Category Archives: I SAY YOU SAY


WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE GAY:Gynephilia-androphilia-heterosexual-homosexual orientations diagram (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Marriage is a Spiritual Union of Body, Mind, and Soul. "So they are no longer two, but one. Therefore what God has joined together, Let man not separate."(Gospel According to Saint Matthew, Chapter 19, Verse#6).
Marriage is a Spiritual Union of Body, Mind, and Soul. “So they are no longer two, but one. Therefore what God has joined together, Let man not separate.”(Gospel According to Saint Matthew, Chapter 19, Verse#6).


The word ‘GAY’ when used as an adjective refers to joyous and lively, merry, happy, and light-hearted. But, when the word ‘GAY’ is used as a noun, it often refers to a ‘Homosexual’ person. The term ‘Homosexual’ is used to describe persons whose feelings, thoughts, emotions, and behavior is characterized by sexual desire for those of the same-sex as oneself. It describes a person’s sexual orientation in the person’s external relations and completely fails to give us any understanding about the relationship between the person and the person’s Whole Body, the Body, Mind, and Soul. We need to give attention and care to the problem of sexual identity and several people described as “Transgender” have genuine problems as their mental sexual identity is not consistent with that of their physical sexual identity. The problem with this definition of ‘Homosexual’ is that of its lack of understanding of the concept of “SELF-LOVE”. I define ‘Whole Man’ or ‘Whole Dude’ as a person that is entire, undivided, healthy, complete, having all the elements or parts and having unity in all aspects of one’s being including physical, mental, social, moral, and spiritual. This Whole Dude exists in a state or condition of Peace, Tranquility, and Harmony because of harmonious interrelationships between various aspects of his being including the Body, Mind, and Soul. This harmony is possible because of Self-Love which brings joy and happiness. If I state that I am in ‘Love’ with myself, it would suggest the possibility that I could be characterized as a ‘Homosexual’ person. To understand the issue of sexual interest in others, to understand sexual desire for others, we need to understand the Origin of Love.


Whole Dude – Whole Gay: Dr. Sigmund Freud places the Origin of Love in sexual instincts and he claims that the many varieties or categories of Love are simply the forms which Love takes as the Libido fixes upon various objects.

 Love is a powerful emotion felt for another person manifesting itself in deep affection, devotion, or sexual desire. The ambiguity of the word “LOVE” would not let it be used as a term of universal application. The ancient languages have three distinct words for the main types of Love; eros, philia, agape in Greek; amor, amicitia( or dilectio ), and caritas in Latin. Because English has no such distinct words, it seems necessary to use such phrases as “sexual love”, “love of friendship”, and “love of charity” in order to indicate plainly that Love is common to all three, and to distinguish the three meanings. Freud’s theory places the Origin of Love in the sexual instincts, and so for him the many varieties of Love are simply the forms which Love takes as the Libido fixes upon various objects. “The nucleus of what we mean by love”, he writes “naturally consists…… in sexual love with sexual union as its aim. We do not separate from this”; “On the one hand, self-love, and on the other, love for parents and children, friendship and love for humanity in general, and devotion to concrete objects and to abstract ideas…. All these tendencies are an expression of the same instinctive activities.” They differ from sexual love only because “they are diverted from its aim or are prevented from reaching it, though they always preserve enough of their original nature to keep their identity recognizable.” Sigmund Freud would like to view Love as the primal passion, generating all other types of Love according to the oppositions of pleasure and pain and by relations of cause and effect. By using the term ‘GAY’, or ‘Homosexual’ to describe people, we fail to recognize the existence of Self-Love, that is Love for oneself which is distinct from loving another person. If I Love myself, as stated by Freud, that passion always includes elements of sexual interest and acceptance of my own sexual identity and sexual desire and sexual nature. The concept of Self-Love demands that the person must also embrace the sexual aspects of his own Body, Mind, and Soul. My feelings of Self-Love would always include gratification of my sexual desires and fulfilment of my sexual nature even when I fail to establish specific sexual relations in my external, social life. In essence, I have no choice, and no escape from being a ‘GAY’ person who has sexual interests and desires in persons identified as of the same-sex.


Jesus Christ-Lamb of God – Whole Dude – Whole Gay: Jesus brings unity between the idea of Self-Love, Love of God, and Love of one another.

 If Love is viewed as fondness or affection it may include or based in part on sexual attraction which is related to Libido( sexual urge or sexual instinct ), and Lust( a desire to gratify the senses or bodily appetite that seeks unrestricted gratification ). Love implies feelings that are attached to relationships or objects and assumes various forms such as Sexual Love, Brotherly Love and Love of God. However, it is important to note that the holy Scriptures make no distinction between the three different kinds of Love. Bible consistently recommends to Love oneself and to Love another to the same extent and in the same manner. The Third Book of Moses, called Leviticus, Chapter 19, verse 18 asks, “Love thy neighbor as thyself.” In the Gospel According to Saint Matthew, Chapter 22, verses 37 to 39, Jesus says, “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second(Commandment) is like unto it. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.” The General Epistle of James, Chapter 2, verse 8 asks: “If ye fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well.” If a man is not expected to Love himself, the issue of loving the neighbor is redundant. If I cannot truly Love myself, I cannot Love my neighbor in the same manner or to the same extent.


Whole Dude-Whole Gay-Whole Joy: The Vitruvian Man c. 1492. The painting by Leonardo da Vinci displays the Unity of Whole Man or Whole Dude in all aspects of one’s being including the physical, mental, sexual, social, moral, and spiritual. The Whole Dude Loves the Dude.

 The Whole Dude loves the Dude in all the aspects of his being including the physical, sexual, mental, social, moral, and spiritual. I say, that Self-Love is a must if we desire to Love another person. If I Love myself, Freud suggests it is motivated by Libido and is related to sexual Love. In other words, the fact of my Self-Love establishes me as a Gay or ‘Homosexual’ person irrespective of any other kind of sexual behavior that I may exhibit. My sexual interactions with others do not exclude my Love for myself as the basis to Love another person and to Love God. Because of my Self-Love that establishes me as a ‘Whole Gay’ person, I enjoy perfect joy in my heart, and I enjoy perfect happiness in my mind which could be called ‘Whole Joy’ as it is complete, entire, undivided, and contains all its natural elements. I say, I am Whole Dude who is Whole Gay and Whole Joy and what do you want to say???  Please join me in the ‘Whole Conversation’.

WHOLE DUDE - WHOLE GAY: When Wedding Bells Ring, Mr. Rebbapragada is united in holy matrimony with Mr. Narasimham.
WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE GAY: When Wedding Bells Ring, Mr. Rebbapragada is united in holy matrimony with Mr. Narasimham.

Related Article:

Defining Indian Identity – What is Love? 



WHOLE DUDE – WHOLE COMPENSATION : is about defining a Marketing Strategy and Marketing Philosophy to retail Whole Products and Whole Services to Whole Dudes without reference to gender, race, age, nationality, and sexual orientation. For reasons of convenience and brevity the term ‘Dude’ is being used as representative of all human beings.



I say, I Love Whole Food, Whole Food, Whole Food,

You say, Join the Whole Team, Whole Team, Whole Team,

I say, I Love Whole Food, Whole Food, Whole Food,

You say, Join the Whole Team, Whole Team, Whole Team.


I say, I Love Whole Retail, Whole Retail, Whole Retail,

You say, Get the Whole Deal, Whole Deal, Whole Deal,

I say, I Love, Whole Retail, Whole Retail, Whole Retail,

You say, Get the Whole Deal, Whole Deal, Whole Deal.


I say, I Love to Sing Free Will, Free Will, Free Will,

You say, Learn to Dance “At Will”, “At Will”, “At Will”,

I say, I Love to Sing Free Will, Free Will, Free Will,

You say, Learn to Dance “At Will”, “At Will”, “At Will”.


I say, I Love Whole Play, Whole Play, Whole Play,

You say, Make a Game for Whole Pay, Whole Pay, Whole Pay,

I say, I Love Whole Play, Whole Play, Whole Play,

You say, Make a Game for Whole Pay, Whole Pay, Whole Pay.


I say, I Love Whole Food, Whole Food, Whole Food,

You say, Join the Whole Team, Whole Team, Whole Team,

I say, I Love Whole Food, Whole Food, Whole Food,

You say, Join the Whole Team, Whole Team, Whole Team.


I say, you are welcome to join the Whole Team, Get the Whole Deal if you can Learn the Dance “At Will”, and play the Whole Game for Whole Compensation. It will be your Whole Journey. Do you Get my Whole Philosophy?  What do you want to say????  Please join me in a Whole Conversation.

the whole deal
the whole deal (Photo credit: svacher)


"The domain of cognitive science occupies...
"The domain of cognitive science occupies the intersection of philosophy, neuroscience, linguistics, cognitive psychology, and computer science (artificial intelligence)." Gerrig et al. (2008, p. 248). Gerrig, R. J., Zimbardo, P. G., Campbell, A. J., Cumming, S. R., & Wilkes, F. J. (2008). Psychology and life (Australian edition). Sydney: Pearson Education Australia. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


The word ‘intelligence'( Latin. intelligentia) involves perception, discernment, the ability to learn or understand from experience, ability to acquire and retain knowledge. While psychologists are not able to come to a common understanding to define ‘intelligence’, it is clearly understood that ‘intelligence’ can only exist in living entities that have the abilities of perception, cognition, memory, responsiveness, communication, awareness, and consciousness. ‘Intelligence’ is used to indicate all-around effectiveness of an individual’s mental processes, particularly capabilities of comprehension, learning and recall, and thinking and reasoning. I want to suggest that it would be incorrect to conceive ‘intelligence’ as an innate brain power, an attribute which distinguishes the more highly ‘evolved’ animals from simpler organisms, and geniuses from average persons. I would like to contest this commonly held view or opinion about ‘intelligence’ which defines ‘intelligence’ as a unitary power or faculty of the mind.


Whole Dude - Whole Intelligence: Albert Einstein( b. March 14, 1879, d. April 18, 1955) won Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921, German-American Physicist who developed the Special and General Theories of Relativity,the Photoelectric Law,theoretical physics such as the equivalence of mass and energy, and the Photon Theory of Light. He demonstrated the relationship between Creative and Analytical Thought.



I would like to pay my tribute to Albert Einstein for his ‘intelligence’ and for demonstrating the relationship between creative thought and analytical thought. While I agree that ‘intelligence’ is the abstract faculty that apprehends, conceptually and perceptually, relations among objects. The size of the object is also important when we consider the existence of microscopic objects like the size of  living cells, bacteria, viruses, proteins, and organic and inorganic molecules of numerous varieties. It is now agreed that ‘intelligence’ is a collection of a large number of highly varied, although overlapping skills rather than as a single faculty. ‘Intelligence’ may include 120 specific abilities which could be classified into three categories: logical processes, the kinds of information processed, and the products of such processing. ‘Intelligence’ includes factors such as verbal, spatial, memorizing, and reasoning abilities and needs to connect creative thought with analytical thought. All these things that are mentioned in the context of describing ‘intelligence’ focus on a combination of the innate characteristics of an individual’s Central Nervous System which is molded by experience, learning, heredity, and environmental factors. The term ‘Intelligence Quotient’ or IQ is often used to show the relation of, or ratio of mental to chronological age of the given person. Tests have been devised to measure ‘Intelligence Quotient’ or IQ of people. I would like to introduce the concept of ‘Whole Intelligence’ and state it as the ability of Living Matter or that of Living Entities to know a range of information, process information, and perform functions using the stored information and that of acquired information. It needs ‘Whole Intelligence’ to perform the numerous, complicated tasks that are essential to maintain life and to sustain the living functions. ‘Whole Intelligence’ is characterized by the presence of knowledge in the Living Matter. Knowledge means the act of knowing, the state of knowing, and the fact of knowing a range of information. Living cell typically uses a vast variety of biological information to perform functions of its metabolism, growth, maintenance, and reproduction. These functions require the abilities of recognition of specific molecules and other microscopic materials and use them or dispose them in a very selective manner involving precise, sequential reactions. Non-living matter has no intelligence. The Laws of Physical Science operate in the material universe. ‘Whole Intelligence’ describes the ability to exploit the Laws of Physical Science for the material benefit of the living, intelligent entity. Physical systems that are non-living do not apply intelligence of their own in their operations and they function according to the design of the system. Whereas a living system uses its ‘Whole Intelligence’ to preserve, to sustain, and to promote its living condition. Myself or Albert Einstein do not have the ‘Whole Intelligence’ capabilities displayed by the cells, tissues, and various organ systems that constitute our human bodies. We do not have those abilities to perform the tasks they perform.  I say, my heart is beating and pumping all the time using ‘Whole Intelligence’ and if not, I would be Brain Dead. What would do you say????  Please share your thoughts and views.

Related article :

What is Life? Life is Knowledge in Action :



The Peacemakers.
The Peacemakers. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Whole Dude - Whole Prudence: President Abraham Lincoln, 1809-65, 16th president of the U.S.(1861-65) must be recognized as a man of great prudence. In his famous Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863 he said: "and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."


Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860, with a minority of the popular vote to become the 16th president of the United States. To the South, Lincoln’s election was a signal for secession. By his Inauguration Day, seven states had seceded, and four more seceded after he issued a summons to the militia. It was a very difficult and challenging time in the entire history of the United States. Lincoln handled the vast problem of the Civil War(1861-65) with prudence, skill, and vigor. In the war between Union and the eleven Southern seceded states(Confederacy), preserving the Union remained his main aim. In 1863 he moved to free the slaves by issuing the Emancipation Proclamation and later U.S. Congress could pass the Thirteenth Amendment. His thoughts on the war and the sacrifice were beautifully expressed in the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863. More Americans lost their lives in Civil War as compared to any other war in which the United States has participated. The Union was saved, and slavery was abolished.


The quality of prudence is most concerned with action. Prudence is a product of experience and a possession of reason. The maxims of prudence are counsel, deliberation, and judgment. A prudent man knows how to deliberate or calculate well about things to be done. He evaluates the negative as well as the positive consequences of his actions. Prudence shapes the character of the person. Use of unjust or dishonest means to achieve the end is not prudence. One cannot have prudence unless one has the moral virtues; since prudence is right reason about things to be done, to which end man is rightly disposed by moral virtue. The choice of the best means is as important as the election of the right end. The clever thief who plans and executes a successful robbery exhibits no prudence but its counterfeit called cunning. The rightness of the means requires not merely that they be adapted to an end, but that the end itself be right. Prudence has a role in all the concerns of life. The right end whether that be the goal of personal happiness or the common good of society cannot be achieved unless the means to it are rightly chosen. Prudence can be acquired through learning to take sufficient counsel and to deliberate enough before taking action. The habit of prudent action can be gained by remembrance of the past experience, by the understanding of what is present and providing for the future by resolving thoughts and making decisions and commanding their execution. aims at presenting a Marketing Strategy or Formula to provide service to people who are identified as Whole Dudes. Prudence is the Core Value chosen by to provide its service by careful selection of right means to serve its right purpose. I say, we must use prudence to make our choices and to plan our actions in all things of Life. What do you want to say????  Please share your thoughts and views. 


Corot planet size
Corot planet size (Photo credit: Wikipedia)



Whole Dude - Whole Planet : The only Planet that is known to support Life. This Planet is unique, distinctive, one of its own kind of Celestial Object because of its Original Rotational Spin and the Axis of that Spin.

Among the planets that exist in the universe that we have known and explored, Planet Earth is Original, Unique, Distinctive, and One of its own Kind of Celestial Object. Planets are made of physical matter. Matter can primarily exist in three states or conditions; 1. Solid, 2. Liquid, and 3. Gas. Planet Earth is characterized by the presence of all the three physical forms of matter, plus, it is the only Planet where millions of living forms have established a home for Biological or Living Matter.


Amoeba proteus, representative of Biological, or Living Matter. This Living Form is Conscious or aware of its own existence in its given environment, it has the Power of Motion, Power of Nutrition, and the Power of Reproduction. Planet Earth is called Whole Planet as it has Matter in its three states, Solid, Liquid, and Gas, plus the Living Matter which is not simply governed by Mechanistic Principles and the Laws of Physics and Chemistry that determine the nature of Non-Living Matter.



The Sidereal Period of Rotation or the Rotation Period of the Planet is the most significant aspect of a Planet to establish its Originality. The Change of Seasons is caused by the tilt 23.5 degrees of the Earth's equator to the plane of the Orbit.
Each Planet displays a tilt or Axis of Rotation that makes its Rotation unique, original, and distinctive. Each Celestial Object could be identified as Created Objects by simply describing its Rotation Period and the Axis of Rotation.
Each Planet is Original and Unique and exists as a Created Object that cannot be explained by Mechanistic Principles and Mechanistic Theories.

The Sidereal Period of Rotation or the Rotation Period of the Planet is the length of time a celestial body takes to complete an orbit relative to a background star. It is the most significant aspect of the planet to establish its originality. In our Solar System, the Planets have these Original Periods of Rotation : Mercury – 58 hours, 64 minutes, 67 seconds; Venus – ( minus ) 243.02 days; Earth – 23 hours, 56 minutes, 4.1 seconds; Mars – 24 hours, 37 minutes, 22.6 seconds; Jupiter – 9 hours, 55 minutes, 30 seconds; Saturn – 10 hours, 32 minutes, 35 seconds; Uranus – ( minus ) 17 hours, 14 minutes, 24 seconds; Neptune – 16 hours, 6.6 minutes; Pluto – ( minus ) 6 days, 9 hours, 17.6 minutes.

I say Planet Earth is a Whole Planet with Whole Rotation, and one of its own kind of Celestial Object. What do you want to say???

Related Article :


Optical illusion
Optical illusion (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Reality refers to a person or a thing that is real, true, or an established, or verified fact and principle. It has the quality of being true to life. Reality has the quality of being in accordance with experience. Reality suggests confirming observations that are characterized by constancy and consistency. The scientific method involves use of experiments to obtain observational data with precision, accuracy, and consistency. Could Whole Dude or Whole Person use scientific methods to obtain clarity and certainty in all matters? Could Whole Dude or Whole Person extend scientific methodology of investigation to every field of Inquiry? Could Whole Dude or Whole Person find Reality as an external experience? Could Whole Dude or Whole Person use scientific information to experience Reality? Could Whole Dude or Whole Person totally depend upon science to find Reality in Life??? To know Reality, we may have to understand the problem of Illusion which is defined as a false idea, a false perception, a false image, a false appearance, a false opinion, a false interpretation, and a false belief. Illusion has the quality of not being in accord with verified facts, established knowledge, and true and proven information. Does science have the power to remove Illusion and replace it with Reality?



Whole Dude-Whole Reality : Stimulus Distortion Illusion. This visual, optical illusion is produced by the refraction or bending of light rays as it passes from one medium or substance to another medium in which the speed of light is significantly different. A ray of light passing from one transparent medium(Air) to another transparent medium(Water) is bent at the surface where Air and Water meet. The Pencil standing in water appears bent at the Air/Water interphase.


When an object exists in a conditioned state, like this Pencil in Water, the Reality of Pencil can be easily verified by simply inspecting the Pencil after pulling it out of water. Science explains the reason for this Optical Illusion by stating the properties of Light and Light rays. But, science has no power over the Power of Light and the properties of Light rays. Science cannot prevent this kind of Optical Illusion. Similarly, science may explain the fact of the Speed of a given point on the surface of Earth( about 66, 660 Miles/Hour). But, science has no power and cannot force man to experience the Reality of Earth’s Speed of Rotation. Man lives on the surface of Earth without ever experiencing the Reality of Earth’s Motion. There is no physical, or mental experience of Earth’s Speed. To the same extent, man lives on the surface of Earth with no physical, or mental experience of Sun’s true or real Motions. What man experiences in his daily life is the apparent motion of Sun across the Sky. Man consistently and constantly experiences the fact of Sunrise and Sunset which is not supported by the Reality about Sun and its true or real Motions. The Reality as explained by science does not govern human existence. Man’s Biological Rhythm and biological activities are synchronized with the experience of Illusion, the Illusion of Sunrise and Sunset and not that of Reality of Sun’s celestial movements. The movements of Earth and Sun are useful only in the context of the overriding Power of Illusion. Man lives his Life and is dependent upon the Power of Illusion and is saved from the burden of experiencing the Power of Reality.

I say, “Get Real, and know the Power of Illusion”, and what do you want to say???  Please share your thoughts and views.


Darkness beckons over Lake Michigan
Darkness beckons over Lake Michigan (Photo credit: kevin dooley)



Light Bulb - Whole Dude - Whole Light: The word 'light' means to shine, to illuminate and it intends to drive away darkness. Kindly take a second look at this image of Light Bulb. The Bulb is lit, or live, and the Bulb is burning or living. The Bulb is alive and it is not connected to a source of Power. The Bulb is not plugged in or connected to a device that supplies the electric power that it needs to light up. If man is compared to this Light Bulb, man is alive and performs his living functions if and only if he is connected to a source of Power.


The words, Light, and Darkness are terms that are used in both a literal or natural sense, and in a figurative or metaphorical sense. Darkness is used to denote the absence of light, to describe spiritual blindness, sorrow, and distress. Darkness is associated with evil, danger, crime, and ignorance. Darkness has been the metaphor that describes both mystery and the place of eternal punishment. Light is considered to be superior to darkness in several ways. God is the Creator of both Light and Darkness and man has glorified Light as Divine Power. The first recorded utterance of God in the Bible is, “Let there be Light”( The Book of Genesis, Chapter 1, verse 3), the first sign of divine operation in the world of Chaos and Darkness. Light is the essence of all God’s gifts. Light is the source of Life, is often used in synonyms for being alive, or being born, or for the pleasure of life, or for good days for the righteous, or for an essential in man’s happiness. Light brings order to the world and is often coupled with Truth and hence it gives Knowledge and Guidance. The recipient of Light himself becomes a Light, shining outwardly, and inwardly. In cultures across the world, God is described as the manifestation of Light, dwells in Light and imparts Light as a Divine gift. Very often, the Holy Scriptures of various religions are held in high esteem and are viewed as Lamp or Light. God and Scripture illuminates man and believers are “people of the Light”, or “The Light of the world.” In the fight against Darkness, heavenly Light is used as armor or a weapon. Love of God is Light and he who hates his brother is in Darkness. Light has an uplifting power of its own to lift the mood of man from feelings of sorrow, despair, gloom, and hopelessness. Light serves as a beacon of hope and provides mental illumination, and spiritual inspiration. To give Light means to show the way and it helps man to avoid the obstacles, or troubles that he finds in his Life’s Journey. I have used the term ‘Whole Light’ to communicate that the Whole Dude or the Whole Person would be incomplete without the help of Light of his Life.



Whole Dude - Whole Light - Lead Kindly Light:
"Deepam JyothiH, Para Brahma, Deepam sarva tamo apaham,
Deepena saadhyate sarvam, Sandhyaa Deepa Namostute."
Salutations to the Evening Lamp of Light, Light is Flame, Light is LORD GOD, Light banishes all troubles and problems of ignorance, and every thing is possible because of Light.


Lead, kindly Light, amid th’ encircling gloom, lead Thou me on!

The night is dark, and I am far from home, lead Thou me on!

Keep Thou my feet; I do not ask to see

The distant scene; one step enough for me.


I was not ever thus, nor prayed that Thou shouldst lead me on;

I loved to choose and see my path; but now lead Thou me on!

I loved the garish day, and, spite of fears,

Pride ruled my will, Remember not past years!


So long Thy power hath blest me, sure it still will lead me on.

O’er moor and fen, o’er crag and torrent, till the night is gone,

And with the morn those angel faces smile, which I

Have loved long since, and lost awhile!


Meantime, along the narrow rugged path, Thyself hast trod,

Lead, Savior, lead me home in childlike faith, home to my God,

To rest forever after earthly strife

In the calm light of everlasting life.


I say, I want Light even in the brightness of morning light, what would you say???  Please share your views and thoughts. Have you said “Bud Light?”


Engraving by Michael Burgesse after John Bapti...
Engraving by Michael Burgesse after John Baptist Medina. Illustration to Book 11 of Paradise Lost, by John Milton (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Temperance describes the state or quality of being temperate which requires a sense of self-restraint in conduct, actions, speech, expression, and indulgence of the appetite. The essence of temperance is choosing moderation and to deliberately avoid excess and avoid self-indulgence. Living in moderation and virtue are identical. Socrates has stated that the intemperate man is like a vessel full of holes, because it can never be satisfied. Sigmund Freud explained temperance in the context of pleasure-principle and reality-principle. To be temperate, man has to avoid immediate satisfaction of his desires, postpone gratification of his desires, seek delayed and diminished pleasure, learn to endure pain, renounce certain sources of pleasure, be reasonable in seeking satisfaction of desires in relation to reality. Temperance and Courage are virtues based upon an ability to stand firm against pain and danger. Temperance contributes the virtue of fortitude which strengthens men against the fear of pain as well as against enticement of pleasure. Temperate character involves habitual moderation of desires to keep them in accord with reason. Temperance is a disposition that has moderating influence on passions and acts so as to keep them within bounds. A temperate man is not pained at the absence of pleasure or by his abstinence from it.



John Milton(1608-1674), English Poet, published in 1667, towards the end of his life, the greatest epic in English language, PARADISE LOST, which narrates the story of Satan's rebellion against God, the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden and the condemnation of man to face Death in his Life. Milton has provided the most eloquent statement on the Law of Temperance which man must observe all his Life and face Death with Peace of Mind.


In his epic poem of Paradise Lost, John Milton provides the most eloquent statement on the Law of Temperance which man must observe all his Life and face the fact of Death with Peace of Mind. I am using the term ‘Whole Temperance’ as the rule or law of temperance must be observed during the entire period of life. I am pleased to reproduce the poem, “The Law of Temperance”( Nothing Overmuch ), from Paradise Lost, Book XI, verses 520 to 540. Angel Michael reveals to Adam the Law of Temperance which would help him to prepare to face the problem of death:

“I yield it just, said Adam, and submit.

But is there yet no other way, besides

These painful passages, how we may come

To Death, and mix with our connatural dust?

There is, said Michael, if thou well observe

The rule of not too much, by temperance taught

In what thou eat(st) and drink(st), seeking from thence

Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight,

Till many years over thy head return:

So maist thou live, till like ripe Fruit thou drop

Into thy Mother lap, or be with ease,

Gathered, not harshly pluckt, for death mature:”

I say let us observe the rule of moderation in the food and drink that we consume during all of our lives, and what do you want to say???  Please share your thoughts and views. 


Mahatma Gandhi and Sarojini Naidu during the S...

Gandhi during the Salt March, March 1930. Fran...
Gandhi during the Salt March, March 1930. Français : Gandhi pendant la Marche du Sel, mars 1930. मराठी: महात्मा गांधी दांडी यात्रेत. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Courage is a virtue based upon an ability to stand firm against pain and danger. The concept of ‘Whole Courage’ may include the courage to do what one thinks is right and just and it calls for the courage of one’s convictions based upon Truth and Action that  involves the use of right means to achieve the right purpose.


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi(1869-1948) is popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi. This Indian political and spiritual leader is regarded as the Father of Independent India.He described his fight with mighty British Empire as "The Battle of Right against Might."


Mahatma Gandhi joined the Nationalist Movement for Indian Freedom during 1915 and began working for Indian Independence from Great Britain. He became a proponent of ‘Satyagraha’ or Passive Resistance to express a truthful revulsion and to abjure injustice. Mahatma challenged the mighty British Empire with a Battle Strategy of his own. In conventional warfare, physical force is used to overwhelm the opponent and the opponent is either killed or subdued to surrender his power and authority. Mahatma’s Battle Strategy of Nonviolence and Non-cooperation involved overwhelming the opponent with a demand for right and just course of action and the opponent is given the full opportunity to decide and choose his own response to the demand for justice. During March  1930, he had attacked the unjust British Rule in a Battle which he described as “The Battle of Right against Might.” On the morning of March 12, 1930, Gandhi and about 78 of his followers had started marching from Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad toward the village of Dandi on the Arabian Sea. This action was taken to oppose the British law that had imposed tax on salt. This ‘Salt March’ ( March 12 to April 06, 1930) is popularly described as ‘Dandi March’ or ‘Salt Satyagraha’. It was one of Mahatma’s most successful campaigns in the Indian Nationalist Movement for Freedom. The British government buckled under the pressure and revoked the tax imposed on salt. Eventually, the unjust British Rule in India was overthrown in 1947 and the British conceded the demand for Freedom.

I say, Whole Courage is about doing the right thing in the right way and what do you want to say??? Kindly share your thoughts and views.