A tribute to Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi for her leadership in the Liberation War of Bangladesh

Swarnim Vijay Diwas Tribute to Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi for her leadership role in the execution of the Liberation War of Bangladesh.

I take this golden opportunity to acknowledge the leadership role of Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the execution of the Liberation War of Bangladesh. I have first-hand knowledge of her stewardship for she approved the battle plan code-named Operation EAGLE which initiated the liberation with direct military action in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Her initiative was very critical and she balanced the opposition and the resistance exerted by the United States.

Swarnim Vijay Diwas Tribute to Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi. OPERATION EAGLE IS THE CODE NAME FOR MILITARY ACTION THAT INITIATED THE LIBERATION OF BANGLADESH ON NOVEMBER 03, 1971 WITH STRIKES ON THE ENEMY MILITARY POSTS IN CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS.

I also pay my tributes to all the fallen heroes of the War including the membres of Special Frontier Force, Establishment No. 22, now known as Vikas Regiment.

Swarnim Vijay Diwas Tribute to Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi for her leadership in the execution of the Liberation War of Bangladesh.


Service Number: MS-8466 and MR-03277K Major R. Rudra Narasimham, AMC, Medical Officer, South Column, Operation Eagle, Special Frontier Force.

Swarnim Vijay Diwas Tribute to Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and US President Richard Nixon, talking at the White House, Washington D C, USA, November 03, 1971. (Photo by Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images) Barely four months before the start of the 1971 Bangladesh War, documents recently declassified by the Central Intelligence Agency show how US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger wanted to choke India.   

The Reality of Self. Mortal vs Everlasting Life

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

The Experience of Life in the Natural World

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower.Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of the Man’s experience of Life in the Natural World. There are two facets of the man’s experience of his own existence. These are, 1. The Identity which keeps changing or varying over the entire lifetime, and 2. The Individuality which continues to be the same without changing under the influence of time. The man can be presented as the constantly changing or varying, transitory, mortal, physical being on the basis of his Identity and on the flip side there is the dimension of unvarying, unchanging, constant, and eternal being defined by his Individuality.

THE LOTUS EFFECT-THE TWO FACETS OF LOTUS FLOWER

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

Botanist Wilhelm Barthlott of the University of Bonn in Germany discovered in 1982 that the lotus leaf has a naturally self-cleaning, water-repellent surface. The secret lies in waxy microstructures and nanostructures that, by their contact angle with water, cause water to bead and roll away just like mercury. Barthlott patented his discovery, calling it the Lotus Effect.

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

While Barthlott takes credit for his discovery of the waxy surface of the lotus leaf, Indians have known the Lotus, an aquatic plant, for a very long time. Lord Vishnu, the Protector always carries a Lotus flower in his hand, He is generally depicted in images in a lying pose with a lotus springing out of His belly button, His eyes are always compared to the petals of the Lotus flower and His consort Goddess Lakshmi prefers to be seated on top of a Lotus flower. Indians use the Lotus flower for their worship and in Indian Art and Literature, Lotus finds a prominent place and the Lotus is given the official status of the National Flower. Indians are also equally impressed about the waxy nature of the surface of the lotus leaf and they know that the surface causes the water to bead and the drops rollaway with great ease. This phenomenon is very often used to describe the transient nature of human existence. But, the Lotus is the only flower that is constantly held in the hand of Eternal God.

TWO FACES OF THE COIN – TWO FACETS OF EXISTENCE:

If Identity described by the Phenotype establishes one face of the Coin, the Individuality describes the second face of the same coin and is established by the Genotype. The same Individual with the same Genotype exists as different Individuals with varying features of Identification.
Identity and Individuality are the two sides of the same Coin. The Phenotype establishes the Identity, and the Genotype establishes the Individuality of a Living Cell or of a Living Organism.
Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

The coins that we use are minted with two different faces and we need to flip the coin to see the face on the opposite side. So also, human existence has its two sides, an eternal entity and at the same time a transient, perishable, temporary, ephemeral, fleeting, and finite entity. I would refer to the following two verses to illustrate this view-point.

THE BHAGAVAD GITA, CHAPTER II, VERSE 13:

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence.The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

“As the embodied soul continually passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth, and then to old age, similarly, the soul also passes into another body at death. The self-realized soul is not bewildered by such a change”.

Since every living entity is an individual soul, each is changing his body at every moment, manifesting sometimes as a child, sometimes as a youth, and sometimes as an old man, the spirit soul however remains the same and does not undergo any change. The individual soul eventually changes the body itself, the soul transmigrates from one body to another body and hence death is viewed as the soul changing bodies from old to new one. According to one’s work in the present life, the living entity experiences enjoyment or suffering with the changing of bodies. This view helps the individual not to lament about death.

SHANKARA’S BHAJA GOVINDAM AND NIRVANA SHATAKAM LYRICS:

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

The ‘ADVAITA’ school of Indian philosophy was founded by the great teacher Shankara who is popularly referred to as Adi Shankaracharya. He composed lyrics known as Bhaja Govindam (Praise Lord Vishnu, the Protector) in which he describes the transient, ephemeral, and fleeting nature of human life and existence.

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

He compares human life to that of the bead of water drop on the surface of the Lotus leaf. He reminds us to understand that the body’s existence is very temporary and he observes that the entire humanity is suffering due to sickness caused by ignorance which makes people to crave with a sense of attachment and desire to keep their impermanent existence.

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

The very same Adi Shankaracharya in the lyrics known as Nirvana Shatakam describes the individual entity as an embodied Soul. The Soul is eternal but the physical body is temporary and just like the water drop on the surface of the Lotus leaf, the drop could roll away any moment, and the Soul may change bodies sooner than we wish or desire. There is no point in cultivating a sense of attachment to the body as the Soul is not willing to cling to the physical body. Man is a created being, exists as an Individual with Individuality, and has living substance constituted by Chemical Elements that are immortal, imperishable, or eternal. However, Man, the physical being with a shape and form is transient as he is born with a plan for the dissolution of its form.

Simon Cyrene

Transient Being vs Eternal Being. The Two Facets of the Human Existence. The Two Facets of the Lotus Flower. Mortal vs Everlasting Life.

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception

On Wednesday, December 08, 2021, Whole Dude experienced the Miracle of Whole Conception while looking for items that may give relief from the Cycle of Pain and Bleeding he endures in his quest for Whole Life.

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception.

To his great surprise, an angel appears to deliver the instructions from the Heaven as revealed by the prophecy of Ezekiel. The angel spreads cheer to arrest the Cycle; the Cycle of Pain and Bleeding is held in abeyance; the Cycle is on hold as God wants to put a new Spirit within the heart of Whole Dude. The Cycle of Pain will cease as the Spirit of God has to enter his heart. It is a Miracle. Whole Dude experiences immediate relief and feels the quickening as the Spirit impregnates his heart. Whole Dude now knows that the flesh counts for nothing. All that counts is the Spirit of Life that Whole Dude conceives during the Miracle of Whole Conception.

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception.

The Concept of Immaculate Conception

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception

The Feast of the Immaculate Conception, which falls on Dec. 8 each year, is one of the Church’s most misunderstood yet beloved feast days. It is also a Holy Day of Obligation. While many think the Immaculate Conception refers to Jesus’s conception by the Virgin Mary, it actually honors the way in which the Virgin Mary’s herself was conceived. (The Feast of the Annunciation on March 25 honors Jesus’ conception).

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception.

Through the centuries the Church has become ever more aware that Mary, “full of grace” through God, was redeemed from the moment of her conception. That is what the dogma of the Immaculate Conception confesses, as Pope Pius IX proclaimed in 1854:

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception.

The most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, Saviour of the human race, preserved immune from all stain of original sin. (Catechism of the Catholic Church 490-491)

The Concept of Whole Conception-God’s Word is Life

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception.

To be born of Water and the Spirit, the man needs the Miracle of Whole Conception. The generative actions of the natural parents leading to the human conception are not good enough for it only gives birth to flesh.

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception.

Having experienced the Miracle of Whole Conception, Whole Dude is expecting to deliver on Monday, September 05, 2022, about 271 days after the Miracle of Whole Conception.

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception. The Expected Date of Delivery is Monday, September 05, 2022.

Whole Dude will deliver God’s Word on Monday, September 05, 2022.

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception.

The Concept of Whole Conception is to deliver a plan for Whole Life.

Matthew 4:4

“But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.”

Wednesday, December 08, 2021. The Miracle of Whole Conception.

Earthly Existence is governed by the Unreal Experience of Earth

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night. The Vitruvian Man c.1492. The painting by Leonardo da Vinci displays the spirit of scientific inquiry. The term Self-Realization describes complete fulfillment or full development of the Self and Man is not complete without full development of God-Connection. God-Realization is not about Faith or Belief in God. It is about understanding the connection between Man, the Energy Consumer, and God, the Energy Controller.

The Man’s Experience of Life in the Natural World

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of the Man’s experience of Life in the Natural World.

The Beginning. The Story of Creation

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night.
Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night.

The Holy Bible, The Old Testament, Book of Genesis, Chapter 1 (verses 1,3,4,5,14 and 15) describes the creation of day and night.   

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.   

And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.   

God saw that the light was good, and He separated the light from the darkness.   

God called the light “day,” and the darkness He called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning – the first day.   

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth.”   

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night. .Are We Living in a Designer Universe? The Geocentric Model describes the Design Effect. Video Credit: NASA, Animation: James O’Donoghue  (JAXA)

Explanation: How does your favorite planet spin? Does it spin rapidly around a nearly vertical axis, or horizontally, or backwards? The featured video animates NASA images of all eight planets in our Solar System to show them spinning side-by-side for an easy comparison. In the time-lapse video, a day on Earth — one Earth rotation — takes just a few seconds. Jupiter rotates the fastest, while Venus spins not only the slowest (can you see it?), but backwards. The inner rocky planets, across the top, most certainly underwent dramatic spin-altering collisions during the early days of the Solar System. The reasons why planets spin and tilt as they do remains a topic of research with much insight gained from modern computer modeling and the recent discovery and analysis of hundreds of exoplanets: planets orbiting other stars.

   

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night. The First Book of Moses called GENESIS, Chapter 1, verse 4 :”And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness.”

Different planets have different rates of rotation. We use Earth’s spin to define coordinate systems for locating objects both on the ground and the sky. The timekeeping system that we use is related to the rotation of the Earth. My human existence in this Universe is synchronized with the rotational spin of the Earth. The spin gives me alternating periods of light and darkness known as Day and Night while the Sun is shining all the time. 

Synchronization of the External and Internal Environment of the Living Things

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night. The First Book of Moses called GENESIS, Chapter 1, verse 14: Then God said,”Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years;”

The Biological Clock – Every living system studied behaves as if it contains a highly dependable clock. The specialized properties of this clock suggest that it involves some unique biological mechanism indissociable from life itself.   

Biological Clock is an internal-timing mechanism to synchronize biological functions.

The Biological Clock is a self-sustained internal timing mechanism that controls cyclic patterns, or rhythms, of a living organism. All organisms have this ability to synchronize their existence to events in both their internal or external environment. Because of this internal timing, certain physiological and behavioural events vary in intensity. Such time-dependent variability is expressed as a rhythm, or oscillation, with a frequency equal to that of the underlying biological clock. Biological clocks time the Solar day, the period of the Earth’s rotation relative to the Sun.    

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night. THE ETERNAL LAW OF AGING: THE EPIGENETIC CLOCK, HORVATH’S CLOCK IS A BIOLOGICAL CLOCK TO MEASURE THE AGE OF MOST HUMAN TISSUES, CELL TYPES, AND ORGANS IN THE SAME INDIVIDUAL WHICH CAN HELP IN PREDICTING THE AGING PROCESS.

The Biological Rhythm – Biological Rhythms represent the periodic biological fluctuation in an organism that corresponds to and is in response to periodic environmental change. The most important example of such environmental change is that of the cyclical variations in the relative position of the Earth to the Sun and the immediate effect of this variation is that of night alternating with day or the change from darkness to light. Biological Rhythms that occur once a day are called Circadian(Latin circa:”about,” di: “day,”), Solar day, diel, daily, diurnal(day-active), or nycthemeral rhythm. Circadian rhythms are the most pervasive rhythms regulating many events for every day in the lives of most living organisms. Circadian rhythms are synchronized to an external time-giving stimulus. The external stimulus that is important for most living organisms is that of Sun rise and Sun set, the daily light-dark cycle determined by Earth’s rotation.   

The Day Active or Diurnal Rhythm Regulating the Man   

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night: THE HUMAN ORGANISM RUNS ITS LIVING FUNCTIONS AS IF OPERATED BY A PRECISE TIMEKEEPING DEVICE OR BIOLOGICAL CLOCK. MAN’S EXPERIENCE OF TIME IS RELATED TO SUN’S APPARENT MOTIONS IN THE SKY. MAN KNOWS THE REALITY OF TIME BECAUSE OF AN ILLUSION THAT CAUSES DAY AND NIGHT GIVING MAN THE PERCEPTION OF SUN’S APPARENT MOTION WHILE CONCEALING THE REALITY OF SUN’S MOTION IN THE MILKY WAY GALAXY.

Within the 24-hour cycle(circadian), a person usually sleeps approximately 8 hours and is awake 16 hours. In man, the daily alteration of sleep and wakefulness is accompanied by many changes, including activities of the nervous and endocrine systems and the liver and kidneys. Daily variations occur in body temperature, in heart and respiratory rates, and in blood pressure and composition of the blood.There are daily variations in chemical syntheses and in cell divisions.   

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night: There are two kinds of biological responses or rhythms. 1. The activities like Sleep and Wakefulness are related to the fluctuations of physical environment such as darkness, and light, or night and day variation, and 2. The rhythms such as heartbeat, and respiratory rate occur without external geophysical correlates as a consequence of the movements of the Earth.

During the wakeful hours, mental and physical functions are most active and tissue-cell growth increases. During sleep, voluntary muscle activities nearly disappear and there is a decrease in metabolic rate, respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure. The activity of digestive system increases during the resting period, but that of the urinary system decreases. Hormones secreted by the body, such as the stimulant epinephrine(adrenaline) are released in maximal amounts about two hours before awakening so that the body is prepared for activity.   

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night. The Eternal Law of Aging: HUMAN EXISTENCE IS SYNCHRONIZED WITH DAILY CHANGES IN THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT IN RESPONSE TO DAYLIGHT OR DARK.

If a person tries to break the circadian rhythm by ignoring sleep for a number of days, psychological disorders begin to arise.  

The Laws of Nature

Earthly Existence is Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night. THE ETERNAL LAW OF AGING: THERE ARE SEVERAL THEORIES ABOUT SENESCENCE. APART FROM THE MEASUREMENT OF CHRONOLOGICAL AGE, IT WOULD BE VERY USEFUL TO ASSESS AND MEASURE THE BIOLOGICAL AGE OF THE HUMAN ORGANISM AS THAT WOULD HELP TO PREDICT AGE-RELATED CHANGES IN THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION AND INVENT INTERVENTION MECHANISMS TO REDIRECT OR REGULATE THE AGING PROCESS.

Diverse aspects of human physiology and behaviour show that human existence is synchronized with the Laws of Nature. When we live in accordance with the law, we get a chance to know the provider of the Law.   

Simon Cyrene

Earthly Existence id Synchronized by the Creation of Day and Night. MAN’S EXISTENCE IS SHAPED BY FLAT EARTH WITH ARCHED DOME EXPERIENCE.

 

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

  

Whole Dude-Whole Planet-Whole Experience

Earthly Existence-Enjoy the Fragrance. “I am the Original Fragrance of the Earth,” Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 7, verse #9
Earthly Existence-Enjoy the Fragrance.

पुण्यो गन्ध: पृथिव्यां च तेजश्चास्मि विभावसौ |
जीवनं सर्वभूतेषु तपश्चास्मि तपस्विषु || 9||

puṇyo gandhaḥ pṛithivyāṁ cha tejaśh chāsmi vibhāvasau
jīvanaṁ sarva-bhūteṣhu tapaśh chāsmi tapasviṣhu

puṇyaḥ—pure; gandhaḥ—fragrance; pṛithivyām—of the earth; cha—and; tejaḥ—brilliance; cha—and; asmi—I am; vibhāvasau—in the fire; jīvanam—the life-force; sarva—in all; bhūteṣhu—beings; tapaḥ—penance; cha—and; asmi—I am; tapasviṣhu—of the ascetics

BG 7.9: I am the pure fragrance of the Earth, and the brilliance in fire. I am the life-force in all beings, and the penance of the ascetics.

WHAT IS MATTER ? 

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance. What is Matter? An atom is: mostly empty space. nucleus has most of mass of an atom. Atom is divisible. Protons (+1 charge) Neutrons (no charge) Electrons (-1 charge) nucleus contains protons & neutrons. electrons are in energy levels around nucleus.

To understand existence, it is very important to know about the nature of matter. Matter, either living or nonliving is made up of basic building blocks known as atoms. All atoms contain particles called electrons that carry a negative electrical charge. At the center of the atom lies the atomic nucleus which is composed of two types of particles; the proton which carries both mass and a positive electric charge, and the neutron which has about the same mass as a proton but is electrically neutral. Protons, neutrons, and electrons are the constituents of ordinary matter. But these are only three of a vast number of similar particles which differ only in a few properties such as their mass, electrical charge, and their stability against spontaneous decay. Protons, and neutrons are part of a much larger family of similar objects which are collectively called nucleons. Many of these fundamental particles are combinations of elementary particles popularly known as Quarks. 

THE FOUR FUNDAMENTAL INTERACTIONS 

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance. The Four Fundamental Interactions.

Any influence that causes a collection of particles to undergo some change is known as Fundamental Interaction. 

All known physical interactions of matter occur through the agency of four basic physical or fundamental kinds of forces. These Four Fundamental Forces, in decreasing order of strength are, the Strong Nuclear, the Electromagnetic, the Weak Nuclear, and the Gravitational Force. Each force has a characteristic strength and a range or distance over which they can exert their effects. The Strong Nuclear force is the strongest force known in nature. Its range is about a distance of 10 to the power of (-)13 cm. It weakens rapidly with distance. The particles of the atomic nucleus are tightly bound by the Strong Nuclear force. The Weak Nuclear force is involved in nuclear decay processes and in interactions involving the fundamental particles called neutrinos. If the Strong Nuclear force between two protons is assigned a strength of 1, then the Electromagnetic, Weak Nuclear, and Gravitational forces between the same two protons have relative strengths of 10 to the power of (-)2, 10 to the power of (-)5, and an incredibly small 10 to the power of (-)40. Thus the effect of Gravitational force on interactions among particles of atomic size is negligible. The Electromagnetic attractive force between a proton and an electron is several (10 to the power of 40) times greater than the Gravitational force at the same separation. 

GRAVITATIONAL FORCE 

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance. Isaac Newton formulated the theory to explain Gravitation as the Force that causes apples to fall from trees.

Gravitation has several basic characteristics that distinguish it from the other Fundamental Interactions. First, it is universal, affecting all forms of matter and energy in essentially the same way whereas all the other interactions directly affect only certain types of particles, for example, Electromagnetic force affects only charged particles. Second, Gravitation is always ‘attractive’, since it interacts with mass-energy which is always positive, whereas Electromagnetic forces can either ‘attract’ or ‘repel’. Third, Gravitation is a long range interaction. Electromagnetism is also long-range, but the Strong and Weak Nuclear forces generally operate only within a distance, the size of an atomic nucleus. Fourth, Gravitation is the weakest of the Four Fundamental Forces with negligible effect on elementary particles. 

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance. Sir Isaac Newton and the discovery of Gravitational Theory.

Sir Issac Newton made the most significant contribution to Gravitational Theory when he perceived (1666) that the orbit of the Moon depended on the same type of force that causes an apple to fall on Earth. According to Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, Gravity affects all forms of matter and energy, all of which move in Space-Time (SPACE-TIME CONTINUUM). 

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance. For consideration of earthly existence, Gravitation can be explained as a Force of Attraction.

Gravity is by far the weakest known force in nature and therefore plays no role in determining the internal properties of everyday matter. Gravitational force becomes appreciable only when at least one of the attracting masses is very large, typically of planetary size. A Gravitational force exerted by the Earth on the Moon keeps it in a circular motion about the Earth. The trajectories of planets in the Solar System are determined by the Laws of Gravity. The revolution of the Earth in relationship to the Sun, the motion of the Sun around the center of the Milky Way Galaxy, and the geometric structure of the universe itself are the results of the Gravitational force. Because of its long reach and universality, Gravity plays a central role in shaping the structure of stars, galaxies, and the entire universe. Hence, it would be correct to claim that Gravitational force is the most pervasive and dominant force in the universe. 

TERRESTRIAL GRAVITATION 

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance. The Body Mass or the Body Weight is the Constitutive Principle and Terrestrial Gravitation is the Regulative Principle of the human existence on the surface of planet Earth.

Terrestrial Gravitation is the force that tends to draw all bodies in the Earth’s sphere toward the center of the Earth. The fall of bodies released from a height to the surface of the Earth and the weight of resting bodies at or near the surface are the most familiar manifestations of Terrestrial Gravitation. 

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance. The Constitutive and the Regulative Principles of earthly human existence. The man is the Object of his own experience. The Body Mass is the Constitutive Principle. Terrestrial Gravitation is the Regulative Principle. The man may or may not acknowledge the operation of the Regulative Force or Power that gives the experience of his Body Mass.

Because of the Gravitational force exerted by the Earth’s mass, all bodies have a weight or downward force of gravity proportional to their mass. The word gravity is derived from the Latin word ‘gravitas’ which means weight or heaviness. 

Atmosphere, the nearly transparent envelope of gases that surrounds the Earth, profoundly influences the environmental, and the climatic conditions on the planet’s surface. Life could not exist without the physical and chemical processes involving the atmospheric gases. Terrestrial Gravitation is the force that holds the atmosphere in its place. 

EARTHLY EXISTENCE 

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance: The most important function of Light is not that of providing visual sensation. Light performs several non optical functions. Plants have the ability called photoreception and can measure the length of the day without performing the function called Vision. Plants have the ability to use light energy to perform biochemical reactions such as Photosynthesis which is a creative mechanism to trap light energy as chemical energy that living things can further use to perform a variety of their living functions.

The earthly human existence is possible only because of the Four Fundamental Interactions of matter. All living entities are energy dependent. The primary source of energy is Sun. The Strong Nuclear, the Weak Nuclear, and the Electromagnetic Force Interactions are involved in the burning of Sun’s hydrogen fuel to provide the energy that the man needs for his earthly existence. According to the Laws of Nature, this source of energy would eventually bring about disastrous consequences to earthly existence. The Sun continues to spend its abundant hydrogen fuel and the fuel supply is not everlasting. 

The Gravitational Force maintains earthly existence in two ways. Firstly, it maintains Earth’s relationship with Sun and secondly, it firmly holds the Earth’s atmosphere in its place. The most important effect of Gravity is that it provides us the Subjective experience of our own body weight which helps to appreciate the physical reality of our earthly existence. 

EARTHLY FRAGRANCE 

Earthly Existence-Enjoy the Fragrance. Earth’s Soil can generate an aroma of its own which the man can experience very easily.

Soil is the earthen material that covers land surfaces and is formed by the action of natural physical, chemical, and biotic forces on the rocks and minerals on the Earth’s surface. Among its many important functions, soil serves as a substratum of plant life. It provides the terrestrial home for land based animals and humans. 

Earthly Existence-Enjoy the Fragrance.

This surface layer of Earth has a characteristic fragrance of its own. It could be described as a sweet smell, a pleasant odor. It is not fruity, flowery, or spicy. The volatile compounds that generate this odor should reach our noses and the gas molecules should get dissolved in the nasal mucus and activate the receptors of smell or olfactory sensation.
To perceive this scent, the soil should not be too cold and frigid. At cold temperatures, the odor generating chemicals do not get vaporized. The soil should not be too hot, as excessive heat tends to destroy these scent chemicals. The Earthly fragrance is best appreciated after rain showers and also during the Spring Season. This fragrance is unique and makes planet Earth a special place. This scent is original. In nature, all products such as flowers, fruits, and herbs which are fragrant could be easily identified as the fragrance and its source are connected. The individual components of the soil are not the direct source of earthly fragrance.The physical, chemical, and biotic factors that interact to generate this fragrance are not available on any other celestial body in the universe that we know today.The Four Fundamental Forces are united in their purpose to produce this new and original product. The originality of Earth’s fragrance could be deemed as an act of creation.
 

Simon Cyrene

Earthly Existence. Enjoy the Fragrance.
Earthly Existence-Enjoy the Fragrance.

The Cosmic Connection between the Living and the Nonliving Matter

Earthly Existence and the Cosmic Connection. SUN GOD, LORD SURYANARAYANA, LORD OF SKY AND WATER, SAVITA – THE COSMIC FATHER 
 

WATER FOR LIFE

Water is vital to life, participating in virtually every process that occurs in all living creatures. All living things consist mostly of water, for example, the human body is about two-thirds water. The contents of a living cell known as cytoplasm by its composition is about 70 to 90 percent water. The versatility of water as a universal solvent is essential to living organisms. Earthly life depends upon aqueous solutions that are used for carrying out biological processes such as circulation, and digestion. 
Water is the most common substance on Earth covering more than 70 percent of the planet’s surface. About 97 percent of the Earth’s water is in the oceans, 2 percent is permanently frozen as polar ice caps, and glaciers, and most of the reminder about 1 percent consists of groundwater or surface streams, rivers, and lakes. The abundant sea water being too salty is of no direct use to the terrestrial forms of life. For earthly existence, the vast majority of plants, animals, and human beings depend upon water that reaches the ground as precipitation from the sky. 

THE WATER CYCLE OR HYDROLOGIC CYCLE

The Water Cycle or Hydrologic Cycle demonstrates the Connection between Earthly Existence and Cosmic Power.

The Greek philosopher of nature, Anaxagoras (500 – 428 BC) who lived in Athens, provided the earliest description of the hydrologic cycle, stating that the Sun lifts water from the sea into the atmosphere, from which it falls as rain. The Roman architect and engineer Marcus Vitruvius (1 st century BC) described that the groundwater is derived from rain and snow by infiltration of the soil. 

The hydrologic cycle is the process by which water circulates continuously between the atmosphere and the surface of the Earth, falling as precipitation, evaporating or transpiring from vegetation back into the atmosphere, or collecting as surface runoff via streams and rivers and flowing to the sea, there to evaporate again into the atmospheric portion of the cycle. It involves the continuous circulation of water in the Earth-Atmosphere system. The most important processes involved in the water cycle are evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff as streams and rivers. Evaporation involves the transfer of water in the liquid state from the surface of the Earth to the gaseous or vapor state in the atmosphere. The main factors affecting evaporation are solar radiation (the source of heat/temperature), humidity, and wind speed. The radiant energy from the Sun also melts the snow and ice to perpetuate the surface runoff that we recognize as streams and rivers. 

THE SUN GOD, LORD SURYANARAYANA, VYOMANATHA (LORD OF SKY AND WATER), SAVITA – THE COSMIC FATHER 

All living entities upon Earth are energy dependent and they thrive by drawing the material energy from nature. Sun is the cosmic source of energy for earthly life. Apart from energy, the Sun is the source of freshwater for all terrestrial life. Sun’s role in the hydrologic cycle could be compared to the role heart plays in the human circulatory system. Human heart is considered to be a vital organ as it works like a mechanical pump to circulate purified blood which sustains all the essential functions of the entire body. Just like the human heart, the Sun provides the energy, which very much like a mechanical pump, lifts water from the oceans into the atmosphere and during this process of evaporation the salt water is transformed into purified fresh water. This water vapor is the most important component of Earth’s atmosphere and it provides the opportunity for our earthly existence. Being the source of energy, and of fresh water, it is appropriate to describe the Sun as the Cosmic Father. His heat may put us to trouble, arouse our sense of thirst, but His rains quench our thirst. Indian Cultural traditions recognize Sun as SAVITA which means Cosmic Father and He is often described as the provider of great rains, and as a friend of waters that flow across the land surface. Earthly existence is simply impossible without this harmonious relationship between the Cosmic Sun and earthly living creatures. 

A HYMN TO THE SUN GOD 

Earthly Existence and the Cosmic Connection. A hymn to the Sun God.

In the epic poem of RAMAYANA, sage AGASTYA taught LORD RAMA the hymns to worship the Sun God who is also known as ADITYA, RAVI, DIVAKAR, PRABHAKAR, MITRA,BHASKARA and other names. The hymns are known as ‘ADITYA HRUDAYAM’. The Sun illuminates the external world, and the same illumination could also dispel the darkness, the ignorance from our hearts, the inner world. 

Life is a condition that describes Synchronized Existence, the synchronization of activities, the connection between energy dependent life functions and its Source of Power.

He is the Lord of the sky and water. He dispels darkness and ignorance. He had obtained the essence of Vedic Scriptures (Rig, Yajur, and Saama) and hence is the Master of Knowledge. He is the provider of great rains, and He is the friend of waters that flow across the land. He quickly traverses the celestial plane and we see Him moving over the Vindhya mountains. 

व्योमनाथस्तमोभेदी ऋग्यजुः सामपारगः।
घनवृष्टिरपां मित्रो विन्ध्यवीथीप्लवङ्गमः॥ १३

Transliteration:
vyomanāthastamobhedī ṛgyajuḥ sāmapāragaḥ।
ghanavṛṣṭirapāṃ mitro vindhyavīthīplavaṅgamaḥ॥ 13
English translation:
He is the Lord of the firmament and ruler of the sky, remover of darkness. the master of the three Vedas Rig, Yaju, Sama, he is a friend of the waters (Varuna) and causes abundant rain. He swiftly courses in the direction South of Vindhya-mountains and sports in the Brahma Nadi. 
Hindi translation:
सूर्य अंतरिक्ष के स्वामी, आकाश के शासक, अंधेरे के विद्वान, तीन वेदों रिग, यजुर एवं साम वेद के स्वामी है । भारी वर्षा के कारण भी यही है, या भगवान वरुना के दोस्त हैं । ये विंध्या रेंज को पार कर ब्रह्मा नदी को भी पार कर लिया है ।

Simon Cyrene

EARTHLY EXISTENCE AND THE COSMIC CONNECTION.

 

The occupation of Tibet by China. Its Not a Done Deal

Annexation of Tibet. It’s Not a Done Deal.

The Border called the McMahon Line between India and Tibet is not my primary concern. In 1913-14, Tibet and China had the opportunity to negotiate a deal to determine and demarcate the border between China and Tibet. They failed to do so.

Representatives of Tibet, Great Britain, and China at Simla Accord 1914. Front row, from left: an assistant to Ivan Chen; Sekyong Trulku, Prince of Sikkim; Ivan Chen, Chinese plenipotentiary; Sir Henry McMahon, British Plenipotentiary; Lonchen Shatra, Tibetan Plenipotentiary; Teji Trimon, assistant; Nedon Khanchung, Secretary.

I contest the occupation of Tibet by the People’s Republic of China since 1950. In my analysis, annexation of Tibet by China is not a done deal. Tibetans have never agreed to submit their territory to be ruled over by the Communist Party of China. Tibet is never a part of China. In fact, there is no deal between China and Tibet on the demarcation of their border.

Simon Cyrene

Annexation of Tibet by China. It’s Not a Done Deal. In fact, there is no deal between Tibet and China on the border issue.

BOOK EXCERPT

How the McMahon Line came to be the border between India and Tibet (and, later, China)

Contested Lands: India, China and the Boundary Dispute, Maroof Raza, Westland Non-Fiction.

An excerpt from ‘Contested Lands: India, China and the Boundary Dispute’, by Maroof Raza.

Maroof Raza

The original draft of the MacMohan Line in 1914: West (left) and East (right)

Lt Col Arthur Henry McMahon was formally nominated to represent the British government at the Simla Conference. With the rank of “secretary” in the foreign department of the British Government of India, McMahon was “empowered to sign any Convention, Agreement or Treaty, which may be concluded at the Conference”.

As a young captain, he had spent two years demarcating the Durand Line that separates Pakistan from Afghanistan today. He was moulded “in the furnace of responsibility and the anvil of self-reliance and relished the creation and laying down of boundaries.” His task at the Simla Conference, however, was neither enjoyable nor easy.

…China, wary of a Britain-Tibet deal, took a while to announce their representative or plenipotentiary for the Simla Conference. Eventually, when they did so, the Chinese first stated that Ivan Chen, an experienced diplomat, and Hu Hanmin would be their representatives. However, China decreed that they would be called pacificators, and would carry “no territorial powers”.

The British objected. It was only after threats and prodding that a Chinese presidential order was signed appointing Ivan Chen as their plenipotentiary and authorising him “to sign articles that may be agreed upon in order that all difficulties which have existed in the past may be dissolved”. He just about made it in time for the opening convention of the conference.

In contrast, the Dalai Lama was decisive and swift in appointing Lonchen Shatra Paljor Dorje, his Prime Minister who later impressed everybody with his quiet dignity, as his choice for the tripartite talks. Shastra was described as “a man of great ability and patriotism”. Moreover, an official statement from the Grand Lama stated “the Chief Minister Shatra Paljor Dorje is hereby authorised to decide on all questions which may benefit Tibet and to seal all documents relating thereto”.

Both sides made their positions known in the very first meeting held at Simla on 13 October 1913. With the Chinese defeated and evicted from Tibet, Lhasa made it known that it had an “independent” status and placed a document to this effect. But the Chinese still insisted that Tibet formed an integral part of the Chinese territory and no attempts shall be made by Tibet or by Great Britain to interrupt the continuity of this territorial integrity.

For China, unlike the British Government of India, Tibet’s precise boundaries weren’t important. The British hosting the conference wanted a defined boundary for Tibet, not just with India, but also with China. This was the primary reason for the Simla Conference to have dragged on for over six months, with contestable results.

The Chinese also made a range of ridiculous claims over Tibet, most notably over its territories from the Kunlun Mountains, southeast and south of the River Tsangpo (Brahmaputra) on to the River N’Maikha in Burma (now Myanmar). Even though McMahon was prepared for some surprises, he didn’t expect this cartographic aggression based on inconsistent and vague historical assertions.

However, there were factors that restrained McMahon from defining the boundaries. For one, a draft prepared by officials at Britain’s India Office had only envisaged a two-party meeting between representatives of Peking and Delhi. With Tibet’s entry in the deliberations, McMahon had to put up appearances to hide his limitations.

In reality, in the absence of clarity about the southern limits of Tibet, McMahon was awaiting some survey reports from the expeditions along the Himalayas, particularly from India’s northeast and the tri-junction between India, Tibet and Bhutan. This region had many unsurveyed “grey areas” along a frontier of over 1,000 kilometres and was often covered with mist or clouds with many snow-covered mountains that couldn’t be easily accessed from the Indian side. This prevented McMahon from presenting a clear proposal to the conference plenipotentiaries on this part of the boundary.

Thus McMahon opened the “second meeting” of the conference on 18 November 1913 by sharing his dilemma with colleagues. He placed a skeleton map of what should be “Tibet”, admitting – after both sides had made widely divergent claims – that he was “at a loss as to what really was Tibet”.

Thereafter, he conveyed to both the Chinese and the Tibetans that without an agreement on the “limits of Tibet”, further progress was not possible. China’s Chen first said he’d have to refer the matter to Peking and then he took to bed after the meeting, claiming he was ill! Thus, with no hope of an immediate headway and with the winter in Simla bringing life to a virtual standstill, the conference venue was shifted to Delhi. It was over subsequent meetings in Delhi, both formal and informal, that there was some movement forward.

The Tibetans brought to these meetings more than ninety records and documents and backed their boundary claims with historical records in their original form, including fifty-six different registers, with numbers of monasteries and details of families, “where the writ of the Dalai Lama was unquestioned”. The Chinese, on the other hand, made historically refutable claims based on scanty evidence.

Moreover, the Tibetans’ statements were extremely critical of the “scorched earth” policies of the Chinese, especially its military commander Zhao Erfeng, who had destroyed many of their temples and villages and massacred hundreds of lamas and people. Erfeng was known to have made paper shoe soles from the leaves of Buddhist scriptures containing the teachings of Lord Buddha!

The Tibetans were thus unwilling to accept Chinese claims based on the ruthless military campaigns by Erfeng, stating that “Chao Erh-feng had been guilty of such glaring misdeeds and that even if he had a hundred lives he should forfeit every one of them to the law…”

Thus, the hotly contested territorial claims of the Chinese and Tibetans put McMahon in a spot in his attempts to find common ground, to end their “state of war” and to move the conference towards its conclusion. However, given his vast experience in map-making, McMahon proposed the division of Tibet into two zones – with the approval of Whitehall in London – by drawing lines on a map to mark: Inner (by a blue line) and Outer (by a red line) Tibet.

But the Chinese were unwilling to accept the concept of Inner or Outer Tibet. Even then, McMahon was hopeful of a settlement at the fifth conference in Delhi that was to be held on 11 March 1914. At the fifth conference, McMahon, apprehensive that China–Tibet hostilities would stall his best efforts, warned both parties that any attempts to change the ground realities to attain a favourable deal at the conference would have grave consequences. He demanded instead statesmanship from Ivan Chen and Lochen Shatra.

There was, however, a quiet spoiler lurking on the sidelines. Lu Hsing Chi was a Chinese spy at the conference, who set alarm bells ringing in China about a possible outcome that would put China at a disadvantage vis-à-vis Tibet, and thus, Peking virtually rejected the entire draft that McMahon and his team had painfully put together, demanding a better deal. Sensing that the conference might collapse, McMahon threatened to present proposals that were more stringent. This kept the Chinese team on board until the conference shifted back to Simla in April 1914, when McMahon had a private chat with Chen.

McMahon warned that if Chen failed to initial the documents in the final meetings, it would be withdrawn. Deep inside he was also prepared for the conference to end without any results even though McMahon had hoped that this was to be a decisive phase of the conference. Thus, he resorted to theatricals.

He began with a summary of earlier conference proceedings and when he ran into resistance by the Chinese and then by the Tibetans, his patience ran out. As a shocker to those in attendance, he ordered the withdrawal of the convention “with as much ceremony as possible”, as recorded by observers, to drive home his frustration with the negotiations.

This unnerved Ivan Chen, the Chinese plenipotentiary in Simla. However, in one last attempt, the conference was reconvened the next day, to give them a final chance to reconsider their positions. Facing the distinct possibility of China being left out of the border arrangements, Chen made up his mind to initial the draft and the map and, much to the relief of all, proceeded with the formalities.

However, Chen announced that he was still “bound to await definite authority from his government in Peking before the convention was formally signed and sealed”. Even as it appeared that matters had finally come to a successful conclusion, this was not to be. Chen informed McMahon’s office that his government had refused to accept – “repudiated” – his signing of the convention! McMahon was disappointed, given his multiple attempts to accept Chinese demands.

It soon became known that the man who influenced Peking to put the brakes was Lu Hsing, their Calcutta-based spy, who was elevated to an official position to negotiate with Lhasa. London was brought into these talks and soon Chinese officials suggested that Chen had been forced to agree to the terms of the convention, whereby its venue should be shifted to Peking or London. There is a view that this process reflects a conflict of interest as McMahon was both the arbitrator and the interested party here.

On the brighter side, however, the conference yielded another outcome. After Peking and Lhasa had presented enough documentation to back their conflicting territorial claims on the Sino-Tibetan frontiers, which had led to no agreement, the focus of the conference shifted to the Indo-Tibetan boundary. On this, the Chinese delegate opted to stay out, as he claimed he wasn’t authorised to discuss it.

Thus, McMahon and the Tibetan delegate agreed on an Indo-Tibet boundary on 24-25 March 1914. To that effect, McMahon drew a line on a small-scale map and this line came to be known as the McMahon Line. This boundary was marked in red ink along the crest of the Himalayas—the watershed that gave northeast India a defined boundary with Tibet. This was a major outcome after many months of negotiations, even though this was a secondary objective of the Simla Conference.

Annexation of Tibet by China. It’s Not a Done Deal. In fact, there is no deal between Tibet and China on the border issue.

Whole Dude-Whole Rational-Whole Foolish

"The Blue Marble" is a famous photog...
An All-Inclusive Perspective about human  existence on the surface of planet Earth.

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual dimension of designing the Solar System and the designing of the Living Systems.

A POUND OF FOOLISHNESS   IS BETTER THAN A PENNY OF WISDOM:   

What is Reality? The Golden Gate Bridge is real, Pacific Ocean is real, Sun is real. The Sunset is not real. Can man experience the Reality? How would Reality impact the man’s existence?

The social scientist Bruno Latour, from France’s “Institut d’ Etudes Politiques de Paris” was in New Delhi, India and spoke about what it means to be modern with Deep K Datta-Ray of Times of India. In essence, I support his view and there is a need for a new approach; the use of irrational belief and not that of scientific rational belief. I suggest that a Pound of Foolish or irrational belief is better than a Penny of Wisdom or rational belief. The conditioned nature of human existence leaves me with no choice other than that of being Penny Wise and Pound Foolish.

CAN SCIENCE PROVIDE THE EXPERIENCE OF REALITY?          

Rational vs Irrational Belief. Pencil in Water Illusion. Can Science influence the nature of Perception? The Perception of bent Pencil is caused by the properties of Light rays. Science can only explain the reason for this Optical Illusion. Science has no Power to eliminate the Illusion. The only way man can experience the Reality of this Pencil would be that of changing the State of Pencil’s Conditioned Existence. It is easy to remove the Pencil from Water and experience the Reality. But, can Man remove himself from his Conditioned Existence and experience Reality?

It would be totally irrational to believe that Science must provide the experience called Reality. Science is not POWER/FORCE/ENERGY which operates in the natural world. Science provides information to understand things and it has no power or force to influence things. Science may reveal the understanding of the nature of Reality and such revelation could be of no use  in the context of human existence on planet Earth as the man lives because of illusion he experiences of the world and the universe in which he exists.

THE REALITY OF EARTH’S MOTION:     

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Rational vs Irrational Belief. The man is constituted as a Rational Being. The man cannot experience the reality of this world.

The speed of earth’s motion can be described in two ways; 1. The Angular Speed: The earth rotates 360 degrees in 24 hours and the speed is 1,000 miles/hour. 2. The Linear Speed: The distance earth travels is 584 million miles per year. The Linear Speed of earth is 66, 660 miles/hour. 

Science may explain the fact of the speed of a point on the surface of the earth but can not force a man to experience the Reality of that Speed. The man exists on the surface of the earth without ever experiencing the Reality of earth’s true motions. There is no physical experience of this basic Reality. There is no direct mental experience of this fundamental Reality. The man may intellectually visualize this Reality by understanding the facts explained by Science. If the human brain and body is constantly engaged by the fact of earth’s motions, the Reality of earth’s Angular Speed and Linear Speed, the man would immediately experience a mental breakdown and would not be able to function as a living organism. Just think about the sense of fear, anxiety generated by a brief event like earthquake. The Subjective Reality of man’s Physical Existence on the surface of earth is sustained, is supported, and is protected by a Fundamental Force called Gravitation. Because of the operation of Gravitational Force the man is virtually saved from any experience of Earth’s motions. The man only experiences the environmental changes caused by earth’s motions. Further, this Subjective Reality of man’s Physical Existence is governed by a FORCE/POWER/ENERGY that imposes an illusion generating the experience of Sun’s apparent movement across the sky. Science explains the Reality of Sun’s motion at a speed of 155 miles/second. But, man exists on the surface of earth with no physical or mental experience of Sun’s true or real motion. What man experiences is the apparent motion of Sun and experiences Sunrise and Sunset. Science may explain the Reality and teach us the fact of Sun shining with brightness all the time. Man has invented stories and has created folk tales about Sun’s Journey in the Sky. The Reality described by Science does not govern human existence. The biological activities, the Biological Rhythms (Circadian/Diurnal/Solar Rhythms) are synchronized with the experience of ILLUSION and not that of Scientific Reality.

BIOLOGICAL CLOCK AND MAN’S LIFE JOURNEY:

Rational vs Irrational Belief. The man’s existence on the surface of planet Earth and the duration of his life’s journey is measured by the internal Biological Clock. The time duration is measured by the alternating periods of Light and Darkness, the experience of Day and Night, the experience of Sunrise and Sunset which drives the Biological Rhythm. In Reality, the Sun is shining with brightness at all times during the entire length of man’s life journey. Man gets no chance to experience that Reality and the Biological Clock is not influenced by that Reality of Sun shining at all the hours of man’s earthly existence.

The man can not exist on the surface of physical earth if he has direct body or mental experience of the Reality explained by rational Scientific Belief. The very nature of human existence in this vast universe can not be rationally understood. There is no evidence to suggest that Life could be discovered in other parts of our universe. There is no chance that the man could find an opportunity to leave the Solar System and find a Home in a different part of the universe. The man has no control over the structure and organization of the universe. The man has no choice other than that of accepting the conditioned nature of his energy dependent existence with no other place to call as Home. Rational beliefs have no role and do not define the status of man in nature and in the universe. It is more likely that man’s existence could be supported by an irrational belief in Ultimate Reality, which operates the POWER/FORCE/ENERGY which delivers MERCY/GRACE/COMPASSION to spread a veil of ILLUSION to defend the man from the direct physical or mental experience of Reality of the Universe in which man lives.

Rational vs Irrational Belief. Man can only exist in this Universe if he does not directly experience the Reality of this Universe. Man’s earthly existence is defended by ILLUSION and Science has no Power to provide man a chance to experience Reality which is hidden by the ILLUSION.

Simon Cyrene

‘The only shibboleth the West has is science’

Apr 4, 2011, 12.00am IST, Times of India

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/opinion/edit-page/The-only-shibboleth-the-West-has-is-science/articleshow/7857996.cms?intenttarget=no

The social scientist Bruno Latour , from France’s Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), was in New Delhi and spoke about what it means to be modern with Deep K Datta-Ray .

Why do you argue that Western Europe has never been modern?

The only shibboleth the West has is science. It is the premise of modernity and it defines itself as a rationality capable of, indeed requiring separation from politics, religion and really, society. Modernisation is to work towards this.

A move away from the pre-modern, which is a period of embroilment and entanglement of everything but when one looks at the practice of science in a laboratory, as i did, this division is revealed as false.

Scientists are very much entangled in their culture and this culture is not pristine, untouched by other cultures and practices. The real history of Europe therefore is one of a constant interaction, a mixing of Peoples, various cultures and the material.

What does this mean for our understanding of what the modern world actually is, how institutions thought of as quintessentially modern function?

There’s very little on how today’s world actually functions. Instead there is the official story of modernization. Meanwhile, there is a prominent discourse in India about modernization.

My argument is that the baseline for understanding modernity requires interrogation, which destabilizes expectations of what a modernising society should do.

Traditionally, the moderns criticised the supposedly archaic, symbolised by the East. Everyone wanted to become modern – but my work demonstrates that being modern was never as clear as presumed. So, when India begins to modernise what happens?

There is a double instability – of an uncertain baseline and then what happens when that is implemented in a society far away and especially in an institutional setting and in an area so close to the state such as governance. So there has to be more work on this.

This is especially important because there are so many more people here, it is possible to have institutions of a different complexion altogether, of alternative ways instituted here. India is a reservoir of alternative interpretations of what the global is and these ways of viewing the world need to be exposed.

Could it also be said that the idea of a universalizing ‘modern’ rationality is not necessarily European but became dominant in Europe?

For that there has to be more work on the non-western world. Regardless of place, there have to be thicker descriptions of practice, of what the modern world actually is, how do banks work for instance, because all we have is the utopian description of how modernity functions. The dream of utopia killed descriptive work because the focus was on a universalizing rationality, not how rationality actually plays out in practice. It should be clear that I’m not saying the East is somehow different, exotic. If one looks at the works of Newton to Einstein they were never scientists in the way modernity understands the term.

What are the implications of this type of work on politics?

Well, politics cannot keep to the scientific ideal quite simply because science in practice meant our moving from the country to the city and getting progressively disconnected from nature. But now one cannot discuss anything without thinking of the whole. Science was supposed to take us out of the cosmos and into a universalizing rationality but that has produced all sorts of problems which are being corrected today by new approaches which are reminiscent of the non-modern, such as the politics of nature. This is a cosmological approach, one that ties in everything to make a decision.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. Rational vs Irrational Belief. In matters of faith and belief, a Pound of Foolishness is Better than a Penny of Wisdom.

Whole Dude gives the Whole Account of Whole Karma

The Land of India or Bharat Varsha is traditionally identified as 'KARMA KSHETRA' or 'KARMA BHUMI'.Human Existence is operated by the 'Law of Karma'.
Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma.

The Sanskrit word ‘KARMA’ describes the totality of a person’s actions in any one of the successive states of that person’s existence. The ‘Law of Karma’ governs all action and its inevitable consequences on the doer. The ‘Law of Karma’ determines the consequences on the doer not only during the course of his current existence but also during the course of the next successive states of future existence.

Because of this deep-rooted belief in the inevitability of consequences on the doer, the Land of Bharat or India is identified as Karma Kshetra or Karma Bhumi, the Land where the Law of Karma is enforced upon all living and non-living entities.

The Law of Karma and its relationship to Fate or Destiny    

Defining Indian Identity. The Law of Karma. A ceiling decoration from a Jain temple in Ranakpur, Rajasthan, India. The knots represent the interlinking notion of karma.

In whichever manner an individual chooses to act, the action may have been predetermined by his past Karma. In this sense, Karma could be described as the root cause of any action or event. The word Fate or Destiny is described in the Sanskrit language as Daivam, Bhagyam, Niyati, and Vidhi. Fate or Destiny is the Power or Divine Agency that determines the outcome of events before they actually occur. Fate or Destiny determines what happens or has happened to a person during his past, present, or future existence.

Very often, people are confused about the relationship between the concept of Karma and the concept of Daivam, or Vidhi which is popularly described as Fate or Destiny. People may invoke the concept of Fate or Destiny to explain when something inexplicable and unexpected happens in one’s life.

The belief in a Supreme Being and the belief in God as the Prime Cause, and the concept of God’s Supreme Will are slightly different from the concept of the Power or the Divine Agency represented by Daivam or Vidhi. God will not contrive the actions of an individual for His own benefit. God has the intrinsic ability to execute  His own Plans. It is the individual’s Karma (from present and past stages of existence) that determines his own Fate or Destiny in the next and subsequent stages of existence.

The Power or the Agency of Fate or Destiny is not operated by the individual but by a Divine Strategy. The individual has no control over the Divine Strategy. A person can exercise control over his own actions but cannot modify the manner in which the consequences for his actions manifest. The consequences for the actions in one’s own life may manifest at an unknown time, in an unexpected manner strictly according to the Divine Strategy, the Power or Agency that administers Fate or Destiny. Karma literally writes the Fate or Destiny of an individual and yet they may not be used as synonyms. However, it would be correct to attribute any inexplicable event to the doings of Karma or Fate/Destiny.

Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma. The Divine Witness, Karma Sakshi of the actions and the consequences of actions during lifetime.

Since most living entities are dependent upon Sun for their existence, the Sun God or Lord Surya is also known as ‘Karma Sakshi’ which means that Sun is a Witness to all of our actions (Karma) during our lifetime. In the ‘Afterlife’, an individual could be judged and punished for his actions by a divine entity known as Lord Yama, Yama Dharmaraj or Karmakar, the Lord of Death and Justice who imposes punishment strictly according to the individual’s account of Karma.

Approved | The Economist
Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma. In the Indian tradition, the Final Rites of Passage is called KARMA, or the Final Action, Antya Kriya.

The idea or concept of Karma is firmly associated with the idea or concept of Samsara and the belief that a living entity has existed in the past, and would continue to exist in the future and death is viewed as a transition from one stage of existence to the next.    

The attributes of Karma    

Karma encompasses all actions performed by the five organs of Karma known as ‘Karma Indriya’. These are identified as hands, feet, speech (Vak), Payu, and Upastha. The last two describe bodily functions associated with excretion and reproduction.

In the West also there are stringent laws to protect people from offensive behavior that involve the use of the organs of excretion and reproduction. Lewd public behavior is prohibited by law.

Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma. The Cyclical Flow of Action, the performance of one’s own duties called Dharma, the Law of Right Conduct, and the Law of Cause and Effect. The man can never totally abstain from the performance of actions.

Karma describes a variety of activities. It includes occupational duties and work, rituals and ceremonies particularly in the context of death and mourning, the last rites, the rituals of sacrifice such as Havan or Yajna, the interest paid on a loan or debt, the struggle or effort to safeguard existence (Yatana), the good deeds (Punya), and also the sinful activities (Papa). An individual is expected to exercise control on his Organs of Karma and this attitude of self-restraint is described as Indriya Nigraha. An individual has no foreknowledge of his own Fate/Destiny and the only manner by which he may shape the future events is by choosing appropriate Karma according to the Laws of Right Conduct described in the Sanskrit language as Dharma.   

The Mechanisms of Karma

Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma. The newborn always arrives with a Credit Balance in the individualized Karma Bank Account.

Karma operates like a Bank Account. An individual entity, the newborn arrives with a Credit Balance of Karma known as Sa Beeja Karma or Sanchita Karma. This Credit Balance represents the Account Balance that is carried Forward from the individual’s previous existence. An individual’s physical existence may end with death, and the Karma Account would not be permanently closed and the Balance is carried Forward and represents the Beginning Balance with which an individual begins a new journey in the cycle of Life-Death-and Life. Whenever, an individual actually experiences the consequences of his past Karma, the Karma that is withdrawn from the Karma Bank Account is called as Prarabdha Karma. The individual actually tastes the Fruits of this Karma and hence it is also known as Karma Phal. The taste of the Fruit depends upon the nature of Karma that is being consumed by the individual. The experience of Prarabdha Karma has direct consequences as it affects the human body in its present state of existence. The individual has no choice in matters concerning this Withdrawal. The individual cannot control the Amount of Withdrawal, the Time of Withdrawal and the effects of the Withdrawal. The Authority which administers the Bank Account makes all the decisions in the manner a Karma Account is operated. The individual during the course of his existence would be continuously replenishing his Karma Bank Account. This Credit Balance in the Karma Account is known as Agami Karma (Kriyamana Karma). This Balance is not yet Withdrawn and is held in store until such time the individual gets a chance to experience its Fruits. Agami Karma represents an individual’s Predestination of which the individual has no foreknowledge. It is not exactly ordained by God. It is only operated by a Divine Strategy which chooses its own Plan to deliver this Agami Karma to the individual from his own Credit Balance. When the Karma Bank Account’s Balance becomes Zero, or nil balance the individual is promptly released from the shackles and entanglements of Karma. Such Liberated Individual Entity is described as Jivanmukta, a person who attained his total independence from the bondage of Samsara, the Cycle of Life-Death- and Life.

The Purpose of Life and Human Existence is ultimately that of eliminating the Balance in the Karma Bank Account and a Zero Balance is a Goal to be obtained. The idea of Liberation (Moksha) or Salvation is neither a reward nor a punishment. It should not be confused with the concept of Heaven and Hell where the individuals may receive rewards or punishment after the Day of Judgment. The concept of Liberation requires that there should be no Credit (Positive Karma), or Debit (Negative Karma ) Balance in the Karma Bank Account.   

Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma.

It may not be easy to empty the Karma Bank Account as the individual could only make deposits into his Account and the Account is withdrawn under a Plan operated by Daivam. Adi Shankaracharya describes the Identity of True or Real Self. Self-Knowledge is the key to obtain Release or Vimochan or Mukti from the entanglements of Karma and the act of Liberation called Moksha.

Shankara asserts that the Five Organs of Karma known as Vak (organs of Speech ), Panee (Hands), Pada (Feet), Upastha (organs of reproduction), and  Payu (organ of excretion) do not describe his true Identity.   

In the epic poem of Ramayana, Princess Seetha had instructed Hanuman;"The Fruit of one's own making is indeed experienced in one's life."
Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma.

Who Can Oppose Destiny?   

Who can resist Fate?  The epic poem of Ramayana very explicitly states that human entities are Weak (Durbala) and should not attempt to challenge or fight against Fate/Destiny. Since Fate is the work of Divine Strategy, we need to humble ourselves, exhibit an attitude of humility, and seek Divine Grace, Mercy and Compassion to deal with the doings of Fate.

In the story of Ramayana, all the central characters willingly submit themselves to the Power of Daivam, the Agency that operates Fate/Destiny. To illustrate this point of view, I shall quote from Valmiki Ramayana, Book VI, Yuddha Kanda – The Book of War, Chapter (Sarga) 113, verses 30 to 47. It describes the scene after the killing of King Ravana of Lanka who had earlier abducted Princess Seetha and held her captive in a grove known as Ashoka Vana. Prince Rama dispatches Hanuman to give Princess Seetha the message about His victory in the War. After having delivered the message, Hanuman seeks the permission of Princess Seetha to kill the notorious female-demons, the servant-maids of King Ravana who were frightening her during her prolonged captivity. In her response to Hanuman, Princess Seetha claims that the servant-maids were only acting in obedience to the orders of their King and hence should not be targeted with anger. She also further explains that she was only reaping the consequences of her misfortunes on an account of misdeed she may have committed in the past and states, ” The Fruits of one’s own making is indeed experienced in one’s life.” In verse number 42, Princess Seetha asks Hanuman to refrain from talking in that manner (about angry retaliation) and instructs him: “This indeed is a great Divine Strategy. It was ordained that this type of situation (her captivity) is to be obtained by Me, due to the application of Fate. Feeble as I am in these matters (about counteracting the Power of Fate), I shall grant protection from retaliation to the servant-maids of Ravana here.”   

MaivaM vada Mahaabaaho Daivii hye Shaa paraa gatiH,   

PraaptavyaM tu dashaa yog Anmayaitaditi  nishchitam   

Daasiinaam Raavanaasya aham marShayaami iha durbalaa.   

Mahaabaaho=O’ the Great Armed (Hanuman), maa vada= do not speak, evam=like this, eshaa= this, paraa hi= it is indeed great, Daivii gatiH= Divine Strategy, Nishchitam= it was decided, iti=that, idam= this situation, praaptavyam=is to be obtained, ma yaa= by me, durbalaa= feeble, aham=(as) I am, marshayaami=giving protection from retaliation,daasiinaam= the servant-maids, Raavanaasya= of Ravana,  iha=here.   

It is very interesting to note that Princess Seetha specifically using the phrase “Mahaa baaho” to glorify the physical prowess of Hanuman who merely asked for her permission to punish the female demons and it is absolutely clear that no physical effort is truly required on her part to execute that punishment. And yet, she claims that she will not consider punishing the servant-maids just because of her own physical weakness. In saying so, she is actually suggesting to Hanuman that he must also consider himself to be physically feeble and should not engage in any action with an intention to counteract the doings of Fate. Princess Seetha delivers a clear message to all living entities and reminds all of us to realize the ineffectiveness of our physical abilities and the Superiority of the Divine Power which operates Fate/Destiny. In her concluding remarks, Princess Seetha further instructs that it is incorrect to respond to evil with evil. No evil is to be done, even to those cruel persons of sinful deeds, who take pleasure to harm others and continue to perpetuate their sinful acts. Kindness is to be shown by a noble person either towards a sinner or to a virtuous person or even to a person who deserves death, for, there is none who never commits a wrong. Virtuous persons value good conduct as an ornament. A superior person does not take into account the sin of those who have committed an offense or a transgression.   

The epic poem of Ramayana firmly establishes the concept of Karma and the inescapable consequences of Karma and the role played by Daivam, the Divine Power which is manifested as Fate/Destiny and supports an attitude of humility and submission to the Divine Strategy.   

The Secular Aspects of Indian Identity    

Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma.

The ideas and concepts that originated in the Land of Bharat or India are secular. None of the concepts demand that the individual must worship any particular God. While embracing these ideas and concepts, Indians are free to worship a God of their own choice. Apart from a Divine Entity, Indians are free to choose a living entity or even a physical entity for an act of Worship and Devotion.

The ideas or concepts of Karma, Fate/Destiny, Satya (Truth), Dharma (Right Conduct), Samsara, Mukti, Moksha (Liberation) are not attached to any particular God. The ideas of Karma and Fate/Destiny do not demand absolute Faith in a particular God. The idea of Karma describes the activities of an individual and its consequences upon the individual. God is not involved in this idea. The idea of Fate/Destiny involves an unknown Supernatural Power or Agency and the Strategy used by this Agency. God does not contrive or conspire to cause an unfortunate event. In the epic poem of Ramayana, Prince Rama and Princess Seetha being reincarnations of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi arrived upon planet Earth for their earthly existence without any Credit Balance of Karma and the mechanisms of Karma are not responsible for unfortunate incidents in their lives. They behave and act like ordinary mortals and hence we should not be surprised by Princess Seetha’s remarks about any misdeed she may have committed in her prior life as an explanation for the sufferings she endures. The entire Story is set into motion by a Divine Strategy and the principal players are not directly aware of that Strategy which would unfold in their lives with direct physical consequences. Ordinary mortals would be better off by contemplating upon their misdeeds and seek redemption and obtain protection from the Sovereign Energy/Power/Force of Mercy, Grace, and Compassion described as Krupa.   

The idea of Karma helps us to accept a sense of personal responsibility for any action that we perform, shapes our attitudes,  controls our behavior, and strengthens our character.  God is involved in all the actions performed by the man but God is not held accountable for the actions of the man. God constituted the man as a moral and rational being who has the ability to review his actions even if the choices are predestined.    

 Simon Cyrene  

Defining Indian Identity. The Land of Karma. January 21 is Squirrel Appreciation Day. My reflections on “Chakrata Karma” with the help of a Squirrel Story.

The Creative Use of Forms in Devotional Worship

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Rational Basis of Idol Worship. The Lord of Spring Season. Lord Madhava with Goddess Madhavi: In the Divine Song called Bhagavad Gita, Chapter X, ‘The Infinite Glories of the Ultimate Truth’-‘VIBHUTI VISTARA YOGA’ describes the LORD God Creator’s Infinite Divine Attributes, in verse # 35, Lord Krishna describes Himself as The Lord of Spring Season – The Flowery Season: “Rtunam Kusumakarah.”

What it is to be a Substance? and What it is to Exist? We need to establish knowledge about the man and the world on a firm basis and the information it provides must be tested for its accuracy and consistency with an external reality. We have to make the fundamental distinction between the living and the non-living matter. The scientific advances of the 19th and 20th centuries reinforced the materialistic position concerning the basic similarity of organic living and inorganic physical matter. The man is viewed as a product of natural evolution and is thought to be subject to the same laws of Physics and Chemistry or mechanistic principles.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Rational Basis for Idol Worship. The creative process called Ritual in the worship of the Creator.

We need a methodology to study philosophy and to understand philosophical statements. Logical Positivism, also known as Scientific Empiricism aims to clarify concepts in both everyday and scientific language. It describes analysis of language as the function of philosophy. This analysis of language and of concepts is important to understand questions of belief and ideology which affect what we think we ought to do individually and socially. I would use this method of ‘Applied Philosophy’ to analyze the concept of Spiritual Optics, the Spiritual Connection between Energy and Life. The Laws of Thermodynamics are important unifying principles of Biology. The First Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy, states that Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Spiritual Optics accounts for the capacity of photoreception and the term Spiritual Light refers to the creation of Light by God to begin the designing of Matter and the designing of the Living Matter. The man describes God as the Creator but the worship of God is not easy as God is not an Object that the man can manipulate. The man devised the rituals of God worship using his creative abilities to seek the Creator who remains aloof, distant, separate, and even disinterested or uninvolved with his own acts of creation.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Rational Basis of Idol Worship. Essence and Existence. Lord Shiva’s Essence in this idol/image is described as “ARDHANARISHWARA”, Half-Male and Half-Female, A perfect Union of Matter, Energy, and The Energy Controller.

The knowledge of Vedic thoughts and concepts spread to Greece and Europe shaping the thinking of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Moses, and the various Old Testament prophets and Prophet Muhammad condemn idol worship for reasons shared by the Indian philosopher Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj and other Indian thinkers like Kabir, and Guru Nanak. People like the Sultan of Ghazna invaded India to prove that idols that the Hindus worship are mere stones.

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Rational Basis for Idol Worship. I acknowledge the spiritual nature of the matter without concern for the forms created using matter such as soil, stone, metal, or wood.

In the context of idol worship, I ask you to recognize the writings of Benedict Spinoza who was expelled by Jews as heretic. I can smash stone idols into pieces. But, I can neither create matter nor destroy matter. For God created Matter, the man cannot doubt God’s existence unless and until man can create or destroy matter. It is rational to attach God’s presence to Matter and to visualize God’s presence in stone idols carved by man.

Simon Cyrene

The Material Basis of Spirituality Science. The Rational Basis for Idol Worship. The man’s physical existence on the surface of a fast spinning celestial object demands the operation of Force/Power/Energy that can impose its veil to defend the man from experiencing the reality of earth’s speed which makes earth an inhospitable place.