In 1574, Mongol Emperor Altan Khan offered Sonam Gyatso,Tibetan High-ranking Lama, the title of ‘Dalai Lama’ which literally means ‘Ocean of Wisdom’. As the title was applied posthumously to two of his preceding Lamas, Sonam Gyatso became the Third Dalai Lama of Tibet. In 1588, he died while teaching in Mongolia. The Great Fifth Dalai Lama founded the Ganden Phodrang Government of Tibet in 1642. The successive Dalai Lamas have headed the Tibetan State for nearly four centuries.
The 14th Dalai Lama is on a four day visit to Mongolia despite Red China’s objections. His visit strengthens centuries-old Tibet-Mongolia Relations.