TIBET AWARENESS

THE DALAI LAMA LIFE CYCLE – THE CYCLICAL FLOW OF TIMES

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THE DALAI LAMA LIFE CYCLE – THE CYCLICAL FLOW OF TIMES

The Dalai Lama Life Cycle. The Cyclical Flow of Times.

The photo images that capture the physical appearance of the 14th Dalai Lama may relate to just one stage of the Dalai Lama Life Cycle. As per Tibetan faith and belief, the 14th Dalai Lama is the reincarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama Life Cycle started in 1391 centuries before their individual lifespans.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

https://wholedude.com/2015/08/24/tibet-awareness-potala-palace-lhasa-tibet/

The Dalai Lama Life Cycle. The Cyclical Flow of Times.

Frame by frame: Photographer Raghu Rai’s book on the 14th Dalai Lama is personal, deep and immersive

Clipped from: https://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/opinion/sunday-read/frame-by-frame-photographer-raghu-rais-book-on-the-14th-dalai-lama-is-personal-deep-and-immersive/articleshow/66492014.cms

The Dalai Lama Life Cycle. The Cyclical Flow of Times.

Dalai Lama

By Priyadarshini Nandy

Raghu Rai’s book captures the many shades of the Tibetan spiritual leader

Raghu Rai’s latest book – A God in Exile: The Fourteenth Dalai Lama – focuses entirely on the Dalai Lama in his various moods and moments – be it when he’s interacting with his followers or simply unwinding. The series of black and white photographs are in no particular order, but it gives readers a glimpse into the life of the spiritual leader that Rai has witnessed over three decades. “He has an aura about him, one that can probably be felt for kilometers around him. He can see through you. We are truly lucky to have him in our lives. To me, he is a rare individual,” Rai adds.

But the two weren’t always so familiar. Before meeting the Dalai Lama in 1975, Rai’s knowledge of the man was pretty much limited to a book. “I had read My Land, My People (the Dalai Lama’s autobiography). It’s one of the most understated books I’d read in a while. Powerful, and moving – it sort of makes you feel responsible towards the people of Tibet. I knew that he was their spiritual leader, someone who brings out the Buddha in you… and that was pretty much it,” Rai says.

All that was going to change, when Rai was sent to Ladakh by The Statesman, to cover a three-day teaching session by the Dalai Lama. Little did Rai know back then that his relationship with the Dalai Lama was going to deepen over the years, and turn into a long-lasting friendship.

He (the Dalai Lama) has an aura about him, one that can probably be felt for kilometers around him. He can see through you. We are truly lucky to have him in our lives

Raghu Rai

“After ’75, I met him next only a decade later. I have been wanting to do a book on the Tibetans in exile, and I followed him to Bodh Gaya. But when I reached, I was informed that he was busy with a personal ritual and no one was allowed to disturb him. But I am adamant. I told them I knew him, and I simply must see him. After great difficulty, I was shown to his tent but was told not to enter. I had to insert my camera lens through a gap in the tent to take his photograph. But he spotted me and recognized me. He asked me to come in, and I was allowed to take his photos.

I was there for about four-five days and given complete access,” Rai adds.

The Dalai Lama Life Cycle. The Cyclical Flow of Times.

Being blessed at Judah Hymn Synagogue, wearing a yarmulke

The end result was Tibet in Exile (1990), with text by Jane Perkins (who’s also written for the current book) – a brilliant visual record of the Dalai Lama and the Tibetans who live in exile.

Over time, Rai kept going back to Dharamsala to meet the Dalai Lama.

“I did assignments for various magazines, and every time I went there, I would tell him it was really important. It was gracious of him to give me complete access, and he would even introduce me as his friend.” Sharing an old story, Rai says that during one of his shoots at Dharamsala, His Holiness came out from one his prayers, and gave him an off-white stone just before Rai was leaving. “I took it and put it into my camera bag. Many years later, my health worsened. I would feel uneasy and breathless; tired during assignments. What I did then was, taken that stone out and saw there was a small hole in it. I strung a thread to it and began to wear it around my neck. And I went back to work. In the year 2000, Nita (Rai’s wife) decided enough was enough and took me to a doctor. I was told that my heart had 90 per cent blockages, and anything could happen at any moment. I would like to believe that the stone is what protected me. I had an open-heart surgery later and my wife and I decided to go to Dharamsala to thank the Dalai Lama. But when I did thank him and told him how his stone had saved my life he laughed and said, “I don’t think I can do these things”. However, he pulled me into a prolonged embrace before we left, and I felt a kind of energy that I had never felt before. I think he just heals you by instinct. He can feel and smell what’s going on in your life.”

The Dalai Lama Life Cycle. The Cyclical Flow of Times.

His Holiness’s morning occupation is often rereading Tibetan scriptures

Rai has many such stories to share – about the small jokes the Dalai Lama would crack ever so often; how he would sit in meditation for hours when no one could move him; the way he would interact with the people who had come to take his blessing – and these stories have made their way to this black and white photobook. “I have seen the spiritual connection he has with things. I have seen his compassion. And I have seen his humorous side. Once, I went to photograph him when he was sitting with a group of southeast Asian monks. It was a serious moment. And yet, in the middle of that, he spotted me and asked me why was I wearing a cap. He then asked me to come up to him and tugged at my cap and said “I want to see how much hair you have left”, and began to laugh. And with him, so did everyone. He’s like that – childlike and innocent,” Rai adds.

Interestingly, A God in Exile was not something Rai had planned. “I had seen a book on him by the Swiss photographer Manuel Bauer, and I was jealous. The photographs in the book were amazing. I honestly felt as if someone had stolen my sweetheart from me.

The Dalai Lama Life Cycle. Photographer Raghu Rai.

Raghu Rai

So I told myself that even I would do a book, and mine would be better. So in 2016, I decided to put my collection of photographs of the Dalai Lama together. I think I can say that my book is now the best one,” Rai says with a laughter.

– Photographs From A God in Exile: The Fourteenth Dalai Lama, by Raghu Rai. Published by Roli Books

The Dalai Lama Life Cycle. The Cyclical Flow of Times. The Great 5th Dalai Lama.

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TIBET AWARENESS – DALAI LAMA’S WELCOME TO BRITISH BUDDHISTS, 26 SEPTEMBER 1922

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TIBET AWARENESS – DALAI LAMA’S WELCOME TO BRITISH BUDDHISTS, 26 SEPTEMBER 1922

TIBET AWARENESS - DALAI LAMA'S WELCOME TO BRITISH BUDDHISTS IN SEPTEMBER 1922.
TIBET AWARENESS – DALAI LAMA’S WELCOME TO BRITISH BUDDHISTS IN SEPTEMBER 1922.

I am pleased to share this news story published by The Guardian. Tibet declared its full independence on February 13, 1913 and Dalai Lama was keen to  develop contacts with Europe while preserving Tibetan Identity and defending Tibetan Freedom.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE. ESTABLISHMENT 22
FROM THE ARCHIVE, 26 SEPTEMBER 1922: DALAI LAMA TO WELCOME BRITISH BUDDHISTS

 

Pilgrims at the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, 2007.

Pilgrims at the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, 2007. Photograph:

Saturday 26 September 2015 00.00 ED

Reuter’s Agency learns that cablegrams from the Indian frontier, just received in London, show that the members of the British Buddhist Mission to Tibet have crossed the Jelepla Pass, through which the great trade route traverses the Himalayas at a height of some 14,500 feet, and have reached Chumbi. The first and one of the most difficult stages of the great journey has thus been safely accomplished.

The special transport devised for the carriage of stores and gifts for the Dalai Lama and other Tibetan notabilities has answered the severest test, and the Mission reports that everything is going well. The next stage of the journey, that to Gyangtse, is now being made. It has been learned that the Dalai Lama is already acquainted with the approach of the Mission, and is sending a deputation of High Lamas to meet it at Gyangtse. To these will be presented the credentials which are expected to secure for the party permission to proceed to Lhasa itself.

This final stage will be along a route running in a north-westerly direction to the Brahmaputra at Shigatse. Thence a 160-mile journey will be made down the river by boat, the transport being convertible into pontoons for the purpose, to a point about 30 miles south of Lhasa.

This river journey has never yet been made by Europeans. It is at present practically unmapped, and is expected to prove of the greatest interest and importance from the geographical point of view.

In a letter just received, Captain J. E. Ellam, joint leader of the Mission, writes that according to information received in India at the time of writing, the Dalai Lama is anxious to meet representative Buddhists from outside, especially those from the West. “What the Tibetans are afraid of,” Captain Ellam continues, “is an inroad of European adventurers who might seize the country, exploit its resources, and interfere with their religion, laws, customs, &c. Rather than submit to this they would fight or even throw themselves into the arms of the Russian Bolsheviks, some of whose emissaries are now in Lhasa.

“The Dalai Lama wants to develop the resources of his country, which are immense, and to enter into less trammelled relations with the outer world. If,” Captain Ellam says, “the Tibetans can work through the agency of recognised Buddhists upon whom they can rely to protect them from undesirable influences, they will welcome any suggestion to this end with enthusiasm. They realise that their wealth should be the means of procuring for them more of the amenities of that civilisation with which the Dalai Lama and many of his people have already come into contact.

“It is not generally known that several Tibetans have visited England in the guise of Chinese, returning with an account of their experiences.”

Captain Ellam adds that as he is informed that travelling in Tibet is not difficult after the first snows have fallen, and as they will be invited to visit parts of the country where no European has ever been before, he proposes that the Mission shall spend the whole of the winter in the Unknown Land.

© 2015 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved

 

 
tibetans encamped near the peshive plain 60 li north of lichiang they ...
On www.arboretum.harvard.edu

Bundesarchiv Bild 135-KA-06-098.
On foto-post.blogspot.com

May 1959 Tibetan rebels filing out of the Potala Palace to surrender
On peoplesrepublicofcork.com

The Thirteenth Dalai Lama
On www.rigpawiki.org

Möndro
On nl.wikipedia.org

Tengyeling in ruins, Lhasa
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

The Mission en route to Lhasa
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Tibetan women and Lhasa Band at Mission house
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Photo: The Tibet Album. " Mission staff outside Dekyi Lingka ". The ...
On sites.google.com
Mission staff having a picnic in the hills above Lhasa
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Woman winnowing barley
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

... five American airmen at the British Mission in Lhasa, November, 1943
On www.starksmurcutt.com

Tea shop in Lhasa
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Monks blowing radung , Potala in distance
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Ragyapa camp outside Lhasa
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Barkhor, Lhasa
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Potala Palace south face
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Tibetan porters and muleteers
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Sho Doring and Potala Palace
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

BMR.86.1.34.1 (Album Print black & white)
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

Gould Mission To Lhasa, Tibet, 1936 Print by British Library
On fineartamerica.com

Hide coracle on the river near Lhasa
On tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk

TIBET AWARENESS – ESSENCE OF TIBET – NATURAL FREEDOM

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TIBET AWARENESS – ESSENCE OF TIBET – NATURAL FREEDOM

TIBET AWARENESS - ESSENCE OF TIBET - NATURAL FREEDOM.
TIBET AWARENESS – ESSENCE OF TIBET – NATURAL FREEDOM.

The very essence of Tibet is natural freedom and Tibetans have their natural right to enjoy freedom without foreign domination or interference.

TIBET AWARENESS - ESSENCE OF TIBET - NATURAL FREEDOM.
TIBET AWARENESS – ESSENCE OF TIBET – NATURAL FREEDOM.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIALFRONTIERFORCE.ESTABLISHMENT22

TIBET AWARENESS - ESSENCE OF TIBET - NATURAL FREEDOM.
TIBET AWARENESS – ESSENCE OF TIBET – NATURAL FREEDOM.
 
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The Spirits of Special Frontier ForceAt Special Frontier Force, I host ‘The Living Tibetan Spirits’ to promote Tibet Awareness. I…
 
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Jokhang Temple, Potala Palace and other tourist spots that capture the essence of Tibet

Posted on: 04:59 PM IST Sep 02, 2015 | Updated on: 5:03 pm,Sep 2,2015 IST

IBNLive.com

Tibet, the highest region on Earth is a dream come true for every traveler. Tibet is undoubtedly one of the most peaceful places that offer tranquility to tourists’ mind with its utmost beautiful natural scenery.

Keeping its old traditions alive, this place is a must visit for every person.
Here we bring you a list of aesthetic places that you should visit at least once in your life time.

Jokhang temple is the most sacred temple in Lhasa, Tibet. It was built by the Tibetan King Shrong Tsong Gompo. Tourists from all over the world visit this temple, Another attractive spot is the Bharkhor Bazaar that encircles the temple.

Tibet-7

The Kharola glacier is seen through Tibetan praying flags from a nearby hill some 200km (125 miles) west to Lhasa, Tibet.

Tibet-Glacier

Potala Palace was built-in 17th century by the fifth Dalai Lama. This palace houses a great wealth of Tibet’s culture and art.

A night view shows the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet.

Tibet-3

Tibetan women pray in front of the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet.

Tibet---praying

Buddhist prayer flags flutter in the wind near Namthso Lake in Tibet June 7, 2009. It takes around 16 days to complete the pilgrimage around the lake which is 70 km (43 miles) long and 30 km (18 miles) wide.

TIbet-Flags

Buddhist faithful offer ‘khada’ and pray in front of the “wish-fulfilling” stone monument near Namthso Lake in Tibet.

Tibet---2

The world’s highest post office stands at over 5200 metres (17060 feet) near the base camp of Mount Everest, also known as Qomolangma, in Tibet. The post office services around 30 customers a day, and is only open for seven months of the year between April and October.

Tibet-Post-office

A dog sits at the front of the temple of Rongbo Monastery situated at the foot of the world’s highest mountain Mount Everest, also known as Qomolangma, in Tibet .

Tibet-4

Cona lake is a major lake of northern Tibet lake and is the world’s highest freshwater lake at 4800 meters above sea level. In the picture, A woman is seen watering a yak near Cona Lake in Amdo county.

Tibet-Cona-Lake

Ethnic Tibetans walk along a rapeseed field in Duilongdeqing County, Tibet.

Tibet-1

Image courtesy: Reuters
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Copyright © 2015 IBNLive.com – All rights reserved

 

TIBET AWARENESS – TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION

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TIBET AWARENESS – TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION

TIBET AWARENESS - POTALA PALACE, LHASA, TIBET  -  TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION.
TIBET AWARENESS – POTALA PALACE, LHASA, TIBET – TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION.

On September 01, 2015, Red China is celebrating a historical event that scars the beauty of Tibetan landscape. Red China brutally carved out a province that she calls Tibetan Autonomous Region or TAR where Tibetans have no autonomy and are denied Right to Self-Determination. Tibet has a total area of 965, 000 square miles and as such in terms of size, Tibet is world’s tenth largest nation.

I am sharing a few photo images of Tibet, its landscape and its people. Red China has been using such images to promote Tibetan Tourism which fails to acknowledge Tibet’s Independence and Tibetans’ Right to Natural Freedom.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIALFRONTIERFORCE.ESTABLISHMENT22

TIBET AWARENESS - TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION. QINGHAI. TIBET PLATEAU.
TIBET AWARENESS – TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION. QINGHAI. TIBET PLATEAU.
TIBET AWARENESS - TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION. QINGHAI - TIBET PLATEAU.
TIBET AWARENESS – TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION. QINGHAI – TIBET PLATEAU.
TIBET AWARENESS - TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION. QINGHAI TIBET PLATEAU.
TIBET AWARENESS – TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION. QINGHAI TIBET PLATEAU.
TIBET AWARENESS - TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION. QINGHAI. TIBET
TIBET AWARENESS – TIBET IS UNDER OCCUPATION. QINGHAI. TIBET
image
The Spirits of Special Frontier ForceAt Special Frontier Force, I host ‘The Living Tibetan Spirits’ to promote Tibet Awareness.
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TIBET AWARENESS – FULL INDEPENDENCE IS INEVITABLE – BEIJING IS DOOMED

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TIBET AWARENESS – FULL INDEPENDENCE IS INEVITABLE – BEIJING IS DOOMED

TIBET AWARENESS - FULL INDEPENDENCE INEVITABLE. RED CHINA'S POLICY OF RULING TIBET WITH IRON FIST IS DOOMED.
TIBET AWARENESS – FULL INDEPENDENCE INEVITABLE. RED CHINA’S POLICY OF RULING TIBET WITH IRON FIST IS DOOMED.

For all practical purposes, Full Independence of Tibet is the only solution for Tibet issue. Red China is opposed to relaxing its military grip and is promising to continue ruling Tibet with Iron Fist without conceding a genuine demand of meaningful autonomy for Tibet. United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee held 6th Tibet Work Forum in Beijing on August 24-25. It announced, “The Central Government neither did in the past, nor now or in the future will ever accept the Middle Way solution to the Tibet issue.” Red China’s President Xi Jinping repeated the same statement confirming that the ‘Middle Way’ proposed by the Dalai Lama group will never be accepted.

TIBET AWARENESS - FULL INDEPENDENCE INEVITABLE: RED CHINA'S POLICY OF RULING TIBET WITH IRON FIST IS DOOMED.
TIBET AWARENESS – FULL INDEPENDENCE INEVITABLE: RED CHINA’S POLICY OF RULING TIBET WITH IRON FIST IS DOOMED.

Tibet’s Full Independence is achieved by cracking those knuckles of Red China’s Iron Fist.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIALFRONTIERFORCE.ESTABLISHMENT22

 
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The Spirits of Special Frontier ForceAt Special Frontier Force, I host ‘The Living Tibetan Spirits’ to promote Tibet Awareness.
 
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REUTERS

Edition:
U.S.

World | Wed Aug 26, 2015 12:11am EDT

China’s Xi vows unceasing fight against Tibet separatism

BEIJING | By BEN BLANCHARD

Chinese President Xi Jinping applauds during the opening ceremony of the 15th IAAF World Championships at the National Stadium in Beijing, China August 22, 2015. REUTERS/Damir Sagolj

Chinese President Xi Jinping applauds during the opening ceremony of the 15th IAAF World Championships at the National Stadium in Beijing, China August 22, 2015.
Reuters/Damir Sagolj

 

BEIJING China will wage an unceasing fight against separatism in its restive mountainous region of Tibet, President Xi Jinping said, as the government repeated it would never accept exiled Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama’s genuine autonomy proposals.

This year marks several sensitive anniversaries for the remote region that China has ruled with an iron fist since 1950, when Communist troops marched in and took control in what Beijing calls a “peaceful liberation”.

It is 50 years since China established what it calls the Tibet Autonomous Region and the 80th birthday of Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, who has lived in exile in India since fleeing Tibet in 1959 following an abortive uprising.

At a two-day conference this week of the senior leadership about Tibet, only the sixth ever held, Xi repeated the government’s standard opposition to Tibetan independence, saying he would fight an “an unswerving anti-separatism battle”, state media said in comments reported late on Tuesday.
“We should fight against separatist activities by the Dalai group,” Xi was quoted as saying.

The Dalai Lama denies seeking independence, saying he only wants genuine autonomy for Tibet, something he calls the Middle Way and which Beijing believes is merely a smokescreen for independence, arguing Tibet already has real autonomy.

An accompanying commentary published by the United Front Work Department, which has led unsuccessful on-off talks with the Dalai Lama’s envoys, said the government had not accepted, and would never accept, the Middle Way.

The Middle Way seeks to cleave off one-quarter of China, as it would include historic parts of Tibet in neighboring Chinese provinces, the commentary, carried on the department’s WeChat account, said.
“The so-called ‘Middle Way’ is in essence a splittist political demand,” it said.

Activists say China has violently tried to stamp out religious freedom and culture in Tibet. China rejects the criticism, saying its rule has ended serfdom and brought development to a backward region.

Xi called for efforts to promote “patriotism among the Tibetan Buddhist circle and effectively manage monasteries in the long run, encouraging interpretations of religious doctrines that are compatible with a socialist society”, state media said.

There should also be more campaigns to promote ethnic unity and promote a sense “of belonging to the same Chinese nationality”, he added.
Tibet remains under heavy security, with visits by foreign media tightly restricted, making an independent assessment of the situation difficult.

(Reporting by Ben Blanchard; Editing by Clarence Fernandez)

Tibet Awareness - Full Independence is Inevitable.
Tibet Awareness – Full Independence is Inevitable.
TIBET'S FULL INDEPENDENCE IS INEVITABLE.Statue of Liberty seen from the Circle Line ferry, Manhattan, New York
TIBET’S FULL INDEPENDENCE IS INEVITABLE.Statue of Liberty seen from the Circle Line ferry, Manhattan, New York
Red Dragon - Red China rule with an iron fist. Beijing is Doomed. Tibet's Full Independence is Inevitable.
Red Dragon – Red China rule with an iron fist. Beijing is Doomed. Tibet’s Full Independence is Inevitable.

 

THOMSON REUTERS

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – 125th NEHRU ANNIVERSARY

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SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE REMEMBERS PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU – OLD FLAMES NEVER DIE :

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE - REMEMBERS PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU - OLD FLAMES NEVER DIE : I AM A WITNESS TO THE LIVING LEGACY OF PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU. I DEMAND FREEDOM, PEACE, AND JUSTICE IN OCCUPIED TIBET.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – REMEMBERS PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU – OLD FLAMES NEVER DIE : I AM A WITNESS TO THE LIVING LEGACY OF PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU. I DEMAND FREEDOM, PEACE, AND JUSTICE IN OCCUPIED TIBET.

On 14th November 2014, Indians celebrated the 125th Birth Anniversary of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Special Frontier Force has very special reasons to join this celebration for his Legacy still Lives. Prime Minister Nehru fostered friendly relations between India, Tibet, and the United States to defend the Natural Rights of Tibetans to live in Freedom and choose a form of governance according to their will. Special Frontier Force is hopeful that this Friendship will survive the test of times. I confidently assert that, “OLD FLAMES NEVER DIE.”

I am sharing an article published by Claude Arpi who is apparently not aware of Prime Minister Nehru’s effrots to restore Peace, Democracy, and Justice in Occupied Tibet.

SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE - OLD FLAMES NEVER DIE - THE LIVING NEHRU LEGACY : I AM WITNESS TO THE LIVING LEGACY OF PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU. I GRATEFULLY ACKNOWLEDGE HIS TIRELESS EFFORTS TO FOSTER FRIENDLY RELATIONS BETWEEN INDIA, TIBET, AND THE UNITED STATES.
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE – OLD FLAMES NEVER DIE – THE LIVING NEHRU LEGACY : I AM WITNESS TO THE LIVING LEGACY OF PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU. I GRATEFULLY ACKNOWLEDGE HIS TIRELESS EFFORTS TO FOSTER FRIENDLY RELATIONS BETWEEN INDIA, TIBET, AND THE UNITED STATES.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162, USA
SPECIALFRONTIERFORCE.ESTABLISHMENT22

HISTORY : ” NEHRU’S PACIFISM HAD NEARLY COST US TAWANG ” – CLAUDE ARPI

(Major Bob Khathing later served as Ambassador to Burma. ( Assam Rifles website)

AAS) http://www.dailypioneer.com/columnists/edit/nehrus-pacifism-had-nearly-cost-us-tawang.html

Nehru’s pacifism had nearly cost us Tawang
Claude Arpi
20 November 2014
[It is entirely due to Major
Bob Khathing’s courage and swift action, backed by the Assam Governor, that
Tawang is part of India. Had Jawaharlal Nehru had his way,
it would have been Chinese territory today]

While the legacy of Jawaharlal Nehru is being discussed by ‘eminent’ personalities at the Nehru International Conference, organised by the Indian National Congress to commemorate Nehru’s 125th birth anniversary, it is perhaps time to stop using the usual clichés about the first Prime Minister’s 17 years at India’s helm.
By the way, I seriously doubt if many of the invitees of the conference have read any of the 58 volumes of Nehru’s Selected Works.

During the recent months, many have questioned the audacity to compare Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to Nehru, but it is obvious that the Sardar would have been a far more decisive Prime Minister than the Pandit. Remember Kashmir

In a rare interview, Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, who was Director of Military Operations at the time of independence, recounted a historic meeting presided over by Lord Mountbatten held at the end of October 1947: “There was Jawaharlal Nehru, there was Sardar Patel, there was Sardar Baldev Singh… I knew Sardar Patel, because Patel would insist that VP Menon [Secretary in the Ministry of States] take me with him to the various states.”
The young Brigadier continues his narration:
“At the morning meeting [Mountbatten] handed over the [Kashmir’s Instrument of Accession] thing. Mountbatten turned around and said, ‘Come on Manekji (he called me Manekji instead of Manekshaw), what is the military situation?’ I gave him the military situation, and told him that unless we flew in troops immediately, we would have lost Srinagar, because going by road would take days, and once the tribesmen got to the airport and Srinagar, we couldn’t fly troops in. Everything was ready at the airport.”
The future hero of the Bangladesh War then recalls:
“As usual Nehru talked about the United Nations, Russia, Africa, God almighty, everybody, until Sardar Patel lost his temper. He said, ‘Jawaharlal, do you want Kashmir, or do you want to give it away?’ Nehru said, ‘Of course, I want Kashmir. Then [Patel] said, ‘Please give your orders’. And before he could say anything Sardar Patel turned to me and said, ‘You have got your orders’.”
Without the Sardar, Kashmir would be Pakistani today.

In February 1951, Tawang found its own ‘Patel’ in Jairamdas Daulatram, the Governor of Assam, (the Iron Man of India had passed away two months earlier). Daulatram ordered a young Naga officer to go and immediately
begin administrating Tawang (the
then Kameng Frontier Agency).

A couple of years ago, an Indian journalist, Sidharth Mishra, provided a fascinating and detailed profile of Major Bob Khathing, the Naga officer in charge of the Sela sub-division:
“In 1951, Major Bob Khathing commanded a force of 200 soldiers and re-established India’s sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh, much to the annoyance of Jawaharlal Nehru.”
Some other documents, such as the ‘official’ biography, Major Bob Khathing — The profile of a Nationalist Manipuri Naga by Lt Col H Bhuban Singh, complete the picture of Major Khathing’s expedition.

An incident mentioned by Mr Mishra is worth a comment. Once the administration of Tawang was firmly under control, the bold Naga officer went back to Shillong to report to his mentor, Jairamdas Daulatram.

Mr Mishra writes: “So, he set out downhill to Tezpur with a small retinue, leaving the expeditionary force in charge of [Major TC] Allen. The Governor sent a Dakota to pick him up from Tezpur and they flew to Delhi to see Jawaharlal Nehru…
The then Prime Minister was livid. ‘Who asked you to do this?’ he vented his anger at the Governor. ‘I wish you had the good sense to consult me before you commissioned this colossal stupidity. I want a complete blackout on this incident’, he ordered the PMO.”

Nehru’s orders were religiously executed: Today it is practically impossible to find anything on Khathing’s expedition in the Government’s archives. Nehru certainly had some inkling about the happenings in Tawang in the first months of 1951. Lt Colonel Bhuban Singh wrote: “From Bob’s side too, wireless messages after wireless messages were sent to Charduar [Assam Rifles headquarters], Shillong [seat of the Governor of Assam responsible
for NEFA] and onward to New Delhi giving details of what he was doing. At the same time, he sought approval of Government of India for the actions he had taken and intended to take.”

Major Khathing’s biographer added:
“Shillong [Rustomji] and New Delhi were aghast with what Bob did. They must have preferred a peaceful, non-violent and Panchsheel type of approach. While Shillong was reduced to a mere post-office forwarding information only, lots of consultations and conferences took place in New Delhi and lots of tea were drunk without any decision. In the meanwhile, Bob was… instructed not to precipitate a crisis.”

Major Khathing’s direct interlocutor was Nari Rustomji, the Advisor to the Governor of Assam for the Tribal Areas. SN Haksar, an ICS officer serving as Joint Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs, was at the receiving end in New Delhi. Nehru, being the External Affairs Minister, was undoubtedly regularly informed by Haksar of such a sizeable military expedition.

It is possible that when Jairamdas Daulatram decided to send more than one hundred Assam Rifles troops (with over 600 porters) to Tawang, Nehru did not realise the implications of this decisive action for the nation.
Retrospectively, it was a blessing for India as, if he had realised, Tawang would probably be Chinese today.

A top secret report entitled, ‘Major Khathing’s Detailed Report About Tawang, sent in April 1951 by the Secretary to Advisor to the Governor of Assam to SN Haksar, is the best proof that the Prime Minister was in the loop. Nehru may have said: “Who asked you to do this?”, but the fact remains that he was informed.

It is also a fact that it was legally the prerogative of the Governor of Assam to occupy any Indian territory under his responsibility and Tawang was definitely part of India since 1914. So, what was wrong in administrating a part of Indian territory?

A Chinese study on the McMahon line admitted that at that time, the Chinese had no clue about the border between India and Tibet:
“When the 18th Army led by [General] Zhang Guohua invaded Tibet, they still did not have a Tibetan map that they could use. They only had a rough and simple map of Tibet showing subdivisions. There was not even a standard road map. The names of the places and the villages were neither precise nor accurate.”
It is only in 1954-55 that Mao Zedong discovered Tawang had been administrated by Tibet before 1914. Too late then for China to ‘liberate’ Tawang!

And thanks to Major Bob Khathing’s courage and swift action, it was too late for even Nehru to impose his pacifist views.