Living Tibetan Spirits

SENIOR ALIEN IN US GULAG VS SENIOR IN OCCUPIED TIBET

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SENIOR ALIEN IN US GULAG VS SENIOR IN OCCUPIED TIBET

Senior Alien in US Gulag vs Senior in Occupied Tibet

Living Tibetan Spirits admit with due honesty that Senior in Occupied Tibet is living a better life compared to Septuagenarian Senior Alien who lives his miserable life in US Gulag without hope for receiving monthly retirement benefits during concluding years of his life’s journey. When you behold the man, his condition is self-evident.

Senior Alien in US Gulag vs Senior in Occupied Tibet.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

HAPPY LIFE OF A SENIOR IN ALI PREFECTURE OF TIBET – XINHUA – ENGLISH.NEWS.CN

Clipped from: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/18/c_137189053.htm

Senior Alien in US Gulag vs Senior in Occupied Tibet

A two-story house in Dianjiao Village, Zhaxigang Town of Ga’er County, Ali Prefecture in southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. (Xinhuanet/Xue Zhen)

BEIJING, May 18 (Xinhuanet) — A two-story house equipped with all kinds of household appliances is where Cama Ciren, a 72-year-old Tibetan and his wife live.

This is Dianjiao village, where they have lived for 34 years, in Zhaxigang Town of Ga’er County, Ali Prefecture in southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region.

“The village was actually isolated from the outside world in the 1980s and 1990s. There were only two or three households,” he recalled.

“Without a tent, we built a rock wall to shelter us from the wind. All of our clothes were scrabbled by hands,” he added.

Things have changed over the years. By 2012, Dianjiao was already a well-off village where each family lived in new house and a newly built road connected the village with the outside world.

Senior Alien in US Gulag vs Senior in Occupied Tibet

Cama Ciren (1st L), his wife (2nd R) and his younger sister are in their living room. (Xinhuanet/Xue Zhen)

At their age, Cama Ciren and his wife are not supposed to labor for a living. But they lead a comfortable life owing to the government subsidy policy.

“The subsidies we receive each year exceed 20,000 yuan,” his wife said, adding that they also enjoy full medical reimbursement, which they could not even imagine before.

Speaking of children’s education, Cama said that there are three college graduates in the village, his daughter being one of them.

“She landed a job immediately after graduation,” he said.

Today, none of the children at school-age in Dianjiao village drops out of school. Their food, accommodation, and tuition fees are all covered by the government.

“A happier life awaits us in the future,” he said.

Senior Alien in US Gulag vs Senior in Occupied Tibet


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LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS REJECT CHINA WARNING

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LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS REJECT CHINA WARNING

Living Tibetan Spirits reject China Warning. Tibetan delegates of National People’s Congress of Communist China which is in Tibet and not where it truly belongs.

Global Times of China reports that National People’s Congress delegates of Tibet asked the US Congress members not to support the “Dalai Lama clique.” Further, these Chinese delegates of National People’s Congress demand recognition of Tibet as part of China. For now, Living Tibetan Spirits acknowledge the problem of Tibet’s status. The problem is, China is in Tibet and not where it truly belongs.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

CHINA WARNS US AGAINST SUPPORTING DALAI LAMA – ONEINDIA NEWS

Clipped from: https://www.oneindia.com/international/china-warns-us-against-supporting-dalai-lama-dont-trust-washington-say-experts-2697351.html

Amid the trade war with the US, China has also asked the former to desist from supporting the “Dalai Lama clique” in Tibet in an attempt to reiterate China’s sovereignty over Tibet, the country’s Global Times cited a home-based expert as saying on Tuesday, May 15.

Living Tibetan Spirits reject China Warning. China is in Tibet and not where it truly belongs.

A team of the National People’s Congress comprising legislators from the Tibet Autonomous Region of China concluded a six-day trip of the US on Monday, May 14, with an aim for the same, the expert said.

Xinhua news agency reported on Tuesday that the delegation, led by the deputy of the People’s Congress of the Tibet Autonomous Region, Baima Wangdui, met a number of US senators and officials of the department of state in Washington DC.

The Chinese delegation told the US members about the importance of a good US-China relationship but also reiterated that Tibet was about China’s sovereignty and it is a question of core interest of China, Xinhua added.

Xinhua also said that Wangdui urged the US to recognize the Dalai clique’s anti-China nature and avoid any kind of contact with them. It also said the US assured the Chinese delegates that it recognized Tibet as a part of China and would not back “Tibetan independence”.

However, not all in China are convinced about the Americans’ ploy.

“Although the US said they recognize Tibet as part of China and would not support ‘Tibetan independence’, they have been meeting the Dalai Lama and, in the past, have funded the Tibetan ‘government-in-exile’,” Global Times quoted Qin Yongzhang, an ethnologist at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, as saying.

Qin also said only time could tell whether the latest visit by the Chinese delegation would change America’s “double-faced actions”, adding that it was important to make clear China’s position.

Zhu Weiqun, a former chairman of the ethnic and religious committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, told Global Times that Washington recently approved “a new batch of funding to support the Dalai Lama, even more than the sum back in the Obama days” and said he didn’t find any reason to believe the current Donald Trump administration of the US would be any different in supporting the Dalai clique compared to the earlier administrations.

Living Tibetan Spirits reject China Warning. China is in Tibet and not where it truly belongs.


LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS – THE COLD WAR IN ASIA

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LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS – THE COLD WAR IN ASIA

Living Tibetan Spirits – The Cold War in Asia. Infantry weapon of US Army and US Marine Corps.

Living Tibetan Spirits initiated Tibetan Resistance Movement during late 1950s with hope for defeating military occupation of Tibet using Infantry Weapons of Warfare. Indeed, there was such possibility of seriously degrading Enemy’s war machine during Vietnam War. Unfortunately, due to Nixon-Kissinger treason, Vietnam War remains unfinished. From military point of view, due to change in circumstances, ‘The Cold War in Asia’ may not be determined by tactics used in Infantry Warfare due to Enemy’s use of enhanced military capabilities.

Living Tibetan Spirits – The Cold War in Asia. Tibetan Resistance uses military tactic called patience and perseverance.

In my analysis, the outcome in any war is not always determined by relative military power and military tactics used by parties engaged in conflict. The Cold War in Asia will come to its natural conclusion when Nature exercises Force/Power to influence human behavior and actions.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Living Tibetan Spirits – The Cold War in Asia. Chinese Stealth fighter jet at Yading airport, Tibet.

CHINA’S MILITARY IS WAGING A COLD WAR IN TIBET – THE NATIONAL INTEREST BLOG

Clipped from: http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/chinas-military-waging-cold-war-tibet-25744

Living Tibetan Spirits – The Cold War in Asia.

In 2011, Beijing shelled out some 1.5 billion yuan (US$236 million) for the construction of an airport to serve the frigid wilderness of the Tibetan Plateau, saying it wanted to boost the local tourism industry.

Completed in 2013, Yading Airport has since handled no more than 150,000 passengers a year, equivalent to three or four daily flights carrying 400 travelers brave enough to enter the remote backwater. Little wonder: at elevation of 4,411 meters, the airport in southwestern Sichuan’s Daocheng county is the world’s highest, almost one kilometer above the gateway to Tibetan capital Lhasa.

With the air supply about 30% less than you would expect at sea level, it is said that oxygenators are one of the most vital pieces of equipment for airport ground staff to avoid medical complications such as acute mountain sickness. Aircraft flying into the rarefied air must also be equipped with oxygenators before each flight.

Yet this inhospitable airport’s location next to the Tibetan Autonomous Region does appeal to another group of travelers. The People’s Liberation Army has found a number of important roles for the facility, ranging from the testing of a new generation of jet-fighters to fending off missile threats from the Indian Ocean.

It is an open secret that  Yading Airport was one of several testing grounds used for the locally built J-20 stealth fighter when it was plying the air route between Yading and Chengdu, capital of Sichuan province, where the jets were manufactured.

Analysts say the alpine climate, steep terrain and high elevation of the airport and its surroundings are ideal for reliability tests on the J-20 and similar warplanes. This is the same reason that the F-22 Raptor, the spearhead of the US Air Force, was tested in Alaska.

But Yading Airport’s significance also lies in the tactical advantages offered by its location at the roof of the world. The Chinese military can observe every movement at Indian installations in the Bay of Bengal, 1,000 kilometers to the southwest, as there is no mountain range blocking the view from Yunnan province across Myanmar.

Hong Kong-based military commentator Leung Kwok-leung noted that the PLA must have installed long-range early warning radars at the airport and it could also host an anti-missile shield at an elevation that would be the envy of other military services.

Chinese observers are undoubtedly monitoring movements by US nuclear submarines in and around the Bay of Bengal, and New Delhi’s construction of a nuclear submarine base there. As a result, Beijing is getting antsy about threats lurking on its southwestern front.

Yading could be the location for the world’s highest mid-range anti-ballistic missile defense system: using the elevation and low latitude, interceptors launched from the plateau could “hitch a ride” on the centrifugal force of the Earth’s rotation.

Leung said this would mean that the PLA could use anti-ballistic missiles launched from Yading to put down Indian or US missiles fired either from bases onshore or from vessels in the Bay of Bengal area while they were still ascending, in a “blocked shot manner”.

This article originally appeared on Asia Times.

Image: Reuters

Living Tibetan Spirits – The Cold War in Asia. YADING, TIBET.

 

THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS REACT TO PRESIDENT OBAMA’S 56th BIRTHDAY

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THE LIVING TIBETAN SPIRITS REACT TO PRESIDENT OBAMA’S 56th BIRTHDAY

The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. Living in Exile for over 58 Years with no Hope to live my Life as Normal Person.

On Friday, August 04, 2017, 44th US President Barack Obama finally gets chance to celebrate his birthday like a normal person.

The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. Living in Exile for over 58 Years with no Hope to live my Life as Normal Person.

The Living Tibetan Spirits at Special Frontier Force, Establishment No. 22 react to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. They express happiness for meeting with the US President at The White House on February 18, 2010, July 16, 2011, and February 21, 2014.

The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. Living in Exile for over 58 Years with no Hope to live my Life as Normal Person.

We understand President’s Happiness for we are Living in Exile for over 58 Years without any hope for living our lives as normal persons.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. I live in Exile for over 58 Years without any hope for living my Life as Normal Person.
The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. I am living in Exile for over 58 Years without any Hope to live my Life as Normal Person.

BARACK OBAMA FINALLY GETS TO CELEBRATE HIS BIRTHDAY LIKE A NORMAL PERSON

Clipped from: https://www.yahoo.com/news/barack-obama-finally-gets-celebrate-134202529.html

The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. I am living in Exile for over 58 Years without any Hope to live my Life as Normal Person.

Former President Barack Obama is celebrating his 56th birthday on Friday, his first since leaving office in January.

Former President Barack Obama is celebrating his 56th birthday on Friday, his first since leaving office in January.

Last year, the White House threw Obama a massive bash with celebrity guests including Beyoncé and Jay-Z. In 2015, he dined at Rose’s Luxury, a popular Washington, D.C. restaurant. This year’s festivities will likely be even more laid-back.

The occasion may also be bittersweet for Obama as he looks back on all that’s changed in the past year. President Donald Trump is working to dismantle many of his predecessor’s signature policy achievements, including health care reform as well as key environmental regulations.

Obama has continued to reside in D.C., though he’s mostly stayed out of national politics. Instead, he’s spent his time building his foundation as well as taking a few much-needed vacations.

Fans of the former president sent him well-wishes on social media:

This article originally appeared on HuffPost.

The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. I am living in Exile for over 58 Years without Hope to live my Life as Normal Person.
The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. I am living in Exile for over 58 Years without Hope to live my Life as Normal Person.
The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. I am living in Exile for over 58 Years without Hope to live my Life as Normal Person.
The Living Tibetan Spirits React to President Obama’s 56th Birthday. No Hope in my Life to live as Normal Person.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS

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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS:

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS. ON MAY 30, 1948 TIBETAN RESISTANCE MOVEMENT WAS KNOWN TO US PRESIDENT HARRY TRUMAN WHO PAID TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       On Monday, May 29, Memorial Day 2017, Special Frontier Force expects United States, India, and Tibet to pay tribute to their Fallen Soldiers, and Serving Soldiers of Tibetan Resistance Movement while they continue to be Unknown Soldiers.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada                                                                                                                     SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS. ON OCTOBER 12, 1949 TIBETAN RESISTANCE MOVEMENT WAS KNOWN TO INDIAN PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU WHO PAID TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS. ON MAY 30, 1963, TIBETAN RESISTANCE MOVEMENT WAS KNOWN TO US PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY WHO PAID TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS. ON MAY 28, 1984 TIBETAN RESISTANCE MOVEMENT WAS KNOWN TO US PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN WHO PAID HIS TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS. ON MAY 29, 2000 TIBETAN RESISTANCE MOVEMENT WAS KNOWN TO US PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON WHO PAID TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Unknown Soldiers. On May 25, 2015, Tibetan Resistance Movement was known to President Barack Obama participating in a Memorial Day wreath laying at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Va., (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Unknown Soldiers. On January 19, 2017 Tibetan Resistance Movement was known to President-elect Trump as he paid his tribute to Unknown Soldiers.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS. ON JANUARY 19, 2017 TIBETAN RESISTANCE MOVEMENT WAS KNOWN TO 45th US PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP AS HE PAID TRIBUTE TO UNKNOWN SOLDIERS.                                                                                                                                                                               
Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Unknown Soldiers.The Arlington National Cemetery observes its 150 anniversary with a wreath laying ceremony at the Memorial Amphitheater, Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington, Va., June 16, 2014. (U.S. Army photo by Alfredo Barraza)
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO RESPECT, HONOR, AND CELEBRATE FALLEN SOLDIERS. TOMB OF UNKNOWN SOLDIER AT ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY.

On Memorial Day, United States honors its citizens who have died in War. Originally commemorating soldiers killed in the American Civil War, the observance was later extended to all US war dead. The holiday is observed on the last Monday in the month of May and an official tradition began in 1971, the same year during which I had witnessed the death of some young soldiers who served in Special Frontier Force, which is known as Establishment No. 22 in India. Approximately, one million men and women died in defense of the United States since 1775. I cannot give a precise count of the men and women who died serving the cause of Freedom at Special Frontier Force.
The custom of honoring the graves of the war dead began before the close of the Civil War. In 1868, Commander-in-Chief John A. Logan of the Grand Army of the Republic issued a general order designating May 30, 1868 “for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion.”

Tibetan soldiers with whom I served in Special Frontier Force died in the remote jungles of Chittagong Hill Tracts while our military action code-named ‘Operation Eagle’ initiated Liberation of Bangladesh during November – December 1971. We buried them or cremated them and our fallen comrades have no graves which I can visit for purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the sites where they died to defend the cause of Freedom. However, I am pleased to remember them and honor them on this Memorial Day for we fought our battles with weapons, ammunition, field gear, medical supplies, rations, radio sets, and other military supplies provided by the United States. We are partners with India and the United States to defend Tibet and restore its lost Freedom.

On this Memorial Day while I pay my tribute to honor memory of the fallen Tibetan soldiers of Special Frontier Force, I respectfully remind the US and India to renew our pledge to work in support of Peace, Justice, Freedom and Democracy in Occupied Tibet.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. The tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. President Barack Obama at Arlington National Cemetery.
Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. Arlington National Cemetery.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. Arlington National Cemetery.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. Arlington National Cemetery.

 

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO FALLEN SOLDIERS

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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO FALLEN SOLDIERS:

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE TO RESPECT, HONOR, AND CELEBRATE FALLEN SOLDIERS. TOMB OF UNKNOWN SOLDIER AT ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY.

On Memorial Day, United States honors its citizens who have died in War. Originally commemorating soldiers killed in the American Civil War, the observance was later extended to all US war dead. The holiday is observed on the last Monday in the month of May and an official tradition began in 1971, the same year during which I had witnessed the death of some young soldiers who served in Special Frontier Force, which is known as Establishment No. 22 in India. Approximately, one million men and women died in defense of the United States since 1775. I cannot give a precise count of the men and women who died serving the cause of Freedom at Special Frontier Force.
The custom of honoring the graves of the war dead began before the close of the Civil War. In 1868, Commander-in-Chief John A. Logan of the Grand Army of the Republic issued a general order designating May 30, 1868 “for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion.”

Tibetan soldiers with whom I served in Special Frontier Force died in the remote jungles of Chittagong Hill Tracts while our military action code-named ‘Operation Eagle’ initiated Liberation of Bangladesh during November – December 1971. We buried them or cremated them and our fallen comrades have no graves which I can visit for purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the sites where they died to defend the cause of Freedom. However, I am pleased to remember them and honor them on this Memorial Day for we fought our battles with weapons, ammunition, field gear, medical supplies, rations, radio sets, and other military supplies provided by the United States. We are partners with India and the United States to defend Tibet and restore its lost Freedom.

On this Memorial Day while I pay my tribute to honor memory of the fallen Tibetan soldiers of Special Frontier Force, I respectfully remind the US and India to renew our pledge to work in support of Peace, Justice, Freedom and Democracy in Occupied Tibet.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. The tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. Wreath laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. President Barack Obama at Arlington National Cemetery.
Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. Arlington National Cemetery.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. Arlington National Cemetery.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers. Arlington National Cemetery.

 

Special Frontier Force – Memorial Day Tribute to Fallen Soldiers.

 

TROUBLE IN TIBET – BLESSINGS OF MOUNT KAILASH

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TROUBLE IN TIBET – BLESSINGS OF MOUNT KAILASH

TROUBLE IN TIBET – BLESSINGS OF MOUNT KAILASH TO DESTROY EVIL FORCE OCCUPYING TIBET.

Both Tibet and India believed that they can contain Red China’s Doctrine of Expansionism using diplomatic negotiations. I will not blame Tibet or India for trying to resolve the problem of Red China’s aggression with patience and without escalating international tensions. Their efforts have failed and yet I will not blame them for trying to negotiate for a peaceful solution. Red China’s deception could not be easily discovered and her plans for total subjugation of Tibet could not be deciphered in time.

I hold Red China responsible for her own ‘EVIL’ actions and she cannot escape consequences for ‘EVIL’ always leads to downfall, disaster, calamity, catastrophe, and apocalypse. I cannot predict the response of India, or the United States to continued military occupation of Tibet. However, with a sense of profound confidence, I seek Blessings of Mount Kailash to predict and announce to the World, “BEIJING IS DOOMED.”

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE
THE TIBET EXPRESS

India has ignored Tibet for too long

A settlement of the Tibet issue is imperative for regional stability should become our consistent diplomatic refrain

By Brahma Chellaney, Livemint | November 11, 2014

Despite booming two-way trade, India-China strategic discord and rivalry is sharpening. At the core of their divide is Tibet, an issue that fuels territorial disputes, border tensions and water feuds.

Beijing says Tibet is a core issue for China. In truth, Tibet is the core issue in Beijing’s relations with countries such as India, Nepal and Bhutan that traditionally did not have a common border with China. These countries became China’s neighbours after it annexed Tibet, which, after waves of genocide, now faces ecocide.

China itself highlights Tibet as the core issue with India by laying claim to Indian territories on the basis of purported Tibetan religious or tutelary links, rather than any professed Han Chinese connection. Indeed, ever since China gobbled up the historical buffer with India, Tibet has remained the core issue.

The latest reminder of this reality came when President Xi Jinping brought Chinese incursions across the India-Tibet border on his recent India visit. Put off by the intrusions, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government permitted Tibetan exiles to stage protests during Xi’s New Delhi stay, reversing a pattern since the early 1990s of such protests being foiled by police during the visit of any Chinese leader.

However, India oddly bungled on Tibet and Sikkim during Xi’s visit—diplomatic goof-ups that escaped media attention.
In response to China’s increasing belligerence—reflected in a rising number of Chinese border incursions and Beijing’s new assertiveness on Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)—India since 2010 stopped making any reference to Tibet being part of China in a joint statement with China. It has also linked any endorsement of one China to a reciprocal Chinese commitment to a one India.

Yet the Modi-Xi joint statement brought in Tibet via the backdoor, with India appreciating the help extended by the “local government of Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China” to Indian pilgrims visiting Tibet’s Kailash-Mansarovar, a mountain-and-lake duo sacred to four faiths: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Tibet’s indigenous religion, Bon. Several major rivers, including the Indus, the Brahmaputra, the Sutlej and the Karnali, originate around this holy duo.

The statement’s reference to the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China was out of place. It lent implicit Indian support to Tibet being part of China by gratuitously changing the formulation recorded during Premier Li Keqiang’s 2013 visit, when the joint statement stated: “The Indian side conveyed appreciation to the Chinese side for the improvement of facilities for the Indian pilgrims”. Did those in the ministry of external affairs (MEA) who helped draft the statement apprise the political decision-makers of the implications of the new, China-inserted formulation?

After all, the new wording ran counter to India’s position since 2010—a stance that came with the promise of repairing the damage from India’s past blunders over Tibet, including by Jawaharlal Nehru and Rajiv Gandhi. Nehru, in the 1954 Panchsheel pact, ceded India’s British-inherited extraterritorial rights in Tibet and implicitly accepted the sprawling region’s annexation without any quid pro quo. Under the terms of this accord, India withdrew its military escorts from Tibet, and conceded to China the postal, telegraph and telephone services it operated there.

But in 2003, Atal Bihari Vajpayee went further than any predecessor and formally surrendered India’s Tibet card. In a statement he signed with the Chinese premier, Vajpayee used the legal term recognize to accept what China deceptively calls the Tibet Autonomous Region as “part of the territory of the People’s Republic of China”.

Vajpayee’s blunder opened the way for China to claim Arunachal Pradesh as South Tibet, a term it coined in 2006 to legitimize its attempt at rolling annexation. Had Vajpayee not caved in, China would not have been emboldened to ingeniously invent the term South Tibet for Arunachal, which is three times the size of Taiwan and twice as large as Switzerland. And since 2010, Beijing has also questioned India’s sovereignty over J&K, one-fifth of which is under Chinese occupation.

In this light, the reference to China’s Tibet region in the Modi-Xi joint statement granted Beijing via the backdoor what India has refused to grant upfront since 2010. This sleight of hand implicitly endorsed Tibet as being part of China without Xi committing to a one India policy.

Now consider India’s second mistake—falling for China’s proposal for establishing an alternative route for Indian pilgrims via Sikkim, a state that strategically faces India’s highly vulnerable “chicken’s neck” and where Beijing is working to insidiously build influence.

Ironically, it is by agreeing to open a circuitous alternative route for pilgrims via Sikkim’s Nathula crossing that Beijing extracted the appreciation from India to China’s Tibet government. Given that Kailash-Mansarovar is located close to the Uttarakhand-Nepal-Tibet tri-junction, the new route entails a long, arduous detour—pilgrims must first cross eastern Himalayas and then head toward western Himalayas through a frigid, high-altitude terrain.

Unsurprisingly, the meandering route has kicked up controversy, with the Uttarakhand chief minister also injecting religion to contend that scriptures “recognize only the traditional paths for pilgrimage passing through Uttarakhand”. China currently permits entry of a very small number of Indian pilgrims through just one point—Uttarakhand’s Lipulekh Pass. The foreign ministry, which organizes the Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage, is to take a maximum of 1,080 pilgrims in batches this year, with no more than 60 travellers in each lot.

One obvious reason China chose the roundabout route via Sikkim is that the only section of the Indo-Tibetan border it does not dispute is the Sikkim-Tibet frontier, except for the tiny Finger Area there. Beijing recognizes the 1890 Anglo-Sikkim Convention, which demarcated the 206-km Sikkim-Tibet frontier, yet paradoxically rejects as a colonial relic Tibet’s 1914 McMahon Line with India, though not with Myanmar.

The more important reason is that China is seeking to advance its strategic interests in the Sikkim-Bhutan-Tibet tri-junction, which overlooks the narrow neck of land that connects India’s northeast with the rest of the country. Should the chicken’s neck ever be blocked, the northeast would be cut off from the Indian mainland. In the event of a war, China could seek to do just that.

Two developments underscore its strategic designs. China is offering Bhutan a territorial settlement in which it would cede most of its other claims in return for being given the strategic area that directly overlooks India’s chokepoint. At the same time, Beijing is working systematically to shape a Sino-friendly Kagyu sect, which controls important Indian monasteries along the Tibetan border and is headed by the China-anointed but now India-based Karmapa, Ogyen Trinley.

The Indian government has barred Ogyen Trinley—who raised suspicion in 1999 by escaping from Tibet with astonishing ease—from visiting the sect’s headquarters at Rumtek, Sikkim.
Yet—redounding poorly on Indian intelligence—the Mandarin-speaking Ogyen Trinley has been regularly receiving envoys sent by Beijing. In recent years, he has met Han religious figures as well as Xiao Wunan, the effective head of the Asia-Pacific Exchange and Cooperation Foundation. This dubious foundation, created to project China’s soft power, has unveiled plans with questionable motives to invest $3 billion at Lord Buddha’s birthplace in Nepal—Lumbini, located virtually on the open border with India.

Trinley—the first Tibetan lama living in exile to include Han Buddhist rituals in traditional Tibetan practices—was recently accused by the head of the Drukpa sect in India of aiding Beijing’s frontier designs by using his money power to take over Drukpa Himalayan monasteries, including in the Kailash-Mansarovar area. Indeed, Himachal Pradesh police in 2011 seized large sums of Chinese currency from the Karmapa’s office.

Since coming up to power, Modi has pursued a nimble foreign policy. His government, hopefully, can learn from its dual mistakes. With China now challenging Indian interests even in the Indian Ocean region, it has become imperative for India to find ways to blunt Chinese trans-Himalayan pressures.

One key challenge Modi faces is how to build leverage against China, which largely sets the bilateral agenda, yet savours a galloping, $36-plus billion trade surplus with India. Modi’s Make in India mission cannot gain traction as long as Chinese dumping of goods undercuts Indian manufacturing.

Also, past blunders on Tibet by leaders from Nehru to Vajpayee have helped narrow the focus of Himalayan disputes to what China claims. The spotlight now is on China’s Tibet-linked claim to Arunachal, rather than on Tibet’s status itself.

To correct that, Modi must find ways to add elasticity and nuance to India’s Tibet stance.

One way for India to gradually reclaim its leverage over the Tibet issue is to start emphasizing that its acceptance of China’s claim over Tibet hinged on a grant of genuine autonomy to that region. But instead of granting autonomy, China has made Tibet autonomous in name only, bringing the region under its tight political control and unleashing increasing repression.

India must not shy away from urging China to begin a process of reconciliation and healing in Tibet in its own interest and in the interest of stable Sino-Indian relations. China’s hydro-engineering projects are another reminder that Tibet is at the heart of the India-China divide and why India must regain leverage over the Tibet issue.

That a settlement of the Tibet issue is imperative for regional stability and for improved Sino-Indian relations should become India’s consistent diplomatic refrain. India must also call on Beijing to help build harmonious bilateral relations by renouncing its claims to Indian-administered territories.

Through such calls, and by using expressions such as the Indo-Tibetan border and by identifying the plateau to the north of its Himalayas as Tibet (not China) in its official maps, India can subtly reopen Tibet as an outstanding issue, without having to formally renounce any of its previously stated positions.

Tibet ceased to be a political buffer when China occupied it in 1950-51. But Tibet can still turn into a political bridge between China and India. For that to happen, China must start a process of political reconciliation in Tibet, repudiate claims to Indian territories on the basis of their alleged Tibetan links, and turn water into a source of cooperation, not conflict.

Brahma Chellaney is professor of strategic studies at the Centre for Policy Research.

This entry was posted on November 13, 2014 by Tenzin Gaphel. 

TROUBLE IN TIBET – BLESSINGS OF MOUNT KAILASH. NATHU LA PASS, SIKKIM, NEW GATEWAY TO KAILASH – MANSAROVAR LAKE PILGRIMAGE.
Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Good Triumphs over Evil. Traditional Trekking Route to Mount Kailash.
Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Pilgrimage to destroy forces of Evil occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Pilgrimage to destroy forces of Evil occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Pilgrimage or Yatra to destroy forces of Evil occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Pilgrims seeking to destroy forces of Evil occupying Tibet. Traditional Trekking Route.
Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Route to Kailash – Mansarovar Lake Pilgrimage via Nathu La Pass, Sikkim. Destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Pilgrimage to Mount Kailash and Lake Mansarovar to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Pilgrimage to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.
Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. A new route to Pilgrimage to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet. Simikot – Mount Kailash – Kodari Trip.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

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Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Pilgrimage to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Pilgrimage to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. During 1973, I served in this area trekking between Tawaghat and Lipulekh Pass.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to destroy Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to drive Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Uttarakhand Route to Mount Kailash is of interest to me for I served in that area during 1973.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. New Pilgrimage Route via Nathu La Pass, Sikkim.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash to defeat Evil force occupying Tibet.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash.

 

Trouble in Tibet – Blessings of Mount Kailash. Trekking Route from Simikot via Kodari.