MY MUSINGS ON BUDDHA PURNIMA: I AM A REFUGEE, AND WHO IS MY REFUGE?

MY MUSINGS ON BUDDHA PURNIMA: I AM A REFUGEE, AND WHO IS MY REFUGE?

My Musings on Buddha Purnima. I am a Refugee. Who is my Refuge?

What is the difference between the refuge and a refugee?

As nouns the difference between the refuge and a refugee. is that refuge being a state of safety, protection or shelter while refugee is a person seeking refuge in a foreign country out of fear of political persecution or the prospect of such persecution in his home country, i.e., a person seeking a political asylum.

My Musings on Buddha Purnima. I am a Refugee. Who is my Refuge?
My Musings on Buddha Purnima. I am a Refugee. Who is my Refuge?
My Musings on Buddha Purnima. I am a Refugee. Who is my Refuge?

On May 24, 1956, I was in Mylapore, Madras, Chennai, India. I went to Indian Posts & Telegraphs Office on Kutchery Street to buy the First Day Cover issued in celebration of 2500th Buddha Jayanti.

On that Day, I was not aware that I would fail to see the brightness of the Full Moon on Saturday, May 18, 2019. I see Darkness. I see Gloom. I learned the Art of Controlling my Mind. I learned the Art of Self-Discipline. Yet, I see the inevitability of Doom, Disaster, Calamity, Cataclysm, Catastrophe, or Apocalypse.

In my analysis, I am a person in need of Refuge, Shelter, or Protection. I performed my Life Journey under Shadow, the Darkness of Secrecy seeking a false sense of Security. I need to break the Shackles of Secrecy to declare that I am a Refugee. Who is my Refuge? To Whom, I should address my Petition?

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Buddha Purnima: Significance of Buddha’s Teachings

Clipped from: https://in.style.yahoo.com/buddha-purnima-significance-buddha-teachings-043009143.html

My Musings on Buddha Purnima. I am a Refugee. Who is my Refuge?

Buddha Purnima: Significance of Buddha’s Teachings

Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti is celebrated with great enthusiasm among the Buddhist community as it is one of their most important and sacred festivals. The festival also known as Vesak as it is observed on a full moon in the month Vaisakha, marks the birth of Buddha, the day of his enlightenment as well as the day he entered nirvana and left his human body form.
 

This year, Buddha Purnima falls on 18th May 2019 which is a Saturday.
 

However, it should be noted that different Buddhist communities may celebrate Buddha Purnima on different dates provided there are two full moons in the month of May.
 

The significance of this day can be understood by the events it upholds. Legend has it that Buddha’s wife Yashodhara, his first disciple Ananda and the Bodhi tree, the holy place under which Buddha attained enlightenment were all born or created on this very day. It is also believed that on this day Gautam Buddha chose to preach his first sermon in Varanasi or Banaras in India.
 

By the evidence found in history, Gautam Buddha was born between sixth and fourth century BCE.
 

Buddha was a firm believer of Karuna (meaning compassion) and Ahimsa (meaning non-violence). He spent his life searching for peace and truth. He believed that the material pleasures held little significance in life and dedicated his life to spirituality and religion.
 

Since Buddha was born in a Hindu family, the festival holds a lot of significance for the Hindu community. In Hinduism, Lord Buddha is believed to be the ninth avatar of Lord Vishnu. Therefore, Buddha Purnima is an auspicious day for devotees of Lord Vishnu and is observed with full fervor in India.
 

Buddha Purnima has a lot of astrological significance as well. Buddha was born with Cancer Ascendant and Moon in Libra, and with the Sun positioned in the mighty Mars. In His Horoscope, the Moon is also aspected by five planets-Sun, Jupiter, Venus, Mars, and Saturn, and these made Him mentally strong.
 

In Buddhism, it is believed that for you to be able to enjoy good health, bring happiness to your family, and enjoy peace in life, you must first master control over your mind. In Hinduism, devotees of Lord Ganesh practice a similar belief; that by gaining control over one’s mind, one can find the way to enlightenment. Astrologers believe that to gain control of your mind, you should strengthen the Moon in your horoscope.
 

How to Celebrate Buddha Purnima

If you want to achieve mental peace and bliss this Vesak, you should follow Buddha’s “Eightfold path”. It is the only true way to celebrate the festival.
 

According to Buddha, the Eightfold path included-

Having the Right View or Understanding, by knowing the truth,
 

Having the Right Intention, by freeing your mind of bad thoughts,
 

Having the Right Speech, which does not hurt others,
 

Having the Right Action, by working for the good of others,
 

Having the Right Livelihood, by maintaining an ethical standard in life,
 

Having the Right Effort, by resisting evil,
 

Having the Right Mindfulness, by practicing meditation,
 

Having the Right Concentration, by controlling your thoughts.
 

It is believed that by following this path, you can be free from your sufferings, bring harmony and peace, and even bring in more positivity and optimism in your life.
 

For those who may be suffering from malefic effects of Planet Saturn

, following the Eightfold Path can help you release mental pressure and boost confidence in your life.
 

Devotees celebrate the festival by serving others and feeding the hungry while they themselves keep a fast and do charitable work.
 

Lanterns are also a special part of the celebrations. Mostly seen in Sri Lanka and South Korea, people light colorful electric lanterns, which signifies happiness and enlightenment.  Happiness is believed to be the result of the individual becoming more mindful in their life.
 

My Musings on Buddha Purnima. I am a Refugee. Who is my Refuge?
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THE DALAI LAMA TRAPPED IN EXILE. FREE TIBET HOPE IS ALIVE

THE DALAI LAMA TRAPPED IN EXILE. FREE TIBET HOPE IS ALIVE

In my analysis, the Dalai Lama remains trapped in Exile as the asylum was granted under terms and conditions approved by the United States and India. However, it is entirely true to claim that the hopes of Tibetans to secure their Political Freedom is alive.

 
 

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force

 
 

How the Dalai Lama Negotiated the Future of His Nation in Exile | Flashback | OZY

 
 

Clipped from: https://www.ozy.com/flashback/how-the-dalai-lama-negotiated-the-future-of-his-nation-in-exile/94059

 
 

The Dalai Lama (right) welcomed by Indian Prime Minister Nehru on his arrival at the Delhi airport, where they celebrated the 2,500th anniversary of Buddhism. The Dalai Lama would be welcomed in India again three years later, but to live there in exile.

At just 25, he won over India’s prime minister, securing himself and his people a measure of stability.

The Dalai Lama was just 23 when he was forced to flee his home country, accompanied by a small entourage and eventually followed by thousands of Tibetan refugees. He had been formally recognized as the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama at age 4 but had assumed his political duties as a teenager. He was already a leader, and as he and his entourage of 80 traveled from the Lhasa plateau to the Indian border at Chutangmu, someone — probably Indian officers — snapped a color photograph of the young Dalai Lama, his brown boots firmly in stirrups, while a knot of men doff their hats and lower their heads in respect.

He had been forced to flee the Norbulingka, his summer palace, in disguise two weeks earlier, shortly before the Chinese military fired hundreds of artillery shells into the building and declared Tibet an autonomous region of China. Crossing over to the Indian side on March 31, 1959, he was flown to the colonial-era Indian hill station of Mussoorie. Here, the 23-year-old Tibetan reincarnate would meet the 69-year-old Indian prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, on April 24, 1959 — and secure a future for his fleeing people.

The minutes of that meeting, preserved in the papers of former Indian Foreign Secretary Subimal Dutt, show an inversion of roles as we see them today: The Dalai Lama was the young neophyte and Nehru the elder statesman. In a meeting lasting over three hours, the two spoke through an Indian government translator as there had not been time for a translator to come from the Tibetan side, and His Holiness knew only a smattering of Hindi, and no English.

https://youtu.be/beT1uGWqfHo

 
 

Yet, the young monk had already displayed canniness in political affairs, deftly dealing with Chinese authorities. Letters he wrote to Chinese government representatives in Tibet immediately prior to his escape were intentionally misleading, he later admitted to Nehru, painting himself as a victim of reactionaries and promising to secretly work with China. Chinese authorities used the letters to claim that the Dalai Lama had been abducted by India and statements he made upon arrival condemning China’s actions had been dictated by Indians.

After the meeting, Nehru spoke to the Indian Parliament on April 27. “Even though he is young,” Nehru said, referring to the Dalai Lama, “I could not easily imagine that he could be coerced into doing something he did not wish.”

 
 

For Nehru, the situation with China was a balancing act. India saw China as one of the newly independent nations with whom it had a struggle against imperialism in common. India was one of the first nations to recognize the People’s Republic of China in 1950, and officially recognized Tibet as part of China. Nehru had no interest in going to war. But the Dalai Lama’s reports of indiscriminate killings within Tibet and the “sham autonomy” the region had been afforded aroused his sympathy, if not a promise of military aid. “Ultimately if Tibet’s independence is to be achieved,” Nehru told the young Buddhist, “it will be due to its own people’s courage and ability to stand up to suffering.”

Nehru wasn’t alone in refusing to act, and he knew it. In 2019, the Dalai Lama recalled Nehru explaining that the U.S., preoccupied with the Korean Peninsula at the time, wouldn’t risk a fight with China to help Tibet. And his objections weren’t just ideological: India’s military capabilities weren’t up to war with China, particularly not over regional concerns. But eventually, Tibet would play a major role in the monthlong India-China war of 1962, in which China eventually triumphed. But Nehru dissuaded the Tibetans from pushing their cause at the U.N., recognized Chinese sovereignty and urged the Dalai Lama to enter talks with the Chinese.

In the end, the Dalai Lama’s flight and India’s decision to grant him asylum — albeit not in a legal sense — gets to the heart of two nation-building processes in Asia.

In the end, the Dalai Lama’s flight and India’s decision to grant him asylum — albeit not in a legal sense — gets to the heart of two nation-building processes in Asia.

Nehru was not offering an intervention. He could and did, however, offer refuge. What came from the meeting with the Dalai Lama, says Amitabh Mathur, former adviser on Tibet affairs to the government of India, was “to keep the civilizational struggle alive, keep their identity alive.” Large tracts of land were given to Tibetans to establish settlements, complete with monastic institutions and schools, to allow them to preserve the religious and cultural foundations of their society. Care was taken that the settlements be in a welcoming climate for mountain-raised Tibetans.

Today, the status of Tibetans in India is nuanced. They are not legally citizens but have voting rights, officially since 2014. They elect a Tibetan parliament in exile, based out of Dharamshala, which performs administrative functions including taxes and running censuses and places like schools.

In the end, the Dalai Lama’s flight and India’s decision to grant him asylum — albeit not in a legal sense — gets to the heart of two nation-building processes in Asia. India and China are still scrapping over borders, as evidenced by the standoff over a road in Doklam less than two years ago. And China is still violently asserting authority over its borderlands, like Xinjiang, where a recent crackdown on the Uighur minority has raised an international alarm.

Tibetans have not been allowed to return to their territory, but when Nehru let them stay and build a community in India, he furthered their cause. As Nehru would state in the meeting, “the Dalai Lama being in India keeps alive the question of Tibet in the minds of the world.”

THE DALAI LAMA AND XI JINPING MEETING IN NEW DELHI

THE DALAI LAMA AND XI JINPING MEETING IN NEW DELHI

 

In my analysis, the proposed meeting between the Dalai Lama and Xi Jinping in New Delhi in 2014 never happened as the meeting was not approved by the United States. I ask my readers to know that the asylum granted to the Dalai Lama was fully approved by the United States with certain terms and conditions. He is not entirely free to make political decisions without the approval of the United States and India.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

 
 

Clipped from: https://www.ndtv.com/book-excerpts/president-xi-was-to-meet-me-in-delhi-in-2014-but-dalai-lama-exclusive-2037863

 
 

Dalai Lama Exclusive: Chinese President Had Agreed To Meet Me In Delhi

Book Excerpt | Sonia Singh | Updated: May 15, 2019 14:35 IST

 
 

Cover of Sonia Singh’s book ‘Defining India: Through Their Eyes’

 
 

The Dalai Lama, Tibet’s spiritual leader in exile has been in India for the last 60 years, his very existence remaining an irritant to China which has often publicly denounced him as an Enemy. Yet, in this rare conversation for her book, ‘Defining India’, the Dalai Lama told Sonia Singh, that he had reached out to China for a meeting with President Xi during his visit to Delhi in 2014…and surprisingly China had agreed. India however intervened and the meeting didn’t happen. Here’s an excerpt from the book.

Prime ministers will change but it’s clear that India has always walked a very careful tightrope with China on the Tibet question. ‘Prime Minister Modi has looked at redefining India’s relationship with China and you have enjoyed greater visibility under his government with your visit to Arunachal Pradesh and the Tawang monastery. Yet, “thank you” celebrations to mark your sixty years in India had to be shifted from Delhi to Dharamshala to avoid angering the Chinese. How has dealing with Prime Minister Modi been?’ I ask.

‘Awkward,’ says the Dalai Lama wryly, then adding, ‘And it’s only natural, understandable. The China-India relationship is very important. When the Doklam problem happened [in 2017, China tried to build a road in Doklam, a stretch in Bhutan bordering India and China, to which India and Bhutan objected, resulting in a standoff], the media asked me about my beliefs and I told them that these were minor; neither India nor China want to destroy one another-we have to live side by side. The ultimate goal should be “Hindi-Chini bhai-bhai!” That is the only realistic way.

‘So, naturally Prime Minister Modi is concerned about good relations with China. I actually know him very well. When he was the chief minister of Gujarat, the state found an ancient Buddhist monastery and as chief minister, Mr. Modi invited me to a function for this. Besides the official meeting, he also came to see me at my hotel. We have very good relations. He is quite an active Indian prime minister, continuously visiting many countries. That, I admire at his age.’

And it is then as we talk of the prime minister that the Dalai Lama drops his political bombshell. ‘In 2014, when Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Delhi for talks with Prime Minister Modi, I requested a meeting with him. President Xi Jinping agreed, but the Indian government was cautious about the meeting, so it didn’t happen.’

Just like the historic moment between the heads of North Korea and South Korea in 2018, this could have been a meeting that had the promise to change the course of China-Tibet relations, especially as there have been reports that there are informal contacts between both sides. President Xi is said to have a close knowledge of Buddhism through his father who headed the Communist Party’s religious work in 1980. During his stint as a young provincial officer as well in 1982, Xi Jinping was posted in Zhengding, China where he backed a Buddhist monk’s efforts to rebuild the famous Linji Temple and has asked workers to study the partnership between party and religion. In 2014, in a speech in Delhi, the Dalai Lama had said that President Xi was the first Chinese leader to publicly say that Buddhism had a role to play in the preservation of Chinese culture.

However, a meeting between the Dalai Lama and President Xi could have also been used as a propaganda tool by the Chinese to outwit both India and the Dalai Lama, who is seen by some foreign policy strategists as India’s trump card against the Chinese. It’s not surprising then that the request for the meeting must have sent the ministry of external affairs into a spin leading to a denial of the request.

Excerpted with permission of Penguin India from ‘Defining India: Through Their Eyes’ by Sonia Singh. Order your copy here.

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CULTURAL REVOLUTION: THE CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY

The Government of China and it’s Communist Party committed numerous Crimes against Humanity in the name of the Cultural Revolution.

I ask the US citizens to demand the investigation of President Nixon’s Foreign Policy that initiated the US-China relations in 1971-72 without concern for the Crimes Against Humanity described by Communist China as ‘Cultural Revolution’.

Designed by Mao Zedong to preserve true Communist ideology by removing capitalist and traditional elements from society in China. Was a move to recover political power by Mao. The movement insisted that revisionists, people in China who promoted capitalism, had to be removed through violent class struggle. Red Guard was a movement of Chinese Youth to perpetuate these goals. Millions of people were persecuted, cultural icons were destroyed, religious sites were ransacked.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force

Cultural Revolution – HISTORY

Clipped from: https://www.history.com/topics/china/cultural-revolution

In 1966, China’s Communist leader Mao Zedong launched what became known as the Cultural Revolution in order to reassert his authority over the Chinese government. Believing that current Communist leaders were taking the party, and China itself, in the wrong direction, Mao called on the nation’s youth to purge the “impure” elements of Chinese society and revive the revolutionary spirit that had led to victory in the civil war 20 decades earlier and the formation of the People’s Republic of China. The Cultural Revolution continued in various phases until Mao’s death in 1976, and its tormented and violent legacy would resonate in Chinese politics and society for decades to come.

The Cultural Revolution Begins 

In the 1960s, Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong came to feel that the current party leadership in China, as in the Soviet Union, was moving too far in a revisionist direction, with an emphasis on expertise rather than on ideological purity. Mao’s own position in government had weakened after the failure of his “Great Leap Forward” (1958-60) and the economic crisis that followed. Mao gathered a group of radicals, including his wife Jiang Qing and defense minister Lin Biao, to help him attack current party leadership and reassert his authority.

Mao launched the so-called Cultural Revolution (known in full as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution) in August 1966, at a meeting of the Plenum of the Central Committee. He shut down the nation’s schools, calling for a massive youth mobilization to take current party leaders to task for their embrace of bourgeois values and lack of revolutionary spirit. In the months that followed, the movement escalated quickly as the students formed paramilitary groups called the Red Guards and attacked and harassed members of China’s elderly and intellectual population. A personality cult quickly sprang up around Mao, similar to that which existed for Josef Stalin, with different factions of the movement claiming the true interpretation of Maoist thought.

Lin Biao’s Role in the Cultural Revolution

WHOLE VILLAIN: Defence Minister and Communist Party Vice Chairman, the successor of Chairman Mao Tsetung was apparently assassinated by Prime Minister Chou En-lai and Chairman Mao Tsetung on September 13, 1971, as he tried to escape from the country. After his killing, most of the People’s Liberation Army’s Generals of high command were purged. It totally amazes me to know that the US National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger would request Prime Minister Chou En-Lai to launch a military attack on India during that time to prevent India from taking military action to resolve the humanitarian crisis in East Pakistan.

 During this early phase of the Cultural Revolution (1966-68), President Liu Shaoqi and other Communist leaders were removed from power. (Beaten and imprisoned, Liu died in prison in 1969.) With different factions of the Red Guard movement battling for dominance, many Chinese cities reached the brink of anarchy by September 1967, when Mao had Lin send army troops in to restore order. The army soon forced many urban members of the Red Guards into rural areas, where the movement declined. Amid the chaos, the Chinese economy plummeted, with industrial production for 1968 dropping 12 percent below that of 1966.

In 1969, Lin was officially designated Mao’s successor. He soon used the excuse of border clashes with Soviet troops to institute martial law. Disturbed by Lin’s premature power grab, Mao began to maneuver against him with the help of Zhou Enlai, China’s premier, splitting the ranks of power atop the Chinese government. In September 1971, Lin died in an airplane crash in Mongolia, apparently while attempting to escape to the Soviet Union. Members of his high military command were subsequently purged, and Zhou took over greater control of the government. Lin’s brutal end led many Chinese citizens to feel disillusioned over the course of Mao’s high-minded “revolution,” which seemed to have dissolved in favor of ordinary power struggles.

Cultural Revolution Comes to an End 

TIBET CONSCIOUSNESS – UNDYING HOPE FOR FREEDOM. US PRESIDENT RICHARD M NIXON HAS TO BE KNOWN AS BACKSTABBER OF TIBET. THE HOPE FOR TIBET’S FREEDOM IS STILL ALIVE.

Zhou acted to stabilize China by reviving the educational system and restoring numerous former officials to power. In 1972, however, Mao suffered a stroke; in the same year, Zhou learned he had cancer. The two leaders threw their support to Deng Xiaoping (who had been purged during the first phase of the Cultural Revolution), a development opposed by the more radical Jiang and her allies, who became known as the Gang of Four. In the next several years, Chinese politics teetered between the two sides. The radicals finally convinced Mao to purge Deng in April 1976, a few months after Zhou’s death, but after Mao died that September, a civil, police and military coalition pushed the Gang of Four out. Deng regained power in 1977 and would maintain control over the Chinese government for the next 20 years.

Some 1.5 million people were killed during the Cultural Revolution, and millions of others suffered imprisonment, seizure of property, torture or general humiliation. The Cultural Revolution’s short-term effects may have been felt mainly in China’s cities, but its long-term effects would impact the entire country for decades to come. Mao’s large-scale attack on the party and system he had created would eventually produce a result opposite to what he intended, leading many Chinese to lose faith in their government altogether.

WHOLE VILLAIN – ORIGINAL SIN: The mockery of the US Constitution. The US National Security Adviser, Dr. Kissinger had misused and abused his official position to meet foreign Heads of State to formulate US foreign relations without the participation of the US Secretary of State. I call this Villainous act as “Original Sin”. Both Chairman Mao Tsetung and Prime Minister Chou En-Lai were leaders of the “Cultural Revolution” during 1966-69 that participated in crimes against humanity.

LIFE UNDER SHADOW: LONELY PLANET AND IMPOSSIBLE BEAUTY OF TIBET

LIFE UNDER SHADOW: LONELY PLANET AND IMPOSSIBLE BEAUTY OF TIBET

Life Under Shadow. Lonely Planet. Impossible Beauty of Tibet.

My Life is Under Shadow. It means that I am a Prisoner of the Circumstances. I live as a Slave in Free Country. I am not “FREE”  and so, the Beauty of Tibet remains Impossible.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Lonely Planet: Impossible beauty of Tibet | Stuff.co.NZ

Clipped from: https://www.stuff.co.nz/travel/destinations/asia/112732860/lonely-planet-impossible-beauty-of-tibet

Tibet offers fabulous monasteries, breathtaking high-altitude walks, stunning views of the world’s highest mountains and one of the most likable cultures you will ever encounter.

A Higher Plain

For many visitors, the highlights of Tibet will be of a spiritual nature: magnificent monasteries, prayer halls of chanting monks, and remote cliffside meditation retreats. Tibet’s pilgrims – from local grandmothers murmuring mantras in temples heavy with the aromas of juniper incense and yak butter to hard-core professionals walking or prostrating themselves around Mt Kailash – are an essential part of this experience. Tibetans have a level of devotion and faith that seems to belong to an earlier, almost medieval age. It is fascinating, inspiring and endlessly photogenic.

Life Under Shadow. Lonely Planet. Impossible Beauty of Tibet. Restrictions require foreign travelers to pre-arrange a tour with a guide and transport for their time in Tibet, making independent travel impossible.

Restrictions require foreign travelers to pre-arrange a tour with a guide and transport for their time in Tibet, making independent travel impossible.  

The Roof of the World

Tibet’s other big draw is the elemental beauty of the highest plateau on earth. The geography here is on a humbling scale and every view is illuminated with spectacular mountain light. Your trip will take you past glittering turquoise lakes, across huge plains dotted with yaks and nomads’ tents, and over high passes draped with colorful prayer flags. Hike past the ruins of remote hermitages, stare open-mouthed at the north face of Everest or make an epic overland trip along some of the world’s wildest roads. The scope for adventure is limited only by your ability to get permits.

Politics & Permits

There’s no getting away from politics here. Whether you see Tibet as an oppressed, occupied nation or an underdeveloped province of China, the normal rules of Chinese travel simply don’t apply. Restrictions require foreign travelers to pre-arrange a tour with a guide and transport for their time in Tibet, making independent travel impossible. On the plus side, new airports, boutique hotels, and paved roads offer a level of comfort unheard of just a few years ago, so if the rigors of Tibetan travel have deterred you in the past, now might be the time to reconsider.

Life Under Shadow. Lonely Planet. Impossible Beauty of Tibet.

The Roof of the World.

The Tibetan People

Whatever your interests, your lasting memories of Tibet are likely to be off the bottle of Lhasa Beer you shared in a teahouse, the yak-butter tea offered by a monk in a remote monastery or the picnic enjoyed with a herding family on the shores of a remote lake. Always ready with a disarming smile, and with great tolerance and openness of heart despite decades of political turmoil and hardship, the people truly make traveling in Tibet a profound joy. Make sure you budget time away from your pre-planned tour itinerary to take advantage of these chance encounters.

Life Under Shadow. Lonely Planet. Impossible Beauty of Tibet.

This is an edited extract from the first edition of the 10th edition of Lonely Planet’s Tibet guidebook

Tibet’s Top Five

  1. Mt Kailash, Ngari

Worshipped by more than a billion Buddhists and Hindus, Asia’s most sacred mountain rises from the Barkha plain like a giant four-sided 6714m chörten (Buddhist stupa). Throw in the stunning nearby Lake Manasarovar and a basin that forms the source of four of Asia’s greatest rivers, and who’s to say this place really isn’t the center of the world? Travel here to one of the world’s most beautiful and remote corners brings an added bonus: the three-day pilgrim path around the mountain erases the sins of a lifetime.

  1. Barkhor Circuit, Lhasa

You never know quite what you’re going to find when you join the centrifugal tide of Tibetans circling the Jokhang Temple on the Barkhor Circuit. Pilgrims and prostrators from across Tibet, stalls selling prayer wheels and turquoise, Muslim traders, Khampa nomads in shaggy cloaks, women from Amdo sporting 108 braids, thangka (religious painting) artists and Chinese military patrols are all par for the course. It’s a fascinating microcosm of Tibet and a place you’ll come back to again and again.

Life Under Shadow. Lonely Planet. Impossible Beauty of Tibet.

A valid Chinese visa is required to travel to Tibet.

  1. Potala Palace, Lhasa

There are moments in travel that will long stay with you, and your first view of Lhasa’s iconic Potala Palace is one such moment. A visit to the former home of the Dalai Lamas is a spiraling descent past gold-tombed chapels, opulent reception rooms, and huge prayer halls into the bowels of a medieval castle. It’s nothing less than the concentrated spiritual and material wealth of a nation. Finish by joining the pilgrims on a walking kora (pilgrim circuit) of the entire grounds.

  1. Jokhang Temple, Lhasa

The atmosphere of hushed awe is what hits you first as you inch through the dark, medieval passageways of the Jokhang, Lhasa’s most sacred temple. Queues of wide-eyed pilgrims shuffle up and down the stairways, past medieval doorways and millennium-old murals, pausing briefly to stare in awe at golden buddhas or to top up the hundreds of butter lamps that flicker in the gloom. It’s the beating spiritual heart of Tibet, despite some damage caused by a fire in 2018. Welcome to the 14th century.

  1. Views of Mt Everest

Don’t tell the Nepal Tourism Board, but Tibet has easily the best views of the world’s most famous mountain from its northern base camp. While two-week trekking routes on the Nepal side offer only fleeting glimpses of the peak, in Tibet you can drive on a paved road right up to unobstructed views of Mt Everest’s incredible north face framed in the prayer flags of Rongphu Monastery. Bring a sleeping bag, some headache tablets and a prayer for clear skies.

Life Under Shadow. Lonely Planet. Impossible Beauty of Tibet.

The scope for adventure is limited only by your ability to get permits.

When to Go

High Season: (May–mid-Oct)

The warmest weather makes travel, trekking and transport easiest. Prices are at their highest, peaking in July and August. Book ahead during the 1 May and 1 October national holidays.

Shoulder: (Apr & mid-Oct–Nov)

The slightly colder weather means fewer travelers and a better range of vehicles. Prices are 20 percent cheaper than during the high season.

Low Season: (Dec–Feb)

Very few people visit Tibet in winter, so you’ll have key attractions largely to yourself. Hotel prices and many entry tickets are discounted by up to 50 percent, but some restaurants close. Tibet is closed to foreign tourists in March.

Currency: Rénmínbì, or yuán (¥)

Language: Tibetan, Mandarin Chinese

Visas: A valid Chinese visa is required. A Tibet Tourism Bureau (TTB) permit is also required to enter Tibet.

Money: ATMs are available in Lhasa, Shigatse and a couple of other towns. Credit cards can be used in Lhasa. Otherwise, bring cash US dollars and euros.

Mobile Phones: Buy an inexpensive local pay-as-you-go SIM or data card for cheap local calls, but get it before arriving in Tibet. Buying a mobile phone in China is cheap and easy.

Daily Costs

Midrange Budget: US$75–150

A one-way flight to Lhasa from Kathmandu: US$280–400

A one-way flight to Lhasa from Chéngdū: US$180–260

Daily shared vehicle rental per person: US$50–60

Double room with bathroom: US$30–60

Potala Palace entry ticket: US$30

This is an edited extract from the 10th edition of Lonely Planet’s Tibet guidebook, curated by Stephen Lioy, and researched and written by Stephen, Megan Eaves, and Bradley Mayhew, © 2019. Published this month, RRP: NZ$44.99; www.lonelyplanet.com

Life Under Shadow. A life confined to Lonely Planet. Impossible Beauty of Tibet.

TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com DIVULGES THE BIGGEST FEAR OF MY LIFE

TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com DIVULGES THE BIGGEST FEAR OF MY LIFE:

TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com REVEALS THE DARKEST FEAR OF MY LIFE.
TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com REVEALS THE DARKEST FEAR OF MY LIFE.

I have three reasons as to why I reside in the United States since July 1986.

TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com REVEALS THE DARKEST FEAR OF MY LIFE
TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com REVEALS THE DARKEST FEAR OF MY LIFE.

My first reason to reside in the United States is that of staying away from India, the country of my origin.

TE3N Movie on Netflix.com REVEALS THE DARKEST FEAR OF MY LIFE
TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com REVEALS THE DARKEST FEAR OF MY LIFE.

My second reason to reside in the United States is that of staying away from the military organization called Special Frontier Force which is also popularly known as Establishment No. 22.

TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com REVEALS THE DARKEST FEAR OF MY LIFE
TE3N MOVIE ON NETFLIX.com REVEALS THE DARKEST FEAR OF MY LIFE.

The third reason for residing in the United States is that of my Enemy’s Agents keeping me under Surveillance while the Government of India denies me my right to Self-Defense.

TE3N MOVIE REVIEW - TRANSPARENCY AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY. TE3N DVD DISTRIBUTED BY RELIANCE ENTERTAINMENT.
TE3N MOVIE REVIEW – TRANSPARENCY AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY. TE3N DVD DISTRIBUTED BY RELIANCE ENTERTAINMENT AND NETFLIX.com

In the interests of promoting transparency and public accountability in governance by either Public or Private entities, I am sharing contents of my electronic communication with Reliance Entertainment.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

TE3N Movie on Netflix.com divulges the Biggest Fear of My Life.

TE3N Pre-recorded DVD – Photo Images.

Dear Sir,

1. On behalf of Special Frontier Force, I am pleased to inform you that a few photo images included in the screenshot of Section.15 of TE3N Pre-recorded DVD, PKD: July/2016 belong to our military organization, people currently affiliated to the organization under terms and conditions established by Government of India. These photo images shared with the general public give people full rights to further use them or distribute them to promote transparency and public accountability in democratic governance.

2. It appears that you have imposed some restrictions on the contents of your DVD. Kindly clarify if those restrictions apply to Section. 15 of your DVD which uses Photo images shared by my organization.

3. The Movie TE3N is the remake of South Korean film, and inclusion of the photo images of personnel affiliated to Special Frontier Force is of interest. My organization would like to mention the Movie Production Team made the decision to use these images giving general public or viewers a mistaken notion about our identity. Special Frontier Force represents a military organization distinct from the Indian Army while it draws Indian Army personnel apart from other nationals.

4. I warmly appreciate artistic freedom exercised by Producer Sujoy Ghosh and Director Ribhu Das Gupta in producing Movie TE3N. I am sure they would extend the same courtesy and Free Speech Rights to other entities to use some contents of your DVD.

Thanking You,

Yours Sincerely,

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

TE3N MOVIE REVIEW - TRANSPARENCY AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY. TE3N DVD DISTRIBUTED BY RELIANCE ENTERTAINMENT.
TE3N MOVIE REVIEW – TRANSPARENCY AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY. TE3N DVD DISTRIBUTED BY RELIANCE ENTERTAINMENT.
TE3N MOVIE REVIEW – TRANSPARENCY AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY. MOVIE IMAGE OF MS-8466 CAPTAIN R R NARASIMHAM, AMC
TE3N MOVIE REVIEW – TRANSPARENCY AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY. OPERATION EAGLE, 1971 INDIA – PAKISTAN WAR.On bhavanajagat.com
TE3N MOVIE REVIEW – TRANSPARENCY AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY. OPERATION EAGLE, 1971 INDIA – PAKISTAN WAR.On bhavanajagat.com
TE3N Movie Review – Transparency and Public Accountability. 1972 Army Picture ID Image of MS-8466 Captain R R Narasimham, AMCOn bhavanajagat.wordpress.com
TE3N MOVIE REVIEW – TRANSPARENCY AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY. SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE CELEBRATES ITS PARTNERSHIP WITH INDIAN ARMED FORCES. On bhavanajagat.com

ROAD BUILDING IN TIBET: THE TENTACLES OF NEOCOLONIALISM

ROAD BUILDING IN TIBET: THE TENTACLES OF NEOCOLONIALISM

Road Building in Tibet: The Tentacles of Neocolonialism grasping Tibetans.

In my analysis, the road building projects in Tibet represent the tentacles of Neocolonialism spreading a sense of deep fear, hopelessness, and frustration grasping Tibetans under perpetual oppression, suppression, and repression imposed by China’s military conquest of Tibet in 1950.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

World’s highest super-long tunnel opens in Tibet

Clipped from: https://www.asiaone.com/china/worlds-highest-super-long-tunnel-opens-tibet

Road Building in Tibet: The Tentacles of Neocolonialism grasping the Mila Mountain.

The Mila Mount Tunnel on the Lhasa-Nyingchi Highway in China’s Tibet autonomous region began operations on Friday, symbolizing the full operation of another vital traffic line in the region.

The tunnel is located at the junction of Lhasa and Nyingchi at an average altitude of 4,750 meters above sea level, according to the China Railway Erju Construction Co., Ltd, which constructed the project.

As a key section of the Lhasa-Nyingchi Highway on the National Highway 318, the left lane of the tunnel is 5,727 meters and the right lane is 5,720 meters long respectively, according to the company.

Construction of the Mila Mount tunnel started in April 2015, and it has become the world’s highest super-long tunnel, the company said.

Road Building in Tibet: The Tentacles of Neocolonialism grasping the Mila Mountain.

The Mila Mount Tunnel on the Lhasa-Nyingchi Highway of China’s Tibet autonomous region began operations on Friday (April 26).Photo: China Daily/Asia News Network

Linking the regional capital city Lhasa with the region’s eastern tourism city of Nyingchi, the 409-kilometre highway has reduced travel time from the previous eight hours to the current four.

Road Building in Tibet: The Tentacles of Neocolonialism grasping the Mila Mountain.
Road Building in Tibet. The Tentacles of Neocolonialism grasping the Mila Mountain.
Road Building in Tibet. The Tentacles of Neocolonialism grasping the Mila Mountain.
Road Building in Tibet. The Tentacles of Neocolonialism grasping the Mila Mountain.
Road Building in Tibet. The Tentacles of Neocolonialism grasping the Mila Mountain.


 

ANTISLAVERY CAMPAIGN 2019. MAY DAY CELEBRATION – SLAVE IN FREE COUNTRY

ANTISLAVERY CAMPAIGN 2019. MAY DAY CELEBRATION – SLAVE IN FREE COUNTRY

Antislavery Campaign of 2019. Repeal PRWORA Project. May Day Celebration. Slave in Free Country.

On Wednesday, May 01, 2019 I celebrate MAY DAY as “LAW DAY” to ask Americans to reject ‘The Public Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996’ or PRWORA. This Public Law is unfair, and unjust for it is not consistent with Constitutional Law, the Supreme Law of this Free Nation. Documented immigrants are permitted to work and pay taxes while they reside in the United States for their entire lifetime but not allowed to retire from work. In my analysis, this Public Law of 1996 reintroduced Slavery, Serfdom, Forced Labor, and Involuntary Servitude for Senior Aliens cannot retire at all.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Antislavery Campaign 2019. May Day Celebration. Slave in Free Country.

PRESIDENT EISENHOWER PROCLAIMS LAW DAY – MAY 01, 1958 – HISTORY.com

Clipped from: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/president-eisenhower-proclaims-law-day?

American Revolution

1958

On this day in 1958, President Eisenhower proclaims Law Day to honor the role of law in the creation of the United States of America. Three years later, Congress followed suit by passing a joint resolution establishing May 1 as Law Day.

The idea of a Law Day had first been proposed by the American Bar Association in 1957. The desire to suppress the celebration of May 1, or May Day, as International Workers’ Day aided in Law Day’s creation. May Day had communist overtones in the minds of many Americans, because of its celebration of working people as a governing class in the Soviet Union and elsewhere.

The American Bar Association defines Law Day as: “A national day set aside to celebrate the rule of law. Law Day underscores how law and the legal process have contributed to the freedoms that all Americans share.” The language of the statute ordaining May 1 calls it “a special day of celebration by the American people in appreciation of their liberties and? rededication to the ideals of equality and justice under law.”

On a day that, in many parts of the world, inspires devotion to the rights of the working classes to participate in government, Law Day asks Americans to focus upon every American’s rights as laid out in the fundamental documents of American democracy: the Declaration of Independence and the federal Constitution. The declaration insists that Americans “find these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,” and guarantees the rights to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” The Bill of Rights amended to the Constitution codifies the rights of free speech, free press and fair trial.

Law Day celebrates the legal construct for the determination of rights that the revolutionary leaders of the 1770s, hoping to prevent the sort of class warfare that went on to rack Europe from 1789 to 1917, were so eager to create.

Antislavery Campaign of 2019. May Day Celebration. Slave in Free Country.

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PRAYER FLAGS OF GYIRONG COUNTY, TIBET

PRAYER FLAGS OF GYIRONG COUNTY, TIBET

I recognize the identity of Tibet by simply viewing the Prayer Flags that adorn this Land.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

Special Frontier Force

Prayer Flags of Gyirong County, Tibet.

Photo taken on April 28, 2019, shows the scenery in Gyirong County of Xigaze Region, Tibet. (Photo: Xinhua)

Prayer Flags of Gyirong County, Tibet.

Photo taken on April 28, 2019, shows a woman working at Naicun Village in Gyirong County of Xigaze Region, Tibet. (Xinhua/Jigme Dorje)

Villagers walk in Gyirong County of Xigaze Region, Tibet, April 28, 2019. (Photo: Xinhua)

Prayer Flags of Gyirong County, Tibet.

Photo taken on April 28, 2019, shows a yak resting at Gyironggou in Gyirong County of Xigaze Region, Tibet. (Xinhua/Jigme Dorje)

Prayer Flags of Gyirong County, Tibet.

Photo taken on April 28, 2019, shows the scenery in Gyirong County of Xigaze Region, Tibet. (Xinhua/Jigme Dorje)

Prayer Flags of Gyirong County, Tibet.

Photo taken on April 28, 2019, shows plants in Gyirong County of Xigaze Region, Tibet. (Xinhua/Jigme Dorje)

Prayer Flags of Gyirong County, Tibet.

Photo taken on April 28, 2019, shows the scenery in Gyirong County of Xigaze Region, Tibet. (Photo: Xinhua)

Prayer Flags of Gyirong County, Tibet.

 
 

THE SUPREME RULER OF TIBET RETURNS TO HIS BASE

THE SUPREME RULER OF TIBET RETURNS TO HIS BASE

The Supreme Ruler of Tibet returns to his base after treatment in a hospital for a chest infection.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

DALAI LAMA BACK HOME AFTER TREATMENT IN A HOSPITAL

Clipped from: https://home.bt.com/news/world-news/dalai-lama-back-home-after-treatment-in-hospital-for-chest-infection-11364357764794

Hundreds welcomed him home as he described the ailment as ‘a little bit serious’.

The Supreme Ruler of Tibet returns to his base after hospital treatment.

The Dalai Lama has returned to his headquarters in the north Indian hill town of Dharmsala after a brief stay in a hospital in the capital for treatment of a chest infection.

Hundreds of exiled Tibetans lined the streets of Dharamsala carrying ceremonial scarves and incense sticks to welcome the Dalai Lama on Friday.

The 83-year-old Tibetan spiritual leader told reporters that he had fully recovered, but that the illness had been “a little bit serious”.

The Supreme Ruler of Tibet returns to his base after hospital treatment.

The Dalai Lama described the illness as ‘a little bit serious’ (Chris Radburn/PA)

He did not give any details.

The Dalai Lama usually spends several months a year traveling the world to teach Buddhism and highlight Tibetans’ struggle for greater freedom in China.

But he has cut down on his travels in the past year to take care of his health.