Tibet Never Part of China
TIBET NOT PART OF CHINA – ARUNACHAL PRADESH CHIEF MINISTER
Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Pema Khandu reveals the truth about Tibet’s military occupation. Red China’s military occupation of Tibet cannot wipe out reality of Tibetan nation.
Indian Defence News
Thursday, April 06, 2017
INDIA SHARES BOUNDARY WITH TIBET, NOT WITH CHINA: ARUNACHAL PRADESH CHIEF MINISTER
ARUNACHAL PRADESH Chief Minister Pema Khandu today said China has no business telling India what to do regarding the Dalai Lama’s movement in the country.
“China has no business telling us what to do and what not to do (regarding the Dalai Lama’s movement). It is not our next-door neighbor. India shares boundary with Tibet, not with China,” he told reporters here.
“In reality, the McMahon Line demarcated the boundary between India and Tibet,” he said.
Khandu, who accompanied the Dalai Lama during an eight-hour-long drive from Guwahati to Bomdila yesterday, said it was a brave decision on the part of the Tibetan spiritual leader to undertake the arduous trip.
“He wanted to reach Tawang anyhow and the weather could not deter him. Let us hope that his followers here get satisfaction from his discourses,” he said.
The Nobel laureate, he said, was the country’s most respected guest since 1959 and Arunachal Pradesh deserves his visit more than any other place.
This is the Dalai Lama’s sixth visit to Arunachal Pradesh as a state guest since 1983 and he has been to Tawang every time except in December 1996.
His last visit in 2009 was planned exactly 50 years after he had crossed through Arunachal Pradesh, then North East Frontier Agency, after escaping from Lhasa.
TIBET’S PAST AND FUTURE – JUST A STONE’S THROW AWAY
Tibet during its past came under attacks by Chinese Empire and British Empire. Fortunately, Russian Empire never attacked Tibet while British had suspicions about Russian Empire’s expansion. After the downfall of Manchu China or Qing Dynasty in 1911, Tibet declared full independence to come under attack by Red China soon after her founding on October 01, 1949.
In my analysis, Tibet will regain full independence in near future. In my expectation, human interventions like War or Peace will not decide Tibet’s Future. Calamity, Catastrophe, Disaster, and Doom that will strike Beijing suddenly will decide Tibet’s Future.. My answer for Tibet’s Future: “BEIJING DOOMED.” Tibet’s Future or Destiny involves the Deciding ‘Event; It’s Just A Stone’s Throw Away.
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DIIR to Host a Symposium on ‘Tibet’s Past, Present and Future—What is the Way Forward?’
December 15, 2016
By Staff Writer
Delhi, December 15, 2016: The Department of Information and International Relations (DIIR) of Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) is releasing a book titled ‘Tibet is not a part of China but the Middle Way remains a Viable Solution.’ The flagship book which is CTA’s report on situation inside Tibet under the Chinese occupation is published in three languages- Tibetan, English and Chinese.
According to Sikyong Dr. Lobsang Sangay, “China has time and again made every effort to create a pristine image of Tibet that is out of touch with reality. Soon after its formation in 1949, the People’s Republic of China occupied Tibet under the guise of ‘liberation.’ Since then, people inside Tibet have expressed their deep resistance against China’s Tibet policies through numerous peaceful protests. It is quite clear that issues such as the reincarnation of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, the degradation of Tibet’s ecosystem, the rapid urbanization of Tibetan rural areas have a direct impact on the world at large. Therefore we are releasing this publication in three languages to present the current situation inside Tibet under the Chinese rule and share our position on these issues in order to draw international attention and generate public discourse on the best way forward to resolving the issue of Tibet, that is through the Middle Way Approach.”
Along with Sikyong Dr. Lobsang Sangay, former diplomat and MP, Shri Mani Shankar Aiyar and academic and writer Prof. Madhu Kishwar will grace the book launch.
DIIR will also organize a symposium on ‘Tibet’s Past, Present and Future—What is the Way Forward?’ Both the book launch and the symposium will take place at the Speaker Hall, Constitution Club of India in New Delhi on December 17, 2017 from 11:00 to 16:30. The event will be streamed live on Tibet TV’s YouTube and Facebook page.
The high-profile symposium, will bring together political leaders, thinkers, intellectuals, academicians and policy makers from across the world to discuss about Tibet. The day-long symposium will feature three plenary sessions to discuss– Tibet’s Historical Past, Current situation in Tibet under China’s occupation and Middle Way Policy—the Way Forward.
Dr. Lobsang Sangay, Sikyong (Political Leader), Central Tibetan Administration, Dharamsala, Prof. Brahma Chellaney, Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi, Claude Arpi, Historian and Tibetologist, Auroville, Prof. Dibyesh Anand, University of Westminster, London, Jayadeva Ranade, Centre for China Analysis and Strategy, New Delhi and Kate Saunders, International Campaign for Tibet, Washington D.C., will speak on the issues informing Tibet’s past, present and future.
“We hope that the symposium will help widen the horizon of intellectual discourse and dialogue on Tibet, it’s history, it’s present status and it’s future directions,”— said Dhardon Sharling, Information Secretary, DIIR.
Tenzin Lekshey, Media Officer, Tibet Bureau Office in Delhi,-8585901465
Jamphel Shonu, Press Officer, DIIR, CTA- 9882603374
The front cover of the flagship book available in Tibetan, English and Chinese languages.
2016 Central Tibetan Administration
TROUBLE IN TIBET – ILLEGAL ACTIONS OF RED CHINA
Red China’s construction of hydropower plants and river damming activity in Tibet is “ILLEGAL” for Occupation of Tibet is illegal.
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China starts construction of Tibet’s biggest hydropower plant on upper reaches of Yangtze River
Power plant expected to provide electricity to developed eastern provinces
PUBLISHED : Saturday, 30 April, 2016, 4:01am
China has started construction of the first hydropower station on the Jinsha River – part of the upper reaches of the Yangtze River – that will supply electricity to the economically well-off regions in the country’s east, official media reported.
The Suwalong hydro power project at the junction of Mangkam county in Tibet and Batang county in Sichuan province has a design capacity of 1.2 gigawatts and will be able to generate about 5,400 gigawatt hours of electricity a year when completed in 2021, Xinhua reported.
The design capacity is more than double that of the Zangmu hydropower plant, Tibet’s largest existing hydro project, which was completed in October on the Yarlung Zongbo river.
It is hoped that the 18 billion yuan (HK$21.5 billion) Suwalong dam, could pave the way for other projects in the headwaters of the adjacent Nu (Salween) and Lancang (Mekong) rivers to “fuel development” of hydro power in Tibet, the official website Tibet.cn reported.
China’s second largest dam the Xiluodu dam, under construction along the Jinsha River in Yongshan County, Yunnan near the border Sichuan.
The Suwalong project will also boost local social and economic development in Tibet, according to the website.
Construction of the 112-metre-high dam is expected to start next year.
Developed by China Huadian Corp, the Suwalong dam is being built at a time when the weak grid infrastructure and falling demand for electricity has left many hydropower stations lying idle in the mountainous southwest region.
More that 20,000 GWh of hydro electricity were not used in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, which neighbour Tibet, in 2014. Energy experts estimated that enough water to generate 40,000 GWh was simply allowed to run through turbines in the region last year.
Copyright © 2016 South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.
RAISING TIBET – RAISING TIBET AWARENESS
Mother Nature has vast resources of energy which she is slowly spending over the last 50 million years to Raise Tibet with ease and without any apparent effort. Surprisingly, humans are spending more energy as compared to Mother Nature’s energy expenditure to Raise Tibet. I am not resourceful like Mother Nature. My efforts to Raise Tibet Awareness is lot more challenging for Red China with her superior military force occupied Tibet which could not offer significant resistance. Tibet existed as Independent Nation with full control on its internal affairs even during times of Mongol and Manchu China Empires. As such Tibet is not part of China at any time in human history. There are two issues of primary concern; 1. Action of Natural Forces Raising Tibet, and 2. Red China’s use of Military Force to Occupy Tibet which demands Raising Tibet Awareness.
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April 28, 2016 11.30pm EDT
MIKE SANDIFORD Professor of Geology, University of Melbourne
Disclosure statement: Mike Sandiford receives funding from the Australian Research Council for research into the tectonics of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate.
University of Melbourne and Victoria State Government provide funding as founding partners of The Conversation AU.
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It’s more than a little disconcerting to wake every hour or so, gasping for air, suffocating.
It happened to me during a field season in southern Tibet camped at about 5400 metres above sea level. With my normal sleep breathing patterns, I just couldn’t get enough oxygen.
We were working in an area known as the Kampa dome, some 50 kilometres north of the border with India and about 150 kilometres east of Mount Everest.
Crossing a pass into the Kampa dome, southern Tibet, elevation 5500 metres.
The Kampa dome is a sort of giant geological “blister”. The dome, which is about 25 kilometres across, comprises a core of rocks originating deep within the Tibetan crust now exposed beneath a carapace of much shallower rocks.
Google Earth image of the Kampa dome in southern Tibet, viewed from the south-east. The dome rises to almost 6000 metres above sea level at its highest point. The lighter coloured rocks in the valleys in the core of the dome are granites and metamorphic rocks that have been forced up through a carapace of darker coloured and shallower sedimentary rocks, now exposed around the rim of the dome and along the ridge crests in its core. Image obtained from Google Earth – 29/04/2016
Kampa is just one of a number of domes distributed in a belt along the southern boundary of Tibet, not far north of the Himalaya. These domes attract the attention of geologists interested in what’s going on deep under Tibet and in the sequence of events that raised the plateau over the last 50 million years or so.
And that is not just of geological interest. The Tibetan plateau is so large, and so high, that it influences the global pattern of atmospheric circulation. So the raising of Tibet has had a profound impact on the evolution of the modern climate system. It is one of the elements in the transition from the green-house world of the dinosaur era to the ice-house world in which our own species has evolved.
Our work in Kampa was part of a broader program investigating the magnitude of the forces that drive tectonic plate motion. Amongst other things, getting a handle on those forces is important for understanding what limits the heights of our great mountain ranges such as the Himalaya.
The particular issue that motivated our interest in Kampa was the idea that weak rocks heated beneath Tibet were being, or had been, squeezed outwards to the south in a giant pincer movement by the ongoing convergence between the Indian and Asian plates. The idea that the rocks exposed in Kampa, as well as in the high Himalaya, are a kind of geological “toothpaste” is quite a departure from the conventional view that the mountain system has been created by stacking of thrust sheets one on top of the other.
One of the master faults lying above this purported channel of extruded rock is exposed high up in the face of Everest beneath a limestone that was deposited immediately prior to the raising of Tibet. The southern Tibetan domes make for rather easier and less dangerous field work than the face of Everest.
More than any other, mountain landscapes manifest the awesome power of our restless planet. In the rarefied atmosphere high up in the Kampa, the sense of awe was greatly magnified, especially with the Himalaya towering above the horizon.
The amount of energy involved in building these mountains, in lifting those 50 million year old limestones out of the sea to now sit high up the slopes of Everest, is simply mind-boggling, or so you would think.
To give you a sense, let’s calculate it.
Even though it involves some big numbers, the calculation is really quite trivial. We simply multiply the area of the plateau (about 2.5 million square kilometres ) by the work done against gravity. To lift a column of the crust one square metre in area by 4-5 kilometres takes about 4 trillion joules.
Harmonising units, and we get our estimate of the work done against gravity in raising Tibet – about 10 yottajoules (think “10” followed by 24 zeros).
The trouble with big numbers such as these, and one reason they feel so daunting, is we have no natural reference frame to make comparisons.
So let’s compare it to the energy we humans consume to run our daily lives. We could ask how many years would it take to raise Tibet if we put all human energy consumption to work.
In its Statistical review of world energy BP estimated the human primary energy consumption in 2015 at 550 exajoules (that is 550 followed by 18 zeros). At that rate, and neglecting inefficiencies, it would take about 20,000 years to raise Tibet.
While that’s a long time, it’s far less than the 50 million years that nature took to raise Tibet.
In fact, the rate we consume energy is around 2000 times greater than the 10 gigawatt rate nature has been storing it in the raising of Tibet.
Here in Victoria, with a population at about 6 million, we consume electrical power at a rate of about 5 gigawatts. Making that electricity is only about 30% efficient, and so the burning of coal releases heat at a rate of about 15 gigawatts.
We use energy at a rate, quite literally, that could make mountains move.
Now that is something I think really is mind-boggling.
We were guided in our work in the Kampa in 2004 by local herders. It’s hard to imagine more hardy folk. While communication from Tibetan to Chinese to English and back again meant many nuances were missed, it was a special experience. It seemed our guides hadn’t had much to do with westerners before, and we were quite a source of amusement for them. Indeed, it seemed to me there was a very real sense of fun in the way they went about their daily life on the top of world.
Our Tibetan guides in one of the glacial valleys high in the Kampa dome, southern Tibet.
A particular highlight was their invitation, on our arrival, to join for some authentic yak’s butter tea. At these heights with little oxygen, not much fuel and with everything just a little damp, cooking is challenging. Burning damp goat dung in the close environment of a yurt produces an awful lot of foul-smelling, acrid smoke, but not much heat. I didn’t much enjoy the taste of the rancid butter either. While the invitation to join with our Tibetan hosts in their summer home remains one of my most treasured experiences, it was with some personal relief that I declined a second “cuppa”, doubting I could hold any more down.
Enjoying yak butter tea inside our host’s yurt at over 5000 metres above sea level in Southern Tibet.
Despite it’s remoteness, this is a region in transition, for many reasons. One of my enduring memories of the Kampa is captured in the photo below, showing the alarming degradation of the thin soils that mantle these recently de-glaciated landscapes.
Like so many parts of the world, soil loss in the Tibetan plateau is an issue of critical importance. As this photograph dramatically illustrates, the thin soils that mantle the rocky, recently de-glaciated landscape in the Kampa appear to be degrading at a frightening pace .
The story of what we are doing to soils on this planet is an issue of immense importance, for all people.
Copyright © 2010–2016, The Conversation US, Inc.
RED CHINA URGES DIPLOMATS AND U.N. TO BOYCOTT DALAI LAMA IN GENEVA – CHINA’S WAR OF INTIMIDATION
Red China’s War of Intimidation at The Graduate Institute, Geneva is sign and symptom of ‘Trouble in Tibet’. Red China is urging diplomats and United Nations officials to boycott Dalai Lama in Geneva “due to his separatist activities.” Red China cannot justify her military occupation of Tibet by accusing Dalai Lama of ‘Separatism’. As such, Tibet is Not Part of China, and Tibet is Never Part of China. Tibet’s military occupation contributed to erosion of Human Rights and Dalai Lama has right to defend Human Rights in Tibet.
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World | Thu Mar 10, 2016 11:16am GMT
Exclusive – China urges diplomats and U.N. to boycott Dalai Lama in Geneva
GENEVA | By STEPHANIE NEBEHAY
Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama pauses as he delivers the Jangchup Lamrim teachings at the Tashi Lhunpo Monastery in Bylakuppe in Karnataka, India, December 25, 2015.
Reuters/Abhishek N. Chinnappa
GENEVA China has written to diplomats and U.N. officials urging them not to attend a Geneva event on Friday where the Dalai Lama will speak, reasserting that it opposes his appearance at all venues due to his “separatist activities”.
Reuters reported in October that China is waging a campaign of intimidation, obstruction and harassment that Western diplomats and activists say is aimed at silencing criticism of its human rights record at the United Nations.
In a letter seen by Reuters on Thursday, China’s diplomatic mission in Geneva raised objections about the presence of Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader on the panel of Nobel laureates, being held at the Geneva Graduate Institute.
“Inviting the 14th Dalai Lama to the aforementioned event violates the sovereignty and territorial integrity of China, in contravention of the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter. China resolutely opposes the 14th Dalai Lama’s separatist activities in whatever capacity and in whatever name in any country, organisation or event,” it said.
The letter was dated March 8, the day that the event – being sponsored by the United States and Canada – was announced.
“The Permanent Mission of China kindly requests the Permanent Missions of all Member States, U.N. agencies and relevant International Organizations not to attend the above-mentioned event, nor meet the 14th Dalai Lama and his clique.”
The Dalai Lama, who won the Nobel Peace Price in 1989, fled into exile in India in 1959 after an abortive uprising against Communist rule. China views him as a separatist, but the monk says he only wants genuine autonomy for his Himalayan homeland.
No delegation is making a formal complaint about China at the four-week session but there has been criticism recently of its mass arrests of lawyers, including from the United States.
A joint statement critical of China, sponsored by about a dozen countries including the United States, is to be read out at the forum on Thursday around midday (1200 GMT), the U.S. mission’s spokesman in Geneva said.
He declined to comment on China’s request for a boycott, saying: “I refer you to Chinese authorities for their views. We do not comment on the substance of our diplomatic exchanges.”
Philippe Burrin, director of the Geneva institute, said that “pressures are being applied from various sides” but the event would not be cancelled.
“This is a question of freedom of expression and academic freedom to organise an event,” he told Reuters.
“It is not an event on Tibet, it is not on a politically sensitive subject, i.e. territorial issues, but on the role of civil society in promoting human rights,” he said.
U.N. Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights, Kate Gilmore, the panel’s moderator, is believed to be one of the first senior U.N. officials to meet the Dalai Lama.
The event, which also features Nobel laureates from Iran and Yemen, is taking place on the sidelines of the annual session of the U.N. Human Rights Council, which monitors and examines violations worldwide.
Thursday is the fifty-seventh anniversary of the beginning of the Tibetan people’s peaceful uprising against China’s invasion and occupation of Tibet.
(Editing by Louise Ireland)
Thomson Reuters is the world’s largest international multimedia news agency. Reuters.com
TIBET FASCINATION – TRIBUTE TO DAVID BOWIE
Tibet is a fascinating place with equally fascinating people. The following tribute to musician David Bowie(January 08, 1947 to January 10, 2016) captures an interesting facet of this artist.
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David Bowie’s fascination with Tibet and Buddhism
January 11, 2016 by JUSTIN WHITAKER
With the very sad passing of the great David Bowie, tributes have poured in from around the world. Bowie, as the NYTimes writes, “Transcended Music, Art and Fashion.” Among them a number have noted his youthful connections with Buddhism, which was growing in popularity in the England of the 1960s. Of particular interest is an in-depth blog dedicated to the songs of Bowie, aptly named “Pushing Ahead of the Dame: David Bowie, song by song.” In one post there, the author, Chris O’Leary, recounts Bowie’s early fascination with the Tibet and Buddhism of Heinrich Harrer’s 1952 book “Seven Years In Tibet”:
David Bowie discovered Buddhism in his early teens, thanks to his step-brother Terry’s beatnik leanings, the novels of Jack Kerouac and a few Penguin paperbacks that gave him the basic schematics of the religion. It was Harrer’s book that set him a-boil: “When I was about nineteen I became an overnight Buddhist,” he recalled in 1997. “At that age a very influential book for me was called “Seven Years In Tibet”…[Harrer] was one of the very first Westerners to ever spend any time in Tibet; in fact, one of the very first Westerners actually to go into Tibet and discover for himself this extraordinary existence and this incredibly sublime philosophy.” “Silly Boy Blue,” Bowie’s first Buddhist song, was inspired by Harrer’s descriptions of Lhasa and the Dalai Lama’s winter palace of Potala, the song opening with the yak-butter statues made for celebration days.
– Pushing Ahead of the Dame | Seven Years in Tibet
Rod Meade Sperry at Lion’s Roar writes that Bowie nearly became a Buddhist at Samye Ling, the monastery of up-and-coming “Crazy Wisdom” guru Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche, in Scotland in 1967:
“I was within a month of having my head shaved, taking my vows, and becoming a monk,” Bowie has said about that period of his life. But, as the story goes, he was torn and so sought Trungpa’s counsel. His reply to the famous young seeker? That he should remain a musician, for that was how he could be of the most benefit.
Writing for the Guardian in 2013, Sean O’Hagen casts doubt on how influential Buddhism was on the young Bowie:
In the mid to late 1960s, he immersed himself deeply, but often briefly, in whatever caught his imagination, whether Buddhism – he went on a retreat to a Buddhist community in Scotland in 1967 – or mime – studying seriously under Lindsay Kemp, his first artistic mentor.
Aligned to all this cosmic adventurism, though, was his oddly old-fashioned attraction to showbusiness, vaudeville and musicals. As the pop-culture historian Jon Savage points out, Bowie’s eponymously titled debut album, released in 1967, is “almost defiant in the way that it contains almost no trace of contemporary pop modes. Despite Bowie’s deep interest in Buddhism, he had no sympathy with the hippy package: the record was a strange mixture of exaggerated, cockney vocals – inspired both by Anthony Newley and Syd Barrett – intricate arrangements and songs that constantly shifted tone and mood, from horror to farce, from Edwardiana to fairytales and back again.”
At the Hollowverse, Tom Kershaw writes that:
Like so many aspects of this man, Bowie is difficult to pin down–even to himself. By his own account, he’s tried about every religion in the book, saying:
I was young, fancy free, and Tibetan Buddhism appealed to me at that time. I thought, ‘There’s salvation.’ It didn’t really work. Then I went through Nietzsche, Satanism, Christianity… pottery, and ended up singing. It’s been a long road.
But in his advanced years, Bowie’s real spiritual views have come out. He said:
I’m not quite an atheist and it worries me. There’s that little bit that holds on: Well, I’m almost an atheist. Give me a couple of months. [in
The Hollowverse | The religion and political views of David Bowie
However, returning once more to “Pushing Ahead of the Dame” we find it argued that Buddhism was indeed an influence on early Bowie songs. There O’Leary writes that Bowie “meant for the backing chorus of his  single “Baby Loves That Way” to sound like chanting monks.” Have a listen:
And his 1967 “Silly Boy Blue” tells the story of a rule-breaking boy in the streets of Tibet’s capital city Lhasa:
Though some of his colleagues and friends in the late Sixties considered Bowie’s Buddhist leanings to be hip affectations, others saw a more fervent side of him. The journalist George Tremlett and Bowie’s housemate/lover Mary Finnigan attested that Bowie was serious about Buddhism, speaking to them for hours about it. Whether he truly meant to join a Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Scotland, which he visited in late 1967, is very questionable. What’s not is that the symbols of Buddhism, its sutras, its concepts like reincarnation (see “Quicksand”), the Oversoul and astral projection (see “Did You Ever Have a Dream“), were essential to Bowie’s growth as a songwriter. Buddhism gave him a reservoir of imagery to use: it gave him a spiritual scaffolding.
Pushing Ahead of the Dame | Seven Years in Tibet
The Chinese invasion and occupation of Tibet further spurred Bowie’s interest in and sympathy for Tibetan Buddhism.
When you’re kind of young and idealist we were protesting the invasion of Tibet by China. And thirty years later they’re still there. Nothing has really moved. And more than anything else it was the lectures that the Dalai Lama has been doing over the last couple of years that really prodded me a bit. Made me feel quite guilty that I’ve known about this situation quite well and quite intimately for many, many years—that I hadn’t actually come out and made my stance on what I feel about it. So I guess that song [Seven Years in
Tibet, below] in a way was to make some kind of amends.
Bowie, radio interview, 1997. [from Pushing Ahead of the Dame | Seven Years in
In that year he released the very dark “Seven Years in Tibet” with lyrics including: ‘Are you OK? | You’ve been shot in the head | And I’m holding your brains,’ | The old woman said…
Speaking of the song, Bowie noted:
The subtext of the song is really some of the desperation and agony felt by young Tibetans who have had their families killed and themselves have been reduced to mere ciphers in their own country.
Bowie, 1997. [from Pushing Ahead of the Dame | Seven Years in
A figure sitting cross-legged on the floor he’s clogged and clothed in saffron robes
His beads are all he owns
Slow down, slow down
Someone must have said that slow him down
Slow down, slow down
It’s pictured on the arms of the karma man
Karma Man (1967)
R.I.P. David Bowie (January 8, 1947 – Jan 10, 2016)
Copyright 2008-2015, Patheos. All rights reserved.
TIBET CONSCIOUSNESS – TO BE OR NOT TO BE IS THE FIRST QUESTION
Tibetan Exiles like all other human beings may face a perplexing question about their Identity. To Be Tibetan, Or Not To Be Tibetan is the First Question. Man is a terrestrial creature and his identity is largely shaped by his natural habitat. To be a Tibetan in Tibet is easy and natural. For Tibetans living in exile for a long time, alienation from native land poses a painful choice. To resolve this crisis, if I could help, I prefer to remove any superimposition of Chinese Identity over Tibetan territory. I prefer the second choice, “Take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing end them?”
LONG LIVE TIBETAN RESISTANCE.
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Image Credit. Tibetans in Exile. Natalia Davidovich
Tibet in Limbo: An Exile’s Account of Citizenship in a World of Nation-States
The international community needs to address the plight of Tibetan refugees.
By Tenzin Pelkyi for The Diplomat
January 06, 2016
Recently, an Al Jazeera article offered a profile of statelessness which featured tales of refugees from around the world. From Tibet to Kazakhstan, Syria to the Dominican Republican, the intimate glimpses of life for the millions of dislocated individuals in countries across the globe highlighted the common obstacles faced by those forced to flee their ancestral lands.
Tibet is a prime example of this 21st century phenomenon of statelessness in a world of nation-states. In fact, many parallels have been drawn between the troubled Himalayan region and stateless peoples from the Palestinians to the Kurds.
In 2015, a number of important events took place in the secretive underbelly of Tibetan exile politics – a world unto itself for those of us who have to navigate it either as members of the in group (Tibetan exiles) or out group (non-Tibetan activists, scholars, journalists), including the Tibetan exile elections, inception of the Tibetan feminist movement, the rising numbers of self-immolation protests in Tibet, and a major rebranding of the official Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) policy of “genuine autonomy” for Tibet (i.e. “The Middle Way”).
As such, I think it’s important to properly contextualize the article and clarify a few key points in regard to the issue of Tibetan refugees.
Having personally been born after the cut-off point for Indian citizenship granted to Tibetan refugees after the 2010 ruling, I, like many others, take issue with the arbitrary window period for citizenship. Although it’s certainly better than no such law at all, there is still a restriction on citizenship for future Tibetan refugees and an entire generation excluded from this opportunity. Tibetans like myself, who were naturalized in the U.S. after relocating through the special visa provision for Tibetan refugees included in the Immigration Act of 1990, are privileged in holding American citizenship. But there are far more in the settlements in India who are not so fortunate.
Beyond the issue of a cut-off point for citizenship, the very idea of Indian citizenship was hotly debated in the Tibetan exile community. Those advocating for Tibetan independence, which the exile administration opposes, have argued that granting exiles Indian citizenship when the administration is headquartered in India would negate the very existence of such an entity. An official name change of the CTA was posed in 2012 and met with vocal opposition for restricting its jurisdiction to “the Tibetan exile people,” encompassing only the exile population of roughly 128,000 rather than the entire population of Tibet (over 6 million). Indian citizenship thus has tremendous implications for any prospects for Tibetan statehood.
With the rise of disputes between Tibetan exiles in the Indian settlements and locals, legal protections for Tibetan refugees are becoming an increasing concern. Tibetan exiles are required to carry and renew a registration certificate and an identity card to travel overseas. A lack of citizenship means Tibetans are unable to own land and travel freely. Harsh penalties, including incidents of arrest, for the mere failure to renew these documents have further heightened fears over the tenuous nature of exile in the settlements. Restrictions on employment opportunities in India have also contributed to growing debate over Indian citizenship.
As we head into the new year, the plight of Tibetan refugees must be more fully addressed by the international community, lest we have yet another global humanitarian crisis on our hands.
Tenzin Pelkyi is a writer, activist, and law student. She sits on the board of the Asian American Organizing Project and is also the founder/editor of the Tibetan Feminist Collective. She writes and speaks regularly about Tibet, Asian American advocacy, reproductive rights, and racial justice.
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