Antislavery Campaign of 2018
OLD AGE MONTHLY RETIREMENT INCOME BENEFIT IS A HUMAN RIGHT
At the Headquarters Establishment No. 22 also known as Special Frontier Force, I served to defend the Human Rights of men who are neither citizens nor refugees of the United States which employed us. For that reason, I examine the Human Rights of workers who work in the United States without being citizens or refugees.
The most important characteristic of Labor is that it consumes time while the man performing Labor experiences the relentless aging process without any concern for his nationality status. Providing income security in Old Age is a humanitarian concern for it defends the human dignity of all people who suffer from the inevitable consequences of the eternal Law of Aging.
Having served the US exposing my life to extreme risk of premature death, I must expose ‘The Clinton Curse’ that endangers the lives of all the US residents irrespective of their Nationality Status.
President Bill Clinton’s Slavery Mandate of 1996 constitutes disobedience of LORD’s Commandment to choose Life and to avoid the danger of eternal Death.
Undocumented immigrants pay billions of dollars in federal taxes each year
© Alexia Fernández Campbell/Vox Earvin Gonzalez assists an undocumented taxpayer in suburban Washington, D.C.
One of the biggest misconceptions about undocumented immigrants is that they don’t pay any taxes. In his first address to Congress, President Trump set the tone for his coming immigration agenda when he said immigration costs US taxpayers “billions of dollars a year.”
A 2017 Gallup poll that asked survey respondents “whether immigrants to the United States are making the [tax] situation in the country better or worse” found that 41 percent said, “worse,” while only 23 percent said “better” (33 percent said they had “no effect”).
The reality is far different. Immigrants who are authorized to work in the United States pay the same taxes as US citizens. And, contrary to the persistent myth, undocumented immigrants do in fact pay taxes too. Millions of undocumented immigrants file tax returns each year, and they are paying taxes for benefits they can’t even use.
The best estimates come from research by the Institute of Taxation and Economic Policy, a Washington, DC, think tank, which suggests that about half of undocumented workers in the United States file income tax returns. The most recent IRS data, from 2015, shows that the agency received 4.4 million income tax returns from workers who don’t have Social Security numbers, which includes a large number of undocumented immigrants. That year, they paid $23.6 billion in income taxes.
· Those undocumented workers paid taxes for benefits they can’t even use, like Social Security and Medicare. They also aren’t eligible for benefits like the earned income tax credit. But the IRS still expects unauthorized immigrants to file their taxes, and many of them do so.
Filing taxes helps immigrants create a paper trail to show when they entered the country and how long they’ve been contributing tax dollars. Many are hoping it will help them get legal status one day. That has happened in past reform efforts, and one of the first requirements is usually to prove that a person has been paying taxes. That was the case for the undocumented youth granted temporary work permits under President Obama’s deportation relief program, known as DACA.
· So, despite all the political rhetoric, undocumented immigrants are not a drain or burden on the government.
How unauthorized immigrants pay their taxes
In April 2017, I visited Casa de Maryland in Rockville, Maryland, which hosts two federally subsidized centers where low-income workers can file their taxes for free. That year, they had helped about 200 undocumented immigrants file their taxes, and many were waiting in line with their paperwork when I stopped by.
I watched tax preparer Earvin Gonzalez go through the process of helping undocumented immigrants file their taxes. Maria, whose last name is being withheld because of her immigration status, handed him a folder with tax documents from two jobs. Her W-2 showed that a housecleaning company paid her $17,288 in 2015.
As Gonzalez filled out her information in a computer software program, a green box popped up on the computer screen: “Taxpayer’s Social Security number is not valid.”
· That wasn’t a surprise. The 36-year-old woman from El Salvador is undocumented, and she told me that she made up the Social Security number on the W-2 form because she doesn’t have one. Her employer never asked for identification to verify it, she says. Instead, she has an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN), created by the IRS in 1996 so people who aren’t allowed to work in the United States could still file taxes on any income they earned. (The IRS does not share ITIN information with immigration authorities.)
Maria said she applied for an ITIN number shortly after arriving illegally in the United States from El Salvador in 2009. People told her that having a record of paying taxes would help her with her case to gain legal status if immigration reform happened.
Comprehensive immigration reform failed in Congress, but Maria is still paying her taxes every year. “I think it’s important, and all my relatives pay their taxes too,” she told me.
· Last year, her tax documents also included two 1099 forms, for her second job as a contractor.
“What kind of jobs were these?” Gonzalez asked her in Spanish.
“After cleaning houses, I would go lay concrete in parking lots,” she said.
Those two jobs brought in a total of $24,845 last year, and Maria still needed to pay taxes on that income. Gonzalez entered some deductions, such as the $1,500 she spent on equipment to pour and level concrete and the 12,000 miles she drove between job sites. Maria, who is a single mom, claimed two dependents: her 16-year-old son and 13-year-old daughter. With her ITIN number, she was able to claim child tax credits, but not the earned income tax credit, the major federal tax credit for low-income working families.
· In the end, Maria owed $1,131 in income taxes to the state of Maryland and $775 to the federal government. She said she had some money saved up because she knew she would have a tax bill at the end of the year from the contracting jobs. But she said she will probably get on a payment plan with the IRS. If Maria had qualified for the earned income tax credit, her tax bill would probably have been about $500 lower.
Unauthorized immigrants boost funding for the Social Security system
It’s true that not all undocumented immigrants pay federal income taxes, because the government has no way to keep track of their under-the-table earnings. The IRS can withhold taxes from those hired with fake Social Security numbers, but workers who get paid in cash could simply choose not to report it, unless they voluntarily file a return with an ITIN number.
Still, all undocumented workers fund public schools and local government services by paying sales and property taxes like everyone else. The Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy estimates that they pay about $11.7 billion a year in state and local taxes.
And workers who get a paycheck, like Maria, still have payroll taxes for Medicare and Social Security withheld from their paycheck, even if they put a fake Social Security number on their W-2 form. The IRS estimates that unauthorized workers pay about $9 billion in payroll taxes annually.
In Maria’s case, the W-2 form showed that she paid $1,072 into Social Security and $251 into Medicare, two social safety net programs she may never benefit from.
A portion of the payroll tax withheld from undocumented immigrants — like all workers — goes to the retirement trust fund at the Social Security Administration. In 2013, the agency reviewed how much money undocumented workers contributed to the retirement trust fund. The number was astonishing: $13 billion in one year.
The chief actuary of the Social Security Administration, Stephen Goss, estimates that about 1.8 million immigrants were working with fake or stolen Social Security cards in 2010, and he expects that number to reach 3.4 million by 2040.
“We estimate that earnings by unauthorized immigrants result in a net positive effect on Social Security financial status generally,” Goss concluded in the 2013 review.
These numbers are a stark contrast to the often repeated rhetoric that undocumented immigrants are a drain on the US economy. Even most Americans seem to think so — in a 2014 Reuters poll, 63 percent of people surveyed said they believe undocumented immigrants burdened the economy.
Emiliano, a 57-year-old undocumented day laborer from Honduras, told me that he knows many people assume he doesn’t pay his taxes. He doesn’t care. He just hopes one day it will help him get legal status.
When I told him the chances don’t look good under the Trump administration, he shrugged.
“You have to have hope in something,” he said.
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION – NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD ON OCTOBER 18, 2018
Social Security Administration, Great Lakes Program Service Center, Chicago wields its long baseball bat to hit the Septuagenarian Senior Alien with its Notice of Slavery Award on October 18, 2018.
Social Security Administration writes to Senior Alien to inform:
“What You Should Know
We changed your monthly benefit to $1,605.20 as of January 2018. We found that your prior amount was incorrect.
We cannot pay you monthly benefits at this time.
We changed your benefit amount to give you credit for your 2017 earnings. We did not include these earnings when we figured your benefit amount before.”
It reminds me of the ‘Curse’ uttered by LORD God Creator in the Book of Genesis, Chapter 3, verses 17 to 19:
In my analysis, it is very easy to punish the Senior Alien by simply withholding his monthly retirement income benefit payment and force him to live the rest of his life through painful toil. I remind my readers to give attention to God’s pronouncement. The ground is “Cursed” to produce thorns and thistles for the Senior Alien as well as all the others who depend on the ground for their living.
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION – NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION – GREAT LAKES PROGRAM SERVICE CENTER – HAROLD WASHINGTON SOCIAL SECURITY CENTER – NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD:
· #CardPlayingDay :
GREAT LAKES PROGRAM SERVICE CENTER – HAROLD WASHINGTON SOCIAL SECURITY CENTER – NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD: #CARDPLAYINGDAY FOR RETIREMENT INSURANCE BENEFIT, WHO IS HOLDING THE CARDS??? WHO IS PLAYING THE GAME??? WHAT ARE THE RIGHTS OF SUBSCRIBER TO PLAY THE CARD GAME???
I want to tell my readers that the purpose of this article is not that of blaming any person who serves in the Social Security Administration(SSA). I truly appreciate their service and their contributions to the country and to the community.
It must be recognized that SSA has to perform its functions using the rules and regulations formulated by the applicable US laws passed by the US Congress. Ultimately, the problems reported in this article can only be resolved if the US Congress reviews the 1996 amendment to the Social Security Act of 1935.
This article pertains to the Senior Alien (#SeniorAlien) who received his Medicare Card with Medicare coverage effective from 07-01-2013.
On October 13, 2016, SSA informed the Senior Alien of his Social Security Benefits. His claim for Monthly Retirement Benefit changed to $1,508.60 as of January 2016. But, Social Security Administration cannot pay him his Monthly Benefits.
GREAT LAKES PROGRAM SERVICE CENTER – NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD: HAROLD WASHINGTON SOCIAL SECURITY CENTER, CHICAGO GETS UNIQUE PLACE OF DISTINCTION IN THE US HISTORY FOR ITS NOTICE OF AWARD, DATE. OCTOBER 13, 2016 AND AUGUST 16, 2014 OVERTURNED PRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLN’S EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION THAT ABOLISHED SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES. THIS DECISION VIOLATES THE US CONSTITUTION’S 13TH AMENDMENT.
GREAT LAKES PROGRAM SERVICE CENTER – NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD: THE NOTICE OF AWARD DATED OCTOBER 13, 2016 REVISED THE DECISION SENT ON AUGUST 16, 2014. BOTH IMPOSE SLAVERY, INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE, AND FORCED LABOR AS DEFINED BY THE PROVISIONS CONTAINED IN CHAPTER 77, TITLE 18 OF THE US CODE, SECTIONS, 1581, 1584, AND 1589 AND VIOLATES THE US CONSTITUTION’S 13TH AMENDMENT.
The word ‘DECISION’ is defined as the act of deciding a question or a claim by giving a judgment; it is a conclusion made with the firmness of mind, and it describes a determination reached or given. Social Security Administration, Great Lakes Program Service Center made a “DECISION” and sent a Notice of Award on October 13, 2016, which applied a change to its earlier Decision on August 16, 2014. This could be a very historical decision for it overturns the Emancipation Proclamation made by the US President Abraham Lincoln to abolish Slavery in the United States.
GREAT LAKES PROGRAM SERVICE CENTER – NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD: THE NOTICE OF AWARD, DATE. OCTOBER 13, 2016 AND EARLIER NOTICE ON AUGUST 16, 2014 COMMUNICATE A DECISION MADE BY SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION. THE IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCE OF THE DECISION IS THAT OF FORCING, COMPELLING, COERCING A SENIOR ALIEN TO PERFORM LABOR AGAINST HIS WILL BY CREATING “CLIMATE OF FEAR.” IT MUST BE NOTED THAT THE SENIOR ALIEN IS ISSUED A MEDICARE CARD AND THE MEDICARE COVERAGE IS EFFECTIVE FROM 07-01-2013. THE DECISION VIOLATES THE US CONSTITUTION’S 13TH AMENDMENT.
The Notice of Award communicated the ‘Decision’, the Determination, or Conclusion reached by Social Security Administration(SSA), Great Lakes Program Service Center, Harold Washington Social Security Center, 600 West Madison Street, Chicago IL 60661-2474 on August 16, 2014, and a Revised Decision on October 13, 2016.
1. The Decision has approved the applicant’s Claim for Retirement Benefit and the entitlement date is given as October 2014. It further added the applicant’s current monthly benefit rate of $1347.80 is changed to $1,508.60 as of January 2016. SSA issued a Medicare Card to the Senior Alien and the Medicare coverage is effective from 07-01-2013. However, the Decision is silent or mute for it has not shared any fact or information that has guided the Decision-making process and it fails to establish the legal basis and information that shaped this judgment. For reasons of fairness, clarity and to ensure the practice of the principle called ‘Equal Protection Under Law’, the Decision must explain the legal basis for this approval. The Decision must disclose the US Law that may provide the authority or sanctioning power to arrive at the Decision that grants the approval of the Claim for Social Security Retirement Insurance Benefit.
2. The Part-2 of the above Decision states that the Department cannot pay the monthly benefit of the Retirement Insurance. It must be noted that the Social Security Retirement Insurance Plan stands on the support of two pillars;
These are 1. The Contributions made by the Employee and his Employer as mandated by the Federal Insurance Contributions Act or FICA, and 2. The Age of the Plan Subscriber for the subscriber is paid monthly benefit after attaining a predetermined qualifying age called the ‘full retirement age’.
All employees working in the US are required by the Federal Law to subscribe to this SSA Retirement Insurance with or without immigration status. For example, US citizen who may not have earned enough ‘Credits’ and who may not have reached the qualifying age( currently at 66-years), is not eligible to apply for this Retirement Benefit. The Rules for ‘Lawful Presence’ or of ‘Immigrant Status’ do not establish the eligibility criteria to subscribe and contribute to the Social Security Public Trust Fund. These Rules for Lawful Presence in the US make the distinction between US citizens and others residing in the US performing work to earn their hourly wages.
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION – NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD. BEHOLD THE MAN. JOHN 19:5. SOCIAL SECURITY IMPOSES SLAVERY, SERFDOM, AND INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE VIOLATING RIGHT TO LIFE AND FREEDOM.
GREAT LAKES PROGRAM SERVICE CENTER – THE NOTICE OF SLAVERY AWARD: SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION MAKES DECISION ON AUGUST 16, 2014 AND OCTOBER 13, 2016 TO LEGALLY IMPOSE BURDEN OF INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE ON SENIOR ALIEN WHO IS NOT A CONVICTED FELON. SENIOR ALIEN WAS ISSUED MEDICARE CARD AND MEDICARE COVERAGE EFFECTIVE FROM JULY 01, 2014. BUT, SUSPENDS PAYMENT OF MONTHLY RETIREMENT INCOME BENEFIT.
I am asking my readers to behold the Senior Alien who has to live and experience consequences of the Notice of Award sent by Great Lakes Program Service Center – Harold Washington Social Security Center.
A number of provisions in the US Code target the problems of Involuntary Servitude, Slavery, and Forced Labor. These provisions are contained in Chapter 77 of Title 18. Section 1581 prohibits using force, the threat of force or the threat of legal coercion to compel a person to work against his/her will. Section 1584 of Title 18 makes it unlawful to hold a person in a condition of Slavery, that is a condition of compulsory service or labor against his/her will by use of actual force, threats of force, or threats of legal coercion. Section 1584 also prohibits compelling a person to work against his will by creating a “Climate of Fear” through the use of force, the threat of force, or the threat of legal coercion( i.e., if you don’t work, I’ll call the Immigration officials) which is sufficient to compel service against a person’s will. Section 1589 deals with Forced Labor and it broadens the definition of the kinds of coercion that might result in Forced Labor, whoever knowingly provides or obtains the labor or services of a person. 1. By threats of serious harm to or physical restraint against that person or another person, 2. By means of any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to cause the person to believe that if the person did not perform such labor or services, that person or another person would suffer serious harm or physical restraint; or 3. By means of the abuse or threatened abuse of Law or the Legal Process.
The Notice of Award violates the provisions contained in Chapter 77 of Title 18 US Code. By suspending Monthly Benefit Payments, Social Security Administration used the force of its authority to legally coerce Senior Alien to perform labor against his will if he desires to live in the US. The Decision ‘NOT’ to pay the Monthly Benefit creates a “Climate of Fear.”
The Senior Alien lives in the condition named Slavery for the Government Agency exercised power to withhold the Senior Alien’s property or financial assets invested in the Social Security Public Trust Fund. In other words, the Social Security Administration’s Notice of Award communicates a Decision causing the Demise of the Emancipation Proclamation abolishing Slavery in the US.
SEPTEMBER 22 – THIS DAY IN HISTORY – MY QUEST FOR FREEDOM TRAPS ME IN SLAVERY
On September 22, 1971, I was Taken on Strength (TOS) of Establishment No. 22, Special Frontier Force, a military organization created in response to ‘The Cold War in Asia.’
On September 22, 2018, I live in Ann Arbor, Michigan to welcome the first day of Fall Season. Today, I claim that my quest for Freedom in Occupied Tibet traps me in Slavery in a nation which abolished Slavery with a presidential proclamation on September 22.
On September 22, 1971, I had the freedom to reject my posting to Establishment No. 22. I was given the choice to choose or decline rendering service in support of Freedom in Occupied Tibet. The choice to serve in Establishment No. 22 comes with risks for the Service Mission differs from the military mission of Indian Army which I joined on a voluntary basis.
It may appear that I am making my own choices in accepting calculated risks to my life. On September 22, 2018, I am still struggling to reconcile with the choices I made for I must reconcile with the reality of my Slavery while living in a country which sponsored my quest for Freedom in Occupied Tibet.
On September 22, 1971, I did not arrive at the final destination of my life. Chakrata represents the struggle ahead, a struggle waiting for me before I can arrive at the final destination of my life.
SEPTEMBER 22, THIS DAY IN HISTORY – WHAT HAPPENED TODAY
Clipped from: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history
On this day in 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which sets a date for the freedom of more than 3 million black slaves in the United States and recasts the Civil War as a fight against slavery.
When the Civil War broke out in 1861, shortly after Lincoln’s inauguration as America’s 16th president, he maintained that the war was about restoring the Union and not about slavery. He avoided issuing an anti-slavery proclamation immediately, despite the urgings of abolitionists and radical Republicans, as well as his personal belief that slavery was morally repugnant. Instead, Lincoln chose to move cautiously until he could gain wide support from the public for such a measure.
In July 1862, Lincoln informed his cabinet that he would issue an emancipation proclamation but that it would exempt the so-called border states, which had slaveholders but remained loyal to the Union. His cabinet persuaded him not to make the announcement until after a Union victory. Lincoln’s opportunity came following the Union win at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862. On September 22, the president announced that slaves in areas still in rebellion within 100 days would be free.
On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation, which declared “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebel states “are, and henceforward shall be free.” The proclamation also called for the recruitment and establishment of black military units among the Union forces. An estimated 180,000 African-Americans went on to serve in the army, while another 18,000 served in the navy.
After the Emancipation Proclamation, backing the Confederacy was seen as favoring slavery. It became impossible for anti-slavery nations such as Great Britain and France, who had been friendly to the Confederacy, to get involved on behalf of the South. The proclamation also unified and strengthened Lincoln’s party, the Republicans, helping them stay in power for the next two decades.
The proclamation was a presidential order and not a law passed by Congress, so Lincoln then pushed for an antislavery amendment to the U.S. Constitution to ensure its permanence. With the passage of the 13th Amendment in 1865, slavery was eliminated throughout America (although blacks would face another century of struggle before they truly began to gain equal rights).
Lincoln’s handwritten draft of the final Emancipation Proclamation was destroyed in the Chicago Fire of 1871. Today, the original official version of the document is housed in the National Archives in Washington, D.C.
Also on this day
Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation is announced
Motivated by his growing concern for the inhumanity of slavery as well as practical political concerns, President Abraham Lincoln changes the course of the war and American history by issuing the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. Announced a week after the nominal Union victory at the Battle of Antietam, near Sharpsburg, Maryland.
President Kennedy signs Peace Corps legislation
In an important victory for his Cold War foreign policy, President John F. Kennedy signs legislation establishing the Peace Corps as a permanent government agency. Kennedy believed that the Peace Corps could provide a new and unique weapon in the war against communism.
President Ford survives a second assassination attempt
On this day in 1975, Sarah Jane Moore aims a gun at President Gerald Ford as he leaves the Saint Francis Hotel in San Francisco, California. The attempt on the president’s life came only 17 days after another woman had tried to assassinate Ford.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2018. MY PASSION FOR FREEDOM IN TIBET WHICH BEGAN AT CHAKRATA DOES NOT RECONCILE WITH MY SLAVERY OF TODAY. THE SCENIC BEAUTY OF CHAKRATA PLAYED NO ROLE IN THE CHOICE I MADE ON SEPTEMBER 22, 1971.
Chakrata is not the final destination of my life. It is just the beginning of a struggle that remains ahead, both in terms of time and location.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 03, 2018 – LABOR DAY MUSINGS – THE CLINTON CURSE DEFINES THE AMERICAN WORKPLACE
In the United States, Labor activists, and Labor Unions made great progress to defend the rights of Working Class. Unfortunately, President Bill Clinton undermined this progress by approving legislation that took away the dignity of unskilled, hourly wage earners who legally work in the US paying taxes. President Clinton on August 22, 1996, signed into Law, Public Law 104-193, ‘The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act’ (PRWORA) which places restrictions on the payments of monthly retirement income benefits to workers in the US under Title II of the Social Security Act. Refer to Section 401(b) (2) of PRWORA.
For many unskilled, hourly wage earners performing labor in the US, American Workplace is defined as Work until Death for they have no Retirement option. In other words, those who have no Retirement option, American Workplace is defined by the Book of Genesis, Chapter 3, verses 17 to 19.
I ask my readers to reflect upon the consequences of President Clinton’s actions on this Labor Day. Apart from alien workers, the ground gets cursed with consequences to all its denizens. The Clinton Curse compels Americans to live and work paying off their foreign debt. This nation lives on money borrowed from other nations.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE
IN 1882, LABOR DAY ORIGINATED WITH A PARADE HELD IN NEW YORK CITY
Posted on Monday, September 04, 2017 by EMILY NONKO
An illustration of the first Labor Day parade, via Wiki Commons
Though Labor Day has been embraced as a national holiday–albeit one many Americans don’t know the history of–it originated right here in New York City. The holiday is a result of the city’s labor unions fighting for worker’s rights throughout the 1800’s. The event was first observed, unofficially, on Tuesday, September 5th, 1882, with thousands marching from City Hall up to Union Square. At the time, the New York Times considered the event to be unremarkable. But 135 years later, we celebrate Labor Day on the first Monday of every September as a tribute to all American workers. It’s also a good opportunity to recognize the hard-won accomplishments of New York unions to secure a better workplace for us today.
According to Untapped Cities, the holiday has its roots in a common 19th-century tradition in which laborers held picnics and parades to draw awareness to worker’s rights. Organized unions emerged from there, and New York City became a hotbed for labor activists by the Industrial Revolution of the 1880s.
View of South Street during the Industrial Revolution, via the Metropolitan Museum of New York
Back then, laborers were fighting against low wages, unfair hours, child labor and unsafe working environments. (Most workers at the time worked six days a week, 10 or 12 hours a day, and Sunday was the only day off. There were no paid vacations, no sick days and very few breaks during a day.) Two labor groups, the Knights of Labor and the Tailor’s Union, established a city-wide trade consortium–known as the Central Labor Union of New York, Brooklyn, and Jersey City, or the CLU–in January of 1882 to promote similar goals. They called for things like fair wages, an eight-hour workday and an end to child labor. The group also proposed that for one day a year, the country celebrates American workers with parades and celebrations. The CLU went ahead and organized the first parade for the September 5th of that year.
According to Brownstoner, two different men within the labor movement were credited for the parade. Matthew Maguire, a machinist, first proposed a holiday and parade in 1882. He was the secretary of the CLU. But that same year, Peter J. McGuire, co-founder of the American Federation of Labor, also proposed a parade. The debate between the original founder of Labor Day was never settled, though Matthew Maguire usually gets the credit.
The parade began outside City Hall, with the CLU advertising it as a display of the “strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations.” It was important to the event that the men gave up a day’s pay to partake in the festivities. And they did arrive in droves, with banners and signs with slogans like “NO MONEY MONOPOLY” and “LABOR BUILT THIS REPUBLIC AND LABOR SHALL RULE IT.”
No drinking was allowed at the parade, which featured everyone from the Jewelers Union of Newark to the typographical union, which was known as ‘The Big Six.’ Along the route, which passed Canal Street on its way to Union Square, hundreds of seamstresses hung out the windows cheering the procession, blowing kisses and waving their handkerchiefs. It’s said as many as 20,000 men marched that day.
The party after the marchers hit Union Square was celebratory, according to the New York history book Gotham. Here’s a passage from the book:
Finally, after passing by a reviewing stand filled with labor dignitaries, the participants adjourned, via the elevated, to an uptown picnic at Elm Park. There they danced to jigs by Irish fiddlers and pipers and were serenaded by the Bavarian Mountain Singers while the flags of Ireland, Germany, France, and the USA flapped in the autumn air.
Labor Day parade float in New York City, early 20th century, via New York Department of Labor
Labor parades began in other cities around the county, and for a while, the day was known as “the workingman’s holiday.” By 1886, several cities had an annual parade, with legislation in the works to make the day a state holiday. Though New York was the first state to introduce a bill to make the holiday official, Oregon was the first to actually pass it as law in 1887. New York quickly followed suit that same year, as did New Jersey, Massachusetts and Colorado.
Labor unions, of course, went on to secure rights like the eight-hour workday, collective bargaining, health insurance, retirement funds and better wages. These days, the holiday is better known as a marker to the end of summer than a celebration of the working class. But it’s a nice reminder such hard-fought battles, which brought accomplishments that now define the American workplace, took root in New York.
Tags: Labor Day
THE CLINTON CURSE – AMERICA’S FINANCIAL BONDAGE
“Think what you do when you run in debt,” said Benjamin Franklin, “You give another power over your liberty.” No man is truly free who is in financial bondage. To the same extent, no nation is truly free when it is in financial bondage.
President Clinton approved Public Law 143 – 193 to address the mounting problem of National Debt. To ‘Balance the Budget’, President Clinton imposed Slavery, Bondage, Servitude, Serfdom, and Forced Labor on aliens working in the United States paying Federal, State, Social Security, Medicare, and Local Taxes. His action is of no help. The US External Debt keeps growing compromising the freedom of Americans for the Debt gives power to other nations over American Liberty.
THE WORLD FACTBOOK – CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
THE CLINTON CURSE – CLINTON’S IMMORAL SOCIAL SECURITY POLICY
Social Security is the largest owner of the US Debt. In 1996, President Clinton amended the Social Security Act of 1945 by approving Public Law 104 – 193. President Clinton made an immoral choice to address the problem of mounting US Debt. His plan to reduce the US Debt by denying the payment of Old Age Retirement Income Benefits to senior alien workers has backfired. God has given His Promise. It delivers Blessings for the obedience of Commandments. Disobedience of God’s Commandments has consequences. The Clinton Curse reveals the consequences of President Clinton’s corrupt conduct. As of today, the US satisfies the government’s need for revenue by borrowing from foreign nations.
WHO OWNS THE MOST U.S. DEBT?
To satisfy the U.S. government’s need for revenue, Washington collects taxes and fees. What happens if this isn’t enough? What happens if the federal government needs more? That is the subject of this article in which we’ll reveal who owns the most U.S. debt and how much of it is owned by foreign nations. We’ll begin by explaining, in simple terms, how the debt market functions.
An individual takes on debt when they finance a new car, house, etc. The U.S. government does so when it issues securities. Specifically, the federal government issues Treasury bills, notes, and bonds. The primary difference is in their maturity. For example, Treasury bills have a maturity of less than one year. Treasury notes mature in one to ten years. Treasury bonds have maturities greater than 10 years.
To issue its debt, the government holds periodic Treasury auctions. A successful auction indicates a strong demand for U.S. Treasury securities. If the auction doesn’t go well, it means demand for Treasuries is weak. Who owns the most Treasury’s?
Owners of U.S. Debt
The largest owner of U.S. debt is Social Security. Since the Social Security system is a government entity, how can the government own its own debt? Good question. This is where the “house of cards” theory resides. Some believe the federal government is merely moving the IOUs from one shell to another, hoping to escape the watchful eye of its citizens. In any event, Social Security owns about 16% of the debt followed by other federal government entities (13%), and the Federal Reserve (12%). How much is owned by foreign governments? The following chart contains the answer.
According to the U.S. Treasury Department, at the end of August 2014, more than a third of the debt was owned by foreign countries (34.4%). The largest foreign holders of U.S. debts are Mainland China (7.2%) and Japan (7.0%). What is the consequence of having such a large percentage of debt held by foreign nations? It depends. It depends on the relationship between the U.S. and the specific foreign country. It also depends on the global interest rate environment. Finally, it depends on the geopolitical climate and the degree of fear around the globe. This is the case because when fear rises money flows into U.S. Treasuries which is viewed as a safe place to invest. The percentage of debt owned by countries that are less friendly to America is about 10%. This includes China, several oil exporters (Ecuador, Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Libya, etc.), and a few others. The worst case would materialize if the largest holders decided to sell their Treasury securities at the same time. This could potentially decrease demand which would push yields higher. If yields rose, the federal government would find it more difficult to service the debt, pushing the deficit higher. If the deficit rose, the total debt burden would accelerate and, unless demand for U.S. debt was to increase, it could get ugly. Will this transpire? It’s not too likely. At least not for the foreseeable future anyway.
Given the state of the global markets, the U.S. is still considered to be the best house in a bad neighborhood. Even though more than one-third of the debt is owned by foreign nations, as long as there are no safer places to invest, money will find its way here. Therefore, global turmoil would be in the best interest of the federal government. Anything which raises fear will bring money to the Treasury and allay the need for higher taxes. However, one day this unsustainable path we’re on will reach its day of reckoning. However, that’s probably not any time soon.
AUGUST 09, 2018 – THIS DAY IN MY LIFE – JOURNEY FROM FREEDOM STRUGGLE TO ANTISLAVERY CAMPAIGN
August 09 is the unique day of my life. On August 09, 1974 I was in Doom Dooma, Tinsukia District, Assam, India involved in Struggle for Freedom, Peace, and Justice in Occupied Tibet. In American History, Ford becomes President due to unusual succession on 9th Day of August 1974. On that day, I never expected or anticipated that I live this day of my life in City called Ann Arbor. To the same extent, I never expected or anticipated that I will be promoting Antislavery Campaign while living on the US soil. My Struggle for Freedom in Occupied Tibet seems unreal and unusual just like the Ford Presidency.
UNUSUAL SUCCESSION MAKES FORD PRESIDENT ON AUGUST 09, 1974
In accordance with his statement of resignation the previous evening, Richard M. Nixon officially ends his term as the 37th president of the United States at noon. Before departing with his family in a helicopter from the White House lawn, he smiled farewell and enigmatically raised his arms in a victory or peace salute. The helicopter door was then closed, and the Nixon family began their journey home to San Clemente, California. Richard Nixon was the first U.S. president to resign from office.
Minutes later, Vice President Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as the 38th president of the United States in the East Room of the White House. After taking the oath of office, President Ford spoke to the nation in a television address, declaring, “My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.”
Ford, the first president who came to the office through appointment rather than election, had replaced Spiro Agnew as vice president only eight months before. In a political scandal independent of the Nixon administration’s wrongdoings in the Watergate affair, Agnew had been forced to resign in disgrace after he was charged with income tax evasion and political corruption. In September 1974, Ford pardoned Nixon for any crimes he may have committed while in office, explaining that he wanted to end the national divisions created by the Watergate scandal.
Ford is inaugurated
On this day in 1974, one day after the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford is sworn in as president, making him the first man to assume the presidency upon his predecessor’s resignation. He was also the first non-elected vice president and non-elected president, which made his presidency unique.
Nixon leaves office
Having announced his resignation the day before, Richard M. Nixon steps down from the presidency of the United States and is succeeded by Vice President Gerald R. Ford. Nixon had resigned rather than face almost certain impeachment because of the Watergate Scandal.
World War II
Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
On this day in 1945, a second atom bomb is dropped on Japan by the United States, at Nagasaki, resulting finally in Japan’s unconditional surrender. The devastation wrought at Hiroshima was not sufficient to convince the Japanese War Council to accept the Potsdam Conference’s demand for unconditional surrender.