DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY – MODERN-DAY SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES
The United States institutionalized the practice of ‘Slavery’ by enacting Public Laws such as PRWORA. Unqualified Aliens perform labor on the US soil paying taxes as mandated by Federal Insurance Contributions Act or FICA. However, they cannot receive Retirement Monthly Benefit from Social Security Administration(SSA) even after attaining full retirement age of 67-Years. Those Unqualified Aliens continue to work and pay taxes just to survive defending their mortal existence. In my analysis, such labor practice represents Involuntary Servitude, Forced Labor, Serfdom, and Slavery. The provisions of Employee Retirement Income Security Act or ERISA do not regulate Social Security Administration which manages Public Trust Fund that provides Social Security Retirement and Disability Benefits.
In my analysis, Slavery is practical reality of modern times as governance through Social Contract has degenerated leading to the creation of Police State. America spends more money than any other country to incarcerate people in a variety of prisons and detention centers.
FLORIDA PRISONERS PLAN MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY STRIKE OVER ‘SLAVERY’
© Reuters Florida has the third-largest prison system in the US, with 97,000 inmates.
Inmates of Florida’s prisons are planning to use Monday’s Martin Luther King Day holiday to launch a statewide strike over conditions they say amount to modern-day slavery.
The unusual protest has been called by inmates angry at being used as unpaid clean-up crews for storm debris in sweltering temperatures last September, after Hurricane Irma struck the state.
But organizers cite a number of other long-standing grievances for the planned month-long action, in which prisoners will refuse to take part in work assignments and forego purchasing “overpriced” luxury items such as snacks and toiletries, in an attempt to hit the state’s department of corrections in the pocket.
“Our goal is to make the governor realize that it will cost the state of Florida millions of dollars daily to contract outside companies to come and cook, clean and handle the maintenance,” the unnamed prisoners said in a statement posted on the website of the inmates’ advocacy group Fight Toxic Prisons.
“This will cause a total breakdown. We must use everything we have to show that we mean business.”
Florida has the nation’s third-largest prison system with 97,000 inmates, according to state figures. It is also one of the most troubled and violent such systems, with allegations of abuse of inmates rife.
In 2017, officers were cleared of blame for the death of a mentally ill patient they left in a scalding shower for two hours as punishment. In-depth investigations by the Miami Herald uncovered large numbers of rapes, beatings and cover-ups in the state’s non-air-conditioned jails.
The prisoners have dubbed their protest Operation Push, after civil rights leader Jesse Jackson’s 1970s campaign to improve economic conditions for African Americans. Almost a third of Florida inmates are black, compared to fewer than 17% in the general population.
They force them to work at gunpoint and they pay them nothing. There’s a word for that, it’s called slavery
Paul Wright, Human Rights Defense Center
One key demand is a reasonable wage for the labor inmates provide.
“They force them to work at gunpoint and they pay them nothing,” said Paul Wright, executive director of the Florida-based Human Rights Defense Center.
“There’s a word for that, it’s called slavery.
“Florida is one of the few states in the country that doesn’t pretend to pay even a nominal wage. Some states might say they pay 10 cents a day, or 15 cents an hour, or whatever, but here they make it pretty clear they don’t pay prisoners anything, they’re not going to, and prisoners are totally enslaved at every level.
“There’s no legal way for Florida’s prisoners to earn money in the prison system.”
The inmates also want the return of parole as an incentive for those with long-term sentences and an end to what they see as price gouging on food and other necessities.
“One case of soup on the street cost $4, it costs us $17 on the inside,” the prisoners said in their statement. “This is highway robbery without a gun. It’s not just us that they’re taking from. It’s our families who struggle to make ends meet and send us money, they are the real victims.”
Advocacy groups and friends and families of inmates have organized solidarity rallies outside several prisons and department of corrections offices on Monday, including in Miami and Tallahassee.
According to the Tallahassee Democrat, officials sent an email to employees at department headquarters urging them to lock doors and stay inside during the protests.
Tensions are running high in the Florida prison system. Last August, all facilities were placed on a three-day lockdown after unspecific threats of rioting.
In an emailed statement to the Guardian and other media outlets, department of corrections communications director Michelle Glady did not address detailed questions about the planned response to Monday’s planned protests.
“The department will continue to ensure the safe operation of our correctional facilities,” she said.
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SPIRITUALITY SCIENCE – CELEBRATION OF LIFE – TRIBUTE TO DR ALBERT SCHWEITZER
On January 14, 2018 I pay my humble tribute to Dr. Albert Schweitzer who promoted the ideal of treating life with respect. To describe Man as Spiritual Being I give attention to both Biology and Medical Science to arrive at correct understanding of Real or True Man. The term ‘Spirit’ has to be defined as vital principle found in all living things and hence Science has to account for Spirit using Science called Anatomy that describes structures and Physiology that describes functions performed by anatomical structures such as cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems.
ALBERT SCHWEITZER BORN – JANUARY 14, 1875
Clipped from: Albert Schweitzer born – Jan 14, 1875 – HISTORY.com
The theologian, musician, philosopher and Nobel Prize-winning physician Albert Schweitzer is born on this day in 1875 in Upper-Alsace, Germany (now Haut-Rhin, France).
The son and grandson of ministers, Schweitzer studied theology and philosophy at the universities of Strasbourg, Paris and Berlin. After working as a pastor, he entered medical school in 1905 with the dream of becoming a missionary in Africa. Schweitzer was also an acclaimed concert organist who played professional engagements to earn money for his education. By the time he received his M.D. in 1913, the overachieving Schweitzer had published several books, including the influential The Quest for the Historical Jesus and a book on the composer Johann Sebastian Bach.
Medical degree in hand, Schweitzer and his wife, Helene Bresslau, moved to French Equatorial Africa where he founded a hospital at Lambarene (modern-day Gabon). When World War I broke out, the German-born Schweitzers were sent to a French internment camp as prisoners of war. Released in 1918, they returned to Lambarene in 1924. Over the next three decades, Schweitzer made frequent visits to Europe to lecture on culture and ethics. His philosophy revolved around the concept of what he called “reverence for life”–the idea that all life must be respected and loved, and that humans should enter into a personal, spiritual relationship with the universe and all its creations. This reverence for life, according to Schweitzer, would naturally lead humans to live a life of service to others.
Schweitzer won widespread praise for putting his uplifting theory into practice at his hospital in Africa, where he treated many patients with leprosy and the dreaded African sleeping sickness. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1952, Schweitzer used his $33,000 award to start a leprosarium at Lambarene. From the early 1950s until his death in 1965, Schweitzer spoke and wrote tirelessly about his opposition to nuclear tests and nuclear weapons, adding his voice to those of fellow Nobelists Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell.
MAKAR SANKRANTI, SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018 – ETERNAL LAW OF AGING
Man’s journey on Earth’s surface is measured by duration of Sun’s apparent motions across sky which is experienced as Day and Night while in reality Sun shines all the time without performing movements characterized as Sunrise and Sunset. Man blissfully exists without ever experiencing true motions of Sun around Milky Way Galactic Center.
MAKAR SANKRANTI, SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018 – PERCEPTION OF CHANGING SEASONS
Whole Concept – The Perception of Time and Unchanging Reality: Happy Makara Sankranti to all of my readers. Indians observe and Celebrate the Movement of Sun across the Celestial Sphere. Human Existence is conditioned by Illusion; the Apparent Motions of Sun and not Real Motions of Sun influence Experience of Life on Earth.
UNDERSTANDING TIME AND THE CONCEPT OF UNCHANGING REALITY :
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018.Earth’s Rotational Spin provides experience of Time by causing changes in the environment which Man perceives as Day and Night. This cyclical change of alternating periods of Light and Darkness is synchronized with Man’s Biological Rhythms.
Time is defined as the period or interval between two events or during which something exists, happens, or acts; the duration is a measurable interval. Indian thinkers have described ‘Time’ or ‘KAALA’ as a Power or a Force that is eternal suggesting that ‘Time’ existed before the formation of this created universe, Time operates during the existence of this created universe, and Time remains after the total dissolution of this created universe. ‘Things in Nature change with Time’. Does Time exert a force entirely of its own to change things in Nature? If Time is viewed as a Power or Force, who controls this Force and what are the Laws that operate this Force ?
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018.The Subjective Reality of Man’s physical existence is operated by the Biological Clock which may have a plan for Man’s Dissolution.
Everything that is born, everything that has come into existence, and everything that is conditioned arrives with its own plan for dissolution. Whosoever had arrived on this planet Earth, is sure to depart. Time operates this plan for dissolution. Time has the power to cause dissolution of the animate as well as the inanimate world and the physical universe. Whatever qualities, or attributes such as material wealth, social status, social position, and physical state of well-being that man cherishes and desires most would be dissolved and would be rendered useless by the effects of Time. Humans lack the material, and the biological abilities to transform their physical beings into sources of perpetual enjoyment. Time with its Power of Dissolution would eventually compel us to investigate and to explore the concept of Absolute and Unchanging Reality. This Subjective Reality of Man’s existence on this planet Earth which is a member of the Solar System would be dissolved by the influence of Time. Dissolution of Sun and the Solar System would not lead to dissolution of this universe that we currently know and understand. Even when man is dissolved, the conditioned reality of this physical universe will continue and remains as before as Earth and Sun do not describe the total reality of this conditioned universe.
THE PERCEPTION OF CHANGE AND HUMAN CONCEPTS ABOUT TIME:
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018.The Moving Train and the Perception of changing landscape. Photo Credit:Indyeahforever.
Many of you who learned Physics understand the term Speed and Velocity. A person riding in a train or any other moving object could perceive a change that is caused by the motion. The nature of this perception depends upon the Speed or Velocity of that moving object. If the person jumps out of the train, the change that he has been perceiving immediately stops. There would be no changing landscape. As the speed of train increases, perception of change also alters and at very high speeds man actually loses the ability of visual perception. The visual image becomes a blur. If man is viewing a Motion Picture, his visual ability to view the Picture could be destroyed by simply increasing the speed of the Projector. Any given point on the surface of the Earth moves with the Speed of the Earth. Earth is moving at a great speed and man has no ability to perceive this motion or the speed. Man perceives a change in his environment and calls it day and night. We run our lives by numbers on clocks and calendars. The clocks and calendars create the illusion that we live in a world of mathematically measured segments of time. Time is looked upon as a flow like a river. Sir Isaac Newton(1687) stated that the flow of Time is absolute; “It flows equably without relation to anything external.” In 1905 while postulating the Theory of Relativity, Albert Einstein had observed that Time is not absolute and measurement of Time is affected by the motion of the observer. The Relativity of Time becomes significant only at great speeds. Gravity affects both Light and Time. Gravity bends both Space and Light. Time is affected by the gravitational field of each celestial body. Time is unique to any one spot in the universe. If you and me do not exist at the same spot in the universe, our experience of Time remains conditioned by the place or position of that particular spot in the universe. Thus, experience of Time on this planet is an illusionary experience and is not an absolute experience.
‘KAALA CHAKRA’ OR THE CYCLICAL FLOW OF TIME :
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018.The Cyclical Flow of Time brings Cyclical Changes called ‘Seasons’ at expected Time intervals. Life exists because of the Cyclical Flow of Time.
Herman Minkowski, a mathematician, added Time as the Fourth Dimension of Three Dimensional Space. Time is seen as a Dimension as it gives meaning to events and the order in which they occur. Physicists describe Time and Space as the building blocks of this universe. Biologists see Time in the internal clocks that keep all living entities in sync with Nature. Human existence and the existence of all other living entities depend upon this illusionary experience of Time. Life exists and operates only if Time flows in a cyclical manner just like a wheel that moves, rotates on an axle or axis. Man needs this experience of day and night during his entire life journey. Man needs the changing Seasons with its cyclical regularity. Just imagine the consequences to human existence if Spring Season does not arrive at the Time it is expected. You have correctly pointed out that planet Earth is not at the same location or place in Space as Time flows. Last year, we had experienced the Spring Season while Earth existed at an entirely different location and we look forward for the arrival of a new Spring Season in spite of the Change in the position. In spite of Changes in location or position, in relative terms, the Spring Season is the Unchanging Reality of the Conditioned State of Human Existence. Because of the Conditioned nature of Human Existence, Man always looks forward, and hopes that Time would flow in a cyclical manner bringing cyclical changes. Biologists describe Life in terms of Life Cycles. All living functions have a rhythmic or cyclical quality. The exchange of gases during a cycle called Respiration involves the cyclical events of Inspiration and Expiration. The vital functions sustained by Circulation demands cyclical flow of Blood. The Individual and his State or Condition of Individuality remains existing as an Unchanging Reality as long as he experiences the cyclical changes in his bodily functions and in the environment in which he exists. I am that Unchanging Reality, the Reality of my Identity and my Individuality remains unchanged as my physical body experiences cyclical changes in its substance and in the environment where it exists. My phenotype or morphological appearance or outward appearance undergoes a constant change and this change is synchronized with the cyclical change called alternating periods of Day and Night. The Biological Clock precisely measures this Time interval or duration of my existence relative to the illusionary change; in Reality, the Sun is shining with all His brightness at all times with no significant change that I can perceive.
THE GOD CONNECTION :
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018. Face Recognition Technology helps Identification of an Individual. Under the influence of Time, the outward appearance undergoes changes all the time during Life’s Journey and yet Identity and Individuality survives the Time’s Power of Dissolution.
My Identity and my Individuality is the Unchanging Reality of my conditioned state of human existence. I had explored the Nature of this Unchanging Identity and Individuality. This Unchanging Reality of Identity and Individuality exists during the Time interval or duration of my God Connection. I know that Time existed before my creation, Time is operating during my existence as a created being, and Time would continue to operate after my physical dissolution. Time with its great power of Dissolution could not change my perception about my Unchanging Identity and Individuality because of my God Connection. It is rational, it is logical, and it is reasonable to reflect upon Absolute and Unchanging Reality as long as I maintain my Identity and Individuality which can not be changed or altered by the flow of Time.
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018. Sun’s Apparent Motions Across Sky have Real Consequences for Life on Planet Earth.
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018. Man cannot dismiss Apparent Motions of Sun across Sky as Illusion. This Illusion has Real Consequences as it determines Man’s Existence as Mortal Being.
MAKAR SANKRANTI – SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018. SUN’S JOURNEY ACROSS CELESTIAL SPHERE.
MAKAR SANKRANTI – SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018 – PERCEPTION OF CHANGING SEASONS. SUN’S PATH ACROSS SKY VARIES WITH SEASONS.
MAKAR SANKRANTI – SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018. MAN IS KEEPING TRACK OF SUN’S MOTION ACROSS SKY.
MAKAR SANKRANTI – SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018. WHAT IS THE ECLIPTIC? ILLUSION IS MORE RELEVANT THAN SUN’S REAL MOTION OR REVOLUTION AROUND MILKY WAY GALACTIC CENTER.
MAKAR SANKRANTI – SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018. SUN’S MOVEMENT ACROSS SKY HELPS TO MEASURE TIME. MAN’S LIFESPAN IS MEASURED BY APPARENT MOTION OF SUN.
MAKAR SANKRANTI – SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018. WHILE OBSERVED FROM EARTH, SUN DURING HIS ANNUAL JOURNEY ENTERS AND TRAVERSES CAPRICORN.
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018. Sun’s Annual Celestial Path. On this Day, Sun begins to traverse across Zodiacal Constellation of Capricorn or “MAKAR.”
MAKAR SANKRANTI – SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 2018. CONSTELLATIONS OF THE ZODIAC.
Makar Sankranti – Sunday, January 14, 2018. For God created Universe with Life on Earth, Sun traverses across Earth’s Sky giving Man blessed opportunity to Measure Time and prepare Calendars.
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SEPTUAGENARIAN CELEBRATES 70th ANNIVERSARY OF INDIAN ARMY
This Septuagenarian has special reason to celebrate 70th Anniversary of Indian Army. On grant of Short Service Regular Commission in the rank of Lieutenant, I joined Indian Army Medical Corps on July 26, 1970. I measure the length of my lifetime using Anniversary Dates of Indian Army as yardstick.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE
ARMY DAY 2018, INDIAN ARMY DAY, ARMY DAY CELEBRATIONS IN INDIA
Clipped from: http://www.festivalsofindia.in/army_day/
Indian Army Day marks a day to salute the valiant soldiers who sacrificed their lives to protect our country and the people living in it. The day is celebrated on January 15th every year. On this day in 1948, Lieutenant General K. M. Cariappa became the first Indian Commander-in-Chief.
Army played equally important role as the other freedom fighters in instilling democratization in India. General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa shared a good bonding with both natives and Britishers and then succeeded General Roy Butcher of British Army to become the first Indian Commander in Chief of the democratic India.
The Indian Army fights adversities on borders as well as with natural calamities. The Army works with true dedication and spirit of the motto ‘fight to win.’
The Army Day celebrated on 15th January 2018 will be the 70th Anniversary of Indian Army. The Army re-dedicates itself to become a part of the ‘War Winning Team’ on this day. The day begins with paying homage to the martyred soldiers at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate, New Delhi. Parades and many military shows which features the technology and achievements in Army are held at the Delhi Cantonment. Unit credentials and Sena Medals were also presented for gallantry on the occasion every year.
TIBET DEVELOPMENTS – FUTURE OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE
TIBET DEVELOPMENTS – FUTURE OF SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE
From September 1971 to December 1974 I served in Establishment No. 22 to provide military service to the Central Intelligence Agency on behalf of Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) which is directly supervised by Cabinet Secretariat and Prime Minister’s Office(PMO), Government of India.
In my analysis, there is no change in the military mission assigned to Special Frontier Force. All said and done, Tibet remains under military occupation and Communist governance of People’s Republic of China poses threat to Freedom, Peace, Democracy, and Justice to all nations of the region. There will be no compromise for world still needs ‘Tibet Equilibrium’.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE
TIBET DEVELOPMENTS MAY PUT PRESSURE ON INDIA
Samdong Rimpoche’s visit to China materialized against the backdrop of strained India-China relations consequent to the face-off between Indian and Chinese troops at Doklam, says former RA&W officer Jayadeva Ranade.
There have been important developments relating to Tibet since the Chinese Communist Party congress ended in Beijing on October 25, 2017 and the two months thereafter.
All of them have implications for India and some could potentially put India under sustained pressure.
The first was the indication that the Chinese Communist Party’s central committee’s united front work department, which is responsible for supervising non-Communist parties and ethnic minorities including the Tibet and Xinjiang Autonomous Regions, was preparing to take fresh initiatives.
This was the dramatic ‘leak’ that Samdong Rimpoche — a former two-term Kalon Tripa (‘prime minister’) of the Tibetan administration-in-exile and among the Dalai Lama’s most trusted advisers — had quietly travelled to China in late November 2017.
Samdong Rimpoche, who was nominated a month earlier as the Dalai Lama’s envoy for talks with the Chinese authorities, would certainly have met senior Communist party leaders during his four-day stay in Kunming, capital of China’s Yunnan province.
There is speculation that Rimpoche could have met You Quan, a former party secretary of Fujian province whom Chinese President Xi Jinping appointed director of the united front work department in November or Zhang Yijiong, executive vice minister of the UFWD.
If Rimpoche met Chinese leaders, this would be the first acknowledged contact between an envoy of the Dalai Lama and Chinese Communist officials since negotiations between the two sides were suspended in 2010.
China’s official media has, however, not yet mentioned a visit by a senior leader to Kunming during this period.
Dr Lobsang Sangay, the Sikyong (head) of the Central Tibetan Administration, obliquely confirmed that Professor Rimpoche had visited China. He was replying to a question posed by former foreign secretary Kanwal Sibal on the sidelines of the M L Sondhi memorial lecture in New Delhi on December 14, when he cautioned ‘Don’t read too much into it. At most it’s a private visit and it’s too early to say anything.’
It is pertinent that Lobsang Sangay — who is the other envoy nominated by the Dalai Lama for talks with the Chinese — did not accompany Samdong Rimpoche probably because China continues to adhere to its policy of not recognizing the Central Tibetan Administration in Dharamsala. No relaxation has been noticed in China’s policies towards Tibetans or Tibet so far.
Samdong Rimpoche’s visit also materialized against the backdrop of strained India-China relations consequent to the face-off between Indian and Chinese troops at Doklam and threats made at the time by China through its official media.
It comes too in the wake of an international conference convened by the Tibetan administration-in-exile in October 2017 to finalize a long-term action plan, including revival of Tibetan Buddhism in the Indo-Himalayan border belt.
At the same time a securitization of Tibet is taking place. Following up on Xi Jinping’s work report to the party congress — which for the first time devoted an entire section to poverty alleviation — the Tibet Autonomous Region has launched a campaign to tackle poverty and simultaneously enhance security.
It has decided to build ‘well-off border villages’ along Tibet’s ‘borders with India, Nepal, Bhutan and other neighboring countries to ensure the security of the borders and maintain stability’ in the region.
The State-owned Global Times newspaper on December 25, 2017 asserted that ‘confronting separatism remains a challenge for the region. Raising living standards for local residents is a fundamental way to guard against activity sabotaging China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity’.
‘Tibet’s rural poverty alleviation,’ the newspaper added, will help maintain stability in the border areas’.
Tibetan Buddhist monks and nuns in the TAR are being co-opted to sensitize people and ensure that Buddhism serves socialism.
Additionally, the decision to bring the people’s armed police force (PAPF) directly under the central military commission with effect from January 1, 2018 puts Tibet under the direct control of the people’s liberation army (PLA).
Xi Jinping had earlier appointed PLA officers loyal to him as the commander and political commissar of the PAPF.
Since the PAPF is deployed in strength in Tibet’s main towns, rural countryside and border areas, the PLA officers — who are now being re-inducted into the party standing committees at the provincial and county levels — will have an enhanced role.
In addition to deploying PAPF troops when civilian authorities request assistance, the PLA officers will have a greater role in military-civil coordination and be directly involved in building the ‘well-off border villages’.
Each of these villages is to be connected by road, thereby facilitating military movement along the border with India.
Finally, the TAR leadership is being encouraged to push the Belt and Road Initiative and Bangladesh China India Myanmar Corridor with Tibet’s neighbours.
To promote the BRI and BCIM, China has announced it will expand TAR’s road network from 82,000 kms to 89,000 kms by 2020.
Chinese officials have earlier pointed out that there are 70 road links between China and Nepal and there have been suggestions of a new China-Nepal-India Corridor.
The aim will be to build pressure on India by creating public opinion, including by co-opting Tibetans, to endorse the BRI and China’s plans of connectivity.
Jayadeva Ranade, a former Additional Secretary, Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India, is presently President, Centre for China Analysis and Strategy.
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JANUARY 04, 2018 – THE GOD THAT WON
On January 04, 1950 Harpers published a collection of essays titled, “The God That Failed.” On January 04, 2018 I publish my story “The God That Won.” I use theory advocated by Karl Marx and I use my “In God We Trust” doctrine to ratify Marxist Theory.
In my analysis, the success of Karl Marx’s Theory of Dialectical Materialism is predicted by Jesus who described fulfillment of prophecy shared by Prophet Isaiah(ISAIAH 6:9-10)
The healing anticipated by Isaiah 6: 9-10, and Matthew 13: 14-15 has not taken place and hence Marx’s prediction remains true. I say, God predetermined Marx’s correct prediction on the course of Human History. God keeps people’s heart waxed until such time they find the chance to get converted.
THE GOD THAT FAILED PUBLISHED
The God That Failed, a collection of essays by six writers and intellectuals who either joined or sympathized with the communist cause before renouncing the ideology, is published by Harpers.
The book provided interesting insight into why communism originally appealed to, and then disappointed, so many adherents in the United States and Europe, particularly during the 1920s and 1930s. The essays also showed that many individuals of good conscience and intentions desperately hoped that communism would bring order, justice, and peace to a world they worried was on the brink of disaster.
The six men who contributed to the book were all writers or journalists. Two were American (Louis Fischer and the African-American novelist Richard Wright); the rest were from Europe (Andre Gide from France, Arthur Koestler and Stephen Spender from England, and Ignazio Silone from Italy). Of these, Spender, Wright, Koestler, and Silone had been members of the Communist Party for varying lengths of time. Gide and Fischer, though they sympathized with the communist ideology, never formally joined the party. Each man, in his turn, eventually turned against communist ideology.
According to the volume’s editor, British politician and essayist Richard Crossman, the very fact that these intelligent and compassionate individuals were drawn to communism was “an indictment of the American way of life,” and evidence of “a dreadful deficiency in European democracy.” All of the writers–particularly during the 1920s and 1930s, when fascism and totalitarianism were on the march and the Western democracies seemed unable or unwilling to intercede–turned to communism as the hope for a better, more democratic, and more peaceful world. Each man eventually broke with the communist ideology, however. Some were disturbed by the Soviet-Nazi pact of 1939; others had traveled to the Soviet Union and were appalled by the poverty and political oppression.
The book, which was published the same year that former State Department official Alger Hiss was convicted of perjury related to his alleged role in a communist spy ring in the United States, was an interesting contribution to the ongoing national debate concerning communism.
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE
A WORLD SANS MILITARY – DEMILITARIZE OCCUPIED TIBET
I recommend His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s vision for a demilitarized world. To implement his ideal, I ask the world to demilitarize ‘Occupied Tibet’. The Great Tibet Problem can be resolved without use of military force. Peace, Harmony, Tranquility, Equilibrium, and Freedom in Tibet is Nature’s Gift to all denizens of Tibetan Plateau.
LAMA: DALAI LAMA FOR A WORLD SANS MILITARY
VARANASI: Dalai Lama advocated for a demilitarized world and revival of ancient Indian knowledge for global peace.
“In all my life I have noticed too many killings. Human beings killing thousands of human beings has become normal. It is really terrible. We must change it. We must think or try to demilitarize the world,” he said while delivering his concluding remarks at the two-day international conference on ‘Mind in Indian philosophical school of thought and modern science’ at the Central Institute of Tibetan Higher Studies, Sarnath, on Sunday.
He said killing enemies was prevalent in ancient time but not in today’s world.
“There are a lot of self-created problems due to lack of knowledge on how to deal with destructive emotions. The ancient Indian knowledge is relevant to tackle our emotions,” he said.