the men of my Unit, I was not a simple witness to the fact of their death. Without any recognizable sense perception, my consciousness has given a home to the Tibetan Spirits. At that time, I had no particular mental awareness of this fact. We returned to India during January 1972 on completion of our Bangladesh operations.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. I host the Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness. This is a photo image taken in 1972 while I served in the Special Frontier Force. We serve wearing the Indian Army uniforms as the US employer wants to conceal his involvement. Before this photo was taken, we were joking about the Intelligence Service of Communist China. We defend India’s Himalayan Frontier along the McMahon Line and patrol the territory that China illegally claims and has occupied. China’s Intelligence Service has the Policy to obtain photo images of all Indian Army Officers who may enter the disputed Himalayan territory. Our response to China was; “COME AND GET US ON THE BATTLEFIELD.”

We returned from Bangladesh with a sense of pride for our successful execution of the military campaign. I served in Special Frontier Force until December 1974 and lost contact with the men of my Unit. The events of 1971-72 got buried in my memory. In January 1984, I left India with my family to begin our lives away from the country of our origin. In practical terms, I began my life as an exile and I had no direct contact with my Indian relatives or Tibetan exiles who continue to live in India.

THE JOY OF EMPTINESS – THE DISCOVERY OF THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS:

SPIRITUALISM – THE JOY IN EMPTINESS – THE DISCOVERY OF THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS: His Holiness The Dalai Lama visited Ann Arbor, Michigan during April 2008 and had explained the concept of finding “JOY” by simply emptying the Mind.

I arrived in Ann Arbor, Michigan with my family during July 1986 and started leading a life of voluntary simplicity. I maintain very minimal indirect contacts with my relatives who live in India. Apart from the fact of physical separation, there is mental separation from all the events and experiences that shaped my life in India before I left the country. While I live in Ann Arbor, it came as a big surprise to me when His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama visited Ann Arbor to speak at a function organized by The University of Michigan. He explained the concept of finding “JOY” in Emptiness or the emptying of the mind in which the mind has been emptied of all particular objects and images. Emptiness is created by casting aside the attachment to everyday things and worries. While I practiced the emptying of my mind, I recognized that I cannot remove the desire for Freedom in the Land of Tibet. On careful introspection, I discovered that this desire is attached to The Living Tibetan Spirits who inhabit my consciousness. I have no personal attachment to the Land of Tibet. I have no personal attachment to the Tibetan Identity. I have no personal attachment to Tibetan Culture. I have no personal attachment to Tibetan Buddhism. I believe in God as the Creator of man, this world, and the universe. But, I find myself attached to this desire that seeks Freedom in the Land of Tibet. I can remove all my desires and break my attachment to impermanent things or thoughts. This desire for Tibetan Freedom is not a thought that I have imagined in my mind. This concern for Tibetan Freedom is evidence for the existence of The Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness. There are two aspects of consciousness that are registered by a living individual; 1. Consciousness is a state of knowing or awareness of what goes on around an individual, and 2. Consciousness is a state of knowing or awareness of what goes on within the individual. In my Consciousness, there is the existence of Freedom in Tibet. In the world that I am conscious and aware of today, there is no Freedom in Tibet. So, I have decided to fight the sense of fear and darkness that has enveloped my mind and tell the people around that I demand Freedom in Tibet. I want to give a sense of “JOY” to The Living Tibetan Spirits. I want to share these photo images that have captured the moments of pride and victory in War. These photo images were illegally obtained by the Enemy. This Enemy Agent who took these photo images killed himself for his act of betrayal. However, The Living Tibetan Spirits recognize a moment of glory in their sacrifice. They were not alive on June 03, 1972 and could not personally witness the event shown in these photo images. The Living Tibetan Spirits can easily identify all the objects shown in these images and are pleased by viewing these images. The Enemy unintentionally served a purpose while he engaged in acts of espionage. I am not surprised. At Special Frontier Force, we as an organization have always accepted the challenge and are willing to meet the Enemy on the battlefield.

SPIRITUALISM-THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS: His Holiness The Dalai Lama visited my Unit on June 03, 1972, to conduct a Worship Service at a local Buddhist Temple known as Gompa or Gonpa. It is a military tradition to present a Guard of Honor to a visiting dignitary; His Holiness is a dignitary who represents Tibet as its Spiritual and Temporal Leader. The Commander of Special Frontier Force at that time was Major General Sujan Singh Uban, AVSM. As a simple security precaution, photography was prohibited at this event. The Enemy agent who served as a Buddhist monk illegally captured this photo image and distributed the same. The spy killed himself when his act got discovered.
SPIRITUALISM-THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS: This photo image was illegally captured by a spy who worked for Communist China’s Intelligence Service. China spies upon His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama all the time and watches all of his movements. He is seen in this photo while delivering a spiritual message on June 03, 1972 in the presence of Major General Sujan Singh Uban, AVSM, the Inspector General of Special Frontier Force. The Enemy agent felt remorse for his own behavior and killed himself while being interrogated about his spying activities..
SPIRITUALISM – THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS – OLD FLAMES NEVER DIE: The butter lamps lit in my Unit Gompa or Gonpa to pay tribute to the departed souls, the people who gave their precious lives to defend the Freedom of people.
SPIRITUALISM-THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS: BEWARE OF COMMUNIST CHINA’S INTELLIGENCE SERVICE: In this photo taken on September 28, 2012, at Dharamshala, India, His Holiness The Dalai Lama gestures as he jokingly asks an elderly Tibetan waiting among journalists if he is a cameraman. Fortunately, the man is not a Communist spy. But, I will not be surprised if a spy has actually taken this photo.

THE FUTURE OF FREEDOM IN TIBET:

Spiritualism-The Living Tibetan Spirits: FREEDOM IN TIBET: Freedom is a natural condition that is given by God. It is a gift and it is not a desire or craving. When the Freedom is taken away, the disturbance makes the man search for Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in his Living Condition. It is natural that Tibetans demand this Freedom in their occupied Land.

In conclusion, I suggest that without effort and struggle, there can be no real upward movement in our lives, or in the lives of people, or in the history of a Nation. The people of Tibet need to struggle to realize the hope of regaining their natural Freedom. The darkness of military occupation has enveloped the Land of Tibet. When the oppressor intends to be unjust, he would use any excuse and he will always find a pretext for his tyranny. It is useless for the innocent to try reasoning to get justice from a tyrant. Let us all join and work together to Fight the Battle of Right against Might.

The Unknown Soldier of America

Spiritualism-The Living Tibetan Spirits : On September 02, 1960, the first members of the First Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile took their Oath of office. Tibetans most recently celebrated 52nd Democracy Day. As per their Charter, they convened a Special General Meeting of Tibetans for the purpose of responding to the current tragic situation in Tibet. This Meeting was held for four days from September 25, to September 28, 2012. The Living Tibetan Spirits were not present at the Meeting. They inhabit my Consciousness. I intend to speak on their behalf and express their desire for Tibetan Freedom.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. I host the Living Tibetan Spirits in my consciousness. What is Matter? and What is Spirit? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would give the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward
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WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE EMPTINESS

Emblem of Tibet, used by the Tibetan Governmen...
The Seal of The Ganden Phodrang Institution of the Dalai Lama, the Government of Tibet.

THE SPIRITS OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE WELCOME HIS HOLINESS THE DALAI LAMA TO ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN.
THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS WELCOME HIS HOLINESS THE DALAI LAMA TO ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN.

His Holiness, The 14th Dalai Lama spoke on “Engaging Wisdom and Compassion” on April 19-20, 2008 at Crisler Arena, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

The Living Tibetan Spirits Welcome His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama to Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

The concept of ‘Sunyata’ (Emptiness or Nothingness):

The Living Tibetan Spirits Welcome His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama to Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

The emptying of the mind and the attainment of an undifferentiated unity is a theme of the ‘Sunyata’ doctrine developed by Acharya Nagarjuna. ‘Sunyata’ can be stated as a state of “pure consciousness” in which the mind has been emptied of all particular objects and images. The emptied mind reflects or manifests the undifferentiated reality in which the world appears without distinction and multiplicity.

H.H. Dalai Lama’s presentation:

The Living Tibetan Spirits Welcome His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama to Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

“At the root of all our suffering lies a form of ignorance, a form of unknowing”. The origin of suffering is attachment. “Self-grasping( or self-focus) gives rise to suffering. It is the root of all afflictions”. “Self-grasping” leads to attachment to impermanent things or thoughts which gives rise to suffering. Emptiness is created by casting aside the attachment to everyday things and worries.

H.H. Dalai Lama advised practicing loving kindness to eliminate the afflictions caused by attachment. The goal, he said is,”Cultivating the Wisdom of no self”, a sense of grand emptiness that leaves behind everyday pollutants that can take both physical or emotional form.

THE SPIRITS OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE:

The Living Tibetan Spirits Welcome His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama to Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Special Frontier Force is a multinational defense plan to defend freedom and democracy in the occupied Land of Tibet. I emptied my mind of all desires. The Spirits that inhabit my Consciousness seek Freedom in their Land of origin.

The Living Tibetan Spirits

Service Number: MS-8466/MR-03277K; Rank: Captain/Major

Branch: Army Medical Corps/Short Service Regular Commission (1969-1973)/Direct Permanent Commission (1973-1984)

Medical Officer, South Column, Operation Eagle(1971-1972)

Headquarters Establishment No. 22  C/O  56  APO.

Organization: Special Frontier Force

English: 14th Dalai Lama, Dharasmala, India
The Living Tibetan Spirits Welcome His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama to Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
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The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Scheme for Color and the Designing and the Deployment of the Structural Units

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System and the Designing of the Artistic Units.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of biological coloration.

WHAT IS COLOR AND WHAT IS COLORATION?

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System and the Designing of the Artistic Units.

The term ‘color’ refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. The term ‘coloration’ is a dynamic and complex characteristic that has captured human interest and attention for a long time. The human interest to coloration ranges from purely aesthetic to the rigidly pragmatic.

BIOLOGICAL COLORATION:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System and the Designing of the Artistic Units.

Biological Coloration refers to the general appearance of an organism as determined by the quality and quantity of light that is reflected or emitted from its surface. This Coloration depends upon several factors:

1. The integrity and deployment of the structural units and features involved in the generation of color,

2. The color and distribution of the organism’s pigments, and the relative location of differently colored areas,

3. The shape, posture, position, and movement of the organism,

4. The quality and quantity of light striking the organism, including the seasonal light and temperature variations,

5. The psychological, behavioral, hormonal, and other physiological conditions associated with the use of color,

6. The visual capacity of the viewer.

The comprehensive understanding of biological coloration demands a study of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Biology, Psychology and other subjects. It is equally important to pay tribute to people who have contributed to a better understanding of the principles involved in color production. I am happy to introduce Albert Henry Munsell (1858-1918), American painter, professor of Arts, Massachusetts Normal Art School to my readers.

WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE DESIGNER – MUNSELL:

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Albert Henry Munsell(1858-1918), an artist of distinction, a gifted teacher of art, made the description of color accurate and convenient for teaching of color. He made the foundation for all other Color Order Systems.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System and the Designing of the Artistic Units: Albert Henry Munsell (1858-1918), an artist of distinction, a gifted teacher of art, made the description of color accurate and convenient for teaching of color. He made the foundation for all other Color Order Systems.

Albert Henry Munsell is the reputed author of A Color Notation (1905), and the Atlas of Munsell Color System (1915). The Color System he created is used internationally for specifying opaque colors of dyed or pigmented surfaces.

THE MUNSELL COLOR TREE:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System and the Designing of the Artistic Units: The Munsell Color Tree refers to the three-dimensional representation of the Munsell Color System which is a method of designating colors based on a color arrangement scheme that defines colors by measured scales of hue, value, and chroma.

The Munsell Color Tree refers to the three-dimensional representation of the Munsell Color System. It is a method of designating colors based on a color arrangement scheme developed by the american art instructor and painter Albert H Munsell. It defines colors by measured scales of hue, value, and chroma, which correspond respectively to dominant wavelength, brightness, and strength or purity. The Color System developed by Munsell has become the foundation for all other Color Order Systems.

THE SCHEME FOR THE COLOR ORDER SYSTEM:

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: The Scheme for the Color Order System used by any living creature has to be initially incorporated in its genetic material and it is carried as its hereditary information.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System and the Designing of the Artistic Units: The Scheme for the Color Order System used by any living creature has to be initially incorporated in its genetic material and it is carried as its hereditary information.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: The biological production of color is more complex than the use of a Color Order System described by Albert Henry Munsell. In green plants, the color is associated with an important function, and ability to trap radiant energy. The design involves the use of parts, form, various details apart from a color scheme. I name this as the work of a WholeDesigner.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System and the Designing of the Artistic Units: The biological production of color is more complex than the use of a Color Order System described by Albert Henry Munsell. In green plants, the color is associated with an important function called Photosynthesis which involves the ability to trap radiant energy. The design involves the use of parts, format for the structural components, various details apart from a color scheme. I name this as the work of a Whole Designer. The green pigment called Chlorophyll is found inside structures or Artistic Units called Chloroplasts.

In biology, the generation of color is more complex than the use of  a Color Order System described by Albert Henry Munsell. Firstly, the information for the Color Order System must be transplanted in the genetic material such as the DNA of the organism to make the information as its hereditary characteristic. Secondly, when we look at the green plants, the green pigment called Chlorophyll is found inside structures called Chloroplasts. It involves the designing and arrangement of parts, details of structural units, and formulate a creative scheme apart from the use of the scheme for the color. The fact of designing can be known by studying the purpose and the functions of the Artistic Unit that is created.

Green plants with Chlorophyll pigment trap light energy, and transform it into chemical energy and use it in the process described as Photosynthesis. It is a creative mechanism to transform one form of energy into a different form of stored chemical energy that can be further used to create new forms of matter called organic molecules that are not present in nature. These organic molecules come into existence because of the activity of living things. It shows the intent of a designer to use energy, and matter to create the visual, sensory effect.

Who is the Artist? Who is the Designer?

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System and the Designing of Artistic Units. Who is the Artist? Who is the Designer? An artist uses colors with imagination to create forms and to generate a desired visual effect. A “Whole Artist” is a person who creates his own canvas, his own tools, his own pigments, and creates the desired visual effects while the forms that are created have no such creative and cognitive abilities.

No single function can explain the coloration of living things. We need a comprehensive theory that predicts the lines and patterns of coloration of plants and animals. An artist’s palette containing only three properly chosen colors is entirely adequate under most circumstances to produce the various visual effects of color that is observed. The optical mechanisms involved in the production of color are complex. Coloration is a dynamic and complex characteristic and the term must be clearly distinguished from the term ‘color’ which only refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. It is apparent that plants, and animals have no cognitive abilities to produce the coloration by which they are recognized. However, the coloration displayed gives us a clue about the nature of the “Whole Artist” who could be using imagination, has feelings for the forms created and seeks satisfaction from the visual effects that he produced. If man has the ability called visual perception, he must use the ability to visualize the “Whole Artist” who is at work. I ask my readers to give attention to the three dimensions of Color Perception. These are, 1. The Designer or the Artist, 2. The Object of Perception, and 3. The visual capacity of the Viewer.

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward

Simon Cyrene

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Munsell Color Order System. The Designing of the Artistic Units.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Theory of Color Perception

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Phenomenon of Color Perception. The contributions of James Clerk Maxwell.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of biological coloration.

WHAT IS COLOR AND WHAT IS COLORATION?

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Phenomenon of Color Perception: The wave propagation of Light and the visible spectrum.

The term ‘color’ refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. The term ‘coloration’ is a dynamic and complex characteristic that has captured human interest and attention for a long time. The human interest to coloration ranges from purely aesthetic to the rigidly pragmatic.

BIOLOGICAL COLORATION:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Phenomenon of Color Perception.

Biological Coloration refers to the general appearance of an organism as determined by the quality and quantity of light that is reflected or emitted from its surface. This Coloration depends upon several factors:

1. The integrity and deployment of the structural units and features involved in the generation of color,

2. The color and distribution of the organism’s pigments, and the relative location of differently colored areas,

3. The shape, posture, position, and movement of the organism,

4. The quality and quantity of light striking the organism, including the seasonal light and temperature variations,

5. The psychological, behavioral, hormonal, and other physiological conditions associated with the use of color,

6. The visual capacity of the viewer.

The comprehensive understanding of biological coloration demands a study of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Biology, Psychology and other subjects. It is equally important to pay tribute to people who have contributed to a better understanding of the principles involved in color production. I am happy to introduce James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879), Scottish physicist, the first professor of Experimental Physics, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge to my readers.

WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE DESIGNER – MAXWELL:

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: James Clerk Maxwell(1831-1879), Scottish Physicist, first Professor of Experimental Physics, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge who researched Electricity and Magnetism and contributed to a greater understanding of Color.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: James Clerk Maxwell(1831-1879), Scottish Physicist, first Professor of Experimental Physics, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge who researched Electricity and Magnetism and contributed to a greater understanding of Color.

James Clerk Maxwell developed a comprehensive theory of electricity and magnetism. His theory, ‘A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism’ (1873) concludes that electric and magnetic energy travel in transverse waves that propagate at a speed equal to that of light; light is thus only one type of electromagnetic radiation. Defining fields as a tension in the medium, he stated that energies reside in fields as well as bodies. This pointed the way to the application of electromagnetic radiation for such present day uses as radio, television, radar, microwaves, and thermal imaging. Modern technology rests firmly on the foundations established by Maxwell.

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION SPECTRUM:

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: It is important to understand Light as a form of Electromagnetic Radiation. Life exists on planet Earth by exploiting Light radiation, and living things which have visual perception, experience light and color because of the creative use of energy to design the artistic scheme of this physical universe in which man exists.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Color Perception: It is important to understand Light as a form of Electromagnetic Radiation. Life exists on planet Earth by exploiting Light radiation, and living things which have visual perception, experience light and color because of the creative use of energy to design the artistic scheme of this physical universe in which man exists.

Electromagnetic Radiation refers to energy radiated in the form of a wave comprised of an electric field interacting with a magnetic field. Electromagnetic Radiation is the result of the acceleration of a charged particle. It does not require a material medium, and can travel through a vacuum. Maxwell’s theory received support after Heinrich Hertz proved the existence of radiowaves in 1887. The individual quantum of Electromagnetic Radiation is known as the photon. Light energy is transferred in discrete packets, or photons. The energy of each photon is equal to the frequency of the light multiplied by Planck’s Constant ‘h’.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – THE ART OF KNOWING : HOW DO PLANTS KNOW WHAT THEY KNOW ? PLANTS KNOW ABOUT LIGHT, THE LENGTH OF DAY, AND THE DURATION OF DARKNESS CALLED NIGHT. THERE IS NO “INTELLECT” INVOLVED IN THIS PROCESS OF KNOWING. THE ABILITY OF KNOWING LIGHT OR PHOTORECEPTION IS EXPLAINED BY PHOTOCHEMISTRY.

Green plants with Chlorophyll pigment trap light energy, and transform it into chemical energy and use it in the process described as Photosynthesis. It is a creative mechanism to transform one form of energy into a different form of stored chemical energy that can be further used to create new forms of matter called organic molecules that are not present in nature. These organic molecules come into existence because of the activity of living things. It shows the intent of a designer to use energy, and matter to create the visual, sensory effect.

THE PERCEPTION OF COLOR:

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: James Clerk Maxwell studied Color Vision, he established Red, Green, and Blue as the primary colors. All other colors can be produced by an additive or subtractive process.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Color Perception: James Clerk Maxwell studied Color Vision. He established Red, Green, and Blue as the primary colors. All other colors can be produced by an additive or subtractive process.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Red, Green, and Blue are the true primary colors. All other colors can be produced using additive or subtractive mixing.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Color Perception: Red, Green, and Blue are the true primary colors. All other colors can be produced using additive or subtractive mixing.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: James Clerk Maxwell produced this first color photo image of a Scottish tartan ribbon.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics.The Phenomenon of Color Perception: James Clerk Maxwell produced this first color photo image of a Scottish tartan ribbon.

Maxwell’s many interests included color. He studied Color Vision. He established Red, Green, and Blue as the primary colors. All other colors can be produced by an additive or subtractive process. He analyzed the phenomenon of Color Perception which led him to invent the trichromatic process. He introduced Colorimetry, the analysis of color. The role of light and the creation of color for the benefit of things that have the ability, or capacity of visual perception speaks of a carefully planned work of a Whole Designer. At a fundamental level, color provides the sensory stimulus and the man perceives color as the evidence of a work done by a Designer who is intentionally providing a sense of psychological satisfaction in the mind of the viewer.

Who is the Artist? Who is the Designer?

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Phenomenon of Color Perception. Who is the Artist? Who is the Designer? An artist uses colors with imagination to create forms and to generate a desired visual effect. A “Whole Artist” is a person who creates his own canvas, his own tools, his own pigments, and creates the desired visual effects while the forms that are created have no such creative and cognitive abilities.

No single function can explain the coloration of living things. We need a comprehensive theory that predicts the lines and patterns of coloration of plants and animals. An artist’s palette containing only three properly chosen colors is entirely adequate under most circumstances to produce the various visual effects of color that is observed. The optical mechanisms involved in the production of color are complex. Coloration is a dynamic and complex characteristic and the term must be clearly distinguished from the term ‘color’ which only refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. It is apparent that plants, and animals have no cognitive abilities to produce the coloration by which they are recognized. However, the coloration displayed gives us a clue about the nature of the “Whole Artist” who could be using imagination, has feelings for the forms created and seeks satisfaction from the visual effects that he produced. If man has the ability called visual perception, he must use the ability to visualize the “Whole Artist” who is at work. I ask my readers to give attention to the three dimensions of Color Perception. These are, 1. The Designer or the Artist, 2. The Object of Perception, and 3. The visual capacity of the Viewer.

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward

Simon Cyrene

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science-Spiritual Optics-The Phenomenon of Color Perception

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Sun shines all the time. The first day of Autumn Season.

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of biological coloration, and the phenomenon of changing Seasons and the behavior of organisms described as Photoperiodism.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism.

The fall equinox arrives on Wednesday, September 22, 2021, at 3:20 P.M. EDT. The equinox occurs at the same moment worldwide. Fall begins in the Northern Hemisphere and Spring begins in the Southern Hemisphere.

The word “equinox” comes from Latin aequus, meaning “equal,” and nox, “night.” On the equinox, day and night are roughly equal in length.

During the equinox, the Sun crosses what we call the “celestial equator”—an imaginary extension of Earth’s equator line into space. The equinox occurs precisely when the Sun’s center passes through this line. When the Sun crosses the equator from north to south, this marks the autumnal equinox; when it crosses from south to north, this marks the vernal equinox.

SPIRITUAL OPTICS – PHOTOPERIODISM – SEPTEMBER EQUINOX OR AUTUMNAL EQUINOX:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – PHOTOPERIODISM – SEPTEMBER EQUINOX. SPRING OR VERNAL EQUINOX AND AUTUMNAL EQUINOX ARE TWO POINTS ON THE CELESTIAL SPHERE WHERE THE PATH OF SUN’S APPARENT MOTION IN SKY OR ECLIPTIC AND THE CELESTIAL EQUATOR INTERSECT. BUT THE SEASONAL CHANGE IS NOT INFLUENCED BY SUN’S REAL MOTION AROUND MILKY WAY GALACTIC CENTER.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox. The changes called Day and Night, and the changes called Autumn, Winter, Spring, and Summer Seasons manifest while the Sun is shining with its full brightness at all times.

In my view, all natural phenomena require the operation of an unchanging condition that gives the opportunity to experience the change that is manifested. The change called Day and Night, and the changes called Autumn, Winter, Spring, and Summer Seasons are manifested because of an unchanging condition; the fact of Sun shining with its full brightness 24-hours, and at all times. The rhythmically recurring phenomena called biological rhythms are manifested for living functions operate under the influence of an unchanging, vital, animating principle called Soul, or Spirit.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox.

Photoperiodism is described as the behavioral or physiological reaction of an organism to changes of duration in daily, seasonal, or yearly periods of light and darkness. The changes in activities occur on daily basis as well as with a consistent pattern when the seasons change. For example, the Autumn or Fall season in the Northern Hemisphere includes the months of September, October, and November. Fall is the season of the year in which many trees change in their appearance; the color of their leaves changes and then trees lose their leaves. Autumn is the season that comes between Summer and Winter seasons. In the astronomical year, the Fall season is the period between the Autumnal Equinox and the Winter Solstice.

The characteristic of Fall is the beginning of a decline in activities of several living organisms to prepare for subsequent changes expected to come in future. Daily periods of light and darkness determine to a great extent when seasonal activities occur. An important prerequisite to the response to light that occurs in Winter and Spring is exposure to short days or long nights in Autumn. This phase of the annual cycle is called the Preparatory Phase. This preparation is important for the subsequent response. Under experimental conditions, it is shown that the failure to complete the Preparatory Phase will undermine the organism’s subsequent response to changes in the next phase. Hence, Autumn is a season of preparation for the arrival of Winter and Spring seasons. This preparation has the characteristics of planning and designing the responses of organisms to forthcoming events in the future.

This ability to connect the activities of past and present with activities that occur in the future requires the operation of an unchanging principle that is not influenced by changes of time. The colorful changes that we witness during the Autumn season would relate us to works of a Whole Designer, a Whole Architect, a Whole Planner, and a Whole Artist.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox.

Daily periods of light and darkness determine to a great extent when seasonal activities among living organisms occur. The man exists on the surface of planet Earth experiencing the daily alternating periods of light and darkness and marks his calendar as seasons bring changes with marked regularity.

Photoperiodism was first reported in 1920 when the flowering of certain plants was demonstrated to be controlled by the daily duration of light. The photoperiodic response of plants may actually depend on the duration of the darkness. Some of the conspicuous activities of animals closely correlated with certain seasons of the year or with changes in day length are bird migration, reproduction, and changes in coat and plumage. In most birds, mammals, and other vertebrates, breeding is seasonal. For species such as brook trout, deer, sheep, and goats breeding begins in Autumn. The light stimulates the release of special hormones from the brain which in turn stimulate the pituitary gland which secretes the hormones that function to control the growth of the reproductive organs. The length of the dark period and the ratio of light to darkness are important factors in determining the reproductive response. Practical applications of knowledge of photoperiodism are common in poultry management, for the length of daylight affects laying, sperm production, and the bodyweight of the fowl.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism and Poultry management. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox.

The most conspicuous seasonal change in coat and plumage occurs in those mammals and birds that are white in Autumn and Winter and brown in Spring and Summer.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox.

The seasonal change in the coat is conspicuous in this hare which is brown during Spring and Summer, and changes to white during Autumn, and Winter.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox.

PHOTOPERIODISM–BIOLOGICAL RHYTHMS AND BIOLOGICAL CLOCK:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox.

Organisms have synchronized their living functions to their rhythmic environments and have become periodic in diverse aspects of their physiology and behavior. Periodic biological phenomena fall into two distinct, different categories: 1. Those correlated with periodic changes of the planet or geophysical correlates, and 2. Those correlated to an internal timing mechanism often called the ‘Biological Clock’. The living things to some extent behave like ‘Living Clocks’; 1. A timing capacity geared to the rhythmic variations of the natural environment, the alternating periods of light and darkness called day and night, and 2. A timing capacity that operates in response to the flow of time as the planet Earth spins and moves without providing sensory stimuli of its motions. Timing information continuously flows in from the environment and no organism can exist under constant conditions of life. All life exists on planet Earth which exists in a constant state of motion as a member of the Solar System which also exists in a constant state of motion. The biological rhythm results in part as a direct response to the environment and in part as an indirect response via the complex clock-timed organization.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox.

There are two kinds of biological responses or rhythms. 1. The activities like Sleep and Wakefulness are related to the fluctuations of the physical environment such as darkness, and light, or night and day variation, and 2. The rhythms such as heartbeat and respiratory rate occur without external geophysical correlates as a consequence of the movements of the Earth.

The man’s biological functions are influenced by Earth’s Rotational Spin. A man has the sensory awareness of an environmental change called Day/Night. Otherwise, man is blissfully unaware of Earth’s Motion that happens all the time. The man is always influenced by the flow of time and his existence is measured as if there is a precise internal clock.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – EARTH’S ROTATIONAL SPIN – REALITY vs ILLUSION:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The Magical Spell of Seasons. Reflections on Autumnal Equinox.

Earth’s Rotational Spin is a unique mechanism that is indissociable from Life itself. While the Sun shines with all its brightness 24-hours all the time, Earth’s Spin allows the man to experience alternating periods of light (Day), and darkness (Night) to plan his physiological functions and activities in the external environment. There is this equally important aspect of Earth’s Spin; the man’s existence on the surface of planet Earth depends upon the lack of direct sensory awareness of the linear and angular speed/velocity of Earth’s motions.

Biological Clocks time the Solar Day, the period of Earth’s spin or rotation relative to the Sun. While Earth spins or rotates, man experiences the illusion of Sun’s apparent motion across the path called Ecliptic and exists on the surface of Earth in a state of blissful ignorance of Earth’s Angular Speed, and Linear Velocity. The daily rhythm of about 24 hours’ duration makes it appear as though the organism is keeping track of each day and behaves as if it is a Living Clock. Light appears to be the dominant Phase Setter as it synchronizes activity pattern during the 24-hour cycles. The 24-hour rhythms are called Solar Day, Circadian, Diel, Daily, Diurnal (day-active), and Night-Active rhythms. Plants show their daily rhythm in sleep movements such as the daytime raising and nighttime lowering of their leaves, and the timing of flowering activity. In man, the daily alternation of sleep and wakefulness is accompanied by many chemical and physiological changes that include the activities of the nervous, endocrine systems, and the liver and kidneys. Daily variations occur in the body temperature, in the heart and respiratory rates, and in blood pressure and composition of blood. There are daily variations in chemical syntheses and in cell divisions. The Living Systems display a timing capacity and behave as if they contain a highly dependable clock. The specialized properties of this clock suggest that it involves some unique biological mechanism indissociable from life itself.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. Reflections on the first day of the Autumn Season. The world or ‘JAGAT’ exists in a constant state of motion. Fundamentally, there is no possibility of the infinite repetition without alteration of each and every moment. Every instant is a new instant as the planet is changing its location all the time.

The ‘immutability’ of Soul or Spirit can be observed as its operations are not influenced by time or external geophysical correlates.

Simon Cyrene

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The phenomenon of Photoperiodism. Wednesday, September 22, 2021. Autumnal Equinox brings longer nights starting from today.

Musings on Wednesday, September 22, 2021. The journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery

September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery

Simon Cyrene was predestined to bear the burden of the Cross and follow Jesus Christ on His final journey at the conclusion of His earthly mission to deliver Peace and Freedom to the mankind.

September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. BEHOLD THE MAN. “TAKE MY YOKE UPON YOU….FOR MY YOKE IS EASY AND MY BURDEN IS LIGHT.” BOOK OF MATTHEW 11:28-30.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery . My Dream for Freedom transforms into an ordeal of Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.

On September 22, 1971, I was Taken on Strength (TOS) of Establishment No. 22, Vikas Regiment, Special Frontier Force, a military organization created in response to ‘The Cold War in Asia.’

On Wednesday, September 22, 2021, I live in Ann Arbor, Michigan to welcome the first day of Fall Season. Today, I claim that my Dream for Freedom in Occupied Tibet got transformed into an ordeal of Slavery in a nation which abolished Slavery with a presidential proclamation on September 22.

On September 22, 1971, I had the freedom to reject my posting to Establishment No. 22. I was given the choice to choose or decline rendering military service in support of Freedom in Occupied Tibet.

The choice to serve in Establishment No. 22 comes with risks for its military mission differs from the military mission of the Indian Army which I joined to defend India from attacks by foreign aggressors.

It may appear that I am making my own choices in accepting calculated risks to my life. On September 22, 2021, I am still struggling to reconcile with the choices I made in the past. Now, I must reconcile with the reality of my Slavery while living in a country which sponsored my quest for Freedom in Occupied Tibet.

On September 22, 2021, I have no hope that I may arrive at the final destination of my life at the conclusion of my earthly existence. Chakrata in Uttarakhand, India represents the struggle ahead, a struggle waiting for me before I can arrive at the final destination of my life. Jesus Christ cannot set me free for the Yoke Slavery is predestined.

Simon Cyrene

September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.

September 22. This Day in History. What Happened on this Day?

Clipped from: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history

On this day in 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which sets a date for the freedom of more than 3 million black slaves in the United States and recasts the Civil War as a fight against slavery.

When the Civil War broke out in 1861, shortly after Lincoln’s inauguration as America’s 16th president, he maintained that the war was about restoring the Union and not about slavery. He avoided issuing an anti-slavery proclamation immediately, despite the urgings of abolitionists and radical Republicans, as well as his personal belief that slavery was morally repugnant. Instead, Lincoln chose to move cautiously until he could gain wide support from the public for such a measure.

In July 1862, Lincoln informed his cabinet that he would issue an emancipation proclamation but that it would exempt the so-called border states, which had slaveholders but remained loyal to the Union. His cabinet persuaded him not to make the announcement until after a Union victory. Lincoln’s opportunity came following the Union win at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862. On September 22, the president announced that slaves in areas still in rebellion within 100 days would be free.

On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation, which declared “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebel states “are, and henceforward shall be free.” The proclamation also called for the recruitment and establishment of black military units among the Union forces. An estimated 180,000 African-Americans went on to serve in the army, while another 18,000 served in the navy.

After the Emancipation Proclamation, backing the Confederacy was seen as favoring slavery. It became impossible for anti-slavery nations such as Great Britain and France, who had been friendly to the Confederacy, to get involved on behalf of the South. The proclamation also unified and strengthened Lincoln’s party, the Republicans, helping them stay in power for the next two decades.

The proclamation was a presidential order and not a law passed by Congress, so Lincoln then pushed for an antislavery amendment to the U.S. Constitution to ensure its permanence. With the passage of the 13th Amendment in 1865, slavery was eliminated throughout America (although blacks would face another century of struggle before they truly began to gain equal rights).

Lincoln’s handwritten draft of the final Emancipation Proclamation was destroyed in the Chicago Fire of 1871. Today, the original official version of the document is housed in the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2021. MY PASSION FOR FREEDOM IN OCCUPIED TIBET WHICH BEGAN AT CHAKRATA DOES NOT RECONCILE WITH MY SLAVERY OF TODAY. THE SCENIC BEAUTY OF CHAKRATA PLAYED NO ROLE IN THE CHOICE I MADE ON SEPTEMBER 22, 1971.

Chakrata is not the final destination of my life. It is just the beginning of a struggle that remains ahead, both in terms of time and location.

September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.

 

September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery . My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. My Quest for Freedom Traps me in Slavery. My Journey to Chakrata and Beyond.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery.
September 22–This Day in History–The Journey of Simon Cyrene from Freedom to the Yoke of Slavery. The never ending ordeal of Simon Cyrene.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Tristimulus Theory of Color

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of biological coloration.

WHAT IS COLOR AND WHAT IS COLORATION?

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. What is Color? White Light is composed of every color in the Spectrum. But, color is more than an optical function.

The term ‘color’ refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. The term ‘coloration’ is a dynamic and complex characteristic that has captured human interest and attention for a long time. The human interest to coloration ranges from purely aesthetic to the rigidly pragmatic.

BIOLOGICAL COLORATION:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color.

Biological Coloration refers to the general appearance of an organism as determined by the quality and quantity of light that is reflected or emitted from its surface. This Coloration depends upon several factors:

1. The integrity and deployment of the structural units and features involved in the generation of color,

2. The color and distribution of the organism’s pigments, and the relative location of differently colored areas,

3. The shape, posture, position, and movement of the organism,

4. The quality and quantity of light striking the organism, including the seasonal light and temperature variations,

5. The psychological, behavioral, hormonal, and other physiological conditions associated with the use of color,

6. The visual capacity of the viewer.

The Tristimulus Theory of Color

The comprehensive understanding of biological coloration demands a study of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Biology, Psychology and other subjects. It is equally important to pay tribute to people who have contributed to a better understanding of the principles involved in color production. I am happy to introduce Herbert Eugene Ives (1882-1953), son of Frederic Eugene Ives (1856-1937) to my readers.

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Herbert Eugene Ives, President of the Optical Society of America(1924-25) made a systematic study of the spectral absorption characteristics of all readily available pigments. He became an expert in Color Photography, Color Fascimile, and Color Television Systems.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color. Herbert Eugene Ives, President of the Optical Society of America (1924-25) made a systematic study of the spectral absorption characteristics of all readily available pigments. He became an expert in Color Photography, Color Facsimile, and Color Television Systems.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: The creation of an artistic unit which is recognized by its Color demands designing ability where the Designer knows the object of perception and the mind that has the ability called perception.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color. The creation of an artistic unit which is recognized by its Color demands designing ability where the Designer knows the object of perception and the mind that has the ability called perception. The problem of Color Blindness illustrates the importance of the physiology of perception.
WholeDude-Whole Designer: From a human perspective, the sensory organ called Eye is very important for Color Perception, but perception also involves a psychological function as humans attach feelings, moods, and thoughts to the colors that they perceive. The object of perception, like the colors of flowers do not know the mind of its perceiver.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color.. From a human perspective, the sensory organ called Eye is very important for Color Perception, but perception also involves a psychological function as humans attach feelings, moods, and thoughts to the colors that they perceive. The object of perception, like the colors of flowers do not know the mind of its viewer. The above image describes the role of Tapetum Lucidum to improve light perception.

Herbert Eugene Ives is recognized for his study of the spectral absorption characteristics of all readily available pigments and he concluded that an artist’s palette containing only three properly chosen colors is entirely adequate under most circumstances for color production.

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Tri-Stimulus Color Theory. We need to understand as to how the sensory stimulus generates a sense of psychological satisfaction in the mind of the perceiver.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Color Theory. We need to understand as to how the sensory stimulus generates a sense of psychological satisfaction in the mind of the viewer.

Ives introduced modern Tristimulus Colorimetry, the three-components theory of chromatic adaptation. Through his devotion to the science of Optics and the art of Photography, he proved that three colors are adequate to handle the vast majority of colors needed for naturalistic painting. In nature, the beauty of colorful objects is in the imagination of the viewer. I would like to share some photo images of Glory-bower which belongs to Family Verbenaceae, Order Lamiales, tropical plants and shrubs that are grown for their attractive flowers, and foliage.

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Clerodendrum thomsonae. Bleeding heart glory-bower from Africa. Blooms resemble bleeding heart and the leaves are heart-shaped, glossy, dark-green. The plant exists blissfully without any awareness of an anatomical organ called heart.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color. Clerodendrum thomsonae. Bleeding heart glory-bower from Africa. Blooms resemble bleeding heart and the leaves are heart-shaped, glossy, dark-green. The plant exists blissfully without any awareness of an anatomical organ called heart.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Flaming, or Scarlet Glory-bower, Clerodendrum spendens. Red-Orange flowers among heart-shaped leaves.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color. Flaming, or Scarlet Glory-bower, Clerodendrum spendens. Red-Orange flowers among heart-shaped leaves.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Glory-bower from Asia. Clerodendrum speciosissimum. Flame-Orange flowers above heart-shaped bronze leaves.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color. Glory-bower from Asia. Clerodendrum speciosissimum. Flame-Orange flowers above heart-shaped bronze leaves.

The Tristimulus Theory of Color is important as it has several useful, practical applications and it helps the man to reproduce natural colors. At a fundamental level, color provides the sensory stimulus and the man perceives color as the evidence of a work done by a Designer who is intentionally providing a sense of psychological satisfaction in the mind of the viewer.

WHO IS THE ARTIST?

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color. Who is the Artist? An artist uses colors with imagination to create forms and to generate a desired visual effect. A “Whole Artist” is a person who creates his own canvas, his own tools, his own pigments, and creates the desired visual effects while the forms that are created have no such creative and cognitive abilities.

No single function can explain the coloration of living things. We need a comprehensive theory that predicts the lines and patterns of coloration of plants and animals. An artist’s palette containing only three properly chosen colors is entirely adequate under most circumstances to produce the various visual effects of color that is observed. The optical mechanisms involved in the production of color are complex. Coloration is a dynamic and complex characteristic and the term must be clearly distinguished from the term ‘color’ which only refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. It is apparent that plants, and animals have no cognitive abilities to produce the coloration by which they are recognized. However, the coloration displayed gives us a clue about the nature of the “Whole Artist” who could be using imagination, has feelings for the forms created and seeks satisfaction from the visual effects that he produced. If man has the ability called visual perception, he must use the ability to visualize the “Whole Artist” who is at work. I ask my readers to give attention to the three dimensions of Color Perception. These are, 1. The Designer or the Artist, 2. The Object of Perception, and 3. The Subject who has the visual capacity of Color Perception.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Measurement of Color. The Tristimulus Theory of Color. There are Three Dimensions of Color Perception. 1. The Designer or the Artist, 2. The Object of Perception, and 3. The Subject who has the visual capacity of Color Perception.

Simon Cyrene

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The moral predicament of Judas, the Twelfth Disciple

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the moral nature of the man and its relationship with his material or corporeal substance.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag. The man is constituted by a material substance which contributes to the spiritual and moral nature of the man.

The man is a Spiritual Being and is constituted as a Moral Being. The moral nature of the man is a spiritual attribute and at a fundamental level the ability called moral discernment is related to the spiritual function that makes the man a conscious, sensible living entity. The function called consciousness contributes to the awareness to know the nature of actions performed and to make the distinction between right and wrong. Sometimes, the man is driven by an external stimulus or desire to perform an action and later the man reviews his own action to determine the good or evilness of his own act. The Science called Anthropology refers to the systematic study of all the dimensions of the man. Anthropology prefers to use direct observations of human beings, their activities and their products rather than using documentary accounts. Since Anthropology and all other Natural Sciences have not defined man as a Spiritual Being, I am using a different methodology to make my observations using documented accounts of human behavior and human nature to explain facts which can also be established by direct observations of living human beings. In this context, to know man as a Moral Being, I would like to share the story of Judas Iscariot and his betrayal of Jesus that is recorded in the Bible and most of my readers are already familiar with this story. I would like to remind my readers that at the time of this story, during the life of Judas Iscariot, there was no established religious faith or belief called Christianity and the actions of Judas strictly reflect upon his own intrinsic spiritual nature and his mind was not influenced by any concern about Salvation, Everlasting Life and acknowledging the truth about Jesus. The other disciples of Jesus were very doubtful and they waited until the fact of Resurrection to clarify their disbelief. None of those disciples were seen following Jesus while His earthly mission was coming to its conclusion by the act of crucifixion.

JUDAS ISCARIOT – THE BETRAYAL OF HUMAN NATURE:

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - MORAL BEING: The life of Judas Iscariot provides an understanding of man as a Moral Being. He belonged to a place called KERIOTH that is in Southern Judah.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag: Judas was a common name and it is the Greek form of the name JUDAH and is related to the geographical region called JUDEA. Judas was the only disciple of Jesus who belonged to Judea and all other eleven disciples of Jesus came from GALILEE. The life of Judas Iscariot provides an understanding of man as a Moral Being. He belonged to a place called KERIOTH that is in Southern Judah.

Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon is depicted as the arch-traitor who betrayed Lord Jesus Christ. His surname of ‘Iscariot’ is a word thought to be from the Hebrew ‘Ish Kerioth’, that is, ‘a man of Kerioth’.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, a man of Kerioth, the disciple with the moneybag.

Kerioth is a place in Southern Judah and is mentioned in The Old Testament Book of Joshua, Chapter 15, verse# 25. Judas joined the disciples of Jesus on his own and his name is always mentioned last among the twelve apostles. It may be noted that the other eleven disciples of Jesus came from Galilee. He was appointed as the treasurer or keeper of the money bag for the disciples (The New Testament Book of John, Chapter 12:6, and 13:29).

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot. The disciple with the moneybag.

Apparently, Judas got disappointed after his hopes for a high place in an earthly kingdom of Jesus were dashed.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

Jesus spoke while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum and said, “This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your forefathers ate manna and died, but he who feeds on this bread will live forever.” (John 6:58)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

These words were too hard to swallow; on hearing it , many of his disciples said, “This is a hard teaching, Who can accept it?” (John 6:60)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

Jesus was aware of the fact that his disciples were grumbling about his teaching and knew that one of the Twelve would eventually betray him; Then Jesus replied, “Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil !” (John 6:70)

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

Later, when Jesus was anointed at Bethany with about a pint of pure nard, an expensive perfume; Judas expressed his sense of indignation; “Why wasn’t this perfume sold and the money given to the poor? It was worth a Year’s wages” (John 12:5 and Mark 14:3-9).

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

Judas was being hypocritical and his pretended indignation, his zeal for the poor could be really due to covetousness. By that time, Judas was already a thief and got used to help himself with money that was put in the money bag (John 12:6).

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

It is apparent that Judas was not influenced by the teachings of Jesus and in my view, Judas was estranged or alienated from his own true or real spiritual nature, the divine attribute of the living matter or living substance that provides the capacity to exist as a man with conscience.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

The New Testament Book of Mark records this moral predicament of Judas; then Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve, went to the chief priests to betray Jesus to them. They were delighted to hear this and promised to give him money. So he watched for an opportunity to hand him over (Mark 14:10-11).

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

The agreement made by Judas to betray Jesus is recorded in The New Testament Book of Matthew, Chapter 26, verses 14-16; “Then one of the Twelve –  the one called Judas Iscariot – went to the chief priests and asked, “What are you willing to give me if I hand him over to you?” So they counted out to him thirty silver coins. From then on Judas watched for an opportunity to hand him over.”

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - MORAL BEING: At the "Last Supper", Jesus revealed that one of the disciples woudl betray him. Judas Iscariot is depicted as the keeper of the money bag.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag: At the “Last Supper”, Jesus revealed that one of the disciples would betray him. In this image, Judas Iscariot is depicted as the keeper of the money bag. He was listening to Jesus but he was alienated from his true or real nature and was planning to carry out his act of handing over Jesus to the chief priests without thinking that he would be helping the chief priests to take the life of Jesus.

At the “Last Supper” Jesus revealed that one of the Twelve would betray him (John 13:26-27); “As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him.” Jesus promptly instructed Judas to do what he had already planned to do.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

At that time, Jesus had allowed Judas to act according to his own conscience and did not instruct him about the true or real spiritual nature of man.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - MORAL BEING:  The "Last Supper." As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. Jesus dismissed Judas; and Judas went out to do the dastardly deed that he had already planned.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag: The “Last Supper.” As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. Jesus dismissed Judas; and Judas went out to do the dastardly deed that he had already planned. He had already sold the Lord for thirty pieces of silver.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - MORAL BEING: Judas Iscariot greeted Jesus and planted a kiss to betray him and got him arrested. When Jesus was condemned to death, Judas immediately recognized his own folly and admitted his remorse with no deceitfulness.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag: Judas Iscariot greeted Jesus and planted a kiss to betray him and got him arrested. When Jesus was condemned to death, Judas immediately recognized his own folly and expressed his remorse, and admitted that he spilled innocent blood with no deceitfulness.

The New Testament Book of Matthew, Chapter 26, verses #47-49  describe the arrest of Jesus at Gethsemane, a place near the Mount of Olives; “While Jesus was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, arrived. With him was a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests and the elders of the people. Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: “The one I kiss is the man, arrest him.” Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, “Greetings, Rabbi.” and kissed him.” It did not take too long for Judas to recognize the enormity of his sinful conduct.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

The Book of Matthew, Chapter 27 records in verses #1-5 as to how Judas responded to his own transgression; “Early in the morning, all the chief priests and the elders of the people came to the decision to put Jesus to death. They bound him, led him away and hand him over to Pilate, the governor. When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and the elders. “I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What is that to us?” they replied. “That’s your responsibility.” So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself.” Apart from admitting his sinful act, Judas lost interest in seeking material wealth, and without any hesitation he had discarded those silver coins that he had initially coveted.

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - MORAL BEING: The life of Judas Iscariot may have concluded when he hanged himself or when he  fell headlong when his body burst open and all his intestines spilled out(The New Testament Book of Acts, Chapter !, verse# 18). Either way, Judas had fully recognized that his action to betray Jesus was wrong, he expressed his remorse, he admitted his sin, and he gave up his life to redeem himself.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag: The life of Judas Iscariot may have concluded when he hanged himself or when he fell headlong when his body burst open and all his intestines spilled out(The New Testament Book of Acts, Chapter !, verse# 18). Either way, Judas had fully recognized that his action to betray Jesus was wrong, he expressed his remorse, he admitted his sin, and he gave up his life to redeem himself.

AKELDAMA – THE POTTER’S FIELD – THE PLACE OF BLOOD:

SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - MORAL BEING: Akeldama or the Potter's Field is the field purchased with the money Judas received for betraying Jesus Christ. This Place of Blood is a silent witness to man's moral nature and it reminds man that man's true or real nature is not consistent with sinful conduct.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag: Akeldama or the Potter’s Field is the field purchased with the money Judas received for betraying Jesus Christ. This Place of Blood is a silent witness to man’s moral nature and it reminds man that his true or real nature is not consistent with sinful conduct for man is constituted with the ability to know Right and Wrong.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - MORAL BEING: Akeldama was called "the place of blood" in Aramaic language. Judas Iscariot got estranged or alienated from his true or real spiritual nature and betrayed Jesus and sold him for thirty silver pieces. When the chief priests condemned Jesus to death, Judas recovered his moral nature and admitted that he had committed a sin. He condemned his own act and had imposed the sentence of death penalty to serve the purpose of upholding the moral nature of man which is real, and the sinful nature is the lie imposed by Devil to destroy man and his essence.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag: Akeldama was called “the place of blood” in Aramaic language. Judas Iscariot got estranged or alienated from his true or real spiritual nature and betrayed Jesus and sold him for thirty silver pieces. When the chief priests condemned Jesus to death, Judas recovered his moral nature and admitted that he had committed a sin. He condemned his own act and had imposed the sentence of death penalty to serve the purpose of upholding the moral nature of man which is real, and the sinful nature is the lie imposed by Devil to destroy man and his essence.
SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE - MORAL BEING: WHAT IS THE TRUE OR REAL NATURE OF MAN? It may help us to know and understand about man's true nature by visiting the Potter's Field  on the southern slope of the Hinnom Valley in Jerusalem. Here, a man known as Judas Iscariot condemned himself to death for violating his true spiritual nature that constituted him as a Moral Being. He had killed his Physical Being for its actions transgressed the purpose of the Moral Being which commands man not to spill innocent blood.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag: WHAT IS THE TRUE OR REAL NATURE OF MAN? It may help us to know and understand about man’s true nature by visiting the Potter’s Field on the southern slope of the Hinnom Valley in Jerusalem. Here, a man known as Judas Iscariot condemned himself to death for violating his true spiritual nature that constituted him as a Moral Being. He killed his Physical Being for its actions transgressed the purpose of the Moral Being which commands man not to spill innocent blood.

The New Testament Book of Matthew, Chapter 27, verses # 6-10 give a detailed account of the purchase of the ‘Field of Blood’. “The chief priests picked up the coins and said , “It is against the law to put this into treasury, since it is blood money.” So they decided to use the money to buy the potter’s field as a burial-place for foreigners. That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to this day. Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: “They took the thirty silver coins, the price set on him by the people of Israel, and they used them to buy the potter’s field as the Lord commanded me.”

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

The statement in The New Testament Book of Acts, Chapter 1, verses #18 and 19 is a parenthesis, an explanation by Apostle Luke and is not a part of Apostle Peter’s speech; “with the reward he got for his wickedness, Judas bought a field.”

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

It is apparent that the chief priests had made this purchase in the name of Judas and Judas made no attempt to gain profit from the bribe he had received for betraying Jesus. Judas had experienced a severe inner conflict when he contrasted his true nature with the action he had performed. There was no consistency between the two, between the nature and the behavior that he had expressed. To resolve this mental conflict and to assert his true nature, Judas decided to extinguish the life of the Physical Being which acted as if it is independent of its inherent moral nature.

CONSCIOUSNESS – A MORAL EXPERIENCE – SPIRITUAL ATTRIBUTE:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The influence of Money. The story of Judas Iscariot, the disciple with the moneybag.

Consciousness is a biological condition and its characteristics include the awareness of behavioral actions performed and their nature. Consciousness could be explained as a moral experience. Consciousness is the attribute of a conscientious person. Conscious behavior is often described as conscientious action that is scrupulous, characterized by or done with careful attention. Conscience describes awareness of one’s own acts and the application of knowledge to discern an act as right or wrong, good or evil, selfish or altruistic. Man has the intrinsic ability to recognize his acts of transgression or sinful conduct. Man is a creature with ‘Conscience’ and hence exists as a Moral Being.

Simon Cyrene

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Human Dignity is not a measure of the amount on the paycheck

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Defend the Dignity of Labor. Repeal the US Fair Labor Standards Act. Human Dignity is conserved in both Life and Death. What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the philosophy of Dignity of Labor. The US Fair Labor Standards Act degrades the worth of the human individual by using concepts which are invalid and cannot be verified by using the information provided by Science about the man and the work he performs. The Human Dignity is not a measure of the amount on the paycheck.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Defend the Dignity of Labor. Repeal the US Fair Labor Standards Act

What is the Dignity of Labor?

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to Repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act

The dignity of labor is the philosophy that all types of jobs are respected equally, and no occupation is considered superior and none of the jobs should be discriminated on any basis. Regardless of whether one’s occupation involves physical work or mental labor, it is held that the job deserves respect.

In my analysis, the concepts used by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) are not consistent with the doctrine of the Dignity of Labor and hence I ask the Americans to repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act.

FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT (FLSA) – WHITE COLLAR vs BLUE COLLAR

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the dignity of labor, I ask the Americans to repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act

Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) which claims to provide protection to people working in the US is fundamentally flawed. In my view, it has institutionalized the modern economic practices that are causing huge disparities in income and wealth leading to gross social and economic inequalities.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act

In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. There can be no distinction among workers if Life is defined as ‘Knowledge in Action’. All human beings process a similar kind of information and use chemical energy to perform similar kinds of sequential, guided, purposeful and goal-oriented actions described as ‘Metabolism’.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to Repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act

I ask the US Congress and The US Department of Labor to put an end to division of workers into White or Blue Collar. As such, each employee and his or her employer must make the determination about compensation or remuneration and agree upon the wages for performing labor.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to Repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act

In my view, the Natural Sciences and Medical Science in particular do not validate the concept of “WHITE-COLLAR” as no human being performs executive, administrative, or professional service while operating metabolic functions of human bodies of their own. No man lives as the boss, the ruler, the governor, or the administrator of his own body.

I ask my readers to reject the assumptions and the criteria described by the Fair Labor Standards Act as they contribute to Unequal Employment Opportunities at the American Workplace. As such the Fair Labor Standards Act is not consistent with the Natural Law principle of Equality that formulates the Supreme Law of this Land.

Simon Cyrene

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act

FACT SHEET – WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION (WHD) – U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to Repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act

Clipped from: https://www.dol.gov/whd/overtime/whdfs17s.htm

Fact Sheet #17S: Higher Education Institutions and Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

The FLSA requires that a non-exempt employee receive minimum wages for his or her work, as well as overtime wages whenever he or she works more than 40 hours in a workweek. Section 13(a)(1) of the FLSA, however, exempts certain employees who perform bona fide executive, administrative, professional, and outside sales duties from minimum wage and overtime requirements. These exemptions are often called the “white-collar” exemptions. This fact sheet discusses the applicability of these exemptions to jobs that are common in higher education institutions.

General Requirements for Exemptions

To qualify for a white collar exemption, an employee must generally satisfy three tests:

1. The employee must be paid on a salary basis that is not subject to reduction based on the quality or quantity of work (the “salary basis test”), rather than, for example, on an hourly basis;

2. The employee must receive a salary at a rate not less than $455* per week (the “salary level test”); and

3. The employee’s primary duty must involve the kind of work associated with the exempt status sought, such as executive, administrative, or professional work (the “duties test”).

4. Additional information concerning these exemptions is available in Fact Sheets 17A-G. See https://www.dol.gov/whd/regs/compliance/whdcomp.htm.

Exemptions for Common Higher Education Jobs

Teachers

A teacher is exempt if his or her primary duty is teaching, tutoring, instructing, or lecturing to impart knowledge, and if he or she is performing that duty as an employee of an educational establishment. See 29 C.F.R. § 541.303. Educational establishments include elementary school systems, secondary school systems, institutions of higher education, and other educational institutions. See 29 C.F.R. § 541.204(b). If a bona fide teacher meets this duty requirement, the salary level and salary basis tests do not apply. See 29 C.F.R. §§ 541.303(d), 541.600(e). Given these standards, professors, instructors, and adjunct professors typically qualify for this exemption.

A faculty member who teaches online or remotely also may qualify for this exemption. The regulations do not restrict where bona fide teaching may take place, to whom the knowledge can be imparted, or how many hours a teacher must work per week to qualify for the exemption. The exemption would therefore ordinarily apply, for example, to a part-time faculty member of an educational establishment whose primary duty is to provide instruction through online courses to remote non-credit learners. The exemption could likewise apply, for example, to an agricultural extension agent who is employed by an educational establishment to travel and provide instruction to farmers, if the agent’s primary duty is teaching, instructing, or lecturing to impart knowledge. To determine a teacher’s primary duty, the relevant inquiry in all cases is the teacher’s actual job duties. Job titles or full/part-time status alone do not determine exempt status.

A teacher does not become non-exempt merely because he or she spends a considerable amount of time in extracurricular activities (such as coaching athletic teams or supervising student clubs), provided the teacher’s primary duty is teaching.

Coaches

Athletic coaches employed by higher education institutions may qualify for the teacher exemption. After all, teaching may include instructing student-athletes in how to perform their sport. But a coach will not qualify for the exemption if his or her primary duties are recruiting students to play sports or visiting high schools and athletic camps to conduct student interviews. The amount of time the coach spends instructing student-athletes in a team sport is relevant, but not the exclusive factor, in determining the coach’s exempt status.

Professional Employees

The FLSA provides for several kinds of exempt professional employees—such as learned professionals, creative professionals, teachers, and employees practicing law or medicine. In higher education, employees eligible for the professional exemption are often either teachers (as discussed above) or learned professionals (as described below). To qualify as a learned professional, the employee must satisfy three requirements:

1. The employee’s primary duty must be the performance of work requiring advanced knowledge;

2. The advanced knowledge must be in a field of science or learning; and

3. The advanced knowledge must be customarily acquired by a prolonged course of specialized intellectual instruction.

See 29 C.F.R. § 541.301. Unless the employee is a teacher or practicing law or medicine, he or she must also satisfy the above-referenced salary basis and salary level tests to be an exempt professional.

In higher education, examples of exempt non-teacher learned professionals generally include certified public accountants, psychologists, certified athletic trainers, and librarians. Postdoctoral fellows, who conduct research at a higher education institution after completing their doctoral studies, likewise generally meet the duties requirements of the learned professional exemption, and they may additionally qualify for the teacher exemption if teaching is their primary duty. Of course, an employee’s qualification for the exemption depends on his or her actual job duties and education. Job titles alone are not sufficient for determining whether an employee satisfies the duties test.

Administrative Employees

Various employees at higher educational institutions may qualify as exempt administrative employees. The administrative exemption applies when the following requirements are met:

1. The employee’s compensation must satisfy the above-referenced salary basis and salary level tests;

2. The employee’s primary duty must be the performance of office or non-manual work directly related to the management or general business operations of the employer or the employer’s customers; and

3. The employee’s primary duty must include the exercise of discretion and independent judgment with respect to matters of significance.

See 29 C.F.R. § 541.200. Such administrative employees in higher education might include, for example, admissions counselors or student financial aid officers. An employee’s qualification for the exemption depends on his or her actual job duties; job titles alone are not sufficient for determining whether an employee satisfies the duties test.

Notably, there are specific regulatory provisions for certain administrative employees—known as “academic administrative employees”—whose primary duty is performing administrative functions directly related to academic instruction or training in an educational establishment. To be exempt as an academic administrative professional:

1. The employee must satisfy the above-referenced salary basis and salary level tests or receive a salary of at least the entrance salary for teachers in the same educational establishment; and

2. The employee’s primary duty must be to perform administrative functions directly related to academic instruction or training in an educational establishment.

See 29 C.F.R. § 541.204. Employees who work in higher education but whose work does not relate to the educational field (such as work in general business operations) do not qualify as exempt academic administrative employees. See id.

In higher education institutions, exempt academic administrative personnel generally include department heads, intervention specialists who are available to respond to student academic issues, and other employees with similar responsibilities. Exempt administrative personnel would likewise generally include academic counselors who administer school testing programs, assist students with academic problems, and advise students concerning degree requirements. Again, whether an employee satisfies the duties test for these exemptions depends on the employee’s actual job duties, not just the employee’s job title.

Executive Employees

To qualify for the executive exemption, an employee must satisfy the following tests:

1. The employee must receive compensation that satisfies the above-referenced salary basis and salary level tests;

2. The employee’s primary duty must be managing the enterprise or a customarily recognized department or subdivision thereof;

3. The employee must customarily and regularly direct the work of at least two or more other full-time employees or their equivalent (for example, one full-time and two half-time employees); and

4. The employee must have the authority to hire or fire other employees, or in the alternative, the employee’s suggestions and recommendations as to the hiring, firing, advancement, promotion, or any other change of status of other employees must be given particular weight.

See 29 C.F.R. § 541.100. Various positions in higher education institutions might qualify for the executive exemption, including deans, department heads, directors, and any other manager or supervisor whose job duties and compensation satisfy the above criteria.

Student-Employees

As a general matter, most students who work for their college or university are hourly non-exempt workers and do not work more than 40 hours per week. The following, however, are examples of students who often receive a salary or other non-hourly compensation:

· Graduate Teaching Assistants. Graduate teaching assistants whose primary duty is teaching are exempt. Because they qualify for the teacher exemption, they are not subject to the salary basis and salary level tests.

· Research Assistants. Generally, an educational relationship exists when a graduate or undergraduate student performs research under a faculty member’s supervision while obtaining a degree. Under these circumstances, the Department would not assert that an employment relationship exists with either the school or any grantor funding the student’s research. This is true even though the student may receive a stipend for performing the research.

· Student Residential Assistants. Students enrolled in bona fide educational programs who are residential assistants and receive reduced room or board charges or tuition credits are not generally considered employees under the FLSA. They therefore are not entitled to minimum wages and overtime under the FLSA.

An employment relationship will generally exist when a student receives compensation and his or her duties are not part of an overall education program. For example, students who work at food service counters, sell programs or usher at events, or wash dishes in dining halls and anticipate some compensation (for example, money or meals) are generally considered employees entitled to minimum wage and overtime compensation.

Compensatory Time at Public Universities

Public universities or colleges that qualify as a “public agency” under the FLSA may compensate non-exempt employees with compensatory time off (or “comp time”) in lieu of overtime pay. A college or university is a public agency under the FLSA if it is a political subdivision of a State. When determining whether a college or university is a “political subdivision,” the Department considers whether (1) the State directly created the entity, or (2) individuals administering the entity are responsible to public officials or the general electorate.

If the public university or college qualifies as a public agency, non-exempt employees generally may not accrue more than 240 hours of comp time. However, employees engaged to work in a public safety activity, an emergency response activity, or a seasonal activity may accrue as much as 480 hours of comp time. See 29 U.S.C. 207(o)(3)(A). Private higher education institutions may not pay employees comp time in lieu of overtime pay.

Where to Obtain Additional Information

This publication is for general information and is not a regulation. For additional information, visit our Wage and Hour Division Website: http://www.wagehour.dol.gov and/or call our toll-free information and helpline, available 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. in your time zone at: 1-866-4USWAGE (1-866-487-9243).

Note (added January 2018): *

The Department of Labor is undertaking rulemaking to revise the regulations located at 29 C.F.R. part 541, which govern the exemption of executive, administrative, and professional employees from the Fair Labor Standards Act’s minimum wage and overtime pay requirements. Until the Department issues its final rule, it will enforce the part 541 regulations in effect on November 30, 2016, including the $455 per week standard salary level. These regulations are available at: https://www.dol.gov/whd/overtime/regulations.pdf.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to Repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. In my analysis, FLSA is fundamentally flawed for it divides workers into categories such as “White Collar” and “Blue Collar” without understanding the basis for the man’s existence in the natural world. To defend the Dignity of Labor, I ask the Americans to repeal the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Defend the Dignity of Labor. Repeal the US Fair Labor Standards Act. Human Dignity is conserved in both Life and Death. What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The man’s aesthetic experience of the world is governed by Gravitation

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of biological coloration.

WHAT IS COLOR AND WHAT IS COLORATION?

WholeDude-WholeDesigner - Sir Issac Newton who discovered that white light is composed of every color in the spectrum.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Laws of Physics and the concept of Whole Aesthetics. Sir Isaac Newton discovered that white light is composed of every color in the spectrum.

Sir Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727), English mathematician, natural philosopher, physicist, is the greatest scientist of all time. He was the Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University. He was the President of Royal Society 1703-1727. He was the first to explain what he called “the permanent colors of natural bodies.”

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Fundamental Force of Gravitation is the regulative principle of human existence and the human aesthetic experience.

Apart from his theory of Light-Optics, Newton discovered the universal law of gravitation, laws of motion, fluid mechanics, the phenomenon of tides, and the motion of heavenly bodies. His discovery helps us to understand the magic of creation that gives us the visual, sensory experience called color.

The Laws of Physics and the concept of Whole Aesthetics. White light is perceived as colorless as only a neutral color sensation is aroused by it. White light is composed of every color in the spectrum. Human civilization has developed taste in color and has attached names, values and functions to the colors it visualizes. A sense of fitness has been acquired concerning the use of color.

The term ‘color’ refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. The term ‘coloration’ is a dynamic and complex characteristic that has captured human interest and attention for a long time. The human interest to coloration ranges from purely aesthetic to the rigidly pragmatic.

BIOLOGICAL COLORATION:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. The Laws of Physics and the concept of Whole Aesthetics. God is the creator of Light.

Biological Coloration refers to the general appearance of an organism as determined by the quality and quantity of light that is reflected or emitted from its surface. This Coloration depends upon several factors:

1. The integrity and deployment of the structural units and features involved in the generation of color,

2. The color and distribution of the organism’s pigments, and the relative location of differently colored areas,

3. The shape, posture, position, and movement of the organism,

4. The quality and quantity of light striking the organism, including the seasonal light and temperature variations,

5. The psychological, behavioral, hormonal, and other physiological conditions associated with the use of color,

6. The visual capacity of the viewer. The Laws of Physics constitute and regulate the visual capacity of the man, the viewer and the visual capacity of other living organisms which have the ability called photo reception.

I am intentionally combining the words whole+dude, and whole+designer to speak about the complex, dynamic forms of man and the Creator. Man has the ability to study the plan, the pattern, the outline, and the scheme used in the execution of an artistic work called creation.

THE CONSTITUTIVE AND THE REGULATIVE PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN EXISTENCE

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Constitutive and the Regulative Principles of Human Existence. MAN IS THE OBJECT OF EXPERIENCE. MASS IS THE CONSTITUTIVE PRINCIPLE. GRAVITY IS THE REGULATIVE PRINCIPLE. THE MAN MAY OR MAY NOT ACKNOWLEDGE OPERATION OF THE REGULATIVE FORCE OR POWER THAT GIVES HIM THE EXPERIENCE OF HIS BODY MASS.

The man is the Subject and is the Object of his experience called Human Existence. Such experience requires operation of two principles; 1. Mass or Substance that constitutes what is present in the Object itself without which there can be no understanding, and 2. Gravitation Force or Power that regulates the Subject’s experience of the Object’s Mass or Substance. The experience of human existence will be incomplete without the operation of the Regulative Principle or Power. The Regulative Concept and Principle helps in complete understanding of the constitution and connection of the Subject with the Object of experience. The man knows that he exists for he has the experience of his own body weight. Gravitation is a Regulative Force or Power that organizes or regulates the man’s experience without reference to the constitution of the Object. All things that have Mass experience the same Regulative Force or Power but the Regulative Principles play no part in determining the objective character of the world of appearance. The man has the Subjective experience of the Objective reality of his body Mass for he is constituted of a principle that has awareness or consciousness of such a Subjective experience. Gravitation does not determine the constitution of a man or a man’s ability called understanding.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Constitutive and the Regulative Principles of Human Existence. WEIGHT IS THE EXPERIENCE. MASS IS THE CONSTITUTIVE PRINCIPLE THAT DEFINES MAN’S APPEARANCE. GRAVITATIONAL FORCE IS THE REGULATIVE PRINCIPLE THAT REGULATES MAN’S EXPERIENCE OF WEIGHT. THE FACULTY OF REASONING IS IMPORTANT FOR COMPLETE UNDERSTANDING OF EXPERIENCE OF BODY WEIGHT.

The man has experience of Body Weight for he thinks he is a stationary object. In realty, every point on the surface of Earth partakes in the motions of Earth. The man exists on the surface of a fast, spinning object. If a man has direct, sensory experience of the speed of Earth, the man will not have the opportunity to have the sensory experience of his Body Weight. The Regulative Concept and Principle is of fundamental value in understanding of the constitution of a man as a living object with sensory experiences.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Constitutive and the Regulative Principles of Human Existence. THE MAN HAS EXPERIENCE OF BODY WEIGHT FOR HE THINKS HE IS A STATIONARY OBJECT. EVERY POINT ON THE SURFACE OF EARTH PARTAKES IN THE MOTIONS OF EARTH.

What is Aesthetics?

Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art and the criteria of artistic judgment. Aesthetics involves the study or theory of beauty and of the psychological responses to it. Aesthetics has developed into a broad field of knowledge and inquiry. The term was coined by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten to denote a realm of concrete knowledge in which content is communicated in sensory form. Now the term is applied to the study of all the works of the fine arts, the useful arts (crafts) and natural phenomena (eg., landscapes, the human face and body) that have aesthetic value and generate an experience called aesthetic experience. Plato and Aristotle formulated the conception of art as an imitation of nature. Beauty inheres in the object itself and may be judged objectively. Hume identified beauty with that which pleases the observer. Baumgarten emphasized on the importance of feeling. If art imitates nature, the artist must deliberately alter nature by adding elements of feeling to perceive reality. The artistic process involves the use of illusion to mirror the creative process of the world.

I use the term ‘Whole Aesthetics’ to describe the integration of the human body with the principles of soul and spirit to bring ‘Whole Unity’ and ‘Whole Harmony’ between the conflicting elements of Dependence and Freedom by using an artistic process of combining Reality with Illusion. I use the term ‘Whole Aesthetics’ to describe the ‘Wholeness’ of Human Existence that requires the ‘Whole Harmony’ between Dependence and Freedom, the Whole Harmony between Illusion and Reality, the ‘Whole Unity’ between the human body, spirit and soul. I find the application of this artistic process in the works of Whole Artist or Whole Designer who makes the man to live on the surface of a fast spinning object called planet Earth where the Power of Time churns every future instant into a past instant without ever giving man the chance to recognize the experience of a present instant. Whole Aesthetics captures the beauty of the reality of human existence derived from the experience of illusion imposed by the fundamental force of gravitation. There is no aesthetic experience without the regulative principle which governs the human existence.

The Concept of Whole Artist:

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics. Who is the Artist? An artist uses colors with imagination to create forms and to generate a desired visual effect. A “Whole Artist” is a person who creates his own canvas, his own tools, his own pigments, and creates the desired visual effects while the forms that are created have no such creative and cognitive abilities.

The term artist is used to describe a person who works in, or is skilled in the technique of any of the fine arts, especially in painting, drawing, and sculpture. The term artistry describes the artistic ability which includes the use of imagination, a feeling for form, and a feeling for effect. I am using the term ‘Whole Artist’ to discover the person who may have used imagination to create forms to produce desired effects while the form itself lacks the cognitive abilities to generate its own form. Plants may produce flowers of different colors while they essentially lack cognitive abilities to recognize the visual effect of the color they produce. The study, the theory of beauty, or Aesthetics helps us to know the nature of the artist.

WHO IS THE ARTIST?

No single function can explain the coloration of living things. We need a comprehensive theory that predicts the lines and patterns of coloration of plants and animals. An artist’s palette containing only three properly chosen colors is entirely adequate under most circumstances to produce the various visual effects of color that is observed. The optical mechanisms involved in the production of color are complex. Coloration is a dynamic and complex characteristic and the term must be clearly distinguished from the term ‘color’ which only refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. It is apparent that plants, and animals have no cognitive abilities to produce the coloration by which they are recognized.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The concepts of Whole Artist and Whole Aesthetics account for the cognitive ability called visual power which contributes to the aesthetic experience.

However, the coloration displayed gives us a clue about the nature of the “Whole Artist” who could be using imagination, has feelings for the forms created and seeks satisfaction from the visual effects that he produced. If man has the ability called visual perception, he must use the ability to visualize the “Whole Artist” who is at work. The Whole Artist provides the visual capacity to the man using the regulative principle of gravitation which causes the illusion of the man experiencing the world around him as if he is a stationary object.

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The role of pigments in biological coloration

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of biological coloration.

WHAT IS COLOR AND WHAT IS COLORATION?

The term ‘color’ refers to the spectral qualities of emitted or reflected light. The term ‘coloration’ is a dynamic and complex characteristic that has captured human interest and attention for a long time. The human interest to coloration ranges from purely aesthetic to the rigidly pragmatic.

BIOLOGICAL COLORATION:

Biological Coloration refers to the general appearance of an organism as determined by the quality and quantity of light that is reflected or emitted from its surface. This Coloration depends upon several factors:

1. The integrity and deployment of the structural units and features involved in the generation of color,

2. The color and distribution of the organism’s pigments, and the relative location of differently colored areas,

3. The shape, posture, position, and movement of the organism,

4. The quality and quantity of light striking the organism, including the seasonal light and temperature variations,

5. The psychological, behavioral, hormonal, and other physiological conditions associated with the use of color,

6. The visual capacity of the viewer.

The role of pigments in biological coloration

WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Adolf Von Baeyer discovered the chemical structure of Indigo dye in 1883, and could successfully synthesize the plant pigment in 1890. He won the 1905 Noble Prize in Chemistry in recognition of his service in the advancement of Organic Chemistry and the Chemical Industry through his work on Organic Dyes.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics explores the creative use of pigments . Adolf Von Baeyer discovered the chemical structure of Indigo dye in 1883, and could successfully synthesize the plant pigment in 1890. He won the 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry in recognition of his service in the advancement of Organic Chemistry and the Chemical Industry through his work on Organic Dyes.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Indigo is the name of blue-colored plant dye derived from a plant that is a native of India. The Indigo plants belong to the genus Indigofera, the species include, I. sumatrana, I. arrecta, and I. tinctoria. The credit for discovering the chemical structure of Indigo goes to German Chemist, Adolf Von Baeyer.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics explores the creative use of pigments. Indigo is the name of blue-colored plant dye derived from a plant that is a native of India. The Indigo plants belong to the genus Indigofera, the species include, I. sumatrana, I. arrecta, and I. tinctoria. The credit for discovering the chemical structure of Indigo goes to German Chemist, Adolf Von Baeyer.

The biological coloration generated by the pigments of biological tissues that reflect or transmit light are known as biochromes. The organic compounds, biochromes, are classified according to the presence or absence of Nitrogen. Pigments produce color by selective absorption of light. The molecules of pigment absorb a limited range of wavelengths; the light that is not absorbed is reflected and its dominant wavelength determines the pigment’s color. However, it must be noted that biochromes are involved in the performance of various, pivotal, metabolic functions apart from imparting color. The natural coloration of living things is more complex than the visual sensory experience of the color associated with living things.

WHoleDude-WholeDesigner: Fischer's Turaco fischeri is unique. It produces its own special green pigment called turacoverdin.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics explores the creative use of pigments. Fischer’s Turaco fischeri is unique. It produces its own special green pigment called turacoverdin.
WholeDude-WholeDesigner: Red-crested Turaco, Tauraco erythrolophus. The red color results from turacin pigment derived from Porphyrin.
The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Spiritual Optics explores the creative use of pigments . Red-crested Turaco, Tauraco erythrolophus. The red color results from turacin pigment derived from Porphyrin.

Pigments are substances that impart color to other materials. Most paint pigments are metallic compounds. Some metallic pigments occur naturally. Plants and animals contain pigments. Most opaque substances owe their color to a combination of scattering and absorption within the body of the material. The production of color depends upon the wavelength of incident light, the diameter of the pigment particle, and the relationship between the refractive index of the pigment and that of the vehicle in which the pigment particles are suspended. The color of a chemical compound depends on the selective absorption of light by molecules whose size or vibrational wavelengths or both lie between 3000 and 7000 angstrom. Selective absorption of visible light results from retardation in the relative speed or vibrational frequency of the many rapidly vibrating electron pairs found in the chemical compound. The chemical molecule is imparted a special motion or chemical resonance. If this molecular resonance involves short, rapid waves, the shorter, visible light waves (Violet and Blue) are absorbed, and the chemical compound appears Yellow or Orange. The Red-appearing pigments have slightly longer resonance values, absorb light from the Blue and Green regions of the light spectrum. Blue, and Green compounds result from cancellation of light in the Red, or Orange realms. Black substances absorb all light equally and completely; White compounds absorb no light in the visible spectrum. The color reflected by a pigment usually includes all the wavelengths of visible light except the absorbed fraction; the observed color of a compound thus depends upon the dominant wavelength reflected or transmitted. In most cases, the color observed by the viewer depends upon the optical absorption characteristics of the pigment, and the scattering effect caused by the medium in which the pigment molecules are suspended.

The role of pigments in biological coloration displays the role of an artist who chooses the pigments to generate a desired visual effect in organisms that have the visual capacity to recognize the color.

Simon Cyrene

What is Matter? and What is Spirit? What is the Color of Money? If materialism is about the influence of material wealth, I would like to use the Power/Force/Energy called Money to talk about Life and Death. The Laws of Conservation are applicable to both the living, and the non-living matter. Hence, it can be stated that “Life can neither be created nor destroyed.” If any person can refute my claim using valid, scientific information, I would offer the person a US $1,000 bill as a reward.