WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE TRUTH:
Hegel developed theories of Reality, Absolute Spirit, Absolute Mind, Absolute Reason, Whole Truth, World Soul and others. He had influenced most facets of modern philosophy. According to Hegel, reality is Absolute Mind, Reason or Spirit which manifests itself in both natural and human history. This Mind is universal and therefore cannot be identified with the mind of any particular person. He treated all reality as the creation of Mind or Spirit. The philosophy of Idealism makes the attempt to account for all objects in nature and experience as representatives of the mind( ideas ). Hegel identified the whole of Reality with what he called ‘the Absolute’ and interpreted the whole of human history as the progressive self-realization of this Absolute Spirit. His famous dictum: “The real is rational and the rational real”, is an expression of the identity of reality and the rational process. Because reality is rational, it acts in accordance with the laws of reasoning. To understand the nature of thought, then, is to understand the nature of reality as a whole. Hegel held that all previous philosophical speculations had failed to give a clear view of reality. As per his view, the attempt to understand the apparently individual and unconnected phenomena of nature, history, and human life through separate categories of thought is utterly mistaken. He insisted that Reality can only be understood as a totality: “the Truth is the Whole.” At the center of the universe, Hegel posited an enveloping Absolute Spirit that guides all reality, including human reason. His absolute Idealism envisages a World-Soul that develops from, and is known through a process of change and progress termed as Hegelian Dialectic. He described the dialectical nature of Mind’s activity. According to the Laws of Dialectic, one idea or concept or proposition (‘thesis’) inevitably generates its opposite (‘antithesis’), their conflict or interaction generates a new concept or ‘Synthesis’ which in turn becomes the ‘thesis’ of a new triad. Thus he developed the concept of Mind or Spirit that manifested itself in a set of contradictions and oppositions that it ultimately integrated and united without eliminating either pole or reducing one to the other. His philosophy enables human beings to comprehend the historical unfolding of the ‘Absolute’. He traced the progression of consciousness from sense perception to absolute knowledge. He had influenced people such as Jean Paul Sartre (Existentialism) and Karl Marx (Dialectical Materialism and Communism), and had influenced the development of Positivism (Auguste Comte), and Analytic Philosophy.
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