Inside Tibet: The Growth and Development of Colonial Power

Inside Tibet: The Growth and Development of Colonial Power

Inside Tibet: A fast-Developing Colonial Power is set to obliterate the Identity of Tibet, the Land and, People.
Inside Tibet: A Fast-Developing Colonial Power is set to obliterate the Identity of Tibet, the Land, and People.

Inside Tibet, the Occupying Colonial Power is growing and expanding her influence obliterating the Identity of Tibet, the Land and, People.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Inside Tibet: A Fast-Developing Colonial Power is set to obliterate the Identity of Tibet, the Land, and People.

Inside Tibet: foreign journalists meet local people

Inside Tibet: A Fast-Developing Colonial Power is set to obliterate the Identity of Tibet, the Land, and People.

Princess Wencheng

Prince Wencheng is a Tang Dynasty (618-907AD) Chinese princess who travelled thousands of miles to ancient Tibet to marry the great Tibetan King Songtsen Gampo. It was an amicable political affiliation of two great regional powers at the time. The story later became an important component of Tibetan folklore.

World stage: a performance of Princess Wencheng entertains guests at the Forum on the Development of Tibet Credit: Wang Jing / China Daily

  • Liang Kaiyan, China Daily

18 July 2019 • 9:00am

Ahead of the 2019 Forum on the Development of Tibet, 69 foreign guests from 37 countries and regions were invited to visit the cities of Nyingchi and Lhasa and hold talks with citizens

Fast and dynamic development in the Tibet autonomous region has impressed a group of recent foreign visitors.

Ahead of the 2019 Forum on the Development of Tibet, which opened in mid-June in Lhasa, 69 foreign guests from 37 countries and regions including the United Kingdom, Italy and Argentina were invited by the State Council Information Office and the government of the Tibet autonomous region to visit the cities of Nyingchi and Lhasa and hold talks with people from various walks of life.

The four-day tour helped the reporters learn about Tibet’s development in fields including environmental protection, social development and culture.

Italian journalist Rita Fatiguso, of II Sole 24 Ore, has been to Tibet three times. A lot has happened in the nine years since she first came, she said.

Tibet is in a challenging geographical environment, but the Chinese government has invested heavily to make changes

People have become more affluent, not just in the abundance of food, but in their social lives as well, she said.

Tibet is in a challenging geographical environment, but the Chinese government has invested heavily to make changes. Great progress has been made as a result of huge input into infrastructure, she said.

In Nyingchi, a city in the Southeast part of Tibet, the delegation visited a local primary school and the villages of Xiga Monba and Tashigang. “I used to think Tibetan villages were all simple rural villages, but the villages we visited have more houses and facilities, and are totally different from what I had imagined,” said Zied Moumni, a French professor at Northwestern Polytechnical University in Xi’an, Shaanxi province.

“When I see the modern facilities and the local traditions, the word that comes to me is harmony,” Moumni said.

With the advantages of ecology — the city has the largest forest coverage in Tibet — Nyingchi has also developed its tourism industry with the Lunang International Tourism Town and the Lunang Maker Space, a platform also engaged in selling local specialties and creative cultural products.

Tourists coming from Europe want to see beautiful nature, said Liz McLeod, creative director of Meridian Line Films in the UK.

“I think that I understand that the local government is trying to make a very comprehensive plan to make sure tourism is developed in the way that is in harmony with nature and doesn’t damage the environment,” McLeod said.

“To me, that is incredibly important, not just because the natural environment is essential for human survival, but also because Tibet is one of the places in the world where the natural environment is still in a good condition.”

In Lhasa, the delegation visited the Hospital of Traditional Tibetan Medicine, the Potala Palace, the Jokhang Temple and Barkor Street, as well as other places.

Xinhua contributed to this story.

This article was originally produced and published by China Daily. View the original article at chinadaily.com.cn

Inside Tibet: The Fast-Developing Colonial Power is obliterating the Identity of Tibet, the Land, and People.


 

Advertisements

TIBETAN NATIONALISM. THE LAND DESCRIBES TIBETAN IDENTITY

TIBETAN NATIONALISM. THE LAND DESCRIBES TIBETAN IDENTITY

Tibetan Nationalism. The Land describes Tibetan Identity.

The Tibetan Identity arises from the Land and all its denizens. The Spirit of Independent Lifestyles is ingrained into the Tibetan Psyche on account of Natural Forces, Natural Factors, Natural Conditions, Natural Causes, and Natural Mechanisms that shape Tibet’s Geography and give meaning to the Tibetan Existence.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force

Tibetan Nationalism. The Land describes Tibetan Identity.

Scenery along highway linking Lhasa with Nyingchi in Tibet

Tibetan Nationalism. The Land describes Tibetan Identity.

Photo taken on July 16, 2019 shows a scenery along the highway linking Lhasa with Nyingchi in southeast Tibet. (Photo: Xinhua)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Land describes Tibetan Identity.

Photo taken on July 16, 2019 shows a scenery along the highway linking Lhasa with Nyingchi in southeast Tibet. (Photo: Xinhua)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Land describes Tibetan Identity.

Photo taken on July 16, 2019 shows a scenery along the highway linking Lhasa with Nyingchi in southeast Tibet. (Photo: Xinhua)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Land describes Tibetan Identity.

Photo taken on July 16, 2019 shows a scenery along the highway linking Lhasa with Nyingchi in southeast Tibet. (Photo: Xinhua)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Land describes Tibetan Identity.

Photo taken on July 16, 2019 shows a scenery along the highway linking Lhasa with Nyingchi in southeast Tibet Autonomous. (Photo: Xinhua)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Land describes Tibetan Identity.

 

I CHAT, YOU CHAT, AND WE CHAT FOR FREE TIBET

I CHAT, YOU CHAT, AND WE CHAT FOR FREE TIBET. THE CHAT FOR TIBET.

Chat For Tibet. I Chat, You Chat, and We Chat For Free Tibet.

I chat, you chat, and We chat for Free Tibet and not to conquer Tibet. CHAT FOR TIBET.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

How “WeChat” Conquered Tibet | The Diplomat

Clipped from: https://thediplomat.com/2019/07/how-wechat-conquered-tibet/

Chat for Tibet. I Chat, You Chat, and We Chat For Free Tibet.

Jamyang Palden, a 30-year-old Tibetan Buddhist monk uses the WeChat app on his iPhone to leave a voice message for a friend in Tibet, in Dharmsala, India, Nov. 10, 2014.

Image Credit: AP Photo/Ashwini Bhatia

Tibetans know the surveillance risks, but many choose to give up privacy for convenience.

The digital revolution has emerged as a key factor in the rapid dissemination of news and broadcasting views. Within the last decade, social media has replaced print media, signaling a paradigm shift in how we consume and convey information. Due to advances in science and technology, sharing news and information has become less time-consuming, more convenient, and more decentralized.

But many people don’t realize that convenience has cost them their privacy. As you flow through your daily routine on a smartphone, you inadvertently share more data than you realize. This tradeoff between convenience and privacy illuminates the case of WeChat with respect to Tibetans and the larger Tibetan issue. In my research, I have found that Tibetan netizens generally give up privacy for the sake of convenience when using WeChat, operated by the Chinese company Tencent.

WeChat, the world’s largest standalone messaging app, is constantly refining their technology to monitor — and censor — content from its more than 963 million monthly active users. But still, 70 percent of Tibetans in the diaspora use the application. Overseas Tibetans or anyone with family or relationships associated with Tibet tend to download the messaging app to stay in contact, since other global social media applications are banned in the region. Tibetans who want to communicate with their relatives have no other choice but to use this means of contact.

In the eight years since Tencent debuted WeChat, it has become the dominant social networking platform in China as a whole, including in Tibet. The app has grown into an internet behemoth with over 1 billion registered users worldwide and 902 million daily users. Last year, 45 billion messages were being sent on the platform every day, 18 percent more than in 2017. The reason behind this meteoric rise is the official ban on global social media platforms in China, aided both by censorship of foreign apps – WeChat’s competitors — and subsidies from the Chinese government. This also means that WeChat’s information technology services and software are fundamentally insecure. The Chinese government claims sweeping powers over any matter considered relevant to China’s national security and pressures Chinese firms not only to censor content but, when needed, hand over user data.

Yet for many Tibetans, mobile apps like WeChat have become indispensable in their social life. News and information spreads like wildfire on WeChat and Facebook feeds, even as the mainstream media struggles to catch up with the pace.

In an interview with Tibetans recently arrived in India, one woman told me, “WeChat is set to become more obligatory in the daily lives of many Tibetan people.” At the same time, there is scrutiny of WeChat, which has been linked to an alarming rise in arrests of Tibetans. That, combined with the implementation of the recent cybersecurity laws, makes many Tibetans practice self-censorship on WeChat: discussing more about social matters and reposting and forwarding messages that are nonpolitical.

This Tibetan told me that she realized her phone was tapped, and her calls and text messages were under surveillance. Before she left Tibet, the Internet Security Bureau surprised her with their ability to repeat her words and voice messages precisely when they called her in for interrogation.

WeChat in Exile

In every nook and corner of Tibetan communities in India, many Tibetans are becoming addicted to Tencent apps, which they use extensively. People glued to their phone screens are a common sight, and many are sending voice or video messages, playing PubG, or using other functions to communicate. The popularity of WeChat stems from the ease of use, as well as the fact that voice messages do not require literacy in Tibetan. This means that Tibetans who may not be able to read Tibetan can still participate in groups and share their views and ideas confidently.

In a field survey with 550 participants from across India conducted by the author in 2018, 70.90 percent of Tibetans reported using the WeChat app extensively to connect with their family in Tibet, diaspora and abroad. And WeChat is reportedly only gaining popularity in Tibetan communities in exile.

Chat for Tibet. I Chat, You Chat, and We Chat For Free Tibet.

Fig 1. The most popular social media platforms among Tibetans. Data from author field survey.

A Tibetan roadside vendor at McLeodganj explains:

My parents are in Tibet and calls are expensive. Being deprived of formal education, I was introduced to a software called WeChat by my friend in 2012. I found it is just user friendly and does not necessarily require a fast internet connection and literacy. Since then I have been using this application. I can hold a button and talk to my family and relatives in any way at any time. I can get updates on many news and information. I even joined some chat groups and actively participated during the 2016 Tibetan election by airing my views. 

 But I strongly believe that I am under surveillance since the application is made in China. I rarely talk about and post any political related messages and images on my feed.

Another Tibetan man I spoke to explained to me how his family in Tibet would talk with him on WeChat almost daily. But surprisingly, one day he found that he had been removed from the family group chat, and that his parents had blocked him without any further explanation. He was notified that they were changing their profile pictures and status on WeChat but was unable to send a message or get in touch with them thereafter. This incident has left him with questions — he assumes that the Chinese cyber police might have warned his family against contacting someone outside of Tibet.

WeChat and Beijing

Tencent has officially denied any government involvement in privacy matters several times. It is, however, an accepted reality that Chinese officials censor and monitor WeChat users. WeChat also states in its privacy policy that it may share users’ data with “government, public, regulatory, judicial and law enforcement bodies or authorities” to “comply with applicable laws and regulations.” On a technical level, thus, WeChat does not offer users much protection against government surveillance. Cases of Tibetans being arrested for circulating messages that have been deemed politically sensitive evince this.

As a company based in China, WeChat is subject to state laws on content control, and while WeChat claims to be end-to-end encrypted, there is a significant evidence to suggest that client-side censorship based on keyword and surveillance is prevalent, including erasing messages that are deemed politically sensitive issues.

One Tibetan girl, who went from Lhasa to study abroad in Europe, told me why she quit WeChat. When she was at home, she created a chat group and invited 30 of her classmates on it for a dinner party. Soon after, to her horror, she was called in by government officials for severe interrogation and warned against creating any future chat groups for classmates. Later, out of frustration with the lack of privacy, she eventually quit WeChat. She further explains, “I felt insecure after the interrogation and became very cautious. I realized that the Chinese apps are absolutely not safe.”

The problem is larger than WeChat. In some villages in Tibet, police are taking away people’s phones and secretly installing an app that extracts data from emails, texts messages, and contacts. The surveillance app searches for information on a range of material, including literature by the Dalai Lama and messages that are deemed politically sensitive.

Tibet continues to witness a severe clampdown on WeChat, part of a broader crackdown on social media throughout China. Users face the threat of imprisonment if they are found responsible for “online rumors.” China has been cracking down hard on WeChat users who demonstrate sympathy and support for the Tibetan cause and blocking any avenues for the spread of relevant information. Restrictions and fines have thus been on rise for sharing “illegal” content on WeChat.

In addition to the notorious firewall, the government can censor specific words to try and control the narrative of any given incident by pushing their own agenda and restricting citizens’ freedom of expression. However, many Tibetan and Chinese netizen use images and memes to portray a serious topic in a lighthearted manner, and further increase the spread of information.

“Fake News”

The influx of information has led to a preponderance of news about conditions in Tibet. However, the catch is that false rumors are hard to tell apart from real news. Due to the security risks involved, it is difficult to validate news on Tibet, which primarily comes by way of social media.

The spread of “fake news” has become a global concern. False, misleading, or confusing online content created by fake accounts can harm the unity and harmony of any society. Unfortunately, lies and rumors are often taken seriously, and baseless allegations among Tibetans have the serious potential to affect the struggle to advocate the cause of Tibet.

Through my research, I found that some of the key factors behind growing paranoia and possible divisions in the Tibetan movement are lies and unverified rumors created by many fake accounts on popular social media outlets like WeChat and Facebook. These platforms raise concerns surrounding the dissemination of false or misleading information, as they lack the gatekeeping and verification processes that traditional media have. The convergence of traditional and new media as a means of information dissemination has raised questions regarding where to draw the line between regulation and censorship, and how to balance freedom of expression with inflammatory and provocative speech.

While enjoying the benefits of WeChat, we should be wary of the negative effects. In short, while WeChat has become and continues to be a popular medium for social interaction and bridging private and public lives, the safety of the application and security of shared content remains a legitimate concern for everyone.

Tenzin Dalha is a research fellow at the Tibet Policy Institute, doing research on Chinese cybersecurity policy and the social media landscape of Tibetan society.

Chat For Tibet. I Chat, You Chat, and We Chat For Free Tibet.


 

THE BEAUTY AND ATTRACTION OF GOD LIE IN THE EYE OF BELIEVER

THE BEAUTY AND ATTRACTION OF GOD LIE IN THE EYE OF BELIEVER

Beauty and Attraction of God lie in the eye of the believer.

The Successor of the Dalai Lama will be decided by the Dalai Lama. The Successor, Male or Female will be the embodiment of Truth, Bliss, and Beauty described in the Indian Tradition as Satyam, Shivam, and Sundaram. The Beauty and Attraction of God always lie in the Eye of Believer.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Beauty and Attraction of God lie in the eye of the believer.

Will myself decide on my successor: Dalai Lama

Beauty and Attraction of God lie in the eye of the believer.

Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama. (File Photo: IANS)

Will myself decide on my successor: Dalai Lama

IANS

By Vishal Gulati

Dharamshala, July 15 (IANS) Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, respected by millions as a living god, who has been caught in a controversy over his recent joke that his successor a female Dalai Lama would have to be “more attractive”, has clarified that his reincarnation is to be decided by him.

The Buddhist monk had apologized for his “attractive” female successor remark, saying he genuinely meant no offence and offered his sincere apologies if people were hurt by what he had said.

However, aides in his private office in this northern Indian town on Monday clarified there is no question of search for his successor as the Dalai Lama, 84, announced in 2011 that he would decide at 90 whether he should have a successor.

The issue of reincarnation is his personal right, an aide in the Dalai Lama’s office told IANS.

At the same time, the globe-trotting monk warned that any candidate chosen for political ends by anyone, including China, should not be recognized or accepted.

The aide said still there is no certainty that whether the institution of the Dalai Lama should continue or not after the 14th and current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso.

“My reincarnation is to be decided by myself, nobody has the right to decide about that,” he often said in his remarks.

“One day you will hear that the Dalai Lama has passed away, but I will come back, even if the institution of Dalai Lama is no longer recognized. I will be back,” a post on his website quoting the Dalai Lama said.

But who is next after the Dalai Lama?

Now, the Dalai Lama’s institution is useful to the Tibetan culture and the Tibetan people.

“Thus, if I were to die today, I think the Tibetan people would choose to have another Dalai Lama. In the future, if the Dalai Lama’s institution is no longer relevant or useful and our present situation changes, then the Dalai Lama’s institution will cease to exist,” the monk said in a post.

“Personally, I feel the institution of the Dalai Lama has served its purpose. More recently, since 2001 we now have a democratically elected head of our administration, the Kalon Tripa.

“The Kalon Tripa runs the daily affairs of our administration and oversees our political establishment. Half-jokingly and half seriously, I state that I am now in semi-retirement.”

In August 2011 when Lobsang Sangay took over the reins of the government-in-exile from monk and scholar Samdhong Rinpoche, who held the post for 10 years but was overshadowed by the Dalai Lama, the Dalai Lama announced: “When I am about 90, I will consult the high lamas and re-evaluate whether the institution of the Dalai Lama should continue or not.”

On his birthday on July 6 this year, he said, “I am now 84, but I hope to be able to celebrate the occasion with all of you for many more years to come.”

Clarifying this month on his remark during a BBC interview that have caused disquiet, the Dalai Lama recalled the conversation on the physical appearance of a female successor with the then Paris editor of Vogue magazine, who had invited him in 1992 to guest-edit the next edition.

She asked if a future Dalai Lama could be a woman. His Holiness replied, “Certainly, if that would be more helpful,” adding, as a joke, that she should be attractive, said a statement by his office.

The Dalai Lama was at least partially responding to the unfamiliar ambience of working with a team whose prime focus was the world of high fashion.

On the Chinese stating that the next Dalai Lama will be born in Tibet and chosen by them, he said: “If the present situation regarding Tibet remains the same, I will be born outside Tibet away from the control of the Chinese authorities. This is logical. The very purpose of a reincarnation is to continue the unfinished work of the previous incarnation.”

His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, describes himself as a simple Buddhist monk.

In 1989, the Dalai Lama won the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent struggle for Tibet. He was awarded the US Congressional Gold Medal in October 2007, even in the face of protests by China.

The Dalai Lama now lives in exile along with some 140,000 Tibetans, over 100,000 of them in different parts of India. Over six million Tibetans live in Tibet.

(Vishal Gulati can be reached at vishal.g@ians.in)

–IANS

vg/in

(This story was auto published from a syndicated feed. No part of the story has been edited by The Quint.)

Beauty and Attraction of God lie in the eye of the believer.


 

THE RIGHT TO GRANT ASYLUM TO THE NEXT DALAI LAMA

THE RIGHT TO GRANT ASYLUM TO THE NEXT DALAI LAMA

The Right to grant Asylum to the next Dalai Lama.

India and other nations of the world have the right to grant asylum to the next Dalai Lama.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

The Right to grant Asylum to the next Dalai Lama.

China urges India to not intervene in next Dalai Lama’s choice – The Financial Express

Clipped from: https://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/china-urges-india-to-not-intervene-in-next-dalai-lamas-choice/1643824/

“The reincarnation of the Dalai Lama is a historical, religious and political issue. There are established historical institutions and formalities for the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama,” Wang Neng Sheng, an official in the rank of vice minister in Tibet, told a small group of Indian journalists in Lhasa.

The Right to grant asylum to the next Dalai Lama.

The 14th Dalai Lama fled to India in 1959 following a crackdown on an uprising by the local population in Tibet. (IE photo)

The successor of the Dalai Lama must be decided within China and any interference by India on the issue will impact bilateral ties, Chinese authorities have said. In first clear assertion on the sensitive issue, senior Chinese officials and experts said the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama must be approved by the Chinese government and the selection should take place within the country based on an over 200-year old historical process.

“The reincarnation of the Dalai Lama is a historical, religious and political issue. There are established historical institutions and formalities for the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama,” Wang Neng Sheng, an official in the rank of vice minister in Tibet, told a small group of Indian journalists in Lhasa. “The Dalai Lama’s reincarnation is not decided by his personal wish or by some group of people living in other countries,” he added.

Wang, the director general at the government of Tibet Autonomous Region, said the current Dalai Lama was recognized by Beijing and his successor must be found through the “draw of lots in golden urn process” within China.
Echoing Wang’s views, Zha Luo, director at Beijing-based China Tibetology Research Centre, a government-run influential think tank, said any refusal by India to recognize the next Dalai Lama to be chosen within China will impact bilateral ties.

The 14th Dalai Lama fled to India in 1959 following a crackdown on an uprising by the local population in Tibet. India granted him political asylum and the Tibetan government-in-exile is based on Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh since then.

The Dalai Lama is 84 years old now and the issue of his successor has gained prominence in the last couple of years.
“It will be a major political difference that would impact bilateral relations and any wise political leader wouldn’t do that,” said Zha whose team advises central government on policy issues for Tibet said. He was asked what will happen if India refuses to recognize the next Dalai Lama chosen by China. “Since the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama is an important issue for China any friendly country or friend of China would not interfere or meddle on the issue,” he added. Zha, however, called it a hypothetical answer to a hypothetical question. India has maintained its stand on the Dalai Lama.

“Government of India’s position on His Holiness the Dalai Lama is clear and consistent. He is a revered religious leader and is deeply respected by the people of India. There is no change in that position. His Holiness is accorded all freedom to carry out his religious activities in India,” Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson had told a media briefings in March last year.

Wang said the process of selecting the next Dalai Lama must follow two clear steps: “It must go to draw of lots in the golden urn and the reincarnation must be recognized by the central government.” He said the “centrality” of the central government must be recognized and that any personal move by the current Dalai Lama on the issue is not going to be recognized by Chinese government or religious followers in Tibet.

“It was with the central government’s recognition that the Dalai Lama became the 14th Dalai Lama. Otherwise, he wouldn’t have been in that position,” Wang said. He alleged that the Dalai Lama has been “inciting” and “misguiding” young Tibetan people for his political motives.

Asked about the Dalai Lama’s comments that he was ready to accept Tibet as part of China, Wang said he has been resorting to political rhetoric without taking any action. “He still believes that Tibet is an independent country. Without any concrete moves from his side, his words do not mean anything,” he added. He said there were around 10 rounds of discussions between private representatives of the Dalai Lama and Beijing. The last round took place in 2011 in Beijing.

“The discussions were about the future of the Dalai Lama and did not include or touch on the topic of future of Tibet as a part of China’s sovereign territory,” Wang said. The Indian government had issued a note nearly a year back to senior officials, asking them not to attend events organized by the Tibetan government-in-exile. India has also been supporting the ‘One China’ policy, which states that Taiwan and Tibet are part of China’s mainland. Beijing made the ‘One-China’ policy a prerequisite for countries to establish diplomatic ties with it.

The Right to grant asylum to the next Dalai Lama.

TIBETAN IDENTITY AND NATIONALISM BELONG TO THE LAND AND ITS DENIZENS

TIBETAN IDENTITY AND NATIONALISM BELONG TO THE LAND AND ITS DENIZENS

Tibetan Identity and Nationalism belong to the Land and all of its denizens.

I examine Tibetan Identity and Nationalism by exploring the geography of the region for they developed together over thousands of years under the influence of Natural Causes, Natural Forces, Natural Conditions, and Natural Factors that condition the Tibetan Existence.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

PLATEAU PIKAS ARE SEEN BY THE LAKESIDE ON QINGHAI-TIBET PLATEAU

Tibetan Identity and Nationalism belong to the Land and all of its denizens.

A plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) forages by a lakeside on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau in Maizhokunggar County, Tibet. July 6, 2019. (Photo: Xinhua)

Tibetan Identity and Nationalism belong to the Land and all of its denizens.

A plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) is pictured by a lakeside on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau in Maizhokunggar County, Tibet. July 6, 2019. (Photo: Xinhua)

Tibetan Identity and Nationalism belong to the Land and all of its denizens.

Two plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae) frolic by a lakeside on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau in Maizhokunggar County, Tibet. July 6, 2019.(Photo: Xinhua)

Tibetan Identity and Nationalism belong to the Land and all of its denizens.


 

TIBET UNDER SUBJUGATION BY THE PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY

TIBET UNDER SUBJUGATION BY THE PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY

Tibet in Trouble. Tibet is under subjugation by the People’s Liberation Army.

Tibet is under subjugation by the People’s Liberation Army. There is no indication to suggest the slackening of China’s military grip over Tibet.

I am sharing a story titled ‘Tibet in Turmoil Again’ published in The Tribune, Ambala.

Tibet in Trouble. Tibet is under subjugation by the People’s Liberation Army.

There was indeed a great turmoil in the People’s Liberation Army during 1971 which resulted in the murder of Defense Secretary Lin Biao on September 13, 1971 while he tried to escape from China.

Trouble in Tibet. Tibet is under subjugation by the People’s Liberation Army.

China’s military grip continues to suffocate Tibetans and the story about rivalry between Red Guard factions gives me no comfort.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Tibet in Trouble. Tibet is under subjugation by the People’s Liberation Army.

TIBET IN TURMOIL AGAIN.

Clipped from: https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/this-day-that-year/tibet-in-turmoil-again/800632.html

Posted at: Jul 12, 2019, 6:44 AM; last updated: Jul 12, 2019, 6:44 AM (IST)AMBALA, SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1969

HONG KONG, July 11 (AP)—Tibet is in turmoil again as rival Red Guard factions battle each other and hostility spreads among Army troops, Tibetan leaders, military commanders, revolutionary committees and mass organisations, a Hong Kong newspaper reported yesterday. The anti-Communist Chinese language organ “Tin Tin Yatpo”, attributing its report to “well-informed exclusive sources”, said all signs point to a further deteriorating situation in that vital region bordering India.

The paper said two powerful rival Red Guard organizations — the “Great Alliance Headquarters” and the “Lhasa Revolutionary Rebels’ Headquarters’— are battling each other. Both are opposed to the Maoist Tibet Revolutionary Committee. The Lhasa organization is trying to seize power in Tibet.

Tibet in Trouble. Tibet is under subjugation by the People’s Liberation Army.


 

‘THE LUNG OF LHASA’ BREATHES TIBETAN AIR

‘THE LUNG OF LHASA’ BREATHES TIBETAN AIR FOR IT SHARES TIBETAN IDENTITY OF THE LAND AND ITS DENIZENS.

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

Lhalu wetland, ‘The Lung of Lhasa’ breathes Tibetan air. I describe Tibetan Nationalism as the reflection of Tibetan Identity of the Land and all of its denizens.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

Lhalu wetland, ‘the Lung of Lhasa’ in Tibet

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

A common redshank is seen at Lhalu wetland in Lhasa, June 27, 2019. Lhalu wetland national nature reserve is known as “the Lung of Lhasa”. (Xinhua/Zhang Rufeng)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

Wild ducks swim at the Lhalu wetland in Lhasa, June 26, 2019. Lhalu wetland national nature reserve is known as “the Lung of Lhasa”. (Xinhua/Zhang Rufeng)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

A night heron is seen at Lhalu wetland in Lhasa, June 26, 2019. Lhalu wetland national nature reserve is known as “the Lung of Lhasa”. (Xinhua/Zhang Rufeng)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

Common redshanks are seen at Lhalu wetland in Lhasa, June 26, 2019. Lhalu wetland national nature reserve is known as “the Lung of Lhasa”. (Xinhua/Zhang Rufeng)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

A common redshank flies over Lhalu wetland in Lhasa, June 26, 2019. Lhalu wetland national nature reserve is known as “the Lung of Lhasa”. (Xinhua/Zhang Rufeng)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

Photo taken on June 27, 2019 shows the view of the Lhalu wetland in Lhasa. Lhalu wetland national nature reserve is known as “the Lung of Lhasa”. (Xinhua/Zhang Rufeng)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

A brown-headed gull flies over Lhalu wetland in Lhasa, June 27, 2019. Lhalu wetland national nature reserve is known as “the Lung of Lhasa”. (Xinhua/Zhang Rufeng)

Tibetan Nationalism. The Lung of Lhasa Breathes Tibetan Air.

 

HIGH-ENERGY COLLISION CANRESOLVE THE GREAT TIBET PROBLEM

BEIJING DOOMED. HIGH-ENERGY COLLISION CAN RESOLVE THE GREAT TIBET PROBLEM

Beijing Doomed. High-Energy Collision can resolve the Great Tibet Problem.

The Great Tibet Problem is described as illegal, illegitimate, military occupation of Tibetan Territory by a foreign invading force. The Great Tibet can be resolved by the application of physical force of a great magnitude that can evict the Occupier of Tibet without any further human intervention or effort.

Such forces with devastating power do exist in Nature. Planet Earth experienced the serious consequences of heavenly bodies such as asteroids, bolides, and meteorites colliding with Earth. These heavenly bodies acquire massive amounts of energy as Earth’s Force of Gravitation accelerates them as they enter Earth’s atmosphere.

Beijing Doomed. High-Energy Collision can resolve the Great Tibet Problem.

The discovery of the highest-energy gamma rays by the Tibet ASgamma Experiment gives the hope of a Heavenly Strike acting to neutralize the military power of Tibet’s Occupier. While the gamma rays are prevented by Earth’s atmospheric shield from causing damage, the impacts by Near Earth Objects will not be undermined by the natural protection afforded by the Magnetosphere.

Beijing Doomed. High-Energy Collision can resolve the Great Tibet Problem.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force

The highest-energy gamma rays discovered by the Tibet ASgamma experiment

Clipped from: https://phys.org/news/2019-07-highest-energy-gamma-rays-tibet-asgamma.html

Beijing Doomed. High-Energy Collision can resolve the Great Tibet Problem.

The left figure shows the Tibet ASgamma experiment observed the highest energy gamma rays beyond 100 Teraelectron volts (TeV)from the Crab Nebula with low background noise, the cross mark indicates the Crab pulsar position. And the right figure shows the Crab Nebula taken by the Hubble Telescope Credit: NASA

The Tibet ASgamma experiment, a China-Japan joint research project, has discovered the highest energy cosmic gamma rays ever observed from an astrophysical source—in this case, the Crab Nebula. The experiment detected gamma rays ranging from > 100 Teraelectron volts (TeV) (Fig.1) to an estimated 450 TeV. Previously, the highest gamma-ray energy ever observed was 75 TeV by the HEGRA Cherenkov telescope.

Researchers believe the most energetic of the gamma rays observed by the Tibet ASgamma experiment were produced by interaction between high-energy electrons and cosmic microwave background radiation, remnant radiation from the Big Bang.

The Crab Nebula is a famous supernova remnant in the constellation Taurus. It was first observed as a very bright supernova explosion in1054 AD (see Fig.1). It was noted in official histories of the Song dynasty in ancient China as well as in Meigetsuki, written by the 12th century Japanese poet Fujiwara no Teika. In the modern era, the Crab Nebula has been observed using various types of electromagnetic waves including radio and optical waves, X-rays and gamma rays.

The Tibet ASgamma experiment has been operating since 1990 in Tibet, China, at an altitude of 4300 meters above sea level. The China-Japan collaboration added new water Cherenkov-type muon detectors under the existing cosmic-ray detectors in 2014 (see Fig.2). These underground muon detectors suppress 99.92 percent of cosmic-ray background noise (see Fig.3). As a result, 24 gamma-ray candidates above 100 TeV have been detected from the Crab Nebula with low background noise. The highest energy is estimated at 450 TeV (see Fig.2).

Beijing Doomed. High-Energy Collision can resolve the Great Tibet Problem.

The left figure shows the Tibet ASgamma experiment (Tibet-III array+ Muon Detector array); The right figure shows an event display of the observed 449TeV photon-like air shower. Credit: IHEP

The researchers hypothesize the following steps for generating very-high-energy gamma rays: (1) In the nebula, electrons are accelerated up to PeV, i.e., peta (one thousand trillion) electron volts within a few hundred years after the supernova; (2) PeV electrons interact with the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) filling the whole universe; (3) A CMBR photon is kicked up to 450 TeV by the PeV electrons. The researchers thus conclude that the Crab Nebula is now the most powerful natural electron accelerator discovered so far in our galaxy.

This pioneering work opens a new high-energy window for exploring the extreme universe. The detection of gamma rays above 100 TeV is a key to understanding the origin of very-high-energy cosmic rays, which has been a mystery since the discovery of cosmic rays in 1912. With further observations using this new window, we expect to identify the origin of cosmic rays in our galaxy, namely, pevatrons, which accelerate cosmic rays up to PeV energies.

Beijing Doomed. High-Energy Collision can resolve the Great Tibet Problem.

The China-Japan collaboration placed new water Cherenkov-type muon detectors under the existing cosmic-ray air-shower array in 2014. These underground muon detectors can suppress 99.92% of cosmic-ray background noise. Credit: IHEP

“This is a great first step forward,” said Prof. HUANG Jing, co-spokesperson for the Tibet ASgamma experiment. “It proves that our techniques worked well, and gamma rays with energies up to a few hundred TeV really exist. Our goal is to identify a lot of pevatrons, which have not yet been discovered and are supposed to produce the highest-energy cosmic rays in our galaxy.”

Beijing Doomed. High-Energy Collision can resolve the Great Tibet Problem.


 

TIBET STRUGGLES FOR NATURAL FREEDOM

TIBET STRUGGLES FOR NATURAL FREEDOM

Tibet Struggles for Natural Freedom.

In my analysis, the Tibetan Resistance Movement can only be described as the Struggle for Natural Freedom. Tibetans resist military occupation of Tibet by a foreign invader for occupation totally undermines the Tibetan National Experience of Natural Freedom that defines the Land and its denizens. Freedom is not viewed as a Political Right. Tibetans cherish Freedom as a Nature’s Gift which no man has the power to trample upon.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Tibetans Struggle for Natural Freedom.

Dalai Lama Says Tibet Issue Is No Longer Struggle For Political Independence

Clipped from: https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/dalai-lama-says-tibet-issue-is-no-longer-struggle-for-political-independence-2064281

Tibetans Struggle for Natural Freedom.

Tibet Issue “No Longer Struggle for Political Independence”: Dalai Lama

Political independence is mainly meant for the happiness of the people, but does it alone guarantee happiness, the Dalai Lama asked.

All India | Press Trust of India | Updated: July 04, 2019 20:11 IST

New Delhi:

The Tibetan issue is no longer a struggle for political independence, the Dalai Lama has said, asserting that there is a need to focus on preservation of Tibet’s cultural, religious and linguistic identity.

Political independence is mainly meant for the happiness of the people, but does it alone guarantee happiness, the Tibetan spiritual leader asked.

“There is a growing feeling among the top leaders in China that their policies have not been able to solve the Tibet issue in the last 70 years. So, they should follow a more realistic approach. Even though Tibet was an independent country, politically China occupies Tibet today,” he told news magazine ”The Week” in an interview.

“Under the given circumstances, I have been saying for some time now that there is a need to focus on preservation of Tibetan culture, religion and identity. It is no longer a struggle for political independence,” he said.

The 14th Dalai Lama left Tibet in 1959 to escape Chinese occupation and has been keeping China on tenterhooks about his successor.

In April this year, at a global conference, he had said people from Tibet have been seeking a mutually acceptable solution to the Tibetan issue with China since 1974 but Beijing considers him a “splittist” though he isn’t one.

The spiritual leader, who turns 84 soon, had said he preferred Tibet remaining with China, with “some kind of a reunion”.

In the interview, given in Himachal Pradesh’s McLeodganj, the Dalai Lama also said if the Tibetan people can preserve their thousands of years old cultural heritage, religion and identity, it will bring them inner peace and happiness.

“For this, I really admire the Indian Union for its unity in diversity. In a similar way, the People’s Republic of China and Tibet can coexist keeping Tibet’s cultural, linguistic and religious identity,” he said.

On a question, about his successor, he said, “I can only be concerned about this life; the next is not my concern. What is important are the teachings, the institution of the Dalai Lama comes after that.

“If reincarnation was so important, then why did the Buddha not have a reincarnation,” adding, “sometimes, I also feel the Lama institution has some connection with the feudal system and is not relevant today”.

The Tibetan spiritual leader recently apologized for his comment on women in a BBC interview, with his office in Dharamshala saying he has always opposed their objectification.

Responding to a question on whether his reincarnation could be a woman, the Nobel Peace Prize winner had joked that she should be attractive.

On a question on India, he said, the rich people in India should pay more attention to the study of Indian philosophy and texts “rather than just uttering ”Ram Ram” and doing puja”.

“It is better to create small libraries and learn about ancient Indian philosophy and psychology than just praying without any knowledge and performing rituals without understanding them,” he said.

On his association with prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, he said, “Pandit was very kind to me; he advised me under difficult circumstances. I followed his advice, and it was very practical. I came to India in 1956, during Buddha Jayanti. At that time, many Tibetan officials told me that I should stay in India and not return”.

He said, he returned to Tibet in 1957. “I tried my best (to maintain peace with the Chinese), but after some time… there (were) uprisings. In 1959, things went out of control and I decided to escape from Tibet,” the Dalai Lama added.

“I am grateful to the Indian government (and leaders such as) Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Morarji Desai, Narasimha Rao and the (later) generation of leaders, and also Indian officials who have been very sympathetic towards Tibet,” he said.

Today, India and Tibet are very close not only for political or economic reasons, but also spiritually and emotionally, he added.

On China calling him a separatist, and his 60th year of exile in India, he said, “Let them (Chinese) say I am a separatist. That will be helpful as I will continue to live in India peacefully”.

“If they sincerely ask me to return – although on many occasions to some Chinese individuals I mentioned that I prefer freedom – and if I return to China, I (will be) put in a big house with no freedom. There is no use. I am happy to live in India for the rest of my life,” the Dalai Lama said.

“Among all civilizations, whether it is Chinese or Egyptian, it is the Indus Valley civilization that has produced the best thinkers and philosophers. I consider Buddhism and Hinduism as twin brother and sister. India’s civilization is something wonderful and should be known for its contribution to the world,” he asserted.

Tibetans Struggle for Natural Freedom.